Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
August 8, 2005
The Facts About Children Trafficked For Use As Camel JockeysPDF version
Each year, children as young as 2 are trafficked from countries such as Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sudan for use as jockeys in the Persian Gulf Statesí camel racing industry. Child camel jockeys are often sexually and physically abused; most are physically and mentally stunted, as they are deliberately starved to prevent weight gain.
Child jockeys face substantial risks. Each year, many are seriously injured and several are stampeded to death by camels. Almost all child jockeys live in camps encircled with barbed wire near the racetracks. Because the children are isolated from their families and find themselves in an unfamiliar culture, they are dependent upon their captors for survival.
The U.S. Government estimates there are thousands of trafficking victims being exploited for use as camel jockeys throughout the region. Trafficking in persons is a form of modern day slavery, involving victims who are forced, defrauded, or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation.
Most of the children trafficked for servitude as camel jockeys are extremely young. Many are unable to identify their parents or home communities in South Asia or Sudan, particularly after prolonged servitude in the Middle East. Unlike other forms of trafficking that usually involve adults or older children, child camel jockey trafficking presents enormous challenges to source country governments and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) seeking to return rescued children to their parents and original communities.
Whatís Being Done to Stop It?
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 provides tools for the U.S. to combat trafficking in persons. The trafficking of children for sport, such as for use as camel jockeys, is prohibited by the United Nations Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery and International Labor Organization (ILO) Convention 182. Many of the states where child camel jockey trafficking is prevalent are parties to ILO Conventions 29 and 138, the Protocol to the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime on Trafficking in Persons and to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which also prohibit the practice.
The United States works with the Gulf States to stop the trafficking and exploitation of minors as camel jockeys and encourages those countries to return the sports activity to its original roots as a traditional pastime. The U.S. also works with source countries to stop the flow of children trafficked into the Gulf region.