U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Other State Department Archive SitesU.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Home Issues & Press Travel & Business Countries Youth & Education Careers About State Video
 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Electronic Information and Publications Office > Publications > Miscellaneous Publications

Trafficking in Persons Report, June 2003

Bureau of Public Affairs
Washington, DC
June 10, 2003

Collage of Women [AP Wideworld Photos]
“It is incomprehensible that trafficking in human beings is taking place in the 21st Century—incomprehensible but true. Trafficking leaves no land untouched, including our own.”  —Colin Powell

The third annual Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP Report), issued by the State Department, and mandated by Congress under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, is the most comprehensive report on the efforts of governments worldwide to combat severe forms of trafficking in persons or “modern-day slavery.”

Women, children, and men are trafficked into the international sex trade and into forced labor situations throughout the world. Many are lured by promises of good jobs, unaware their travel documents will be seized, they will be held in debt bondage, or that they will be subject to brutal beatings. Traffickers also kidnap and abduct victims.

A young 10 year old boy shows his badly scarred forearm at his home village in South Asia.  He was bitten by a camel after being abducted and trafficked to a Near Eastern country four years ago and forced to work as a camel jockey. [AP Photo/Bangladesh Women Lawyers Association]Traffickers, who may be freelancers or members of organized criminal networks, use threats, intimidation and violence to force victims to engage in sex acts or to labor under conditions comparable to slavery for the traffickers’ financial gain.

Countries included in the report are designated as “a country of origin, transit, or destination for a significant number of victims of severe forms of trafficking.” Each country which has a significant number of victims is assigned to one of three tiers, based on the government’s efforts to combat trafficking. Governments that fully comply with the Act’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking are placed on Tier 1. Those making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance are placed on Tier 2. Countries whose governments are not making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance are placed on Tier 3.

These workers sew at a maquila, or sweatshop in Central America.  Many Central Americans have been trafficked into forced labor situations, including sweatshops, where they toil under harsh conditions of indentured servitude. [AP Photo/Jaime Puebla]

n116 Countries in Tiers 1-3:

Tier 1 = 26
Tier 2 = 75
Tier 3 = 15

nSanctions decided 45-90 days after report issued

nU.S. has provided $100 million, in fiscal years 2001 and 2002, to combat international trafficking

n800,000 - 900,000 persons trafficked across borders annually

n18,000 - 20,000 persons trafficked into the U.S. annually

No country is immune from trafficking. A recent U.S. Government estimate indicates that approximately 800,000-900,000 people are trafficked across international borders worldwide annually, and between 18,000 and 20,000 of those victims are trafficked into the United States. The Department of Justice recently compiled an assessment of USG anti-trafficking efforts, which will be released this summer.

A number of innovative anti-trafficking efforts came to light during the preparation of the TIP Report and through the Trafficking Offices engagement with foreign governments and international and non-governmental organizations throughout the year. Many of these efforts are particularly noteworthy because they demonstrate sustainable low- or no-cost anti-trafficking measures.

U.S.G. continues to expand programmatic assistance to NGOs, international organizations, and committed governments. In the last two years, the U.S. government has invested over $100 million, in fiscal years 2001 and 2002, in programs to address prevention, protection, and assistance to victims, and prosecution of traffickers for 92 countries around the world.

  Back to top

U.S. Department of State
USA.govU.S. Department of StateUpdates  |   Frequent Questions  |   Contact Us  |   Email this Page  |   Subject Index  |   Search
The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
About state.gov  |   Privacy Notice  |   FOIA  |   Copyright Information  |   Other U.S. Government Information

Published by the U.S. Department of State Website at http://www.state.gov maintained by the Bureau of Public Affairs.