Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
March 1, 2001
U.S. Refugee Admissions Program: Eligibility for Refugee Processing Priorities FY 2001
UNHCR or U.S. Embassy identified cases: persons facing compelling security concerns in countries of first asylum; persons in need of legal protection because of the danger of refoulement; those in danger due to threats of armed attack in an area where they are located; persons who have experienced recent persecution because of their political, religious, or human rights activities (prisoners of conscience); women-at-risk; victims of torture or violence; physically or mentally disabled persons; persons in urgent need of medical treatment not available in the first asylum country; and persons for whom other durable solutions are not feasible. Priority One referrals must still establish a credible fear of persecution or history of persecution in the country from which they fled.
PRIORITY TWO: Groups of Special Concern
* Some individuals, limited groups within nationalities not listed in the chart, are eligible for P-2 processing.
See following notes for details.
P-2 eligibility for Bosnians ended February 1, 2001 for those in Germany and April 1, 2001 for Bosnians elsewhere.
Africa: Specific groups (within certain nationalities) as identified by the Department of State in consultation with NGOs, UNHCR, INS, and other area experts. Only those members of the specifically identified groups are eligible for processing. Each group will be selected based on its individual circumstances. Currently, P-2 groups exist for certain nationals of Sudan, Somalia, and Togo.
Burma: Certain members of ethnic minorities who have actively and persistently worked for political autonomy; certain political activists engaged in the pro-democracy movement.
Cuba: In-country. Emphasis given to former political prisoners, members of persecuted religious minorities, human rights activists, forced-labor conscripts, persons deprived of their professional credentials or subjected to other disproportionately harsh or discriminatory treatment resulting from their perceived or actual political or religious beliefs or activities, and dissidents.
Iran: Members of Iranian religious minorities.
Former Soviet Union: In-country. Jews, Evangelical Christians, and certain members of the Ukrainian Catholic or Orthodox churches. Preference among these groups is accorded to those with close family members in the United States.
Vietnam: In-country. Completion of the processing of any residual ODP and ROVR cases registered and previously determined eligible for consideration prior to the beginning of FY 2000.
Spouses, unmarried sons and daughters, and parents of persons lawfully admitted to the United States as permanent resident aliens, refugees, asylees, conditional residents, and certain parolees; the over-21-year- old unmarried sons and daughters of U.S. citizens; and parents of U.S. citizens under 21 years of age. (Spouses and unmarried sons and daughters under 21 of U.S. citizens and the parents of U.S. citizens who are 21 or older are required by regulation to be admitted as immigrants rather than as refugees.)
* The UNHCR may refer members of any nationality group -- not only those listed in the table above -- for consideration of admission to the United States under Priority 1 (P-1). U.S. Embassies, in rare circumstances, may also make referrals. (For certain nationalities -- Libyans, Palestinians, and North Koreans -- prior consultation with DOS and INS Washington will be required.)
While all persons who were nationals of the former Soviet Union prior to September 2, 1991 are eligible to be considered for refugee processing by establishing a well-founded fear of persecution, Jews, Evangelical Christians, and Ukrainian Catholic and Orthodox religious activists may establish refugee status for U.S. admission by asserting a fear of persecution and asserting a credible basis of concern about the possibility of such persecution. (Lautenberg Amendment.)
Certain ROVR applicants and Vietnamese who were members of certain category groups identified by the INS in 1983 may establish refugee status for U.S. admission by asserting a fear of persecution and asserting a credible basis of concern about the possibility of such persecution. (Lautenberg Amendment). Registration for consideration under the regular programs of the Orderly Departure Program ended on September 30, 1994.