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 You are in: Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs > Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration > What We Are Saying > Fact Sheets and Newsletters > 2004
Fact Sheet
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
Washington, DC
September 29, 2004

Sudanese Refugees in Chad

Refugee Numbers*

Sudanese Refugees in Chad


Sudanese Refugees in Established Camps in Eastern Chad


Established Camps in Eastern Chad


Sudanese Refugees in Chad/Sudan Border Areas (not in established camps)


New Refugees Who Cross Weekly Into Chad from Sudan


*Numbers are based on UNHCR estimates and initial camp registrations.

As a result of the ongoing conflict in Darfur, thousands of Sudanese have fled their country to seek refuge in neighboring Chad. The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is assisting some 185,000 Sudanese refugees living in 11 established camps in eastern Chad and 15,000 refugees who still remain in the border areas. In order to provide better security and services, UNHCR continues to move refugees from the border to camps, but some prefer not to move. Some refugees are reportedly crossing back to Sudan to tend to farms or animals, to assess the security situation, or to bring stranded relatives back to Chad. Reports indicate a potential for additional large-scale refugee flows into Chad if the situation deteriorates further in Darfur.

U,S. Government assistance to Sudan chart

Humanitarian Assistance Providers Supported by the United States Government

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is providing refugee assistance at five established camps in the northern border area: Oure Cassoni (near Bahai/Cariari in the North sector); Iridimi (east of Iriba in the North sector); Touloum (south of Iriba in the North sector); Mile (northwest of Guereda in the Central North zone); and Kounoungo (southwest of Guereda in the Central North sector). UNHCR is also providing some assistance to the settlement at Am Nabak (south of Iriba in the North sector) (due to be moved to Mader). In the Central Zone, UNHCR has three established camps: Farchana, Bredjing, and Treguine (all east of Abeche in the Central sector). Further to the south, two camps have been established at Goz-Amer (southeast of Goz Beida in South sector) and Djabal (southwest of Goz Beida in the South sector). UNHCR plans to open one to two additional camps and has identified potential sites.

In Darfur, UNCHR provides support for activities focused on protection monitoring and assistance for displaced Sudanese and technical assistance in campsite selection and management.

World Food Program (WFP) is providing emergency food assistance to Sudanese refugees in eastern Chad, including blanket supplemental feeding for all children under five and for pregnant and lactating women.

UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) manages programs for water and sanitation, education, child protection, and primary health care.

International Federation of Red Cross/Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is supporting the Chadian Red Cross with trucking operations to move refugees from the border areas in particular. IFRC has also undertaken camp management responsibilities in Treguine, a new camp near Farchana/Bredjing.

International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is working in eastern Chad with the Chadian Red Cross to provide Sudanese refugees with the tracing and Red Cross message service to enable relatives to contact each other between Chad and Sudan.

In Darfur, ICRC provides support for activities focused on protecting civilians, restoring family links, providing emergency aid (basic household items, water and sanitation facilities, and food, where necessary), treating the wounded and sick, and promoting international humanitarian law (IHL) among the authorities, armed forces, militias, opposition groups and civil society. ICRC is carrying out its activities in partnership with Sudanese Red Crescent and coordinating the response with the IFRC, German, and Spanish Red Cross Societies.

NGOs Funded by State/Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration

AirServ provides transport of people and goods to the eastern border, which is extremely remote and challenging logistically, especially during the rainy season, which has been made some sites inaccessible by road.

International Medical Corps (IMC) provides primary health, mental health, and nutrition programs to refugees located at Kounoungo, Mile, and Am Nabak/Mader camps.

International Rescue Committee (IRC) provides camp management, emergency primary health care, environmental health, nutrition, and protection services to refugees at Oure Cassoni.

Catholic Relief Services (CRS) supports the work of a local Chadian NGO, Secadev, in providing basic camp infrastructure, environmental protection programs, community services and education at Touloum, Farchana, and Kounoungou camps.

CARE supports community services, psychosocial interventions, and capacity building programs in Iridimi, Mile, Bredjing, and Am Nabak camps.

Future Funding for NGOs from State/Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration

PRM has under consideration concept papers and proposals from other NGOs to address gaps in the sectors of water/sanitation, mental health/gender-based violence, and community services. Required certifications and forms for NGOs to submit with proposals are online at http://www.state.gov/g/prm/fund/c10672.htm.

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