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 You are in: Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs > Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons > Releases and Remarks > Fact Sheets > 2001
Fact Sheet
Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
Washington, DC
July 12, 2001

The U.S. Government's International Anti-Trafficking In Persons Initiatives

The Department of State funds anti-trafficking programs in the areas of trafficking prevention, protection and assistance for victims, and prosecution of traffickers.

The U.S. Agency for International Development also funds programs designed to help disseminate information on the dangers of trafficking to vulnerable groups, strengthen the capacity of women's and anti-trafficking organizations to protect those groups from abuse and violence, and engage in public education, outreach, and economic opportunity programs for those most at risk of being trafficked.

In addition, the Department of Labor provides funding for anti-trafficking programs in the areas of protection and provision of services to victims, prevention, and governmental and non-governmental organization (NGO) capacity building and coordination against trafficking.

Below are examples of programs planned or being implemented internationally during fiscal years 2000 and 2001 by the Departments of State and Labor, and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Please contact USAID and the Department of Labor directly for information on other related programs.



Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA)

The International Visitors Program brought 240 representatives of governmental and non-governmental organizations, academia, and the media to the United States in FY 2000 to examine the trafficking-in-persons situation and meet with U.S. experts. In FY 2001, 264 International Visitors are being programmed in these general themes: trafficking in persons; protecting human rights; women's and gender issues; international crime issues; law enforcement; women's legal issues; and border control issues.

Some of these projects focus on trafficking for the entire three weeks of the program, but, more commonly, trafficking is a major component of a broader project. International Visitors come from virtually all parts of the world, but are primarily from Africa, the New Independent States, South Asia, and Central Europe including the Balkan region. Some travel as individuals with an interpreter; and others as part of a group of various sizes.

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

The UN Protocol on Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. In December 2000 over 120 nations gathered in Palermo, Italy to sign the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its two supplementary protocols on trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling. Eighty-one countries signed the Trafficking Protocol. This Protocol provides a framework for countries to: criminalize trafficking; provide victim protection and assistance in appropriate cases; provide victim rehabilitation; address the status of the victim in the receiving state; return trafficking victims; implement law enforcement measures against the traffickers; strengthen border controls; provide security of travel documents; verify validity of documents; and prevent trafficking through public information campaigns. The next step for the signatory countries is to ratify and implement these instruments.

"Be Smart, Be Safe" Brochure. INL produced and published this brochure that is targeted to potential victims. It describes the tactics criminal groups use to coerce and traffic women, the risks of trafficking, what women can do to protect themselves against illegitimate groups, what are victims' rights in the United States, and how women can get help while in the United States. The brochure is currently available at 27 U.S. embassies in 24 different languages. Plans are underway to disseminate the brochure to more U.S. embassies. "Be Smart, Be Safe" is also available on the Internet.

The Protection Project. INL has funded Johns Hopkins University to develop an interactive database on U.S. and international legislation protecting women and children from commercial sexual exploitation. The database includes a comparative analysis of laws and penalties, country-specific situation reports, maps, case studies and victim testimonials. This database is available on web at www.protectionproject.org.

Development of Law Enforcement Anti-Trafficking Curriculum. INL funds are supporting the development of an anti-trafficking in persons training curriculum for use by U.S. government trainers overseas by American University. This curriculum covers several aspects of human trafficking which includes: strategies for prevention; methods of enforcement and prosecution; and methods of sensitizing law enforcement officials to the physical and psychological impact of such crimes on victims. The curriculum focuses on interagency and international cooperation as well as strategies for overcoming bureaucratic and communication obstacles that stand in the way of investigating and prosecuting human trafficking crimes. Last February, American University staff tested the curriculum in a pilot training program involving Russian, Moldovan, and Georgian prosecutors and law enforcement officials at the International Law Enforcement Academy in Budapest, Hungary.

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

PRM contributions for anti-trafficking activities listed below under each region were made to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), with one additional grant to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) - Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). These anti-trafficking activities include some or all of the following elements: prevention, assistance, protection, and reintegration of trafficked women and children. In some cases, IOM works with the host country to improve legislation to provide protection to victims of trafficking and prosecution of traffickers. Additionally, IOM projects include capacity-building components to prepare countries for the inclusion of programs within their country plans.

Global Return Program Fund. PRM supports an IOM emergency global return program to assist indigent trafficked women and children on an individual basis in certain developing countries who wish to return to their home.  



Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

Ethiopia - Creation of a Rape Crisis Intervention Center. The Ethiopian NGO Good Samaritan Association, with INL funding, created a rape crisis intervention center in Addis Ababa that also assists victims of trafficking. In addition to providing rape kits and medical assistance to victims, the center works to increase prosecution of offenders by providing legal counseling to victims and a hotline.

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

Mali/Cote d'Ivoire - Assistance for Child Victims of Trafficking. This project of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) will provide assistance over a period of two years to some 2,000 Malian children who have been trafficked for labor to Cote d'Ivoire, and support the Malian Government's Plan of Action to combat cross-border child trafficking. In cooperation with both Governments involved, UNICEF, and nongovernmental organizations, IOM proposes to identify trafficked children, transport them to safe shelters in Mali, contact their families, and provide reintegration assistance

Nigeria - Assistance for Trafficked Women and Children. In cooperation with several UN agencies, this project focuses on returning Nigerian women and minors trafficked to Europe for purposes of prostitution. Studies of returning victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation have reported elevated infection rates for sexually transmitted disease (STDs). This IOM project proposes to assist the Nigerian Federal Government, and the Edo and Lagos States, acquire the capacity to combat trafficking in women and minors, prevent transmission of HIV/AIDS and other STDs in trafficking-affected areas, assist persons in returning to their communities, and help persons living with those infections.  


Regional - Child Trafficking and Indentured Labor in the Cocoa Industry. USAID partners with government, industry, and trade organizations in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, and Guinea, to mobilize popular support for anti-child trafficking issues.

USAID/Angola - Education for Democracy and Development Initiative. This project works to strengthen the capacity of The Street Girls' Center, an Angolan NGO, in Luanda, Angola, to provide vocational training to girls both to steer them away from the sex trade and provide them with competitive job skills for the employment market.

USAID/Nigeria - Promoting Anti-Trafficking Legislation within State Governments. USAID supports the efforts of the International Federation of Women Lawyers, a local NGO, to place anti-trafficking on the legislative agenda of Edo State, where trafficking is particularly acute.

USAID/Uganda - Reintegration of War-Affected Children in Northern Districts. A new project to be launched this year will re-integrate girls and boys abducted into recent conflicts back into the Gulu, Kitgum, and Pader districts. Vocational training, reproductive health, basic literacy, HIV awareness, and skills development will be particularly focused on child mothers, displaced children, and local community leaders. 


Bureau for International Labor Affairs

Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gabon, Ghana, Cote d'Ivoire, Mali, Nigeria, & Togo - Combating Trafficking in Children for Labor Exploitation in West and Central Africa. The International Labor Organization's International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (ILO-IPEC) initiated a project to rescue approximately 9,000 children trafficked for the purpose of labor exploitation and prevent the trafficking of 18,000 additional children. The first phase of this project produced a sub-regional report synthesizing studies on the nature and scope of child trafficking in the participating nations and developed strategies for national and concerted regional actions to address the problem. During this phase, efforts were made to channel identified children to NGO's already providing social protection and support services for victims of trafficking. The second phase of this project, which will begin in July 2001, will address the problem of trafficking on both national and regional levels through awareness-raising campaigns; mobilization/capacity building/coordination of social partners and key actors; provision of multi-disciplinary preventive/rehabilitative programs for child victims, children at risk and their parents; development of multilateral/bilateral agreements to prevent trafficking; and through the organization of sub-regional meetings to review regulations/enforcement practice against trafficking in children.



Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs (EAP)

Asian Regional Initiative Against Trafficking (ARIAT). In March 2000, the Philippines and the United States co-hosted a regional anti-trafficking conference in Manila. The conference brought together concerned governments, NGOs, and international organizations to develop a Regional Action Plan to combat trafficking of women and children throughout the region through a strategy of prevention, protection of victims, repatriation and reintegration into home societies, and prosecution of traffickers. The Regional Action Plan was adopted by consensus and concrete projects are being identified and funded, including a regional website (TOPIC, see below).

Regional - Trafficking in Persons Information Center (TOPIC). TOPIC is a website that will be the repository for information on bilateral agreements, national action plans, cooperative efforts between government agencies and NGOs, NGO activities, ongoing anti-trafficking projects, and notices of meetings and conferences. This website grew out of one of the recommendations from the ARIAT conference. We expect TOPIC to be operational by the end of 2001.

Indonesia - Trafficking Prevention Program. The AFL-CIO's Solidarity Center will carry out a trafficking prevention program in 14 provinces of Indonesia. This program will include: a regional survey in various provinces and the creation of a database and website; a public information campaign; a monitoring network system; and institution building assistance for the Consortium for the Defense of Indonesian Migrant workers and Indonesian anti-child labor NGOs.

Regional Women's Rights Initiative. The Asia Foundation (TAF) is implementing its program with U.S. Government funding to combat the trafficking of women and children in the East Asian region (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia, the Philippines and Thailand) as well as to fight violence against women, to promote their political empowerment, and foster networking and collaboration among NGOs. EAP funds will be used to support country programs on women's rights in Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam in FY 2001.

Thailand. The Asia Foundation will be administering the nine projects below to improve the capacity of NGOs to address trafficking in persons.

  • Child Victim Advocacy. The Coalition to Fight Against Child Exploitation (FACE), a Bangkok-based NGO, is in the forefront of efforts to secure convictions of traffickers and pedophiles, and acts as a consultant to the Thai police on handling victims of trafficking. EAP funding will help FACE expand to include advocacy efforts on behalf of Cambodian children trafficked into Bangkok.

  • Assistance for Trafficked Victims. The Development and Education Program for Daughters and Communities (DEPDC) in Mae Sai, Chiang Rai Province, will be provided with funding from EAP to help create better facilities to house and care for the women and children rescued from trafficking, and to conduct a legal campaign against sex tourism targeting children in the Mae Sai area.

  • Training for Social Workers. Under Thai law, social workers must now be present during legal proceedings if children are in custody. EAP funds will support a train-the-trainer program under Ministry of Labor auspices for one year, using Thai educators and a Thai curriculum to enhance the several-week long course on assisting child victims and witnesses.

  • Shelter and Education Program for Girls. The Buddha Kasetra School in Chiang Mai, will provide shelter and expand its existing education program for Thai girls and displaced ethnic minority girls from Burma who cannot afford to continue their education and are at special risk of entering prostitution.

  • Research and Education Campaign. The Thai Women of Tomorrow (TWT) Project at Chiang Mai University will conduct research to establish the profile of trafficking in the region through interviews with trafficked women and through collection of data already in the possession of numerous NGOs. TWT will also develop educational videos to warn people of the dangers of life in the sex trade and the techniques of traffickers to victims. EAP funding will also support a scholarship program administered by TWT to keep young, at-risk women in school.

  • Assistance Program for Street Children. Duang Prateep Foundation in Bangkok will expand its programs for protecting, feeding, and educating street children and young women at risk of entering the sex trade. The slums of Bangkok are a chief source of underage prostitution.

  • Shelter for Street Children. The Development Center in Bangkok will expand its programs in sheltering slum children, HIV-positive slum dwellers, and persons at risk of entering the sex trade.

  • Advocacy Program for Victims of Forced Prostitution. EMPOWER, a Thai NGO, is an advocacy organization working with prostitutes in Bangkok and in the provinces. EMPOWER will expand its surveillance efforts for underage or coerced prostituted persons and ensure these persons are directed to appropriate NGO service providers.

  • Assistance for Young Women in Chiang Mai. The New Life Center in Chiang Mai will expand its efforts to house, feed, and educate displaced women from hill tribes and other ethnic minorities, some of whom are trafficked victims.

Vietnam - Shelter and Rehabilitation Program. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) will establish two reception shelters and rehabilitation projects in Vietnam for victims returning from China and Cambodia. The rehabilitation component consists of access to micro-credits and skills training for small enterprises.

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

The Philippines - UN Anti-Trafficking in Human Beings Program. The UN Center for International Crime Prevention (CICP) is embarking on a global anti-trafficking program beginning in the Philippines. This pilot program consists of the following elements: analysis of the problem, review of current Government of Philippines' efforts, and development of a profile of a trafficked woman. The project will then focus on how to better coordinate the Philippine government to combat trafficking.

Thailand - Seminar on Illegal Migration and Trafficking in Women and Children. The U.S. Department of Justice conducted a regional seminar for senior criminal justice officials in February 2001 at the International Law Enforcement Academy in Bangkok. The subject of this seminar was on illegal migration and trafficking in women and children. This seminar served as a forum to exchange "best practices."

Thailand - Training on Development of an Organized Crime Task Force. In January 2001, the U.S. Department of Justice conducted a one-week training program in Bangkok for Thai officials on setting up an organized crime task force with a focus on trafficking in persons. Thai NGO representatives made presentations and participated in roundtable discussions with Thai government officials. The program consisted of the following elements: analysis of relevant international instruments and national laws, different models of task forces, and the importance of cooperation with NGOs. At the conclusion of the training program a senior police official announced the formation of an anti-trafficking task force composed of police, prosecutors, judges, members of the Departments of Labor and Public Welfare, and NGOs.

Thailand - Chiang Mai Coordination Center for the Protection of Child Rights (CPCR). The Governor of Chiang Mai established this coordination center in response to a sharp increase in child abuse over the last three years. INL funds are being used to renovate an existing emergency shelter to include a specialized interview room for child victims of sexual abuse and trafficking, and establish a multi-disciplinary intake center staffed by a doctor, social worker, counselor, police officer, and prosecutor). INL funding is also being used to support the establishment of the CPCR at the Chiang Mai Provincial Hall. This Center will house staff and a database to track cases of child victims of sexual and physical abuse and trafficking, and provide two rooms for general counseling for families. CPCR will have oversight of the emergency shelter.

Thailand - Anti-Trafficking in Persons Unit and Protection Centers for Children, Youth and Women (PCCYW). The Royal Thai Police established two centers in Bangkok with specialized police units dealing with victimized children, youth and women in sexual assault, abuse, and trafficking cases. In addition, the Royal Thai Police recently established an anti-trafficking in persons unit. INL funding will cover start-up costs associated with purchasing office equipment and hiring of support personnel for the centers and the unit, and monitoring cases and efforts of other PCCYWs throughout Thailand.

Thailand - Coalition to Fight Against Child Exploitation (FACE). This NGO works very closely with other NGOs and government officials throughout Thailand and in neighboring countries to ensure the safety of children who are abused, sexually assaulted or trafficked, and to ensure that perpetrators are prosecuted. FACE is currently assisting the Royal Thai Police's PCCYW staff in Bangkok. INL funding will support the purchase of a computer and printer for the Prosecutor's Office in Mae Hong Son (northern Thailand) and training/seminars for approximately 260 Thai police, prosecutors, judges, social workers, and policy makers on how to deal properly with victims of abuse and trafficking.

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

Mekong Region - Return and Reintegration Program. Through the International Organization for Migration (IOM), this project provides assistance to victims of trafficking from Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar, and China's Yunnan Province. Victims are returned to their country of origin with the use of safehouses to prevent traffickers from reclaiming them, and assisted in the reintegration process within their communities of origin. When possible non-governmental organizations provide victims' families with support for income generating activities and some education for the children. Because many of the children cannot be reunited with their families, IOM funds some capacity-building activities to enable the Governments to cope with long-term needs. More than half of the victims assisted to date are Cambodian children who have been trafficked for labor or prostitution.



Bureau of European Affairs (EUR)

Baltic region - Women and Democracy Conference. The United States participated in the second Baltic Sea regional Conference on Women and Democracy which was hosted by the Government of Lithuania in Vilnius on June 15-17, 2001. This was a follow-up event to the first Conference on Women and Democracy held in Reykjavik, Iceland in October 1999, which the U.S. Government co-sponsored with the Government of Iceland and the Nordic Council of Ministers. The aim of the conference was to assess and build on progress made since Reykjavik to promote women's political and economic participation. The conference included a plenary session on "Trafficking in Women: Prevention and Protection," as well as twelve workshops addressing key issues that affect women's involvement in political and economic life.

Baltic region - Council of the Baltic Sea States on Democratic Development. On May 20-21, 2001, the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Embassy in Copenhagen jointly sponsored a conference with the Council of Baltic Sea States on Democratic Development. The seminar included police, prosecutors, parliamentarians and other government officials from 11 countries who work on trafficking in the Baltic region. The focus was on the legal reforms necessary to combat trafficking and the services needed by victims, as well as "best practices" for law enforcement and methods of preventing trafficking.

Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). In 2000 and 2001, the European Bureau funded the salary and support of a U.S. expert on human trafficking hired by the OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). The U.S. expert assumes a lead role in developing programs to combat trafficking in the OSCE region. Additionally, the European Bureau funded some OSCE/ODIHR trafficking programs including a trafficking shelter in Kosovo.

Stability Pact. The Stability Pact for Southeast Europe's Task Force on Trafficking in Human Beings was established to enhance international coordination efforts and to intensify the development of concrete actions in the region to prevent trafficking, protect victims, and prosecute traffickers. In 2001, the U.S. is providing funding to support the Stability Pact's Trafficking Task Force Secretariat so that countries of origin, transit, and destination can work together to combat this rapidly growing regional problem.

Southeast European Cooperative Initiative (SECI). In 2000 and 2001, under SECI, the U.S. provided funding to the FBI and INS to place agents in the field to advise law enforcement officials in Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania, and Bosnia-Herzegovina to assist them in developing task forces to combat trafficking in human beings. The specialized task forces are to operate nationally, but coordinate regionally via the legal and technological mechanisms of the SECI Anti-Crime Center in Bucharest, Romania. 

Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL)

South Eastern Europe - OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights Anti-Trafficking Activities. The OSCE initiatives include: reviewing the legislative frameworks for combating trafficking, with an emphasis on the countries of South Eastern Europe; providing training for police, judges, and prosecutors; supporting NGOs working to raise awareness and to assist victims of trafficking; conducting workshops for journalists in South Eastern Europe and Moldova; developing curriculum on trafficking for border officials; and hosting a seminar on trafficking and modern forms of slavery in the OSCE region.

Kosovo - Repatriation Assistance Program. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is providing assistance to trafficked victims to return to their countries of origin. Assistance is given on a voluntary basis and includes pre-departure counseling and transportation to their home countries, as well as reception in countries of origin. IOM coordinates with appropriate NGOs and government agencies for the provision of such reception, and for reintegration assistance. IOM will be collecting and recording information given by victims, and creating a database for study and prevention purposes.

OSCE Kosovo Mission Anti-trafficking Efforts. The OSCE Mission has various anti-trafficking activities in Kosovo that the U.S. government supports. These activities include safehouses, witness protection for trafficked women testifying for the prosecution of traffickers, and capacity-building for local NGOs conducting anti-trafficking initiatives.

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

Albania - Seminar on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Persons. This seminar, conducted in Rome, Italy in February 2001, was hosted by the U.S. and Italy as a step towards developing an anti-trafficking program in Albania. The seminar consisted of the following: reviewing the extent of the trafficking problem in Albania; reviewing relevant international legal standards and U.S. laws for the purpose of reforming Albanian laws; examining "best practices" in investigations of cases in the U.S. and Italy; and looking at legal reform efforts in the U.S. and Italy regarding the treatment and protection of victims. This program was part of a bilateral agreement between the U.S. and Italy to combat trafficking in persons through technical and law enforcement cooperation.

Bosnia - Three-month study by the Boltzmann Institute on Trafficking in Women. The Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, based in Austria, released a report containing information on the current Bosnian trafficking situation, national laws relevant to combating trafficking in women, governmental and NGO initiatives, police structure and efforts, and international community initiatives. This report was funded by INL.

Czech Republic and Poland - UN Anti-Trafficking Program. INL funded the United Nations Center for International Crime Prevention (CICP) in Vienna, Austria, to expand its global anti-trafficking in persons program to include the Czech Republic and Poland. CICP is currently developing a customized program for both countries. The program consists of an assessment of government needs, plan of action to improve government coordination, consultation with NGOs, and training for government officials.

Latvia - Forensic Interview Room for Child Victims and Witnesses. A local NGO "The Center Against Child Abuse" recently established a forensic interview room for child victims and witnesses of sexual and physical abuse and trafficking within a facility provided by the Latvian government. Partial funding was provided by the Canadian government, and INL funding will support installation of sound-proofing materials, furnishings for the room, audio and video equipment to conduct quality forensic interviews, and training for law enforcement officers and prosecutors on the use of the forensic interview room and the equipment. This forensic interview room provides a safe place to take necessary testimony, avoiding "secondary traumatization," which can occur in cases of abuse.

Poland and Bulgaria - Seminars on Combating Trafficking in Persons. The Department of Justice conducted two seminars in 2000 in which Bulgarian and Polish police, prosecutors, judges, and NGOs were brought together to work on stopping the trafficking in women from Bulgaria to Poland. The seminars focused on law enforcement cooperation between the two countries, developing relationships with NGOs that provide services to victims and thereby gaining the trust of victims, and any needed legal reforms in both countries.  

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

Albania - Repatriation and Reintegration Program. An IOM-NGO program is underway to return and reintegrate trafficked women in Albania, many of whom come from Moldova, Ukraine, and Romania. Three women's shelters also provide temporary protection and services to trafficked persons. USAID also supports this project.

Bosnia - Repatriation Assistance Program. Working with law enforcement authorities, IOM is providing temporary shelter in a secure environment (safehouses), counseling, and return assistance for victims of trafficking.

Bulgaria - U.S.-European Union (EU) Anti-Trafficking Campaign. Under the auspices of the U.S.- EU New Transatlantic Agenda (NTA), PRM funded an IOM information campaign in 2000 for Bulgaria to alert potential victims and their families to the dangers of trafficking. The project involved support for indigenous NGOs working on trafficking, and training programs for Bulgarian officials. There was also an education component aimed at supplying anti-trafficking materials to Bulgarian secondary schools. The EU conducted a simultaneous program, also through IOM, in Hungary. IOM is now conducting follow-on activity to include trafficking prevention materials in the national school curriculum.

Romania - Anti-Trafficking Prevention and Reintegration Assistance Program. Working with the Government of Romania, IOM is setting up a shelter for returning victims of trafficking. The facility will provide counseling and assistance for victims to assist with their reintegration into society. This program also includes a prevention campaign targeted at vulnerable women and girls.  


Bureau for Europe and Eurasia

USAID/Albania - Repatriation and Reintegration Assistance Program. USAID contributed to a multi-donor IOM anti-trafficking program that helps trafficked women, many of whom come from other countries. IOM's program supports two women's shelters that provide temporary protection, social services, and reintegration assistance to victims. The State Department's PRM Bureau also contributes to this program.

USAID/Croatia - Trafficking Assessment. Through participation in the U.S. Embassy Democracy Commission, USAID supported a grant to a local NGO that worked in cooperation with IOM and the Croatian Ministry of Interior to assess Croatia's role in trafficking as a country of transit, origin, and destination.

USAID/Romania - NGO Regional Forum and Action Plan. USAID provided a subgrant to a local NGO, the Center for Legal Resources, to hold a regional forum on trafficking and to develop follow-up action plans for cross-border NGO activity. 



Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (WHA)

Western Hemisphere Region - Summit of the Americas. Along with the other participants in the April 2001 Quebec City Summit of the Americas, the United States has undertaken to enhance hemispheric cooperation to counter trafficking in persons. These commitments comprised of: cooperation and exchange of information among states concerning illegal trafficking networks; developing preventative campaigns on the dangers and risks faced by migrants, particularly women and children who often can be victims of such trafficking, with a view to eradicating this crime; encouraging all countries in the hemisphere to consider signing and ratifying the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children; and implementing collective strategies to enhance the institutional ability of states to exchange information and evidence in order to jointly combat emerging forms of transnational criminal activity, including trafficking in persons.

Costa Rica - Program to Combat Child Sexual Exploitation. The Department of State, in conjunction with the Departments of Justice and Labor, is developing a comprehensive program to combat the sexual exploitation of children in Costa Rica. The program will address law enforcement training, social support, NGO engagement, public affairs, and legal reform. Once developed, the program ideally will serve as a model for future broad-scope cooperation in the region. 

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

Central America - Regional Crimes Against Children Seminar. The FBI conducted a Regional Crimes Against Children Seminar in San Salvador, El Salvador, in December 2000. The course attendees were front-line police officers and prosecutors from El Salvador, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama. Instructors from the FBI, U.S. Air Force, U.S. Customs Service, and the Department of Justice provided training on sex offender behavioral analysis, child abduction investigations, victim/witness issues, online crimes against children investigations, child sex tourism, forced or indentured child labor, and international cooperation. In addition, each student presented an overview of the crimes against children situation in their country.

El Salvador - Sex Crime Kits and Training. INL funding will support purchase of sex crime forensic kits and training for law enforcement and health providers in their use in order to construct scientifically sound cases of sexual assault based on forensic evidence.

El Salvador - Attorney General's Sex Crime Division. This division has received initial training from and has established a working relationship with U.S. experts in the prosecution of sex crimes. INL will fund the purchase of equipment such as computers, printers, hand-held radios, and office furniture, as well as advanced training in prosecutorial techniques and the construction of space better suited to victim and witness interviews.

Guatemala - Preventing Sexual Assault and Other Crimes Against Children. The Social Secretariat for the Welfare of Children is working to improve placement services for children who are victims of crime. This program includes: sensitivity training for judges, police, and secretariat staff; dissemination of related information; improvement of placement and services at assistance centers; analysis of problems at the assistance centers; and establishment of the secretariat as a coordinator with other government, and NGOs.

Mexico - Casa Amiga. This NGO, located in the border town of Ciudad Juarez, provides shelter and assistance to families traumatized by murder or abuse. Casa Amiga also works closely with the Sexual Trauma Assault Resource Crisis Center in El Paso, Texas. INL funding is supporting Casa Amiga's efforts to conduct training for law enforcement in Ciudad Juarez on assisting victims of violence, including trafficking, and sexual assault, to conduct community outreach programs, to train the center's volunteers who would then train police, and to expand its existing psychological counseling services.

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

Andean Region - Anti-Trafficking Prevention Campaign. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) will conduct an information campaign that will initially target the Andean region countries of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru, with a possible extension of the campaign to Colombia and Venezuela at a later date. This project is funded in support of U.S. commitments at the Quebec Summit of the Americas to combat trafficking in persons.

Dominican Republic - Anti-Trafficking Prevention Campaign. IOM will conduct an information campaign for the prevention of trafficking in Dominican women and minors. Additionally, the project will promote transnational networking and exchange of information, and provide technical cooperation to the Dominican Government on the development-related legislation. The United States is one of the eleven participating North and Central American States of the Regional Conference on Migration, which includes combating migrant trafficking in its Plan of Action.


Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean

Regional Study on Trafficking. Through the Organization of American States (OAS), USAID will support the International Human Rights Law Institute of DePaul University College of Law to conduct a longer-term regional study on the problem of trafficking across 16 Latin American countries (Nicaragua, Honduras, Panama, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Belize, Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Argentina, Chile, Suriname, and Paraguay). The study is intended to help advance regional and national strategies to combat trafficking and will be distributed to the OAS, universities, government institutions, UN organizations, and law enforcement agencies.


Bureau for International Labor Affairs

Brazil and Paraguay - Prevention and Elimination of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents. The International Labor Organization's International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor aims, through this project, to make available reliable and credible information related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children, including possible child trafficking networks; rescue 1,000 sexually exploited children and adolescents who are used for commercial purposes; and offer these children legal, health, psycho-social, and educational assistance. The project also seeks to strengthen the capacity of relevant public, private, governmental, and non-governmental institutions to implement efforts to eliminate the commercial sexual exploitation of children. 



Office of the Ambassador-At-Large for the New Independent States

Regional Conference - "Trafficking in Persons: Information as Prevention." The U.S. Embassy in Almaty hosted a regional conference in Kazakhstan, "Trafficking in Persons: Information as Prevention," June 6-8, 2001. The conference drew over 100 participants from all five Central Asian nations. NGO activists, journalists, government officials, and IOM and OSCE representatives reviewed the status of trafficking in the region, discussed and designed media campaigns, developed educational outreach programs, and developed research and monitoring strategies. Participants called for a region-wide initiative to develop effective anti-trafficking information and education programs. USAID's Office of Women in Development also provided financial support for the conference.

The following small grants, administered by the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassies in the region, were awarded to local NGOs for work to combat trafficking in women and children

Kyrgyzstan - Regional Information Center for Legal Education. Lady Shirin of Chimkent Village was established in October 1998 to educate women on civic education, women's rights, and environmental protection. Grant funds will enable this NGO to establish a regional information center for legal education and consultations on a wide range of issues related to civic education, women's rights, trafficking, and children's rights. The center will a hold series of seminars and round-tables in various villages of the region on civil society topics and will issue monthly bulletins on human rights.

Moldova - Information Campaign for At-Risk Youth. The Center for Youth Development (CYD) in Chisinau organizes training courses and seminars for youth, and publishes a bulletin for distribution to youth organizations and schools. CYD contributes to combating trafficking in women in Moldova by organizing an information campaign directed at teenage girls to publicize the danger and consequences of this phenomenon. The grant enables CYD to continue this project by using a training-of-trainers model for a large number of volunteers in Edinet, Balti, Orhei, and Chisinau who will conduct five one-day seminars on trafficking in women and publish a booklet for distribution to youth organizations and schools. The volunteers will then organize four round-table discussions with teenagers, mothers, young women, public officials, psychologists, and teachers to discuss how trafficking affects women in Moldova's regions and to suggest ways to deal with this problem.

Moldova - Information Campaign on Gender Awareness and Trafficking. The Gender Center was established in Chisinau in December 1999, with the goal of increasing public awareness of gender issues. The Gender Center will use FY 2001 grant funds for public education activities, directed at the younger generation, to inform them about trafficking and its consequences for society. The Center will also promote gender education as part of the curriculum at higher education institutions. Ten one-day training courses on combating trafficking will be implemented for university students in Moldova, Cahul, and Balti. The courses will focus on: trafficking as a phenomenon, legal provisions and penalties related to trafficking, consequences of trafficking i.e., social, economic, moral, and health-related, and will also address broader issues related to gender education and overcoming gender stereotypes. The Center also will publish a leaflet "Trafficking: Reality and Consequences," to be provided to the students attending the course and other training materials.

Moldova - The National Women's Studies and Information Center. The National Women's Studies and Information Center is a non-governmental organization, located at the State Medical University in Chisinau. Its primary goal is to promote the protection of women's rights through research and public education. The goal of this project is to inform and train rural women on the legal rights provided by the Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). The Center will select four groups of rural women (30 in each group) from Edinet, Soroca, Chisinau, Ribnita (Transnistria), and Gagauz-Yeri who will participate in a series of seminars, training courses, and round-table discussions on women's rights, legal and gender education for women, gender equality, child-parent relations, and trafficking of women. These women will then be encouraged to share this knowledge with others in their native villages and towns.

Uzbekistan - Community Education on Domestic Violence and Trafficking. The Center for Women's Rights was established in Samarkand in 1999 with the goal of providing battered women who are victims of abusive spouses and other forms of domestic violence with shelter, medical service, and legal advice. The grant also will enable the Center to undertake community education programs. Such outreach would include programs at the local neighborhood councils (mahallas) on identifying and preventing domestic violence. The grant will help fund a newsletter for women on conflict resolution as well as provide information aimed at combating the trafficking of women and girls from Uzbekistan.

Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA)

Moldova - Development of Assistance Services for At-Risk Women. CONNECT-U.S./Russia, a Minneapolis-based NGO, is conducting an 18-month program in Moldova that focuses on the development of direct assistance services for women at risk of being trafficked. The services being developed under this program include a 24-hour hotline, counseling and education groups, legal services, and access to health care. The program is composed of four phases: information gathering and outreach in Moldova; training of trainers in Minnesota; a workshop for partner organizations in Chisinau and other Moldovan cities; and a follow-up evaluation and assessment trip to Moldova.

Russia and Ukraine - Grassroots Public Information Campaign. During FY 2000, MiraMed Institute, a Seattle-based NGO, conducted anti-trafficking workshops for women's NGOs in oblasts (regions) in Russia and Ukraine. The primary purpose of these workshops was to provide hands-on training on how to run anti-trafficking media campaigns. In addition, MiraMed Institute conducted educational campaigns in selected areas of Russia, focusing on prevention and awareness.

Russia - Grass-roots Public Information Campaign II. MiraMed Institute is completing a ten-month anti-trafficking educational campaign and media training program in southern Russia. Project activities include a plan to enlarge the Angel Coalition, a network of NGOs combating trafficking, and expansion of the Angel Coalition's website.

Russia - Anti-Trafficking Media Campaign. Internews, Inc. (BASE) is currently wrapping up a seven-month multifaceted media and information campaign to bring public attention to the problems of trafficking in women in Russia and to support education of women at risk. Internews is implementing the program in partnership with the Russian NGO, "Syostri." The program has five components: TV public service announcements, informational radio announcements, TV special reports, informational brochure, and a short educational video.

Russia and Ukraine - Trafficking Experts/Crime and Corruption Research Centers. The Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TRACC) at American University placed anti-trafficking-in-persons experts in its five existing "Crime and Corruption Research Centers" in Vladivostok, Irkutsk, Ekaterinburg, and Moscow, Russia, and Kharkiv, Ukraine. The trafficking experts were chosen by an open, merit-based application process and are individuals with demonstrated expertise and experience in the prevention of trafficking in humans. The trafficking experts will conduct research, establish trends, help devise strategies for prevention, and publish their findings for U.S. and NIS organizations. With offices in the Russian far east, TRACC is well-placed to monitor trafficking problems in this region.

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

Moldova - Anti-Trafficking Center. The U.S. Embassy in Chisinau, in conjunction with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), established a multi-purpose anti-trafficking center in Chisinau. A local non-governmental organization, the Association of Women in Legal Professions, manages the center. The center provides a focal point for gathering information that is being shared by governments, NGOs, victims, and concerned citizens. The center has also initiated an aggressive multi-media information campaign to educate people about the dangers of trafficking. The center runs a hotline for information about trafficking issues and maintains a database of information on trafficking. The center serves as a site for workshops for law enforcement, border control, and other government officials.

Ukraine - Regional Law Enforcement Workshop Against Trafficking in Women and Children. In June 2000, the U.S. and Ukraine co-hosted a regional workshop against trafficking for senior-level government and NGO representatives from nine countries, as well as for representatives from the European Union, the United Nations, Interpol, and other international organizations. This workshop provided an opportunity for law enforcement and immigration officials, and NGOs to discuss mutual efforts to combat trafficking. A regional action plan was developed from the workshop.

Moldova, Ukraine, Armenia, and Uzbekistan - Community Responses to Domestic Violence and Trafficking in Women. Winrock International is working to increase the capacity of NGO partners in these four countries to train law enforcement and other criminal justice officials, and institutionalize cooperation on the issues of domestic violence and trafficking. Winrock International and Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights recently released their research findings on the trafficking (Moldova and Ukraine only) and the domestic violence situations, as well as the governments' response. These reports can be found at either of the following websites: www.mnadvocates.org or www.winrock.org.ua.

Russia - Anti-Trafficking Task Force. The U.S. and Russia will establish a joint law-enforcement task force in Moscow to investigate trafficking in women and children, and to promote the development of Russian task forces directed at crimes involving violence against women and children. INL funds will help support development of a network among relevant Russian law enforcement officials and NGOs, U.S. advisory services, and the procurement of equipment and relevant materials. 

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

Moldova - Prevention and Capacity Building Program. IOM will conduct a prevention/capacity-building program working with government and education officials, as well as local NGOs. IOM's efforts will complement the resources of the recently established UNDP anti-trafficking center in Chisinau.

Moldova/OSCE. The Office of Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) will work with Moldovan authorities on the development of anti-trafficking legislation.

Ukraine - Anti-Trafficking Campaign. IOM is conducting an information campaign targeted to vulnerable persons, and is providing training to government officials.


Bureau for Europe and Eurasia

USAID/Central Asia Regional Mission - Information Campaigns for Potential Victims. Through IOM, USAID supports efforts in Kyrgyzstan to raise awareness of potential victims and improve information for police and customs officials. A similar program is slated for Kazakhstan.

USAID/Russia - Major New Anti-Trafficking Program. USAID/Russia has budgeted funds to combat trafficking as part of a new three-year Democracy Gender Program. The anti-trafficking component will promote creative ways to address the problem, with activities such as information and education campaigns, provision of services for victims, and training for professionals who provide support to victims and the victims' families.

USAID/Ukraine - Trafficking Prevention Program. In 1998, USAID/Ukraine launched its Trafficking Prevention Program and has allocated additional FY 2001 funding for continuation of the Program. The Program works with local NGOs, and regional and national authorities, and has three components: Prevention; Protection and Assistance for Victims, and Prosecution of Traffickers. The Program also works closely with the international NGO La Strada, including a grant to support their project with the Ministry of Education on development of school curricula on trafficking.

Local NGOs implement Trafficking Prevention Centers in seven cities, offering job skills assistance and crisis prevention services to potential victims and women who have returned to Ukraine. Job-skills assistance promotes economic options for underemployed young women and offers computer training as well as job counseling, free legal consultations, and distribution of information on sexual harassment and discrimination in the workplace. Crisis prevention services to assist victims and their families include hotlines, legal consultations, and referral services for psychological and medical assistance. The Centers also work with NGOs, medical professionals, and local authorities on protection and support services for women who have returned to Ukraine.



Bureau for South Asia Afffairs (SA)

South Asia Regional Strategy to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children. The Bureau for South Asia Affairs funded the UN International Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), through USAID, to implement the bureau's South Asia Regional Strategy to Combat Trafficking of Women and Children which was developed in 2000. UNIFEM is implementing these programs through local NGOs in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. These programs include the following: data collection on the magnitude and exact nature of the trafficking problem within and between South Asian countries; support for shelters, repatriation, education and awareness campaigns; vocational training; and health care.

Regional Small Grants Program. Small grants will be administered by public diplomacy officers in the U.S. Embassies to take advantage of targets of opportunity to build greater awareness of the dangers of trafficking in persons.  

Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL)

India - Prerana's Anti-trafficking Program. Through UNIFEM, an Indian NGO "Prerana," based in Mumbai, is establishing a center for the following activities: sensitivity training for 2,800 law enforcement and transportation employees; development of a database on trafficking cases; and the creation of an NGO network through electronic mail and hosting of regular meetings between NGOs and law enforcement.

India - Criminal Intelligence Unit within the Central Bureau for Investigation. INL technical assistance will support a newly established Criminal Intelligence Unit within the Central Bureau for Investigation responsible for tracking trafficking and missing persons cases. The Unit will work with individual state police forces to gather and disseminate information on trafficking routes and encourage cooperation on investigations.

India - Save Our Sisters (SOS) Information Campaign. Through UNIFEM, an anti-trafficking public awareness event took place in Mumbai, India, in March 2000 uniting numerous anti-trafficking NGOs, international organizations, civic leaders, law enforcement officials, and Indian film celebrities to confront myths about trafficking and raise awareness of this human rights abuse.

India - Information Campaign in New Delhi. Through UNIFEM, Prayas, a New Delhi NGO, will organize and implement a public awareness campaign on trafficking of women and children in India's capital. The key target audience (also to participate in the event) will be senior law enforcement and national policy-making officials. Participants from the "Save Our Sisters" information campaign in Mumbai, including film celebrities and NGOs, will also take part.

India - Creation of Crime Training Modules at Police Academies. Through UNIFEM, the New Delhi-based NGO Gender Training Institute (GTI) will create permanent gender crime training modules at several of India's police academies. This train-the-trainers program will teach police academy instructors about trafficking and violence against women, relevant laws, working with NGOs, and building successful cases.

India - Law Enforcement Workshops in Calcutta. Through UNFIEM, the Calcutta-based NGO, SANLAAP, will conduct a series of interactive workshops to orient police, judicial officials, and border patrol to more effective methods of handling the crime of trafficking. Workshops will focus on building successful prosecution cases against traffickers, improving coordination of interdiction efforts, and strengthening cooperation/coordination between NGOs and law enforcement authorities in Calcutta.

India - Establishment of Zero Violence Zones in Mumbai. Through UNIFEM, the NGO, Stree Aadhar Kendra, together with the Mumbai police created a collaborative community-policing program that seeks to eliminate violence against women, including trafficking. The program encourages community involvement through the creation of Neighborhood Watch groups and partnership with police, provides counseling centers where victims can receive legal assistance and access to the police, and establishes the NGO's presence in each of the police stations. INL assistance through UNIFEM will expand this already successful project to 16 districts in Mumbai.

India - Establishment of the Mumbai Police Anti-Trafficking Unit. With INL assistance, an Anti-Trafficking Unit consisting of officers dedicated exclusively to anti-trafficking work will be established to investigate, arrest, and prosecute traffickers. The unit will work with NGOs in conducting brothel raids, and debriefing and assisting rescued trafficking victims with the objective of gaining evidence for the prosecution of traffickers, recruiters, pimps, and brothel owners.

India - Improving Coordination between Police and NGOs in Calcutta and West Bengal. Through UNIFEM, the Action against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ATSEC), an alliance of 15 NGOs located in Calcutta and West Bengal, will work to improve coordination between police and NGOs along the India/Bangladesh border. ATSEC will provide training to law enforcement and government officials on identifying trafficking situations, conduct workshops to enhance coordination between police, prosecutors, and NGOs and improve knowledge of anti-trafficking laws and provide legal aid for trafficking victims.

India - Anti-Trafficking Training for Police along the West Bengal/Eastern Nepal Border. Through UNIFEM, Bhoruka Public Welfare Trust, a West Bengal NGO will conduct training for police and border officials along the West Bengal/Eastern Nepal border. The training will consist of raising awareness about trafficking, the relevant laws, humane treatment of victims, and developing mechanisms for NGO-police coordination. Bhoruka Public Welfare Trust will also work closely with Nepalese NGOs across the border.

Nepal - Regional Law Enforcement Workshop. UNIFEM will conduct a second regional workshop in 2001 to bring together senior law enforcement officials and NGO representatives from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal to reinforce and build new informal working relationships and exchange views on "best practices" in investigating and prosecuting trafficking and repatriating victims. The first workshop took place in October 2000 and was funded by USAID.

Nepal - Basic Investigative and Crime Scene Management Techniques for Prosecutors and Judges. Through UNICEF, prosecutors and judges from ten trafficking-prone districts will receive training on investigative techniques and crime scene management in order to improve their capacity to investigate and prosecute trafficking cases.

Nepal - Prosecutor's Workshop on Case Management and Successful Prosecution. Through UNICEF, this program is designed to improve lawyers' technical proficiency and sensitize them to trafficking in persons. Three five-day orientation workshops will be conducted for public prosecutors and private lawyers from ten districts. The goal of these workshops is to improve representation of trafficking victims in court and enhance collaboration among prosecutors, police, and NGOs against traffickers.

Nepal - Creation of Missing Persons Components for the Nepali National Police Crime and Criminal Information System. Through UNICEF, this project will expand on the Crime and Criminal Information System linking various regions in Nepal by providing technical assistance to support a missing persons database to be used by the Crime Investigation Department, Women's Cell, Trafficking Cell, and other units.

Nepal - Assisting Implementation of the National Plan of Action against Trafficking. Through UNICEF, the Ministry of Women set up a national taskforce on trafficking with representatives from other ministries, representatives from the police, NGOs, UNICEF, and the ILO. Coordination within the Ministry and the taskforce will improve with this technical assistance program that creates a computerized database on anti-trafficking programs, and a website and Internet/e-mail links with anti-trafficking organizations.

Sri Lanka - National Child Protection Authority. The National Child Protection Authority assists child victims of trafficking and sexual assault by providing shelter and counseling services and assists law enforcement in its investigation of traffickers and child abusers. INL assistance will provide supplies and equipment for a forensic lab.

Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

Bangladesh - Anti-Trafficking Information Campaign. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) will develop an information campaign on prevention of trafficking of women and children in Bangladesh. This project includes capacity-building training sessions for government officials in various ministries, NGOs, and media representatives to maximize dissemination of information.

Nepal and India - Return and Reintegration Program. This small IOM pilot project will provide return and reintegration assistance to Nepalese women and children trafficked to India.


Bureau for Asia and the Near East

South Asia Regional - Support for UNIFEM Anti-Trafficking Prevention Program. USAID further supports UNIFEM's activities by funding its public outreach and education programs, including a system for data collection, an anti-trafficking website, strengthening NGOs to help them lobby the South Asian governments to bolster its commitment to address trafficking through legislation and practice, and regular monitoring mechanisms to oversee the implementation of international and regional treaties. In the media sphere, UNIFEM facilitates cooperation and coordination between NGOs and media to better enable public information campaigns, and fosters dialogue among various groups to generate stronger community support for anti-trafficking initiatives.

Sri Lanka - National Child Protection Authority. The National Child Protection Authority assists child victims of trafficking and sexual assault by providing shelter and counseling services, and assists law enforcement in its investigation of traffickers and child abusers. The USAID-assisted UNIFEM regional project for South Asia supports NCPA efforts to enhance in-country counseling expertise through a training-of-trainers program on counseling techniques.

USAID/Bangladesh - Dissemination of Information to Vulnerable Groups. Through the Action against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation of Children (ATSEC), partnerships between NGOs and the government to raise awareness of this issue among vulnerable populations, particularly rural women and border region communities, are being strengthened. USAID also supports ATSEC's national resource center and helps it develop culturally sensitive information about trafficking.

USAID/Bangladesh - Legal Assistance and Repatriation of Victims. Through the Bangladesh National Women Lawyers' Association and "Proshanti" -- a shelter home for abused women and children -- support for trafficking victims through legal aid, rehabilitation, and repatriation is provided. Nearly 1,000 women and children have received shelter and services over several years from this project.

USAID/Nepal - Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA). Support is given to this public policy NGO which carries out research on the types of messages organizations are disseminating about trafficking and assesses whether programs are having significant impact among targeted groups.

USAID/Nepal - The USAID mission in Nepal provides key support to the National Network Against Girl Trafficking in conjunction with UNIFEM and supports a local education and literacy project targeted at girls.

USAID/Nepal - The Asia Foundation's Women's Legal Rights Program. Fostering partnerships among local NGOs and the police, The Asia Foundation's 24-week training program dealing with women's rights, one week of which is devoted to trafficking issues, reaches nearly 130,000 women in rural areas. 200,000 copies of an anti-trafficking comic book are also distributed nationally.


Bureau for International Labor Affairs

Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka - South Asia Sub-regional Program to Combat the Trafficking of Children for Exploitative Employment. The International Labor Organization's International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor, with funding from USDOL, seeks through this program to address the trafficking of children for purposes of prostitution, domestic work, bonded labor, sex tourism and entertainment, pornography, begging, criminal activities, marriages, and false adoption. The project aims to rescue and provide rehabilitative services to 650 children and help prevent an additional 13,000 children from being trafficked. The project further seeks to enhance the capacity of government and non-governmental organizations to address this problem and to increase sub-regional cooperation and joint action on this issue between the South Asia Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries.

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