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BIOGRAPHY

Charles Snyder
Special Representative, Sudan
Term of Appointment: 07/10/2004 to 01/2006

Mr. Snyder currently serves as the Department of Stateís Senior Representative on Sudan. He is charged with guiding the policy and operations associated with bringing the Navaisha Peace Accords to fruition and ending the crisis in Darfur. He directs the Sudan Programs Group.

Mr. Snyder previously served as Acting Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs until July 2004 and was responsible for setting US policy toward Africa while managing a Bureau with 48 constituent Posts and over four thousand employees. Earlier, while serving as Principal Deputy and Deputy Assistant Secretary (2001-2003), he was policy point person for the Sudan Peace Initiative, framed policy toward central Africa, launched the Northern Uganda Peace Initiative and managed the Bureauís policy program budget of over $100 million. Previously (1995-2001) as Director of the Office of Regional Affairs, he supported the Assistant Secretary on crosscutting policy and program issues such as democracy, conflict resolution, human rights, labor, multilateral organizations, public affairs, congressional affairs, and crisis management.

A career intelligence officer and Africanist, he served as National Intelligence Officer for Africa from 1992 until April 1995. During this period, he supervised the production of several National Intelligence Estimates on Africa, including a major review of the continentís prospects and problems as well as a detailed forecast of the potential impact of HIV/Aids. Earlier, as Senior Political-Military Advisor, he provided advice to Stateís Africa Bureau on military assistance matters, military exercises and conflict resolution. He served as political military advisor on the team which mediated the Tripartite Agreement between Cuba, Angola, and South Africa; lead the team that established the Joint Military Monitoring Commission which implemented the ceasefire along the Angola-Namibia border; chaired the military discussions supporting the Portuguese mediation of the Angolan Civil War; and lead the U.S. technical team supporting the successful Italian effort to negotiate an end to the Mozambican Civil War. He created the African Biodiversity Program, which married the Defense Departmentís assistance program to Stateís emerging environmental policy concerns providing over $25 million in assistance to preserve wildlife in nine countries.

Mr. Snyder retired from the U.S. Army in 1991 after 22 years service. During that career he conducted an independent research project on Africa armies traveling widely in Africa as the first military officer to be selected for the Director of Central Intelligenceís Exceptional Analyst Program. He was also responsible to the Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations for all African military training and security assistance programs for Egypt, Lebanon and Israel; and established the Armyís Technology Transfer Sales Review system. Col. Snyder was assigned to the State Department in 1985 as an exchange officer and served as military advisor to the Africa Bureau until retirement.

He received a Bachelorís Degree in Economicsfrom Fordham University, a Masters of Business Administration in InternationalFinance from American University, and did post-graduate work in internationalrelations at Catholic University as well as Howard University. He is a Fellow of the Inter-UniversitySeminar on Armed Forces and Society, a Distinguished Visiting Lecturer of theForeign Service Institute, a life member of the Foreign Area Officers Association and the African Studies Association.



Released on November 10, 2005

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