Statement Of The Acting Special Representative Of The Secretary-General For Sudan To The Sudan Consortium
Following is the text of remarks given by Acting Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Sudan Mr. Taye Brooke-Zerihoun to the Sudan Consortium on March 20, 2007:Mr. Chairman, Honourable Ministers and Delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen-
Thank you for the invitation to update this important meeting on progress in the implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement since this Consortium last convened a year ago.
Since then, much of the spotlight of international attention, and indeed the attention of many of us, has focused on events in Darfur - and for good reason. The UN Mission in Sudan has devoted
The CPA is not simply a bilateral power-sharing deal. It provides for constitutional reform, for new national institutions that respect human rights and the diversity of Sudan's people. It provides for decentralization of government and fiscal reform, to help ensure communities benefit from their own resources and combat the tensions between centre and periphery that have often been at
Mr. Chairman, a little over two months ago, on 9 January, we marked the second anniversary of the signing of the CPA. Although progress continues to be made in implementation of the Agreement, there is wide-spread concern that the "spirit of Naivasha" has been largely absent. For the most part., the Parties have co-operated in those areas of implementation that shore up their respective positions. But there remains profound mistrust between them as was publicly aired in Juba on 9 January.
Some of the progress made in CPA implementation is noteworthy. On the power-sharing agenda, almost all of the commissions provided for in the Agreement have now been established. In October, the National Constitutional Review Commission was revitalized, with a mandate to
Equally, there has been progress on wealth-sharing. On 9 January, the two Central Banks jointly launched a new currency, the Sudanese pound, in line with the requirements of the CPA. After long delays, the National Petroleum has agreed on its rules of procedure, although it has yet to convene officially. On the other hand, the Commission responsible for overseeing transparent fiscal transfers to the state level the Fiscal and Financial Allocation and Monitoring Commission - has begun its work.
On the security agenda, the conventional cease-fire has been respected by the parties except for the serious clashes in Malakal in November last year, which were unprecedented in intensity since
However, peace is not simply the absence of conflict. It is much, much more. The apparent mistrust between the Parties has implied a lack of commitment to genuine partnership and to the qualitative
Progress on the security protocol has suffered as well. The formation of Joint integrated Units is behind schedule. Although the parties have recently agreed on a common doctrine, most JID units on the ground are at best co-located but not yet integrated. Other Armed Groups continue to exist long after the deadline for their integration into one or the other party or their disbandment. Moreover, some OAGs are still switching allegiance, perpetuating instability and insecurity, and fuelling suspicion about proxy forces.
Two years after the signing of the CPA, Abyei, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile have not received the attention they deserve. There is still no agreement on an interim administration for Abyei or on its boundary. Demarcation of the North-South border, itself is behind schedule, although the responsible Committee has recently made some progress in its activities. T he situation is further complicated by worrying reports of increasing militarization in the Abyei area, even while both parties continue to restrict the movement of UN MIS and its ability to monitor the cease-fire zone.
In Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile, although both states now have a constitution and an executive, there has been little progress tow ards delivering the integrated administration and reconstruction
UNMIS continues to support the CPA in all its aspects, including through monitoring of the cease-fire, and through participation in key commissions, notably the Ceasefire Political Commission. The mission also provides technical support in the areas of disarmament and demobilization, police development, rule of law, human rights, refugee and IDP returns, and local reconciliation, as well in the wider dissemination and popularization of the CPA.
Two years after the signing of the CPA, public expectations for greater stability, improved services, and enhanced livelihood opportunities, remain high. The delivery of these and other peace
Notwithstanding these problems and challenges, the achievements made so far in Southern Sudan are encouraging. Economic development has accelerated as movement of people increases and trade routes re-open. Through the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (South), UN agencies
Two years ago, the active engagement of many states represented here helped to bring about the signing of the CPA. The commitment of donors to support peace through well-targeted development and reconstruction assistance is a key provision in the Agreement. Today, that same level of engagement is more crucial than ever.
Let me conclude by sketching some priorities for the balance of this year. First, 2007 will mostly be the year of the security protocol. We must see Joint Integrated Units full)' formed and redeployment
Second, there must be further progress on implementing the CPA in key areas, including agreement on an administration for Abyei, and development of integrated services and equitable development for Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile. Third, we will need to begin to focus this year on the preparations for elections in 2009. Free and fair elections do not begin at the ballot box. A political environment that realizes the general principles of the CPA and the Interim Constitution must be created. Also, technical preparations including for a national census and a voter registration process would need to be accelerated. International support to these preparations is of vital importance, including through technical assistance to the Electoral Commission and capacity-building for political parties who must re-engage with their constituencies and develop programmes that reflect the needs of the people.
We all very much hope that the conflict in Darfur will find a political solution this year. Peace in Sudan is indivisible. The next steps towards implementation of the CPA, including the holding
The CPA is the only vehicle for achieving the ambitious goals set by the Parties at Naivasha to bring about long-term peace, stability and sustainable development for all the people of Sudan. We must
We must therefore not relent from urging the Parties to adhere to their commitments, and should continue to work with them to facilitate the full and timely implementation of the CPA. Sudan's
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.