|USUN Press Release|
New York, New York
August 3, 2007
Statement by Mark D. Wallace, U.S. Representative for UN Management and Reform, in the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Assistance and Support to Victims of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse
I thank the Permanent Representative of Costa Rica for Chairing this Working Group and for the presentation and remarks by Radhika Coomaraswamy, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict and Jane Holl Lute, Assistant Secretary-General of the Department of Field Support.Released on August 21, 2007
Our work on a strategy to assist and support victims is important and we support such efforts strongly. It is only one part of the response required of us. We must provide victims the assistance and support they need. It is a larger and overriding imperative that we end the scourge of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers once and for all.
My delegation recognizes and appreciates the important work being carried by Conduct and Discipline Teams, the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), and other UN personnel, both at Headquarters and in the field, to end sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers. Notwithstanding these efforts, including adoption of a zero tolerance policy and other standards of conduct, we must regretfully recognize that egregious acts continue to occur - some two and a half years following issuance of Prince Zeid's report. As my delegation stated in the Security Council in February of last year, acts of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers against people they have been sent to protect constitute one of the greatest stains on the history of the UN. It is absolutely unacceptable that horrific crimes of sexual exploitation and abuse have been committed by UN peacekeepers against individuals they have been assigned to protect. Thankfully we are not alone in our outrage as other member states have expressed their grave concerns as well.
During that meeting, my delegation and other delegations emphasized the necessity of taking firm and decisive action. We say again that we must take action now not only to pursue justice and a resolution of crimes that have already been committed, but also to establish the necessary mechanisms, training and oversight procedures to ensure that they are not repeated in existing and future peacekeeping operations. We said then that we cannot wait months and years while more of the innocent and vulnerable are exploited and the reputation of UN peacekeepers continues to decline.
At that meeting, which took place almost a year and a half ago, my delegation said that as we begin to plan for our next operation, we do not want to revisit the tragedies of sexual exploitation and abuse and the headlines that UN peacekeepers are raping and abusing the very populations that they are entrusted to protect.
Despite all of the international community's well-intentioned efforts, we must face the fact that our best efforts are failing. Such illicit acts continue.
We must change the culture of impunity that allows such horrific acts to take place. As Under Secretary-General Guehenno has remarked, "we need to create a culture and environment in peacekeeping operations that does not permit sexual exploitation and abuse. This requires action by both DPKO and Member States."
We call on all member states in the UN system to strengthen their resolve to improve and fully implement all mechanisms currently in place to address all aspects of sexual exploitation and abuse. Most importantly, troop contributing countries (TCCs) must resolve to investigate and punish offenders. Unpunished offenders tarnish all of us, particularly those states that can act but fail to do so. My delegation notes that several TCCs have taken some form of disciplinary action against repatriated military personnel. Pre- and post-deployment training compliance, adequate living standards for troops, discipline, and command and control require vigilance, commitment and action by TCCs. Acts of sexual exploitation and abuse must be prevented from occurring. There must be real consequences to deter future acts.
The "boys will be boys" attitude which continues to pervade peacekeeping operations must be met with a true zero tolerance policy by all involved in the important work of UN peacekeeping.
The United States has committed to taking firm and decisive action in response to any acts of misconduct by our personnel while serving in UN peacekeeping operations. The U.S. Congress has also taken action to address this matter. In 2005, Congress passed and President Bush signed the 2005 reauthorization of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. This legislation requires the executive branch to report annually to the U.S. Congress on the actions taken by the United Nations and other international organizations to prevent trafficking and sexual exploitation and abuse by employees, contractors, and peacekeeping forces. It also requires the Secretary of State to report to the U.S. Congress on the effectiveness of these actions prior to voting on any new or reauthorized peacekeeping mission.
What cannot be lost in this discussion are the voices of the victims. Far too often we do not hear those voices. The victims of such acts must be heard. One horrific account portrayed in The New York Times is the following:
Dec. 16, 2004
In the corner of the tent where she says a soldier forced himself on her, Helen, a frail fifth grader with big eyes and skinny legs, remembers seeing a blue helmet. The United Nations peacekeeper that tore off her clothes had used a cup of milk to lure her close, she said in a high-pitched voice, fidgeting as she spoke. It was her favorite drink, she said, but one her family could rarely afford. 'I was so happy,' she said. After she gulped it down, the foreign soldier pulled Helen, a 12-year-old, into bed, she said. About an hour later, he gave her a dollar, put a finger to his lips and pushed her out of his tent, she said.
We must not forget the individual voices of the vulnerable and exploited. Let them hear from us loud and clear.
It is a moral and ethical imperative that we take action. Far too much time has passed. The voices of those exploited are growing weaker, and new voices of exploitation are being added to the chorus of outrages. We must all act not only as members of this body but as individual members states as well.