Remarks from the Sudan Donor Consortium held in Khartoum and JubaCameron Hume,
March 20, 2007
The United States remains strongly committed to the peaceful, democratic transformation of Sudan. To achieve this, the United States is focused on resolution of the conflict in Darfur and implementation of the CPA, which are interrelated. The parties and the international community must maintain momentum on both to achieve peace and stability for all of Sudan's people.
The United States is deeply concerned about the ongoing incidents of violence in Darfur, and calls on all groups in to refrain from violent attacks, protect civilians, and join the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA). The United States expresses its condolences to the families of the African Union peacekeepers recently killed and commends the efforts of AMIS and the UN to stabilize the security situation in Darfur.
While it is unfortunate that the government has chosen to cancel yesterday's meeting on Darfur humanitarian access issues, the path to resolving these concerns remains clear. There are four simple steps the government can take: the extension of residency, work and travel permits until January, 2008; the waiver of the numerous fees currently levied on INGO operations; the immediate release of Darfur assets from customs; and the assurance of 48-hour visa issuances for Darfur humanitarian workers.
The United States strongly supports the efforts of the AU and UN Special Envoys, who are seeking to launch a political process in Darfur aimed at bringing the non-signatories and Government to a negotiated solution. It is important for all parties, including neighboring countries, to cooperate and coordinate fully with the AU and UN. The United States applauds the efforts of First VP Salva Kiir and the SPLM, who are helping to work toward peace in Darfur.
President Bashir's refusal to abide by the commitments he made under the Addis Agreement is profoundly disappointing. In his March letter to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, President Bashir rejected the major elements of the UN heavy support package and the eventual AU/UN-hybrid force, as well as commitments made in the Darfur Peace Agreement. Security in Darfur cannot be achieved without the deployment of a credible and effective peacekeeping operation, and the United States calls on the Sudanese government to fully cooperate with the international community by unequivocally implementing all elements of the Addis agreement as detailed by the AU and UN.
THE COMPREHENSIVE PEACE AGREEMENT
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in January 2005 was a momentous achievement for the people of Sudan, ending a terrible war that ravaged Sudan for more than twenty years. Since then, the international community has observed the formation of the Government of National Unity (GNU) and the Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS), sharing of oil revenue, the redeployment of forces, establishment of local systems of government in the South, and the deployment of 10,000 UN peacekeepers to Southern Sudan. In these and many other areas, the CPA is working.
In other areas, the CPA is behind schedule, and in fairness we must ask if it is on track. Action on the Abyei Boundary Commission report and the establishment of the Abyei interim administration are stalled. Though the United States is encouraged that the National Petroleum Commission (NPC) has been formed and that its internal regulations have been agreed to, there is increasing concern over the lack of urgency behind fulfilling its role under the CPA. However, the flow of oil revenue to the South is encouraging. Preparation for the elections scheduled for 2009 are stymied by delays in the census and the absence of a legislative framework under which those elections would be held.
Finally, though the formation of the joint integrated units (JIUs) is encouraging, their true and effective integration remains to be seen. Recent incidents of violence in Southern Sudan point to the need for a consistent and effective security structure. The United States calls on both parties to take all necessary steps to resolve these issues without delay and ensure that free and fair elections are held at every level in 2009 as required by the CPA. The future of peace is in your hands -- as you work for a way forward, the United States will be by your side.
As part of its commitment to CPA implementation, the United States currently estimates that it will provide $1.2 billion in FY 2007 funds in humanitarian, development and peacekeeping assistance to Sudan. In FY 2008, we have requested a comparable level of funding, and thus look to provide more than $2.3 billion in assistance over the next two years. In FY 2007 we have also requested supplemental funding for humanitarian and peacekeeping needs in Sudan.
The United States supports an IGAD summit aimed at reinvigorating focus on implementation of the CPA in consultation with international donors and Sudan's neighbors who were instrumental in achieving the CPA. We call on the parties and the international community to fully participate in this summit.
The United States is committed to working with Sudan to achieve peace and democracy for all Sudanese and to achieving a resolution to the humanitarian crisis, and the advent of peace and prosperity for Sudan's people. We hope that necessary actions will be taken by all parties to lay the true foundations for peace in Sudan through the full implementation of all political agreements. Positive action on the ground in Darfur and a renewed commitment to implementation of the CPA by all parties will be a powerful demonstration of a shared commitment to peace.
Released on April 25, 2007