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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
June 6, 2002

U.S. Assistance to Armenia -- Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government has budgeted approximately $1.336 billion to fund assistance programs in Armenia, plus $218 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities since FY 1992. The $103 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in Armenia in FY 2002 is roughly allocated as follows:

Democracy Programs

$27.8 million

Market Reform

$31.1 million

Security Programs

$10.2 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$ 5.1 million

Cross-Sectoral Initiatives

$28.8 million

Democracy programs include support for an independent judiciary, training at the local government level to improve resource management and responsiveness to citizens, and legislative strengthening with the National Assembly (Parliament). Assistance also supports development of independent media, non-governmental organizations, and the Internet to disseminate information and encourage citizens’ involvement in decision-making processes. Last year the U.S. Government sent approximately 630 Armenians on academic and professional exchange programs to the United States.

Economic assistance includes increased access to credit for entrepreneurs of small and medium enterprises, an agribusiness development program, and assistance for the tourism and information technology sectors to boost development of the private sector and improve Armenia’s competitiveness. U.S. Treasury advisors help to improve government revenue collections and reduce budgetary deficits.

Security-related assistance for Armenia has almost doubled to $10 million this year, up from $5.6 million last year. This amount includes $4.4 million in military assistance to enhance interoperability with U.S. and NATO forces. This reflects the President's January 25, 2002 waiver for one year of Section 907 of the FREEDOM Support Act, which prohibited assistance to the Government of Azerbaijan. While Section 907 was in force, the U.S. policy of evenhandedness between Armenia and Azerbaijan prevented the provision of all but nonproliferation security-related assistance to Armenia. Now the U.S. can work with the Governments of both Armenia and Azerbaijan to develop cooperation and provide assistance across a range of new areas.

U.S. law enforcement assistance helps Armenia fight narcotics trafficking and financial crimes. It also seeks to improve human rights in criminal justice institutions.

U.S. Government security-related assistance is intended to enhance Armenian export control and border security systems to prevent weapons proliferation and other illicit trafficking by providing equipment and training to the Armenian Customs, Border Guards, and other border security forces. Further, the assistance seeks to promote a professional military, enhance the Armenian Ministry of Defense command and control capability, and increase interoperability with the U.S., NATO, and other international forces.

Current humanitarian programs for Armenia include the provision of commodities through the Department of State Humanitarian Transport Program. The main commodities being shipped and distributed to the most needy individuals, families, and institutions are medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and supplies, school equipment and supplies, clothing, and food. Commencing in October 2001, the Department of State humanitarian programs in Armenia include the operation and support of an medical out-patient clinic in the northern city of Alaverdi. The total value of all State Department humanitarian commodities provided in FY 2002 is expected to exceed $15 million. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has allocated $3.6 million in FY 2002 for food aid.

The Earthquake Zone Recovery Program provides assistance for housing rehabilitation and other economic and social programs in Gyumri and surrounding areas. These programs have led to significant improvements in living conditions. In addition, the U.S. Government is supporting creation of a centralized data processing and information center that is necessary to fairly and efficiently implement the poverty family benefit system.

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