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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
June 6, 2002

U.S. Assistance to Azerbaijan - Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government has budgeted approximately $335 million to fund assistance programs in Azerbaijan, plus $115 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities since FY 1992. The $54.9 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in Azerbaijan in FY 2002 is roughly allocated as follows:

Democracy Programs

$15.9 million

Market Reform

$10.2 million

Security Programs

$13.6 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$12.7 million

Cross-Sectoral Initiatives

$ 2.5 million

The President's January 25, 2002 waiver for one year of Section 907 of the FREEDOM Support Act, which restricted assistance to the Government of Azerbaijan, now allows the U.S. to work with the Government of Azerbaijan to develop cooperation and provide assistance across a range of new areas.

For FY 2002, the U.S. increased security-related assistance programs to enhance Azerbaijanís export control and border security systems, particularly maritime border security; promote military reform with training at U.S. institutions; and facilitate Azerbaijanís Partnership for Peace participation.

Security programs include professional and technical training of Azeri military personnel at U.S. institutions, initially focused on English language training, enhanced airspace management, and enhanced interoperability with the U.S., NATO, and other international organizations. The State Department is providing an additional $3 million from Emergency Response Funds to enhance border security and help counter terrorism under the Export Control and Related Border Security assistance program, including support for provision of a patrol boat for the maritime border guards and radio equipment for land border guards.

Several U.S. government agencies, including the Department of Defense, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Drug Enforcement Administration, Treasury Department, and State Department are assessing additional anti-terrorism assistance needs for the Government of Azerbaijan in areas of border security, law enforcement, and financial reforms. Some training programs are already underway in law enforcement institutions, and a range of training, technical assistance, and equipment to assist in counterterrorism efforts is planned.

U.S. democracy assistance programs promote the rule of law and strengthen non-governmental organizations, political parties, and an independent media to encourage citizen participation in the political process. U.S. programs also provide assistance for elections by working with the Central Election Commission and municipal councils. Last year the U.S. sent approximately 400 Azerbaijanis on academic and professional exchanges to the United States.

U.S. economic reform programs focus on accelerating growth and development of private, small and medium enterprises in agriculture and other targeted areas, with emphasis particularly on the non-oil sector to boost balanced growth for the broader population. The U.S. will continue to support American companies through the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), Trade Development Authority (TDA), and Export Import Bank. Due to the waiver of Section 907, the U.S. Treasury Department is considering providing advisors to the government for debt and budget. TDA has agreed to provide a World Trade Organization advisor. The U.S. Department of Agriculture plans to provide $10 million in export credit guarantees.

U.S. humanitarian assistance to Azerbaijan focuses on relief to refugees and internally displaced persons by supporting primary health care facilities, training in medical service delivery for private doctors and nurses, better housing and sanitation facilities and improved access to credit and business support services to reduce dependence on humanitarian assistance. Assistance includes the provision of commodities through the Department of State Humanitarian Transport Program. The main commodities being shipped and distributed to the most needy individuals, families, and institutions are medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and supplies, clothing, and food. The State Department humanitarian programs in Azerbaijan are specifically designed to assist internally displaced people suffering from the effects of regional conflicts. The total value of all Department of State humanitarian commodities provided in FY 2002 is expected to exceed $20 million.



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