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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
June 6, 2002

U.S. Assistance to Georgia - Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government has budgeted approximately $1.1 billion to fund assistance programs in Georgia, plus $408 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities since FY 1992. The $103 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in Georgia in FY 2002 is roughly allocated as follows:

Democracy Programs

$23.5 million

Market Reform

$30.1 million

Security Programs

$31.7 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$13.4 million

Cross-Sectoral Initiatives

$ 4.5 million

Democracy and legal reform programs seek to strengthen non-governmental organizations, independent media, the judiciary, and the next generation of leaders. Assistance encourages them to be more accountable, better manage their resources, and fight corruption. The U.S. is also working to improve the capacity of local governments to manage public resources and increase partnerships between local government, business, and communities to address needs and resolve problems. Last year the U.S. Government sent over 500 Georgians on academic and professional exchange programs to the United States.

Market reform programs improve the environment for business development and private investment through land privatization, banking supervision, tax and fiscal reform, provision of business services, access to credit for small and medium enterprises, and regulatory reform particularly in the energy sector.

In May 2002, the U.S. initiated a Train and Equip assistance program in Georgia to enhance Georgian abilities to control Georgian territory and counter terrorism. The estimated $64 million costs of the program are to be funded by Foreign Military Financing and FREEDOM Support Act accounts from FY 2002 and prior fiscal years, use of drawdown authorities, possible additional supplemental funds requested, as well as equipment contributions from other nations.

The Train and Equip program builds on U.S. assistance provided over the past several years under the largest U.S. assistance effort in Georgia -- the Border Security and Law Enforcement Program. Through this effort, the U.S. provides equipment, training, and services to enhance Georgia’s Border Guards, Ministry of Defense, Coast Guard, and other law enforcement agencies’ capabilities to prevent proliferation and control Georgian borders. The U.S. is also providing other security-related and law enforcement assistance to improve Georgia's ability to monitor and combat terrorism, combat narcotics trafficking, and promote military reform.

The U.S. Government is planning the fifth year of the Georgia Winter Heat Assistance Program to pay heating bills for the most vulnerable Georgians during the 2002-2003 winter. During this time, the U.S. Agency for International Development will assist in the rehabilitation of electricity generation facilities so Georgia will be able to produce the necessary electricity on its own during future winters. The U.S. Government continues to focus on long-term restructuring of the energy system in Georgia.

Humanitarian programs are transitioning toward a sustainable development orientation. Technical assistance and training help vulnerable communities, including internally displaced persons, mobilize to help meet their own needs through performing small community development projects. U.S.-Georgia hospital partnerships help improve medical and health-care management skills. The Department of State Humanitarian Transport Program ships and distributes commodities to the most needy individuals, families, and institutions. The shipments include medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and supplies, school equipment and supplies, clothing, and food. The State Department humanitarian programs include the operation of and support for three medical out-patient clinics in Tbilisi, Tsalka, and Tsikhisjvari.

The State Department humanitarian programs in Georgia are specifically designed to assist internally displaced people suffering from the effects of regional conflicts. The total value of all Department of State humanitarian commodities provided in FY 2002 is expected to exceed $30 million. Additional, the U.S. Department of Agriculture is executing a food-aid program under the Global Food for Education Initiative in Georgia this year which will monetize 25,000 metric tons of wheat and use the proceeds to assist schools including a school feeding program.

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