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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
June 28, 2002

Highlights of U.S.-European Union Cooperation From July 2001 To June 2002

Building on the priorities identified in the Göteborg Statement, we cooperated across the broad range of our relationship to combat terrorism, address regional conflicts, foster trade and promote sustainable development. The events of September 11 gave new urgency to strengthening our cooperation, leading us to take important new initiatives, in particular in the fight against terrorism.

In the fight against terrorism, we:

-- Mobilized the support of third countries in the international fight against terrorism in the UN and other multilateral organizations, as well as through bilateral channels.

-- Both took action against the financing of terrorism, aiming at the freezing of assets, the implementation of UN Security Council resolutions 1267, 1373 and 1390, and the updating of terrorist lists.

-- Agreed to improve and increase intelligence sharing and law enforcement cooperation, signed the Europol - U.S. agreement on 6 December 2001, began to accredit liaison officers between Europol and the U.S., and expanded our dialogue on our respective data protection systems.

-- Agreed to launch negotiations aimed at concluding one or more agreements on extradition and mutual legal assistance to enhance our abilities to bring suspected terrorists and other criminals to justice, and strengthened contacts between Eurojust and the U.S.

-- Exchanged information on travel documents and migration issues to strengthen our border controls.

-- Worked to strengthen aviation security on the ground and in the air. At the extraordinary ICAO ministerial in February we worked to strengthen worldwide aviation security, including through support for the establishment and implementation of an ICAO aviation security audits program.

-- Cooperated within the United Nations, the G-8 and OSCE, and examined how to reinforce our respective assistance to help countries improve their security and capacity to deter terrorism.

-- Enhanced non-proliferation and disarmament cooperation, including by seeking ways to reinforce the multilateral instruments. We agreed on the importance of non-proliferation and disarmament efforts in Russia and Central Asia, and discussed our respective assistance programs to third countries that contribute directly or through more global institution building to better export controls.

We responded to difficult regional challenges, in particular:

-- On the Middle East, with our Quartet partners, we agreed on a three-part strategy to renew a political process that aims at a two-state solution; support effective efforts to restore security; and respond to economic and humanitarian needs and assist in building strong, responsible Palestinian institutions in preparation for statehood.

-- From the Bonn Conference to the Loya Jirga, we supported the interim Afghan Government. We mobilized substantial emergency assistance for the Afghan population and co-chaired, together with Japan and Saudi Arabia, the Tokyo Ministerial Conference on Reconstruction Assistance to Afghanistan. Together, we pledged over $1 billion in reconstruction assistance in 2002. We initiated counter-narcotics efforts and worked to strengthen key institutions, such as the army, police and judiciary, which are the building blocks of Afghan security.

-- We promoted implementation of the framework agreement in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, establishment of Kosovo's new provisional self-government institutions, and agreement between Serbia and Montenegro to restructure their relationship within a federal framework.

To promote sustainable development around the globe, we:

-- Achieved a new consensus at the Monterrey Conference on Financing for Development on principles for successful development, recognizing that, while ODA is important, other factors are also critical to successful development and poverty reduction. We announced increases in our ODA assistance, emphasizing the importance of achieving measurable results, and will continue our technical assistance and trade capacity-building efforts.

-- Building on the success of Doha and Monterrey, we engaged in preparations for a successful World Summit on Sustainable Development in August-September 2002 in Johannesburg, exchanged views on the various elements being prepared for the Summit and explored opportunities to work together to develop voluntary partnerships.

-- Helped launch the global fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), which approved the first grants for $616 million over two years for projects in 43 countries.

-- Convened the first meeting of the U.S. - EU High-Level Dialogue on Climate Change, discussed our differing approaches to climate change and agreed on the importance of working toward the achievement of the ultimate objective of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. We also agreed to cooperate on climate-related science and research projects.

-- Intensified cooperation on drugs through the high-level U.S. - EU Drug Troika and demand reduction seminar, and agreed to continue sharing information on drug use and drug dependence.

We have taken steps to strengthen our trade and economic partnership:

-- Following the successful Doha WTO Ministerial, we have been active in supporting the launch of new multilateral trade negotiations and will continue to work together to meet the Doha timetable leading up to the next ministerial in September 2003. We announced increased support for trade-related technical assistance both in the WTO and in our bilateral programs.

-- Although a number of decisions and measures which have serious effects on bilateral trade have been taken during this period, we are working together to manage our disputes cooperatively within the framework of existing bilateral and multilateral mechanisms with the objective of compliance with our international obligations.

-- At the U.S. - EU Summit in Washington on May 2, we agreed to a positive economic agenda intended to yield tangible benefits for businesses and consumers. We have identified potential issues for enhanced cooperation in a number of key policy areas.

-- Under the TEP, guidelines on regulatory co-operation have been drawn up to improve cooperation between regulators and to promote transparency for all stakeholders.

-- We relaunched bilateral energy consultations focusing on energy security, conservation, efficiency, renewables and deregulation.

-- We consulted closely as the EU moves to create a European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) to ensure that EASA and the FAA work together to protect aviation safety.

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