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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
November 15, 2002

U.S. Assistance to Kazakhstan - Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government (USG) has allocated approximately $886 million to fund assistance programs in Kazakhstan, plus $190 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities from Fiscal Year 1992 through Fiscal Year 2002. The $90 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in Kazakhstan in Fiscal Year 2002 is allocated roughly as follows:

Democracy Programs

$13.7 million

Social Services

$ 6.0 million

Market Reform

$14.0 million

Security & Law Enforcement

$41.6 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$ 3.2 million

Community Development

$11.5 million

Democracy programs continue to promote long-term generational change through academic and professional exchange programs. Increased funding for the Community Connections program will facilitate outreach to professionals and religious leaders in southern areas of the country. The Internet Access and Training Program supports ten free access sites in nine cities throughout Kazakhstan. We have increased funding for media assistance in Kazakhstan, broadening our support to fund print media. Programs will assist Kazakhstani broadcast media to produce Kazakh language programming as required by the Government of Kazakhstan. the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) local government project works to promote citizen participation and improve local governments’ responsiveness to citizens; this program has had success dealing with housing reform. USAID also works to strengthen non-governmental organizations (NGOs) by providing training, assistance, and small grants. A new program this year, the Community Action Investment Program, will support job creation while funding small infrastructure projects that are of high priority to communities.

The $14 million Private Sector and Economic Restructuring program focuses on trade and investment and business and economic development through removal of investment constraints, customs reform, fiscal and banking reform, pension reform, mortgage industry development, accounting reform, economics and business education, small and medium enterprises training and advisory services, and support for micro-enterprise development.

State Department security-related assistance for Kazakhstan includes funding from the FREEDOM Support Act (FSA) and Nonproliferation, Anti-terrorism, Demining and Related Activities (NADR) Accounts. These funds support nonproliferation programs to redirect former Soviet weapons of mass destruction scientists toward peaceful, civilian research and provide equipment, training, and services to enhance the Export Control and Related Border Security capabilities of Kazakhstan’s Border Guards, Customs, Ministry of Defense, and other border security agencies. Increased training and equipment assistance focus on stopping weapons and drug trafficking across Kazakhstan. In addition, the U.S. is providing Kazakhstan Anti-Terrorism Training Assistance.

The Government of Kazakhstan is also receiving an estimated $4.75 million in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) assistance for communications to enhance the armed forces’ capability to protect its territory from terrorists, narcotics traffickers, and smugglers and advance military reforms; and $893,000 in International Military Education and Training (IMET). The Department of Defense (DOD) implements FMF and IMET and provides additional assistance to Kazakhstan under the Defense and Military Contacts program and Warsaw Initiative funding in support of the Partnership for Peace. The Department of Energy (DOE) has allocated an estimated $16 million for projects in Kazakhstan, including assistance to provide for the safe and secure disposition of weapons-grade, plutonium-laced spent nuclear fuel from the Aktau BN-350 reactor. Significant transportation, security, and safeguard costs remain before the BN-350 would be able to store the spent fuel. DOE will also spend over $1 million this year to assist with decommissioning of this reactor.

The Quality Primary Health Care program is implementing fundamental systemic changes to create a higher quality, user-friendly, more cost-effective primary healthcare system in select oblasts. The U.S. Government is expanding training for doctors and nurses on prevention and treatment of the major causes of infant and child mortality.

The Natural Resources Management Project is facilitating regional cooperation in water resources management and increasing access to information, knowledge, and skills needed to better manage water and energy resources. The U.S. Government is also increasing information about accepted best environmental practices in the development of oil and gas.

102 Peace Corps Volunteers are engaging in a variety of cross-cultural exchanges with Kazakhstanis. In collaboration with government ministries, local governments, and non-governmental organizations, Peace Corps Volunteers in Kazakhstan work in four program areas: English Education, Economic Development, Environmental Education, and Public Health. Thirty-six new volunteers will be sworn in on December 27, 2002.

Current Humanitarian Programs for Kazakhstan include the provision of commodities through the DOD Humanitarian Transport Program and one food-aid program conducted through the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food For Progress private voluntary organization (PVO) program. The total value of the commodities provided through the Department of State humanitarian program will be approximately $5 million. USDA's food-aid program has a value of $1.5 million.

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