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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
November 15, 2002

U.S. Assistance to the Kyrgyz Republic - Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government (USG) has allocated approximately $634 million to fund assistance programs in the Kyrgyz Republic, plus $146 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities from Fiscal Year 1992 through Fiscal Year 2002. The $95 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in the Kyrgyz Republic in Fiscal Year 2002 is allocated roughly as follows:

Democracy Programs

$16.1 million

Social Services

$11.7 million

Market Reform

$17.6 million

Security & Law Enforcement

$37.4 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$ 6.2 million

Community Development

$ 6.0 million

The Community Action Investment Program (CAIP) initiated in FY 2002 is directed at mitigating conflict in conflict prone areas. CAIP aims to improve social conditions and mobilize local communities to help them identify and solve local issues. CAIP will encourage broad-based community involvement in small scale, relatively labor intensive community infrastructure projects.

Exchanges and training at $5.5 million in FY 2002 are significantly higher than FY 2001 funding at $3.2 million. The Community Connections program will be opening in the Kyrgyz Republic, with the first exchange participants going to the U.S. for internships in early 2003. Eight open access Internet sites are operating in the Kyrgyz Republic under the Internet Access and Training Program (IATP). There are plans to open up to five additional sites from the supplemental funds provided.

Democracy programs also include non-governmental organization development to increase citizen participation in the political process, assistance for independent broadcast and print media, civic education programs, building citizen participation in local government functions, and conflict mitigation activities. The U.S. Government also funds an anti-trafficking program to increase awareness of the problem.

The new Basic Education Sector Strengthening program will help counteract the decline in basic education and better equip students with civic and labor force skills. The program will train teachers in more interactive teaching methods, focused on integrating critical thinking and learning skills into curricula and teaching materials. Other program goals include increasing parent and community involvement in schools, strengthening the capacity of school administration, and improving school infrastructure. The U.S. Government, in partnership with the Open Society Institute, will also provide support to the newly re-named American University of Central Asia (formerly the American University of Kyrgyzstan) to strengthen its ability to serve as a progressive higher education institution in the Central Asian region.

Market reform programs include accounting, commercial law, fiscal, banking, and land reform technical assistance. To help small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the agricultural sector, the U.S. Government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), provides training, assistance and consulting to promote agribusiness, land reform, and water user rights. The assistance program is also providing micro-lending and training for small and medium-sized business entrepreneurs. The U.S. Government provides technical assistance to the Ministry of Finance and the Tax Inspectorate to help reform tax policy and administration.

For FY 2002, the U.S. Government significantly increased security-related assistance for the Kyrgyz Republic as a result of increased cooperation after September 11, 2001. Under the Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) program, the Kyrgyz Border Guards, Customs Service and Ministry of Defense have received radios, computers, base stations, vehicles and shelters to assist in patrolling and securing Kyrgyzstanís mountainous border regions. EXBS assistance is also providing infrastructure support for the border and security forces operating between the various ports of entry, including purchase of refurbished and/or upgrades of helicopters, avionics, surveillance and communication systems, border shelters, night-vision goggles, vehicles, body armor, communications equipment, and helicopter/aviation spare parts. The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic is also receiving $11 million in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) ($9 million for counterterrorism training and equipment is still subject to Congressional approval) and $600,000 in International Military Education and Training in FY 2002 to enhance interoperability with U.S., NATO and Coalition forces. Additional Supplemental funds for FMF and EXBS Aviation-Interdiction Project assistance will help Kyrgyzstanís interoperability with U.S. and Coalition forces to secure its borders and counter-terrorism.

In addition, the State Department increased security related assistance funding from $0.5 million in FY 2001 to $1.25 million in FY 2002 for Science Center and Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF) assistance for the Kyrgyz Republic to redirect former Soviet weapons scientists to peaceful, civilian research. Anti-crime training and technical assistance will build on current counter-narcotics efforts in the Kyrgyz Republic. The goal is to improve interdiction and enforcement infrastructure and training for Government of the Kyrgyz Republic anti-drug units to enhance counter-narcotics capabilities.

Current Humanitarian Programs for Kyrgyz Republic include the provision of commodities through the Department of State Humanitarian Transport Program. The main commodities being shipped and distributed to the most needy people are medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical supplies, clothing, and food. The total value of all Department of State humanitarian commodities provided in FY 2002 will exceed $20 million. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has allocated $5.8 million in food-aid program administered through a private voluntary organization (PVO). The Quality Primary Health Care program is working in close collaboration with the World Bank to help the Ministry of Health implement a comprehensive, cost-effective health care system that currently provides services to more than 40% of the population.

Environmental assistance focuses on water management through the Natural Resources Management Program to improve resource efficiency and mitigate the potential for conflict over shared resources. Transboundary activities include training, increased policy dialogue, and installation of sustainable energy and water management models.

Three Peace Corps Volunteers are working in Sustainable Economic Development and Education. Sixty-five new volunteers will be sworn in on December 23, 2002.

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