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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
December 9, 2002

U.S. Assistance to Uzbekistan -- Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government has budgeted approximately $508 million to fund assistance programs in Uzbekistan, plus $209 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities from Fiscal Year 1992 through Fiscal Year 2002. The $219.8 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in Uzbekistan in Fiscal Year 2002 is allocated roughly as follows:

Democracy Programs

$26.2 million

Social Services

$45.5 million

Market Reform

$10.9 million

Security & Law Enforcement

$79.0 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$52.7 million

Community Development

$ 5.5 million

FY 2002 assistance includes greatly increased funding following the terrorist attacks against the U.S. on September 11, 2001 to address potential threats to stability and security, including terrorism, drug trafficking, weapons proliferation, poverty, political oppression, and isolation from the outside world.

Democracy programs continue to promote long-term generational change through academic and professional exchange programs, democracy, and human rights. Since 1993, the U.S. Government has funded over 2,000 Uzbek citizens who traveled to the U.S. on exchange programs. The U.S. will significantly expand funding for exchange programs in Uzbekistan this year by opening the Community Connections program for entrepreneurs and professionals and by increasing the numbers of Future Leaders Exchange Program high school and Muskie graduate participants.

In order to increase citizen participation, availability of information, and judicial independence, the U.S. Government supports programs to strengthen non-governmental organizations, legal literacy training for women in remote villages, Internet access, independent media, legal reform, civic education, and training for judges. The Community Action Investment Program (CAIP) initiated in FY 2002 is directed at mitigating sources of conflict in conflict-prone areas. CAIP aims to improve social conditions and mobilize local communities to help them identify and solve local issues. CAIP will encourage broad-based community involvement in small-scale, relatively labor-intensive community infrastructure projects.

The new Basic Education Sector Strengthening program will help counteract the decline in basic education and better equip students with civic and labor force skills. The program will train teachers in more interactive teaching methods, focused on integrating critical thinking and learning skills into curricula and teaching materials. Other program goals include increasing parent and community involvement in schools, strengthening the capacity of school administration, and improving school infrastructure.

The U.S. Government is helping the Government of Uzbekistan meet its commitments in the International Monetary Fundís Staff Monitored Plan. Technical advisors in areas of macroeconomics, tax, budget, banking, government, debt, implementation of international accounting standards, and accession to the World Trade Organization will provide assistance over the next year.

Security-related assistance increased significantly in the areas of nonproliferation and threat reduction assistance. From the Emergency Response Fund, the U.S. is providing an estimated $18 million under the Export Control and Related Border Security Program, including $14 million specifically for an Aviation/Interdiction Project to enhance border security and counterterrorism. Uzbekistan also received $36 million in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) for communications equipment to enhance interoperability with U.S. and other nations' forces, and $1 million has been allocated for Uzbekistan in FY 2002 for International Military Education and Training. In addition, the State Department increased Science Center and Civilian Research and Development Foundation (CRDF) assistance for Uzbekistan to redirect former Soviet weapons scientists to peaceful, civilian research. The Department of Defense will continue in FY 2002 to provide Cooperative Threat Reduction assistance activities in Uzbekistan.

Humanitarian programs in Uzbekistan include the provision of commodities through the Department of State Humanitarian Transport Program. The main commodities being shipped and distributed are medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, medical supplies, clothing, and food. In August 2002, the Department of State, in conjunction with the Department of Defense, delivered a Hospital Upgrade Project to the Ferghana Valley region of Uzbekistan, supporting hospitals in Ferghana, Andijon, and Namangan. The total value of Department of State-delivered humanitarian commodities exceeds $78 million in Fiscal Year 2002. Uzbekistan is also receiving $48 million of food aid in Fiscal Year 2002 from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, through two government-to-government programs and two private voluntary organization-executed programs. The programs result in the provision of over 100,000 metric tons of food and commodities.

Environmental assistance focuses on water management. Significant progress has been made toward establishing a regional communication system that would collect and distribute hydrological data. A pilot demonstration project is improving water monitoring and control techniques for both agricultural and municipal uses. Other projects assist with potable water in Karakalpakstan and irrigation system rehabilitation in Surkhandarya near the border with Afghanistan.

The U.S. Government is developing models of primary health care in seven pilot sites, including the Ferghana Valley. The emphasis is on promoting community involvement and higher-quality care that is better financed. Families are learning to take an active role in their own health care by getting practical information from mass media campaigns and from their family doctors and nurses. Assistance programs are fighting tuberculosis through technical assistance in implementation of the World Health Organization-recommended Directly Observed Treatment, Short-Course strategy for tuberculosis control. Together with the Uzbek Ministry of Health, the U.S. is ensuring that all newborns are provided with the hepatitis B vaccine over the next four years.

Six Peace Corps Volunteers work in three program areas in Uzbekistan: English Education and Resource Development; Business Education and Development; and Health. Forty-nine new volunteers were sworn in on November 1, 2002.

Released December 9, 2002.

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