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 You are in: Under Secretary for Political Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Releases > Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs Fact Sheets > 2002
Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Washington, DC
December 6, 2002

U.S. Assistance to Tajikistan -- Fiscal Year 2002

The U.S. Government has budgeted approximately $490 million to fund assistance programs in Tajikistan, plus $73 million in surplus Department of Defense and privately donated humanitarian commodities from Fiscal Year 1992 through Fiscal year 2002. The $141.5 million budgeted by all U.S. Government agencies for assistance programs in Tajikistan in Fiscal Year 2002 is allocated roughly as follows:

Democracy Programs

$12.4 million

Social Services

$12.2 million

Market Reform

$ 9.4 million

Security & Law Enforcement

$21.5 million

Humanitarian Assistance

$75.6 million

Community Development

$10.4 million

Democracy programs support independent media, strengthen political parties, aid the growth of local non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and promote long-term generational change through academic and professional exchange programs. Since 1993, over 1,000 citizens of Tajikistan have traveled to the U.S. on U.S. Government-sponsored exchanges. Increased funding is slated for expansion of the Internet Access and Training program. The Eurasia Foundation continues to provide grants to non-governmental organizations.

The new Basic Education Sector Strengthening program will help counteract the decline in basic education and better equip students with civic and labor force skills. The program will train teachers in more interactive teaching methods, focused on integrating critical thinking and learning skills into curricula and teaching materials. Other program goals include increasing parent and community involvement in schools, strengthening the capacity of school administration, and improving school infrastructure.

Market reforms efforts include agricultural programs to improve farming practices, increase farmersí income, and support farm privatization efforts. The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) small and medium-sized enterprise program provides training and technical assistance focusing on accounting, management, marketing, and tax issues, and development of professional associations. USAID supports a local legally registered microfinance institution, and is planning a major expansion in the microfinance sector; USAID and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) also support micro-credit programs for women. USAID also provides commercial law training to Tajik judges and attorneys.

The Community Action Investment Program (CAIP) initiated in FY 2002 is directed at mitigating sources of conflict in conflict-prone areas. CAIP aims to improve social conditions and mobilize local communities to help them identify and solve local issues. CAIP will encourage broad-based community involvement in small-scale, relatively labor intensive community infrastructure projects.

The Quality Primary Health Care program is working with the Ministry of Health to create a more cost-effective health care system that improves familiesí access to equitable, efficient, and quality primary health care services. The new family doctor system is based on the successful Kyrgyzstan model that focuses on improving the quality, incentives, and the budgetary resources for primary health care services. Infectious diseases programs focus on fighting tuberculosis and malaria.

The water management program is helping to improve the tools, knowledge, and skills of water and energy specialists and policymakers so they can better manage these two critical resources. On the regional level, the U.S. Government is helping to build consensus with high-level policy specialists on the optimal means of cooperation in the shared waters and related energy systems of the Aral Sea basin.

In addition to the FY 2001 $7.5 million from the Emergency Response Fund for increased Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) assistance for Tajikistan, the State Department has allocated an additional $500,000 in FY 2002 for EXBS assistance to enhance border control capabilities of the Customs, Border Guards, and other security forces. The State Department also is providing $259,000 in International Military Education and Training and $3.7 million in Foreign Military Financing in FY 2002 to help strengthen Tajikistanís territory against terrorists, weapons of mass destruction, and narcotics traffickers, and to enhance interoperability with U.S. forces.

Anti-crime training and technical assistance includes further support for the two-year-old Drug Control Agency, co-funded by the United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP). Drug Control Agency personnel are now specially vetted, continually monitored, and paid salaries intended to protect against corruption. The agency coordinates all Government of Tajikistan efforts at drug interdiction, drug abuse, and treatment.

Current humanitarian programs for Tajikistan include the provision of commodities through the Department of State Humanitarian Transport Program. The main commodities being shipped are medicines, pharmaceuticals, medical supplies, clothing, food, and emergency shelter. Local private voluntary organizations distribute the commodities. The value of the Department of State humanitarian commodities and transportation provided in Fiscal Year 2002 exceeds $30 million. Both USDA and USAID have significant food aid programs in Tajikistan. In Fiscal Year 2001, these programs had a combined value of $28.5 million. The total amount of food aid for Tajikistan in Fiscal Year 2002 exceeds $50 million. The combined USDA Food for Progress Program, USDA Section 416(b) Program, and USAID Title II Program will provide over 100,000 metric tons of food aid this year.

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