Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
February 17, 2005
U.S.-EU Cooperation on the Nonproliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
United States and European Union cooperation on preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has evolved into a robust partnership aimed at advancing key nonproliferation goals. At their June 2004 Summit, the United States and the European Union issued a joint declaration in which they agreed to expand their cooperation to prevent, contain, and reverse the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), their related materials and their delivery systems. Their commitments build on President Bush’s proposed seven steps to help combat the development and threat of WMD, the EU Strategy against Proliferation of WMD, and the G-8 June 2004 Action Plan on Nonproliferation. (See http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2004/02/20040211-5.html, http://www.state.gov/e/eeb/rls/fs/33378.htm, and http://www.ue.eu.int/uedocs/cmsUpload/st15708.eu03.pdf for more information.)
In June, the United States and the European Union applauded the adoption of UNSC Resolution 1540 and welcomed the G-8 Action Plan.
They agreed to:
In addition, the United States and the European Union are also:
We welcome Libya's cooperation in dismantling, under international verification, its WMD and longer-range missile programs.
North Korea’s February 10, 2005 announcement that it possesses nuclear weapons and that it is suspending the Six Party Talks indefinitely is a concern shared by the U.S and the European Union. North Korea’s pursuit of nuclear weapons, in violation of its international obligations, represents a threat to peace and security. The United States and the European Union support the Six-Party Talks and urge North Korea to resume these discussions.
On Iran, the United States and the European Union share the same goal: an Iran without nuclear weapons.Iran must fully compliance with its Non-Proliferation Treaty obligations and safeguards agreements, and should expeditiously ratify the Additional Protocol to the NPT.