Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
June 20, 2005
U.S.-EU: Vital Partners in Addressing Global Challenges
The United States and the European Union (EU) are vital partners in promoting freedom and democracy around the world. We maintain a robust agenda of cooperation on a number of important issues, including in the Balkans, Ukraine and the rest of Eurasia, the Middle East, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Africa.
In pursuit of peace in the Middle East, the U.S. and the EU are close partners within the Quartet, alongside the United Nations and Russia. The EU has made significant contributions to our mutual goal of promoting good governance, democracy, and strong civil societies throughout the Middle East. The U.S. and the EU also work together in promoting reform throughout the Middle East.
The U.S. and EU share a commitment to the future of a federal, democratic, pluralist, and unified Iraq. The U.S. and EU supported preparations for Iraq's January elections and will cooperate to support Iraq's continuing political transition. The U.S. and EU will co-host an International Conference on Iraq on June 22 in Brussels that will mark the creation of a new international partnership to support the democratically-elected Iraqi Transitional Government in ways that respond to Iraq’s priorities and leadership.
In the Western Balkans, the U.S. and the EU work closely to strengthen democracy, ensure stability, and promote the region's integration into Euro-Atlantic structures. The U.S. and EU work closely in Kosovo and to urge all parties in the Balkans to meet their obligations to cooperate with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
In Ukraine, the U.S. and the EU consulted closely during the presidential election campaign and especially following the flawed November second-round vote. The U.S. and the EU also share a commitment to promoting democracy throughout Eurasia and working together to support good elections in Kyrgyzstan and in pushing for Uzbekistan to accept an international investigation of the tragic events in Andijan.
In Afghanistan, the EU has also been a close partner in supporting democratic development and reconstruction. Most notably, in 2003 the EU pledged to provide one billion euros (roughly $1.3 billion) to Afghanistan over a five-year period to support reconstruction and development. The EU recently reaffirmed that pledge.
The U.S. and the EU cooperate on many African issues, including supporting efforts by the African Union to restore peace in the Darfur region. The U.S. welcomed the EU peacekeeping mission in the Great Lakes region, and welcomed the EU joining the Tripartite Commission as an observer. The U.S. consults regularly with the EU on assistance programs, including efforts to combat HIV/AIDS and other concerns, throughout Africa.