Agreement to Amend and Supplement the 1951 Agreement on the Defense of Greenland
Agreement Between The Government of the United States of America and The Government of the Kingdom of Denmark, Including the Home Rule Government of Greenland, To Amend and Supplement the Agreement of 27 April 1951 Pursuant to the North Atlantic Treaty Between The Government of the United States of America and The Government of the Kingdom of Denmark Concerning the Defense of Greenland (Defense Agreement) Including Relevant Subsequent Agreements Related Thereto
August 6, 2004
Released by the U.S. Embassy Copenhagen, Denmark
- Considering the development of Greenland since the conclusion of the Defense Agreement, including the change of Greenland's status from colony to that of an equal part of the Kingdom of Denmark under the Constitution and the establishment of a wide ranging Greenland Home Rule;
- Considering that the Government of the Kingdom of Denmark always consults and cooperates closely with the Home Rule Government of Greenland in affairs of state of particular importance to Greenland;
- Considering United States military activities since the conclusion of the Defense Agreement, including the reduction of defense areas in Greenland;
- Wishing to facilitate and improve local cooperation between the United States military authorities and the Danish authorities, including Greenland Home Rule authorities;
- Considering their common goal of international peace and peaceful co-existence, and respecting the important contribution of Greenland to this end;
- Acknowledging Greenland´s contribution to the mutual security interests and its consequent sharing of the associated risks and responsibilities, and the commitment of the Parties to continuing close cooperation within NATO in ensuring North Atlantic security;
NOTE and AGREE as follows:
Article 1: Defense Areas
1. Thule Air Base is the only defense area in Greenland. The provisions of Article II of the Defense Agreement shall apply to the establishment of new defense areas.
2. The flag of the Kingdom of Denmark, the flag of Greenland and the flag of the United States shall fly over Thule Air Base. To facilitate cooperation concerning the protection and internal security of Thule Air Base, Danish and Greenland authorities shall assist the United States authorities as requested and appropriate, and consistent with existing agreements and arrangements.
Article 2: NATO Status of Forces Agreement
1. The Parties note that the NATO Status of Forces Agreement (NATO SOFA) has applied in Greenland since 1955.
2. The Parties agree that the terms of Article VII of the Defense Agreement shall apply as a supplementary agreement to the NATO SOFA between the Parties.
3. The Parties agree that the terms of Article VIII of the Defense Agreement are superseded by the corresponding provisions of the NATO SOFA.
4. The Parties agree that the terms of Article IX of the Defense Agreement shall apply as a supplementary agreement to the NATO SOFA between the Parties.
5. The Parties agree that the first sentence of Article X of the Defense Agreement is deleted, and that the term "such NATO agreement" in that Article refers to the NATO SOFA.
Article 3: Local Cooperation
1. The Parties confirm that:
2. The Parties agree that to enhance local cooperation
Article 4: Entry Into Force and Amendment
This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of signature, and shall remain in force for the duration of the Defense Agreement. This Agreement may be amended at any time by mutual agreement of the Parties.
Done at Igaliku this sixth day of Augsut 2004 in duplicate, in the English and Danish languages, both texts being equally authentic.
For the Government of the United States
Colin L. Powell
For the Government of Kingdom of Denmark, including the America Home Rule Government of Greenland
Per Stig Møller