Bureau of Public Affairs
June 28, 2004
Iraq's Transition to Self-Government
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"A strong and able Iraq that is based on solid bases of equality, justice, and respect for human rights… is the country that will help stabilize the region and preserve the safety and security of its peoples…."
"America's task in Iraq is not only to defeat an enemy; it is to give strength to a friend--a free, representative government that serves its people and fights on their behalf."
On June 28, 2004, full sovereignty was transferred to a new Iraqi interim government. The Coalition Provisional Authority, led by Ambassador Paul Bremer, ceased to exist. The Iraqi Government is now running the day-today operations of its country.
The Iraqi Government will:
The U.S. Role Is To:
A UN team helped form an Iraqi Independent Election Commission to oversee national elections. In January 2005, the Iraqi people will choose a Transitional National Assembly, the first representative national governing body in Iraq's history.
The Assembly will serve as Iraq's legislature and will choose a Transitional Government with executive powers. It also will draft a new constitution subject to a national referendum. Iraq will elect a permanent government by the end of 2005.
U.S. and coalition forces will remain in Iraq as part of a multinational force authorized by the United Nations. Iraq's armed forces, under civilian control, are a principal partner in the coalition and will eventually take total responsibility for Iraq's security. Over 200,000 Iraqi security forces are now at work.
Improvements in Iraqi Quality of Life