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Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs
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U.S. - India: Civil Nuclear Cooperation
  

U.S. - India: Civil Nuclear Cooperation

Under the leadership of President Bush and Prime Minister Singh, the United States and India have moved forward on building the bonds of a strategic partnership. In July 2005, the two leaders announced a broad slate of initiatives as part of the new commitment to a comprehensive bilateral relationship.

Among these, the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative has garnered the greatest attention. The United States and India share three objectives in undertaking this initiative: to remove core differences that impeded our strategic relationship for more than 30 years, to support India’s economic growth and energy security in an environmentally sound way, and to strengthen the global nonproliferation regime.

On July 18, 2005, the U.S. and India announced the launch of the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative. Under the parameters of this initiative, India will commit all of its civilian nuclear facilities to IAEA safeguards. On August 1, 2008 the IAEA Board of Governors approved India’s safeguards agreement, paving the way for India’s consideration at the Nuclear Suppliers Group. Currently, the United States is seeking a Nuclear Suppliers Group exemption  in order to permit trade with India's expanding peaceful nuclear sector. The accompanying agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation will permit American and Indian companies to partner together in ways that will foster growth in India’s civil nuclear sector, create a clean energy source which will benefit the environment, and will offer India greater energy security with stable sources of energy for its large and growing economy.

As part of the overall initiative, India will expand international safeguards, adhere to international nuclear and missile export guidelines, continue its voluntary moratorium on nuclear testing, and ensure that all civil nuclear trade will be used only for peaceful purposes. Because India will place a greater number of its reactors under safeguards, it reduces the nuclear infrastructure available for its weapons program. These commitments constitute significant gains for global nonproliferation efforts.

Remarks
--10/10/08  U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative – Bilateral Agreement on Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation
--10/10/08  Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Indian Minister of External Affairs Pranab Mukherjee At the Signing of the U.S.-India Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreement 
--10/04/08  Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice With Indian External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee
--10/03/08  Question Taken at October 3, 2008 Daily Press Briefing: U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--09/11/08  The U.S.-India Nuclear Deal: Current Situation
--08/25/08  The U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--08/22/08  Working Towards the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement
--08/01/08  Approval of India's Safeguards Agreement by the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors
--07/24/08  The India Safeguards Agreement: Moving India Towards the Nonproliferation Mainstream
--07/22/08  India's Confidence Vote
--07/20/08  U.S.-India Joint Press Statement
--07/11/08  India's Decision to Move Forward on the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Deal
--06/27/08  U.S.-India Relations
--04/07/08  Strategic Context of U.S.-India Relations
--03/24/08  Remarks With Indian Minister of External Affairs Pranab Kumar Mukherjee
--03/05/08  Indian and U.S. Relations
--02/29/08  
Under Secretary Burns Interview With Asian News International (Television)
--02/29/08  
Under Secretary Burns Interview With the Hindustan Times
--02/29/08  Under Secretary Burns Interview With The Times of India
--10/18/07  Under Secretary Burns: America's Strategic Opportunity With India
--08/06/07  Under Secretary Burns: Interview With Times Now of India
--08/06/07  Under Secretary Burns: Interview With NDTV of India
--08/06/07  Under Secretary Burns: Interview With CNN IBN of India
--08/06/07  Under Secretary Burns: Interview With Aajtak of India
--07/27/07  Under Secretary Burns On the Record Briefing on the Status of the U.S.-India Civil Nulcear Cooperation Initiative and the Text of the Bilateral Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Coopeartion (123 Agreement)  | View Video 
--07/27/07  Statement by Secretary Rice: U.S. and India Complete Nuclear Negotiations
--12/18/06  Assistant Secretary Boucher: U.S.-India Relations
--12/18/06  Remarks by President Bush in Signing of H.R. 5682 -- The U.S.-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act
--12/18/06  Statement by President Bush on Signing the Henry J. Hyde United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006 
--12/09/06  Final Passage of the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--11/17/06  Statement on Senate Vote on the U.S. - India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--09/13/06  Ambassador Mulford's Speech to the Third Indo-U.S. Economic Summit
--08/07/06  Assistant Secretary Boucher's Remarks at FICCI
--08/04/06  Assistant Secretary Boucher's Remarks at the Indian Chamber of Commerce
--07/17/06  President Bush Meets with Indian Prime Minister Singh
--07/10/06  Secretary Rice's Remarks on U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--06/22/06  Vice President's Remarks to the U.S.-India Business Council's 31st Anniversary Leadership Summit
--05/17/06  Assistant Secretary Boucher's Testimony on U.S. Policy in India
--05/06/06  Deputy Asistant Secretary Semmel Remarks on U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperatiobn Initiative
--05/03/06  Assistant Secretary Boucher's Press Availability in New Delhi, India
--04/21/06  Joint United States-India Statement on the India-US Joint Working Group on Counterterrorism
--04/07/06  Assistant Secretary Boucher: The U.S.-India Friendship: Where We Were and Where We're Going
--04/07/06  Assistant Secretary  Boucher's Interview with Amitabh Pashupati Revi, NDTV Senior Special Correspondent
--04/07/06  Assistant Secretary  Boucher's Interview with Satinder Bindra, CNN Senior Correspondent 
--04/07/06  Assistant Secretary  Boucher's Interview with Sheetal Rajput, Zee News Senior Correspondent
--04/05/06  Secretary Rice Testifies on The U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
--03/22/06  Under Secretary Burns: U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement
--03/16/06  Under Secretary Burns: Ongoing Efforts To Implement the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement  video: high speed connectionvideo: dial-up speed connectionm3u
--03/14/06  Under Secretary Burns: The U.S.-India Civilian Nuclear Agreement
--03/13/06  Secretary Rice: Our Opportunity With India
--03/06/06  Under Secretary Burns: India and Pakistan: On the Heels of President Bush's Visit
--03/03/06  President Discusses Strong U.S.-India Partnership in New Delhi, India
--03/03/06  Press Briefing by Assistant Secretary Boucher and National Security Council Senior Director Millard in India
--03/02/06  Remarks by President Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India
--03/02/06  Under Secretary Burns: Press Briefing in India
--02/28/06  Briefing by Secretary Rice and National Security Advisor Hadley Aboard Air Force One
--02/24/06  Press Briefing by National Security Advisor Steve Hadley on the President's Trip to India and Pakistan
--02/24/06  Interview of the President by Doordarshan, India
--02/22/06  Roundtable Interview of the President by Indian Journalists 
--01/20/06  Under Secretary Burns Remarks to the Press With Indian Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran
--01/18/06  Under Secretary Burns:Remarks to the Press at the American Center in Mumbai 
--11/02/05  Under Secretary Joseph: Hearing on U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative 

Fact Sheets
--10/15/08 U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--07/27/07  U.S. Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative - Bilateral Agreement on Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation
--12/18/06  The United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act Get Acrobat Reader PDF version   
--12/18/06  U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative Get Acrobat Reader PDF version   
--03/09/06  U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative Get Acrobat Reader PDF version 
--03/02/06  United States and India: Strategic Partnership
--02/27/06  The United States and India: A Growing Strategic Partnership  Get Acrobat Reader PDF version    
--07/22/05  U.S.-India Civilian Nuclear Cooperation 
--07/18/05  U.S. and India Successfuly Complete Next Steps in Strategic Partnership

Press Releases
--08/25/08 The U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--08/22/08  Working Towards the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement;
--08/01/08  Approval of India's Safeguards Agreement by the International Atomic Energy Agency Board of Governors
--07/24/08  The India Safeguards Agreement: Moving India Towards the Nonproliferation Mainstream
--07/22/08  India's Confidence Vote
--07/20/08  U.S.-India Joint Press Statement
--07/11/08  India's Decision to Move Forward on the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Deal
--06/27/08  U.S.-India Relations
--04/07/08  Strategic Context of U.S.-India Relations
--03/24/08  Remarks With Indian Minister of External Affairs Pranab Kumar Mukherjee
--03/05/08  Indian and U.S. Relations
--03/05/08  U.S.-India Relations
--08/03/07  U.S. and India Relase Text of 123 Agreement  PDF
--07/27/07  Conclusion of Negatiations with India on Bilateral Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation
--07/11/07  India's Decision to Move Forward on the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Deal
--07/14/07  Upcoming Visit of Senior Indian Officials
--05/01/07  State Department Officials Meet With Indian Foreign Secretary Menon
--07/27/06  House Vote on U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative
--03/08/06  India Civil Nuclear Cooperation: Responding to Critics
--03/02/06  U.S.-India Joint Statement
--12/22/05  U.S. Officials Meet with Indian Foreign Secretary Shyam Saran
--07/18/05  Joint Statement by President George W. Bush and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh

Background
--12/12/06  Hyde Act as Passed by Both Houses of Congress
--12/12/04  Statement by the President: Next Steps in Strategic Partnership With India: White House, Washington, DC

  
Highlights

U.S.-India Agreement for Cooperation Concerning Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy
October 2, 2008

Secretary Rice: "Prime Minister Singh and President Bush’s vision to have this agreement cement and be one of the cornerstones of our relationship, but I just want to take a moment to say that it is not the only element of this relationship. As much as the Civil Nuclear Agreement is a breakthrough, this is also a friendship that is based on values, a friendship that is based on ties, people-to-people ties, including the 80,000 or so Indian students who study in the United States. I know that the U.S.-India Business Council is here representing the varied interests that we have economically with India. It is a relationship that is cultural. It is a relationship that goes very, very deep. So as important as this agreement is, it is a part of a much broader framework for our enduring friendship." Full Text

America's Strategic Opportunity With India
Under Secretary for Political Affairs Burns (10/18):
The rise of a democratic and increasingly powerful India is a positive development for U.S. interests. Rarely has the United States shared so many interests and values with a growing power as we do today with India. By reaching out to India, we have made the bet that the future lies in pluralism, democracy, and market economics. full text

President Bush Meets with Indian Prime Minister Singh
"
I know you've been through difficult times, and America mourns the loss of innocent life as a result of the terrorist attacks. ... One of the issues that we've been discussing here at the G8 is the recent terrorist activities in the Middle East. Yesterday, in working with other members of the G8, we cobbled together a very important statement. I'm most pleased that the leaders came together to say, look, we condemn violence, we honor innocent life."

-- President Bush, July 17, 2006

Unlocking the Full Promise of the U.S.-India Relationship
 "...[A]s a rising global power, India can be a pillar of stability in a rapidly changing Asia and a strategic partner for the United States....A key to unlocking the full promise of this partnership is the Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative [which] will elevate our partnership to a new strategic level...will enhance energy security...will benefit the environment, [and] will create opportunities for American jobs."

-- Secretary Rice, July 10, 2006

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