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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Johnson Administration > Volume V
Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume V, Vietnam 1967
Released by the Office of the Historian

Sources

Sources for the Foreign Relations Series

The Foreign Relations statute requires that the published record in the Foreign Relations series include all records needed to provide comprehensive documentation on major U.S. foreign policy decisions and significant U.S. diplomatic activity. It further requires that government agencies, departments, and other entities of the U.S. Government engaged in foreign policy formulation, execution, or support cooperate with the Department of State Historian by providing full and complete access to records pertinent to foreign policy decisions and actions and by providing copies of selected records. Most of the documents consulted in the preparation of this volume have been declassified and are available for review at the National Archives and Records Administration or the Johnson Presidential Library.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series have complete access to all the retired records and papers of the Department of State: the central files of the Department; the special decentralized files ("lot files") of the Department at the bureau, office, and division levels; the files of the Department's Executive Secretariat, which contain the records of international conferences and high-level official visits, correspondence with foreign leaders by the President and Secretary of State, and memoranda of conversations between the President and Secretary of State and foreign officials; and the files of overseas diplomatic posts. All the Department's indexed central files for these years have been permanently transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland (Archives II). Almost all of the Department's decentralized office (or lot) files covering this period, which the National Archives deems worthy of permanent retention, have been transferred from the Department's custody to Archives II.

The editors of the Foreign Relations series also have full access to the papers of President Johnson and other White House foreign policy records. Presidential papers maintained and preserved at the Presidential libraries include some of the most significant foreign affairs-related documentation from the Department of State and other Federal agencies including the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

The editor of this volume also had access to the records of the Department of Defense, key records at the Central Intelligence Agency, the intelligence records at the National Security Council, and the official records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Sources for Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume V

In preparing this volume, the editor made extensive use of presidential papers and other White House records at the Lyndon B. Johnson Library. The extensive Vietnam Country File within the National Security File represents the single most used collection. Among the other component parts of the National Security File, the Intelligence File provides information on U.S. interest and role in elections, and the Files of Walt Rostow are generally valuable for all topics related to Presidential interest and decisions. Memos to the President, Meeting Notes File, and National Security Council Meetings File all provided records of key decisions. A crucial file at the Johnson Library, outside of the National Security File, is the Tom Johnson Notes of Meetings, which provided invaluable records of key meetings that took place after July 1967. Other Johnson Library collections less cited but still with significant documents were the Paul C. Warnke Papers/John McNaughton Files and the Westmoreland Papers. The transcripts of President Johnson's recorded telephone conversations prepared by the editor add important depth to the record and constitute material never before released.

Second in importance only to the White House records at the Johnson Library were the central files of the Department of State. Those relating to the various peace initiatives, POL 27-14 VIET/SUNFLOWER, POL 27-14 VIET/PENNSYLVANIA, and POL 27-7 VIET/BUTTERCUP, were of great value. Files relating to the elections in South Vietnam for President and then for the National Assembly are in POL 14 VIET S. Basic reporting and recommendations on important developments in South Vietnam were often put in POL 27 VIET S, the file reserved for military operations but used as a catchall. POL 15 VIET S and POL 15-1 VIET S contains important material on relations with President Thieu. Of the Department of State lot files, most of which are now at the National Archives, the files of Assistant Secretary of State William Bundy, Lot 85 D 240 and the Files of Ambassador at Large Averell Harriman, Lot 71 D 461, were the most useful.

Of the records of the Department of Defense, which are at the Washington National Records Center, the McNamara/OSD Files, FRC 330 71 A 3470, 330 72 A 0075, and 330 77 A 2468, were most useful. In addition, the records of the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam at the Institute for Military History and the Westmoreland Papers at the U.S. Army Center for Military History were important. Harriman's papers at the Library of Congress Manuscript Division were the most useful private collection.

For intelligence issues, DCI (Helms) Files and the Files of DCI's Special Assistant for Vietnam, George Carver, at the Central Intelligence Agency, were important. The National Security Council's Intelligence Files provided invaluable records and papers submitted to the 303 Committee.

Almost all of this documentation has been made available for use in the Foreign Relations series thanks to the consent of the agencies mentioned, the assistance of their staffs, and especially the cooperation and support of the National Archives and Records Administration.

The following list identifies the particular files and collections consulted in the preparation of this volume. The declassification and transfer to the National Archives of the Department of State records is in process, and many of those records are already available for public review at the National Archives. The declassification review of other records is going forward in accordance with the provisions of Executive Orders 12958 and 13142, under which all records over 25 years old, except file series exemptions requested by agencies and approved by the President, should be reviewed for declassification by 2003.

Unpublished Sources

Department of State

Subject-Numeric Central Files. See National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 59, below.

Lot Files. These files may be transferred to the National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland, Record Group 59.

INR/IL Historical Files
Active historical files of the historical file relating to covert actions and intelligence in Vietnam, maintained in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research.

INR/REA Files: Lot 90 D 99
National Intelligence Estimates and Special National Intelligence Estimates, 1952-1985.

INR/REA/SA Files: Lot 75 D 352
South Vietnam country files, 1968-1970.

INR/REA/SA Files: Lot 75 D 378
General South Vietnam files, 1962-1967.

INR/RSB Files: Lot 90 D 320
Soviet-Asia relations, 1965-1978.

National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland

Record Group 59, General Records of the Department of State

Subject-Numeric Indexed Central Files. The Department of State's subject-numeric system is divided into broad categories: Administration, Consular, Culture and Information, Economic, Political and Defense, Science, and Social. Within each of these divisions are subject subcategories. For example, Political and Defense contains four subtopics: POL (Politics), DEF (Defense), CSM (Communism), and INT (Intelligence). Numerical subdivisions further define the subtopics. The following were the most important files consulted for this volume:

AID (US) VIET S, U.S. aid to South Vietnam
DEF 4 SEATO, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
E US-VIET S, economic relations, U.S.-South Vietnam
E VIET S, economic affairs, South Vietnam
E 12 VIET S, land reform, South Vietnam
FN 12 VIET S, balance of payments, South Vietnam
ORG SAIGON, organization and administration, Saigon Embassy
POL IT-US, political relations, U.S.-Italy
POL NOR-VIET N, political relations, Norway-North Vietnam
POL UK-US, political relations, U.S.-United Kingdom
POL US-USSR, political relations, U.S.-Soviet Union
POL 1 US-USSR, general policy, U.S.-Soviet Union
POL 1 VIET S, general policy, South Vietnam
POL 1-1 VIET S, contingency planning, South Vietnam
POL 7 GUAM, Guam meeting
POL 7 MEX, visits and meetings, Mexico
POL 7 US, visits and meetings, U.S.
POL 12 VIET S, political parties, South Vietnam
POL 15 VIET S, Government of South Vietnam
POL 15-1 US/JOHNSON, Head of State, the President
POL 15-1 VIET S, head of state/executive branch, South Vietnam
POL 15-1 VAT, correspondence and meetings with the Pope
POL 17 NOR CHICOM, diplomatic representation, Norway-China
POL 17 US-VIET N, diplomatic representation, U.S.-North Vietnam
POL 17 VIET N, diplomatic and consular representation, North Vietnam
POL 17-1 NOR-US, accreditation, U.S.-Norway
POL 23-9 VIET S, civil disturbances and revolts, South Vietnam
POL 27 US/HUMPHREY, Vice President's assessment of military affairs
POL 27 VIET S, military operations, South Vietnam
POL 27 VIET S/MARIA, cease fires, South Vietnam
POL 27-7 VIET S/BUTTERCUP, prisoner exchanges, South Vietnam
POL 27-7 VIET, prisoners of war, Vietnam
POL 27-12 VIET, war crimes, Vietnam
POL 27-14 VIET/ASPEN, peace negotiations code named Aspen
POL 27-14 VIET/AZTEC, peace negotiations code named Aztec
POL 27-14 VIET/BAMBOO, peace negotiations code named Bamboo
POL 27-14 VIET/CROCODILE, peace negotiations code named Crocodile
POL 27-14 VIET/KILLY, peace negotiations code named Killy
POL 27-14 VIET/LION, peace negotiations code named Lion
POL 27-14 VIET/MARIGOLD, peace negotiations code named Marigold
POL 27-14 VIET/NIRVANA, peace negotiations code named Nirvana
POL 27-14 VIET/OHIO, peace negotiations code named Ohio
POL 27-14 VIET/PENNSYLVANIA, peace negotiations code named Pennsylvania
POL 27-14 VIET/REDSKINS, peace negotiations code named Redskins
POL 27-14 VIET/SUNFLOWER, peace negotiations code named Sunflower
POL 27-14 VIET/TULIP, peace negotiations code named Tulip
POL 27-14 VIET S, truce talks, South Vietnam
POL 30 VIET S, defections, South Vietnam
REF VIET, refugees, Vietnam
REF VIET N, refugees, North Vietnam

Lot Files. The Department of State Lot Files are the special decentralized files at the bureau, office, and division levels; the Executive Secretariat files, and the files of overseas diplomatic posts.

Bundy Files: Lot 85 D 240
Files of William P. Bundy as Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, 1964-1969.

Bunker Files: Lot 74 D 417
Files of Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker, including telegrams, personal and presidential messages, and correspondence, 1967-1973.

Bunker Files: Lot 77 D 146
Files containing Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker's official and personal correspondence, speeches and statements, interviews, and briefing books, 1967-1973.

DS/IM Files: Lot 92 D 306
Telegrams transmitting the weekly reports of Ellsworth Bunker to the President, 1967-1973.

EA Files: Lot 71 D 10
Files on the Paris Peace Talks, 1966-1968.

EA Files: Lot 72 D 33
Background papers on Asia, 1967-1968.

EA Files: Lot 74 D 246
Records relating to the Paris Peace Negotiations on Vietnam, 1966-1973.

EA/ACA Files: Lot 69 D 412
Vietnam negotiations file, informally referred to as the "V" file, covering peace efforts by individuals, groups, and countries, 1964-1967.

EA/ACA Files: Lot 69 D 128
Files of weekly reports on Vietnam peace negotiations, 1967-1968.

EA/ACA Files: Lot 69 D 111
General Vietnam files, 1964-1966.

EA/ACA Files: Lot 69 D 277
Files on Vietnam peace negotiations organized by country and group, 1965-1967.

EA/VN Files: Lot 69 D 74
Briefing book on the Secretary of Defense's visit to Vietnam, July 1967.

EA/VN Files: Lot 71 D 31
Economic Files, 1966-1967.

EA/VN Files: Lot 71 D 87
North Vietnam and National Liberation Front/Viet Cong files, 1966-1967; prisoner of war files, 1964-1967.

EA/VN Files: Lot 71 D 88
Subject files for 1967 covering mostly administrative, political, defense, and social matters.

EA/VN Files: Lot 72 D 207
Files on the Manila Summit, the Clifford-Taylor trip to Southeast Asia, the Tet Offensive, 1967, and background material, 1964-1968.

EA/VN Files: Lot 72 D 219
Politico-military files of significant Vietnam war incidents, 1964-1967.

EA/VN Files: Lot 73 D 141
General files of the interagency Vietnam Working Group

EA/VN Files: Lot 73 D 461
Files on politics, defense, rural development, and elections in South Vietnam, 1967-1969.

EA/VN Files: Lot 74 D 51
Military Files containing the only record of the air war in Vietnam, 1963-1970.

EA/VN Files: Lot 75 D 167
Files on Vietnamese politico-military affairs and meetings and trips of senior U.S. government officials with Vietnamese and Asian leaders, 1963-1969.

EA/VN Files: Lot 75 D 303
Files relating to the Free World Assistance in Vietnam, 1963-1971.

HARVAN Files: Lot 93 D 82
Correspondence, telegrams, and records of meetings of the HARVAN (Harriman-Vance) mission to the Paris peace talks on Vietnam, 1968-1969, including background material on Vietnam peace negotiations, 1962-1969.

Katzenbach Files: Lot 74 D 271
Files of Under Secretary of State Nicholas Katzenbach, 1966-1969.

Kohler Files: Lot 71 D 460
Files of Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Foy Kohler concerning his discussions with Soviet Ambassador Anatoli Dobrynin, 1967-1968; discussions between Secretary of State Dean Rusk and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko, 1962-1968.

Komer Files: Lot 69 D 303
Files of Robert W. Komer, 1949-1969.

Rusk Files: Lot 72 D 192
Files of Secretary of State Dean Rusk, 1961-1969, including texts of speeches, miscellaneous correspondence files, White House correspondence, chronological files, and memoranda of telephone conversations.

S-AH Files: Lot 71 D 461
Files of Ambassador at Large W. Averell Harriman concerning Vietnam peace negotiating channels, 1967-1968.

S-AH Files: Lot 84 D 161
Trip files of Ambassador at Large W. Averell Harriman, 1966-1967.

S/S-Executive Secretariat Files: Lot 70 D 48
Miscellaneous Vietnam reports.

S/S-I Files: Lot 72 D 316
National Security Action Memoranda 1-371, 1961-1968.

S/S-I Files: Lot 72 D 318
National Security Council meeting memoranda and agenda, 1966-1968.

S/S-S Files: Lot 67 D 586
International conference chronologies and briefing papers, 1966-1967, including background for the President's Asian trip, Secretary of State Dean Rusk's Asian Trip, Ambassador at Large W. Averell Harriman's post-Manila Summit Trip, the Guam Conference, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization Council Meeting, and the Seven Nation Conference on Vietnam.

S/S-S Files: Lot 68 D 475
Official visit chronologies, 1967, including background material for visits by Prime Minister Harold Holt, Prime Minister Lee Kwan Yew, Prince Souvana Phouma, and Prime Minister Eisaku Sato.

S/S-S Files: Lot 70 D 207
Vietnam briefing books and reports, contingency studies, and background papers on negotiations, 1965-1968.

S/S-S Files: Lot 68 D 453
International conference chronologies and briefing papers, 1967-1968, including background material for the Vice President's East Asian trip, Ambassador at Large W. Averell Harriman's Near Eastern and European trip, and the President's visit to Australia.

S/S-S Files: Lot 70 D 48
Miscellaneous Vietnam reports and briefing books, 1949-1968, including briefing books on negotiating initiatives, Senate committee reports, and the Blueprint on Vietnam.

S/S-S Administrative History and Transition Books: Lot 69 D 217
Administrative history of the Johnson administration; foreign policy fact books for Republican candidates; transition books, 1968.

Record Group 84, Records of the Foreign Service Posts of the United States

Saigon Embassy Files

Files of Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker, 1967-1973

Record Group 200, Records of Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara

Record Group 273, Records of the National Security Council

National Security Action Memorandums

Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas

Papers of President Lyndon B. Johnson

National Security File

Agency File
Country File
Head of State Correspondence File
Intelligence File
International Meetings and Travel File
Files of Robert Komer
Komer-Leonhart File
Memos to the President
Name File
National Intelligence Estimates
National Security Action Memorandums
National Security Council Histories
National Security Council Meetings File
Files of Walt Rostow
Files of Bromley Smith
Special Head of State Correspondence File
Un-arranged Files

Office Files of the White House Aides

George Christian Files
James R. Jones Files
Harry McPherson Files

Special Files

Meeting Notes File
Office of the President File
President's Appointment File (Diary Backup)
President's Daily Diary
Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations
Transcripts of Meetings in the Cabinet Room

White House Central Files

Confidential File
Subject File
Reference Files, Vietnam

Other Personal Papers

Clark Clifford Papers

George Elsey Papers

Morton Halperin Papers

Tom Johnson's Notes of Meetings

William Jorden Papers

Dean Rusk Papers, Personal Appointment Books

Paul C. Warnke Papers, John McNaughton Files

William C. Westmoreland Papers

Central Intelligence Agency, Langley, Virginia

Colby Files, Job 80-M01009A

DCI (Helms) Files, Jobs 80-R1580R, 80-B01721R, 80-R01720R, 80-M01044A, 80-B01285A

DDI Files, Job 80-B01721R

DDO/ISS Files, Jobs 78-32, 78-06425A, 78-0064235A

Executive Registry Subject Files, Jobs 80-R51580R, 80-R01284A

SAVA (Carver) Files, Jobs 80-R01284R, 80-R012850R, 80-R01720R

Department of Defense

Official Records of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Southeast Asia Files, 1966-1968

National Security Council

Intelligence Files

Records of the 303 Committee
Subject Files, Vietnam

Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland

Record Group 330, Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense

McNamara Files: FRC 71 A 3470
Files of Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, 1961-1968.

OSD Files: FRC 71 A 4546, 72 A 2467, 72 A 2468
Subject Files of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1967

OSD/General Counsel Files: FRC 75 A 0062
Files on the Pentagon Papers.

OSD/OASD/ISA Files: FRC 71 A 4919

McNamara Vietnam Files: FRC 77-0075
Vietnam files of Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara, 1961-1968.

Library of Congress, Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C.

W. Averell Harriman Papers

National Defense University, Washington, D.C.

Andrew Goodpaster Papers

Lyman Lemnitzer Papers

Maxwell Taylor Papers

U.S. Army Center for Military History, Washington, D.C.

Creighton Abrams Papers

William Colby Papers

DepCORDS/MACV Files
Files of the Deputy for Operations and Revolutionary Development, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam.

Robert Komer Papers

Thomas Thayer Papers

William C. Westmoreland Papers
History File, History Backup, and COMUSMACV Message Files, 1964-1968.

U.S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania

Army Chiefs of Staff Collection

Creighton Abrams Papers

William DePuy Papers

Richard Gard Papers

Harold K. Johnson Papers

Bruce Palmer Papers

John Paul Vann Papers

William C. Westmoreland Papers

Military Assistance Command, Vietnam Headquarters Files

Douglas Pike Collection

Published Sources

Documentary Collections

The Declassified Documents Quarterly Catalog and microfiche. Woodbridge, CT, 1975

onwards.

Herring, George, ed., The Secret Diplomacy of the Vietnam War: The Negotiating Volumes of the Pentagon Papers. Austin, Texas, 1983.

Pike, Douglas, ed., The Bunker Papers: Reports to the President From Vietnam, 1967-1973. 3 vols. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1990.

The Pentagon Papers: The Department of Defense History of United States Decisionmaking on Vietnam, The Senator Gravel Edition. 4 vols. Boston: Beacon Press, 1971.

U.S. Department of State. American Foreign Policy: Current Documents, 1966, 1967. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969.

U.S. House of Representatives, Armed Services Committee, United States-Vietnam Relations, 1945-1967: Study Prepared by the Department of Defense. 12 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1971.

U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, The History of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: The Joint Chiefs of Staff and the War in Vietnam, 1960-1968, Part III. Washington, D.C.: Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1970.

U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1966, 1967. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967, 1968.

Memoirs

Adams, Samuel, War of Numbers: An Intelligence Memoir. South Royalton, Vermont, 1994.

Ashmore, Harry, and William C. Baggs, Mission to Hanoi. New York: Putnam, 1968.

Bui Diem, with David Chanoff, In the Jaws of History. Boston: Houghton Mifflin,

1987.

Clifford, Clark, with Richard C. Holbrooke, Counsel to the President: A Memoir. New York: Random House, 1991.

Colby, William, with James McCargar, Lost Victory: A Firsthand Account of America's

Sixteen-Year Involvement in Vietnam. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1989.

Cooper, Chester L., The Lost Crusade: The Full Story of U.S. Involvement in Vietnam From Roosevelt to Nixon. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1970.

Fulbright, J. William, with Seth P. Tillman, The Price of Empire. New York: Pantheon Books, 1989.

Gavin, James M., with Arthur T. Hadley, Crisis Now. New York: Random House, 1968.

Gibbons, William, The U.S. Government and the Vietnam War, Part IV. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-

Hoopes, Townsend, The Limits of Intervention: An Inside Account of How the Johnson Policy of Escalation in Vietnam Was Reversed. New York: D. McKay Co., 1969.

Humphrey, Hubert, Education of a Public Man: My Life and Politics. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976.

Johnson, Lyndon Baines, The Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963-1969. New York: Rinehart and Winston, 1971.

Komer, Robert W., Bureaucracy at War: U.S. Performance in the Vietnam War. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1986.

Lodge, Henry Cabot, The Storm Has Many Eyes: A Personal Narrative. New York: Norton, 1973.

McNamara, Robert S., with Brian VanDeMark, In Retrospect: The Tragedy and Lessons of Vietnam. New York: Times Books, 1995.

McPherson, Harry, A Political Education. Boston: Little, Brown, 1972.

Nguyen Cao Ky, Twenty Years and Twenty Days. New York: Stein and Day, 1976.

Nitze, Paul H., with Ann M. Smith and Steven L. Rearden, From Hiroshima to Glasnost: At the Center of Decision, a Memoir. New York: Grove Weidenfeld, 1989.

Nixon, Richard, RN: The Memoirs of Richard Nixon. New York: Grossett & Dunlap, 1978.

Palmer, Bruce, The 25-Year War: America's Military Role in Vietnam. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1984.

Pimlott, Ben, Harold Wilson. London: HarperCollins, 1972.

Rostow, Walt W., The Diffusion of Power: An Essay in Recent History. New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Rusk, Dean, as told to Richard Rusk, As I Saw It. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990.

Salisbury, Harrison E., Behind the Lines: Hanoi, December 23, 1966-January 7, 1967. New York: Harper and Row, 1967.

Sharp, Ulysses S.G., Strategy for Defeat: Vietnam in Retrospect. San Rafael, CA: Presidio Press, 1978.

Taylor, Maxwell, Swords and Plowshares: A Memoir. New York: W.W. Norton, 1972.

Thant, U, View From the UN. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1978.

Westmoreland, William C., A Soldier Reports. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1976.

Wilson, Harold, The Labour Government, 1964-1970: A Personal Record. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1971.


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