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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Johnson Administration > Volume VII
Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume VII, Vietnam, September 1968-January 1969
Released by the Office of the Historian

Abbreviations and Terms

AAA, antiaircraft artillery
ADA, Americans for Democratic Action
AID, Agency for International Development
A/IM, Office of Information Management, Bureau of Administration
ANZUS, Australia, New Zealand, United States
Arc Light, codename for U.S. B-52 bombing strikes in Southeast Asia
ARVN, Army of the Republic of (South) Vietnam
Aspen, codename for U.S. peace negotiations through Swedish channels

B-52, USAF strategic bomber
Barrell Roll, codename for U. S. air operations over northern Laos
Bus (Buzz), nickname for General Earle Wheeler

C, Confidential
C-130, USAF transport plane
CAP, series indicator for outgoing White House telegrams
CAS, controlled American source
CBS, Columbia Broadcasting System
CIA, Central Intelligence Agency
CIDG, Civilian Irregular Defense Group, Republic of Vietnam
Chieu Hoi, Republic of South Vietnam's repatriation program for the Viet Cong
CINCPAC, Commander in Chief, Pacific
CINCPACAF, Commander in Chief, Pacific Air Force
CINCPACFLT, Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet
CINCUSARPAC, Commander in Chief, U.S. Army, Pacific
CIP, Commercial Import Program
CJCS, Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
CMC, Clark M. Clifford
COMUSMACV, Commander, U. S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
CORDS, Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development
COSVN, Central Office for South Vietnam
CVT, Congress of Vietnamese Trade Unions

Daniel Boone, clandestine U.S.-ARVN reconnaissance operations into Cambodian border areas
DCI, Director of Central Intelligence
DCM, Deputy Chief of Mission
Delto, Department of State telegram to the Paris Delegation
Dep, Deputy
Deptel, Department of State telegram
DFF, Democratic Freedom Force
DIA, Defense Intelligence Agency
DIOCC, Defense Intelligence Office Command Center
DMZ, Demilitarized Zone
DOD, Department of Defense
DRV, Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam)

EA, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
EA/ACA, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Office of Asian Communist Affairs
EA/VN, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Vietnam Working Group
EST, eastern standard time
Exdis, exclusive distribution

FOMIN, foreign minister
FRC, Federal Records Center
FULRO, United Front for the Struggle of the Oppressed Race, a movement for Montagnard autonomy
FWMAF, Free World Military Assistance Forces
FY, fiscal year
FYI, for your information

GME, George M. Esley
GMT, Greenwich Mean Time
GON, Government of Norway
GVN, Government of Vietnam (South Vietnam)

HAK, Henry A. Kissinger
HARVAN, Harriman-Vance mission to the Paris peace talks
HES, Hamlet Evaluation System
HHH, Hubert H. Humphrey

ICBM, Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile
ICC, International Control Commission
ICEX, Infrastructure Coordination and Exploitation
ICRC, International Committee of the Red Cross
IMF, International Monetary Fund
INR, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Department of State
INR/DDC, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Deputy Director for Coordination
INR/IL, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Intelligence Liaison
INR/REA, Bureau of Intelligence and Research, Office of Research and Analysis for East Asia and Pacific
ISA, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
IS/OIS, Office of Information Services

JCS, Joint Chiefs of Staff
JCSM, Joint Chiefs of Staff memorandum
JGS, Joint General Staff, Vietnamese Armed Forces
JUSPAO, Joint United States Public Affairs Office

KIA, killed in action

LBJ, Lyndon Baines Johnson
Lien Minh, National Alliance for Social Revolution
Limdis, limited distribution
LOC, line of communication

M-16, U.S. military field rifle
MACV, Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
MAP, Military Assistance Program
MiG, Soviet-built fighter aircraft

NATO, North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NLF (also NFL, FNL), National Liberation Front
NIE, National Intelligence Estimate
NM, nautical miles
NMCC, National Military Command Center
NMICC, National Military Intelligence Coordination Center
Nodis, no distribution
Noforn, no foreign distribution
NP, National Police
NPFF, National Police Field Force
NSA, National Security Agency
NSAM, National Security Action Memorandum
NSC, National Security Council
NSF, National Salvation Front
NVA, North Vietnamese Army
NVN, North Vietnam

OASD, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense
O/B, order of battle
Ohio, codename for secret peace initiative mediated by the Norwegian Government
ONE, Office of National Estimates, Central Intelligence Agency
OSD, Office of the Secretary of Defense

PAVN, People's Army of Vietnam (North Vietnam)
PF, Popular Forces
PFF, Police Field Forces
PHN, Paul H. Nitze
Phoenix, U.S. military-supported program against the Viet Cong infrastructure
Phung Hoang, South Vietnamese Government-sponsored program to attack the Viet Cong infrastructure
P.L., Public Law
PM, Prime Minister
PNO, numbering system for recorded conversations
POL, petroleum, oil, lubricants; political
POLAD, Political Adviser
POW, prisoner of war
Prairie Fire, interdiction operations in Laos
PW, prisoner of war
PX, post exchange

RD, Revolutionary Development
recce, reconnaissance
reftel, reference telegram
RF, Regional Forces
RG, Record Group
ROK, Republic of Korea
Rolling Thunder, codename for program of U.S. air operations in North Vietnam
RP, route packages
RT, Rolling Thunder
RVN, Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam)
RVNAF, Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces

S, Secret
SAM, surface to air missiles
SAVA, Special Assistant for Vietnamese Affairs, Central Intelligence Agency
SC, Security Council
SEA, Southeast Asia
Sea Dragon, naval interdiction operations along the North Vietnamese coast up to the 20th parallel
SEATO, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
SecDef, Secretary of Defense
Secto, series indicator for telegrams from the Secretary of State while away from Washington
septel, separate telegram
SFRC, Senate Foreign Relations Committee
Shining Brass, codename for cross-border operations into Laos and the DMZ
Sitrep, situation report
SNIE, Special National Intelligence Estimate
SOG, Studies and Observation Group
S/S, Executive Secretariat, Department of State
Steel Tiger, codename for U.S. air strikes against the Ho Chi Minh Trail in Laos
SVN, South Vietnam
SYG, Secretary-General of the United Nations

TASS, official Soviet news agency
TCC, troop contributing countries
Todel, State Department telegrams to the delegation in Paris
Tosec, series indicator for telegrams to the Secretary of State while away from Washington
TS, Top Secret
TV, television

U, unclassified
UAW, United Auto Workers
UK, United Kingdom
UN, United Nations
UNGA, United Nations General Assembly
UPI, United Press International
US, United States
USAID, United States Agency for International Development Mission
USG, United States Government
USIA, United States Information Agency
USMACV, U.S. Military Assistance Command, Vietnam
USOM, United States Operations Mission
USSR, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
USUN, United States Mission to the United Nations

VC, Viet Cong
VCI, Viet Cong Infrastructure
VIET, Vietnam
Viet Cong (Vietcong), South Vietnamese and American term for soldiers of the National Liberation Front
VN, Vietnam; Vietnam Working Group, Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, Department of State
VNAF, South Vietnamese Air Force
VNCC, Vietnam Coordinating Committee
VNQDD, Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang (Vietnamese Nationalist Party)
VP, Vice President

WH, White House

Z, Zulu (Greenwich Mean Time)


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