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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Johnson Administration > Volume VII
Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume VII, Vietnam, September 1968-January 1969
Released by the Office of the Historian

Index

References are to document numbers

Abrams, Gen. Creighton W., 5, 16, 42, 44, 51, 126, 167, 171, 197, 211, 249

Assassination threat, 3, 4
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 35, 38, 62, 64, 66, 105, 108, 109, 129, 134, 135, 140, 148, 234
Military situation in Vietnam:

Cambodia, hot pursuit into, 253
Cease-fire option, 140
Communist offensives, 4, 8, 253
Communist strategy, 61, 62, 66
DMZ activity, 66, 227, 244, 248
Laos bombing, 140
Pacification counter-offensive, 234
Paris peace talks and, 66
Psychological warfare, 140

Nuclear reactor at Dalat, proposed deactivation, 215
Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (RVNAF/ARVN), 44, 140
RVN participation in peace talks, 143, 148

Agnew, Spiro T., 31, 188, 207, 212
Albert, Carl, 8, 135, 166
Algard, Ole, 25, 28, 33
Allen, 16
Allott, Gordon, 22
Alsop, Joseph, 180
An. See Nguyen Ngoc An.
Anna Chennault affair. See Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks.
Arends, Leslie, 8, 166
Arms control, 237, 238
Attacks on RVN cities. See under Bombing halt leading to formal talks; under Military

situation in Vietnam:

Cambodia, hot pursuit into, 253
Cease-fire option, 140
Communist offensives, 4, 8, 253
Communist strategy, 61, 62, 66
DMZ activity, 66, 227, 244, 248
Laos bombing, 140
Pacification counter-offensive, 234
Paris peace talks and, 66
Psychological warfare, 140

Nuclear reactor at Dalat, proposed deactivation, 215
Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (RVNAF/ARVN), 44, 140
RVN participation in peace talks, 143, 148

Agnew, Spiro T., 31, 188, 207, 212
Albert, Carl, 8, 135, 166
Algard, Ole, 25, 28, 33
Allen, 16
Allott, Gordon, 22
Alsop, Joseph, 180
An. See Nguyen Ngoc An.
Anna Chennault affair. See Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks.
Arends, Leslie, 8, 166
Arms control, 237, 238
Attacks on RVN cities. See under Bombing halt leading to formal talks; under Military situation in Vietnam.

Bac. See Vuong Van Bac.
Bailey, Charles W., 72
Bailey, John, 255
Ball, George, 4, 35, 36, 38, 41, 42, 49, 50, 51, 70, 109, 123, 168, 187, 255
Baskakov, 2
Beech, Keyes, 189, 223
Benti, Joseph, 156
Berg, David, 50
Berger, Samuel R., 17, 57, 64, 75, 87, 93, 114, 118, 120, 136, 140, 170, 175, 178, 189, 203, 243, 249, 270, 273
Black, Eugene, 5, 41
Bo. See Mai Van Bo.
Board of National Estimates, 16
Boggs, Hale, 166, 255
Bogomolov, Sergei, 2, 34, 141, 241, 284
Bohlen, Charles E., 218
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 3, 69, 137, 234, 255

Abrams' position, 35, 108, 109, 129, 134, 135, 140
Administration discussions, 35, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148, 161, 167
Announcement of, 30, 71, 72, 93, 104, 106, 108, 110, 135, 136, 139, 152, 153, 156, 158, 161, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 172, 173, 184
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue (see also Violations of bombing halt agreement under Paris peace talks), 19, 23, 42, 46, 55, 67, 68, 129, 132, 140, 161
Bundy's proposal, 63, 68, 77, 106
Clifford's position, 15, 69, 70, 140, 161, 213, 219, 223, 225
"Complete and unconditional halt" issue (see also Joint secret minute of understanding below), 101, 107, 135
Congressional leadership, Johnson's consultations with, 109, 135, 166
"DMZ re-establishment" issue (see also Violations of bombing halt agreement under Paris peace talks), 19, 23, 26, 29, 35, 39, 40, 43, 45, 46, 55, 111, 129, 132, 139, 140, 161
DRV strategy, 214
DRV troop withdrawals and, 56
DRV-U.S. discussions, 7, 14, 24, 32, 54, 58, 71, 76, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 149, 157, 158
Helms' position, 140
Humphrey's campaign speech re, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 50
Interval between bombing halt and beginning of talks, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 82, 84, 85, 86, 88, 94, 95, 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 110, 115, 116, 117, 119, 122, 123, 124, 125, 128, 129
JCS position, 68, 69, 70, 108, 161
Johnson's conversations with Nixon re, 38, 53
Johnson's message to military commanders, proposed, 191
Johnson's position, 4, 5, 70, 140, 141
Johnson's public remarks, 72
Joint secret minute of understanding, 95, 99, 101, 110, 116, 119, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 132, 149, 153, 155, 157, 158
LeMay's position, 121
Military consequences of halt, 35, 38, 68, 103, 105, 111, 140
Momyer's position, 111
Nixon's position, 38
Ohio channel of communication and, 25, 28, 29, 33
Political and public reaction in U.S., 69, 106, 108, 109, 173, 188
Postponements, 146, 147, 149, 150, 151, 153, 155, 182
Presidential campaign in U.S., impact on, 70, 123, 125, 129, 255
Presidential candidates informed about, 80, 113, 135, 139, 140, 166, 168
Reciprocity problem, U.S. handling of, 133
Reconnaissance flights and (see also Violations of bombing halt agreement under Paris peace talks), 35, 65, 67, 68, 177
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 35, 49, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 108, 109, 130, 132, 134, 140
Rostow's position, 131
Rusk's position, 69, 70, 140
RVN participation in peace talks and, 19, 23, 24, 26, 27, 29, 32, 34, 38, 42, 43, 45, 46, 50, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 65, 67, 140
RVN position, 62, 64, 200
Security breaches re negotiations, 75, 77, 86, 93, 107, 115, 122, 189
Soviet-DRV contacts, 41, 101
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement, 15, 18, 20, 26, 34, 50, 51
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 9, 26, 34, 47, 60, 88, 98, 99, 101, 107, 122, 130, 141, 150
Taylor's position, 140
Troop contributing countries and, 68, 70, 71, 75, 79, 135, 140
Westmoreland's position, 69
Wheeler's position, 69, 140

Boye, 25
Brandt, Willy, 211
Brown, Gen. George S., 140, 211
Brown, Harold, 167, 233
Bui Diem, 63, 87, 144, 189, 222, 228, 240, 258, 261

Paris peace talks, 89, 176, 210, 250, 258, 264
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 145, 161, 194, 207, 232
RVN participation in peace talks, 154, 176, 201, 207, 209, 210, 219

Bundy, McGeorge, 63, 68, 77, 106
Bundy, William P., 19, 23, 29, 51, 57, 63, 65, 73, 74, 78, 79, 82, 85, 86, 90, 93, 94, 110, 115, 118, 152, 153, 154, 175, 176, 179, 183, 193, 201, 204, 206, 209, 210, 226, 230, 235, 238, 244, 257, 258, 261, 271, 272, 276, 280
Bunker, Ellsworth, 16, 42, 89, 126, 142, 171, 174, 197, 201, 203, 229, 235, 240, 243, 249, 264, 287

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 62, 64, 66, 75, 105, 108, 109, 136, 155, 165, 167, 182, 189, 200, 214, 219, 255
Military situation in Vietnam, 8, 44, 61, 62, 66, 91, 214, 259, 265, 285
Nuclear reactor at Dalat, proposed deactivation of, 215
Ohio channel of communication, 25
Paris peace talks:

DRV-RVN contacts, proposed, 208
DRV strategy, 66, 214
DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 183, 190, 193
Military situation in Vietnam and, 66, 214
Procedural arrangements, 96, 182, 259, 270, 272, 273, 276, 277, 278
"Proceeding without RVN" option, 182, 214
Propaganda re, 114
RVN as head of delegation, proposed, 206, 208, 216, 217, 219, 222
RVN delegation membership, 228, 236
RVN domestic situation, impact on, 242
RVN participation, 24, 140, 143, 146, 149, 155, 159, 162, 170, 175, 178, 200, 206, 208, 214, 219, 222, 228, 236
RVN strategy, 259
RVN-U.S. joint position on negotiating issues, 208, 222, 226, 228
"Status of participants" issue, 87, 90, 94, 96, 114, 136, 170, 178, 200, 208, 217

Republic of Vietnam (RVN) (see also RVN subheadings above):

Civil defense program, 91
Corruption, 91
Coup rumors, 57
Economic situation, 91, 285
Land policy, 44
Lien Minh political front, 91, 230, 251
Minh's return, 44, 91
Paris peace talks' impact on domestic situation, 242
Political situation, 91, 265, 285

Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (RVNAF/ARVN), 44, 91
Weekly reports, 44, 91, 259, 285

Burke, John, 57, 209, 210, 258
Burkley, Dr., 244
Burma, 220

Calhoun, John A., 222
Califano, Joseph, 38, 123
Cambodia, 5, 140, 220, 253
Carmichael, Stokely, 104
Carver, George A., Jr., 11, 16, 94, 201, 256
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 96

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 67
Coup in RVN, rumors, 17
Lien Minh political front, 11, 230
Military situation in Vietnam, 37, 72, 263
Paris peace talks, 94, 114, 258, 263
Phoenix program, 256
RVN participation in peace talks, 67, 201, 225, 235

Chan. See Nguyen Tho Chan.
Chapman, Gen. Leonard, 69, 167
Chennault, Anna, 173, 186, 191, 194, 207, 212, 232
China, People's Republic of, 9, 220
Christian, George A., 3, 4, 12, 22, 35, 38, 67, 68, 69, 72, 103, 104, 140, 148, 150, 152, 156, 168, 189, 202, 227, 231, 234, 238, 244, 248, 257, 272
Cleveland, Harlan, 4
Clifford, Clark M., 10, 23, 36, 42, 63, 67, 78, 115, 123, 166, 167, 193, 228, 235, 274, 287

Arms control, 237, 238
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 139, 255

Abrams' position, 129, 140
Administration discussions, 35, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148, 161
Announcement of, 72, 106, 139, 153, 156, 161, 173
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue, 68, 161
Bundy's proposal, 106
Clifford's defense of administration policy, 213, 219, 223, 225
Clifford's position, 15, 69, 70, 140, 161
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 35, 161
Interval between bombing halt and beginning of talks, 73, 103, 104
Johnson's message to military commanders, proposed, 191
Joint secret minute of understanding, 121
Military consequences, 140
Political and public reaction in U.S., 69, 106
Postponement of halt, 153
Presidential campaign in U.S., impact on, 70
Reconnaissance flights and, 68
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 68, 70
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement of, 15
Troop contributing countries and, 68

Military situation in Vietnam, 3

Attacks on RVN cities, 257
Cambodia, hot pursuit into, 253
Casualties, 274
Communist infiltration from DRV, 231
Communist offensives, 4, 8, 253, 274
Congressional hearings on, 22
DMZ activity, 211, 227, 248
Laos bombing, 202, 248, 274
Nixon's briefings, 211
Reconnaissance flights, attacks on, 231, 234, 238
Status reports on, 246
Withdrawal of troops, 12, 35, 238, 244

Nixon transition, 211
Nuclear reactor at Dalat, proposed deactivation of, 215
Paris peace talks, 1, 150, 161, 202, 213, 227, 231, 237, 244, 248, 258, 272, 274, 275
Presidential campaign in U.S., 12, 255
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 161, 191, 192, 194, 195
RVN participation in peace talks, 140, 148, 150, 161, 180, 202, 204, 229
Thieu, attitude toward, 195
U.S. policy on Vietnam, 180, 195, 202

Colby, William, 197, 249
Communist insurgency. See Military situation in Vietnam.
Communist subversion in Southeast Asia, 220
Congress, U.S., 5, 22, 69, 109, 135, 166
Connally, John, 108
Cooper, John Sherman, 51
Corcoran, Maj. Gen. Charles A., 249
Corcoran, Thomas, 173
Corner, F. A., 79
Crane, Kent, 212
Cronkite, Walter, 189
Curtis, Carl, 51
Cushman, Lt. Col. Robert E., 140
Czechoslovakia, 122

Daley, Richard, 255
Dan. See Phan Quang Dan.
Dang Duc Khoi, 219, 258, 264, 277
Daniel, Price, 4, 167
Davidson, Daniel I., 20, 25, 28, 29, 33, 58
Davis, Jeanne, 179
Davis, Nathaniel, 4, 35
Davis, Saville, 192, 194
Debré, Michel, 51, 52
Deepe, Beverly, 194
De Gaulle, Charles, 168
DeLoach, Cartha Dekle "Deke," 212
Deming, Frederick, 231
Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) (see also Bombing halt leading to formal talks; Military situation in Vietnam; Paris peace talks), 214, 220

Ohio channel of communication, 1, 20, 25, 28, 29, 33, 43
Papal peace initiative, 4, 5
Presidential campaign in U.S., interest in, 28
RVN non-participation in peace talks, preference for, 214
Soviet Union, relations with, 9

Diem. See Bui Diem.
Dirksen, Everett M., 5, 31, 36, 42, 81, 135, 166, 207

Johnson's conversations with, 31, 38, 42, 81, 113, 181, 205, 232
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 181, 188, 192, 232
RVN participation in peace talks, 205, 207, 209

DMZ. See under Bombing halt leading to formal talks; under Military situation in Vietnam; under Paris peace talks.
Doan Cong Lap, 57
Dobrynin, Anatoliy F., 1, 67, 68, 164, 218, 241

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 9, 18, 82, 86, 98, 100, 107, 115, 122, 130, 177
Paris peace talks, 92, 98, 122, 130, 177, 218

Do Cao Tri, Gen., 17
Don. See Tran Van Don.
Dong. See Pham Van Dong.
Dubs, Adolph, 218
Duc. See Nguyen Phu Duc.
Dulles, John Foster, 255
Duong Van Minh, Gen., 17, 44, 91, 140
Dzu. See Truong Dinh Dzu.

Eisenhower, Dwight D., 31, 69, 106, 112, 135, 161, 202
Elsey, George M., 15, 161, 191, 195, 202, 223, 229, 238
Engel, David, 233
Enthoven, Alain, 1
Evans, Rowland, 50

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 209, 212
Fessenden, Russell, 211
Finch, Robert, 187
Finney, Thomas, 50
Fitzgibbon, George, 51, 77
Ford, Gerald R., 8, 31, 113, 135, 166, 168
Fortas, Abe, 140, 255
Foster, William, 161
Fowler, Henry, 4, 35, 167, 231, 234
France, 263
Franklin, Maj. Gen. Wesley C., 220
Fried, Edward, 4, 231, 234
Fulbright, J. William, 207, 237

Gandhi, Indira, 72
Geneva Conference of 1962, 226, 228
Geyelin, Philip, 180
Giai, 25
Giap. See Vo Nguyen Giap, Gen.
Ginsburgh, Robert N., 13, 46, 56, 71, 117, 150, 167
Gleysteen, Dirk, 183, 210
Goldberg, Arthur J., 31, 42, 77
Goodpaster, Gen. Andrew J., 140, 148, 150, 151, 211, 244, 249
Goritsky, 241
Gorton, John, 68, 79, 86
Goulding, Phil G., 15, 191, 223
Graham, Katharine, 180
Gromyko, Andrei, 47, 51, 68

Habib, Philip C., 7, 71, 86, 120, 150, 152, 157, 184, 203, 208, 226, 240, 241, 245, 250, 260, 263, 287
Hai. See Tran Van Hai, Gen.
Halperin, Morton, 223
Hardesty, Robert, 167
Harlow, Bryce, 31, 181, 244
Harriman, W. Averell, 26, 28, 33, 60, 66, 94, 96, 98, 107, 109, 119, 122, 123, 149, 173, 174, 176, 178, 179, 184, 201, 206, 208, 210, 211, 216, 217, 218, 219, 222, 226, 227, 228, 235, 236, 244, 260, 264, 276, 279, 284

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 255

Announcement of, 152, 158
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue, 19, 55, 132
Clifford's defense of administration policy, 213
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 19, 45, 55, 132
DRV-U.S. agreement, 158
DRV-U.S. discussions, 7, 24, 32, 54, 58, 76, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158
Humphrey's campaign speech re, 50
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 76, 82, 84, 88, 95, 99, 110, 115, 116, 124, 128
Joint secret minute of understanding, 95, 116, 124, 128, 132
Postponements, 150
Reciprocity problem, U.S. handling of, 133
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 49, 132
RVN participation in peace talks and, 19, 24, 27, 32, 45, 54, 55, 58
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement of, 20
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 47, 88, 141

Johnson, assessment of, 255
Military situation in Vietnam, 21, 241, 248
Ohio channel of communication, 20, 25, 43
Paris peace talks, 22, 248, 246

Assessment of future prospects, 263
Bilateral DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 183, 185, 193, 196, 203
CIA support for U.S. delegation, 263
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 245
French influence on, 263
Guidance for Nixon administration negotiators, 287
Instructions for U.S. representatives, 23, 65, 110, 127
Presidential campaign in U.S. and, 45
Private meetings, 3, 7, 13, 14, 24, 32, 45, 54, 58, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158, 287
Procedural arrangements, 93, 120, 198, 239, 240, 261, 269, 271, 280, 281, 283
"Proceeding without RVN" option, 185
Recall, possible, 50, 51
RVN as head of delegation, proposed, 203
RVN delay in arrival, 240
RVN delegation membership, 241
RVN intransigence, 188
RVN proposal for three-phase approach, 261
RVN participation, 7, 2, 19, 24, 27, 32, 45, 54, 55, 58
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 241
"Status of participants" issue, 21, 241, 261
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 233, 241, 248
"Withdrawal of troops" issue, 20

Presidential campaign in U.S., 20, 45, 50, 51, 255
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 213
Republic of Vietnam political situation, 255
Rusk, criticism of, 255
U.S. policy on Vietnam, assessment of, 255

Harris, Louis, 108
Hasluck, Paul, 51
Ha Van Lau, 7, 26, 32, 43, 54, 95, 224

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 55, 132, 149, 184

DRV-U.S. agreement, 157, 158
DRV-U.S. discussions, 84, 116, 124, 128, 149, 157, 158
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 84, 116, 124, 128
Joint secret minute of understanding, 116, 124, 128, 149, 157
Soviet-DRV contacts, 101

Military situation in Vietnam, 233, 260
Paris peace talks:

DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 184, 196
First procedural meeting, 286
Private meetings, 45, 84, 116, 124, 128, 158, 184, 196, 221, 233, 234, 245, 260, 284, 287
Procedural arrangements, 184, 196, 245, 260, 278, 280, 282, 284
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 221

Reconnaissance flights, attacks on, 233

Helms, Richard, 3, 4, 12, 16, 17, 22, 37, 166, 167, 211, 220, 230, 234, 235, 238, 256, 275

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 35, 67, 68, 72, 104, 139, 140, 148
Johnson's assessment of, 207
Lien Minh political front, 11
Military situation in Vietnam, 72, 202, 227, 238, 244
RVN participation in peace talks, 140, 201

Herz, Martin F., 118, 120, 136, 178, 217, 222, 243, 270, 273, 287
Hickenlooper, Bourke, 173
Hixon, Robert C., 161
Hoang Duc Nha, 230
Hoang Xuan Lam, Gen., 109
Ho Chi Minh, 2, 4, 5
Holbrooke, Richard C., 7, 233, 250
Holyoake, Keith, 51, 79
Hoopes, Townsend, 63
Hoover, J. Edgar, 209, 252
Hornig, Don, 202
Hughes, Col. Donald, 244
Hughes, Thomas L., 12, 43, 48
Humphrey, Hubert H., 1, 4, 12, 31, 36, 77, 103, 106, 113, 148, 172, 207

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 50, 80, 135, 166, 168, 255
Johnson's conversations with, 39, 80, 166, 168
Paris peace talks, 5, 80, 227
Presidential campaign in U.S., 12, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 50, 51, 108, 168, 173, 199, 255

Humphrey, Muriel, 168
Huong. See Tran Van Huong.

Ignatius, Paul, 167
Indonesia, 220, 262

Jackson, Henry, 22
Japan, 262
Javits, Jacob, 51
Johnson, Lady Bird, 207
Johnson, Luci, 168
Johnson, Lyndon B., 7, 8, 9, 16, 17, 44, 54, 58, 84, 88, 91, 92, 95, 96, 99, 101, 119, 122, 124, 136, 149, 152, 162, 165, 184, 196, 203, 206, 210, 217, 218, 225, 226, 228, 234, 236, 237, 241, 245, 259, 262, 268, 269, 285

Arms control, 238
Ball's conversation with, 41
Ball's resignation from UN, 36
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 4, 5, 46, 55, 70, 72, 137, 140, 141, 255

Abrams' position, 35, 108, 109, 129, 134, 135, 140
Administration discussions, 35, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148, 161, 167
Announcement of halt, 30, 72, 93, 104, 106, 135, 139, 153, 156, 161, 166, 167, 168, 169, 172, 173
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue, 42, 67, 68, 129, 140
Bundy's proposal, 77, 106
Clifford's defense of administration policy, 213
"Complete and unconditional halt" issue, 135
Congressional leadership, consultation with, 109, 135, 166
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 39, 111, 129, 139, 140
DRV troop withdrawals and, 56
DRV-U.S. discussions, 71
Humphrey's campaign speech re, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 50
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 86, 97, 100, 102, 103, 104, 108, 109, 115, 116, 117, 123, 125, 129
Johnson's conversations with Nixon re, 38, 53
Johnson's message to military commanders, proposed, 191
Joint secret minute of understanding, 121, 123, 125, 126
Military consequences, 35, 38, 68, 111, 140
Momyer's position, 111
"Nuanced language" by DRV, 14
Political and public reaction in U.S., 69, 106, 108, 109, 173, 188
Postponements, 146, 147, 151, 153
Presidential campaign in U.S., impact on, 70, 123, 125, 129
Presidential candidates informed about, 80, 113, 135, 139, 140, 166, 168
Reconnaissance flights and, 35, 67, 68
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 49, 67, 68, 69, 70, 108, 109, 130, 134, 140
Rostow's position, 131
Rusk's position, 140
RVN participation in peace talks and, 38, 42, 45, 50, 59, 67, 140
RVN position, 62
Security breaches re negotiations, 75, 77, 86, 115, 189
Soviet-DRV contacts, 41
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement of, 20, 50, 51
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 47, 122, 130
Troop contributing countries and, 70, 135, 140

Cambodia, 5, 253
Clifford's views on Johnson's position, 195
Dirksen, assessment of, 207
Dirksen's conversations with, 31, 38, 42, 81, 113, 181, 205, 232
Final comments as President, 286
Harriman's assessment of, 255
Helms, assessment of, 207
Honolulu Conference, proposed, 51, 52
Humphrey's conversations with, 39, 80, 166, 168
Kosygin's communications with, 122, 130, 138, 141, 164, 177, 255
Mansfield's conversation with, 77
McNamara's conversation with, 171
Military situation in Vietnam, 3

Attacks on RVN cities, 202, 257
Cambodia, hot pursuit into, 253
Cease-fire option, 140
Communist end-of-year offensive, possible, 252, 253, 254
Communist infiltration from DRV, 231
Communist strategy, 6, 62
Congressional hearings on, 22
DMZ activity, 202, 227, 244, 248
Laos bombing, 172
Nixon's briefings, 252
Pacification counter-offensive, 91
Psychological warfare, 140
Reconnaissance flights, attacks on, 231
Status reports on, 22, 246
U.S. planning for future operations, 18
U.S. strategy during bombing halt, 172
Withdrawals of troops, 12, 35

Nixon's conversations with, 38, 53, 80, 166, 187, 207, 211
Nixon transition, 211
Ohio channel of communication, 1, 20, 25
Papal peace initiative, 4, 5
Paris peace talks (see also RVN participation in peace talks below), 1, 22, 287

DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 229
Harriman's recall, possible, 50, 51
Harriman's status report, 246
Johnson-Kosygin communications re, 122, 130, 138, 141, 164, 177, 255
Johnson's final comments as President, 286
Johnson's message to Thieu re start of substantive talks, 142
Nixon's briefing, 252
Procedural arrangements, 272, 275, 276, 279
"Proceeding without RVN" option, 150, 151, 213, 227, 229
RVN as head of delegation, proposed, 204, 206
RVN delay in arrival, 244
RVN-NLF secret talks, proposed, 224
RVN participation in peace talks, 38, 42, 45, 50, 59, 67, 140, 143, 146, 148, 150, 151, 160, 163, 171, 172, 175, 188, 200, 202, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 229
RVN proposal for two-phase approach, 258
"Status of participants" issue, 123
United front by U.S. politicians, 5, 80, 81
Vance's assessment of, 49
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 221, 231, 248

Presidential campaign in U.S., 12, 31, 42, 50, 51, 70, 123, 125, 129, 108, 168, 173, 199, 255
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 140, 145, 146, 148, 163, 168, 173, 181, 186, 187, 188, 192, 194, 207, 212, 232
Rowe's conversation with, 173
Russell's conversations with, 109, 125, 172
RVN Armed Forces (RVNAF/ARVN), 140
RVN political situation, 140
Thieu's communications with, 142, 151, 160, 175, 276, 277, 279

Johnson, Tom, 8, 12, 22, 35, 36, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148, 150, 152, 156, 202, 211, 227, 234, 237, 238, 244, 248, 272, 275
Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) (see also Wheeler, Gen. Earle G.), 35, 51, 68, 69, 70, 108, 161, 211, 253, 274
Jones, James R. "Jim," 108, 140, 166, 168, 181, 184, 200, 205
Jorden, William J., 22, 51, 103, 258, 264

Kalb, Marvin, 72, 146
Kapenstein, Ira, 50
Kaplan, Harold, 22, 50, 51
Kaplow, Herb, 187
Karamessines, Thomas, 11, 94, 96, 114, 144, 148
Katzenbach, Nicholas deB., 18, 19, 23, 29, 51, 55, 65, 71, 154, 167, 175, 183, 204, 206, 218, 226, 247, 255
Kennedy, Edward M., 1, 50
Kennedy, John F., 135, 172
Khiem. See Tran Thien Khiem.
Khoi. See Dang Duc Khoi.
Kilday, Lowell, 272
Kirk, Roger, 243
Kissinger, Henry A., 244, 262, 266
Klein, Herbert, 123
Komer, Robert W., 16, 44, 197, 255
Kosygin, Alexei N., 1, 9, 15, 20, 68, 69, 150, 172, 237

Johnson's communications with, 122, 130, 138, 141, 164, 177, 255

Kraft, Joseph, 50, 180
Kuchel, Thomas, 22, 166
Ky. See Nguyen Cao Ky.
Ky (DRV official), 260

Laird, Melvin, 8
Lam. See Hoang Xuan Lam, Gen.; Pham Dang Lam; Tran Van Lam.
Laos, 59, 69, 140, 172, 202, 220, 247, 248, 262, 274
Latin America, 125
Lau. See Ha Van Lau.
Leddy, John M., 4
Le Duc Tho, 2, 66, 238, 241

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 24, 27, 32, 54, 55, 58
Paris peace talks, 3, 7, 13, 20, 24, 32, 54, 58, 287

Le Nguyen Khang, Gen., 91
Levinson, Lawrence, 167
Lien Minh political front, 11, 91, 230, 251
Lincoln, Frank, 246
Linder, Harold, 5
Lipscomb, Glenard, 35
Livesay, R. Eugene, 274
Loan. See Ngo Minh Loan; Nguyen Ngoc Loan, Gen.
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 211, 287
Long, Russell, 106
Lu-Y. See Tran Lu-Y.
Lyng, 33, 43

Macy, John, 246
Mai Tho Truyen, 91
Mai Van Bo, 266, 284
Malaysia, 220
Malik, Adam, 238
Manac'h, Etienne, 282, 283, 284
Manatos, Mike, 5
Mansfield, Mike, 5, 31, 51, 72, 77, 135, 166, 168, 207, 209
Marcos, Ferdinand, 68, 75
Marder, Murrey, 50, 51, 248
Marks, Leonard, 4, 35, 167
Marshall, John, 79
Martin, William McChesney, 231
McCarthy, Eugene, 1, 36, 50, 255
McCloskey, Robert J., 104, 194, 217
McCone, John, 31
McConnell, Gen. John P., 69, 103, 111, 140, 227, 244, 274, 275
McCormack, John, 8, 42, 113, 135, 166
McGovern, George, 1, 264
McGrory, Mary, 264
McNamara, Robert S., 171, 255
McPherson, Gen., 274
McPherson, Harry C., Jr., 56, 73, 140, 148, 152, 156, 161, 168
Middleton, Harry, 167
Military situation in Vietnam (see also Bombing halt leading to formal talks), 3, 16, 18, 220, 243

Attacks on RVN cities, 21, 162, 202, 257
Cambodia, hot pursuit into, 253
Casualties, 91, 274
Cease-fire option, 4, 16, 129, 140, 224
CIA report on, 72
Communist infiltration from DRV, 231
Communist offensives, 4, 8, 9, 16, 37, 91, 252, 253, 254, 274
Communist sanctuaries in Cambodia, 140
Communist strategy, 6, 8, 44, 61, 62, 66
Congressional hearings on, 22
Covert operations in DRV, 48
DMZ activity, 5, 66, 202, 211, 218, 221, 227, 233, 241, 244, 245, 248
Laos bombing, 140, 172, 202, 248, 274
Nixon's briefings, 211, 252
Pacification counter-offensive, 44, 91, 197, 234, 249, 259
Paris peace talks and, 66, 214
Phoenix program, 256
Political and psychological factors, 263
Prisoners of war, 260, 267
Psychological warfare, 140, 197
Reconnaissance flights, attacks on, 218, 221, 231, 233, 234, 238, 241
Soviet-U.S. discussion, 218
Status reports on, 22, 44, 246, 274
Tet offensive, 285
U.S. strategy during bombing halt, 172
Withdrawal of troops, 12, 35, 56, 238, 244, 265

Minh. See Duong Van Minh, Gen.
Mitchell, John, 146
Momyer, Gen. William, 111, 140
Moorer, Adm. Thomas, 69, 167, 257, 274
Movement to Struggle for Peace, 263
Moyers, Bill, 51
Mundt, Karl, 22
Murphy, Charles, 231, 246, 255
Murphy, Capt. Frank M., 220
Murphy, Robert, 238
Muskie, Edmund, 5, 207

National Intelligence Estimates, NIE 50-68, 220
National Liberation Front (NLF) (see also "Status of participants" issue under Paris peace talks), 224, 267
National Security Council (NSC) meetings, 4, 35, 167, 234
Negroponte, John, 7, 26, 34, 58, 119, 184, 287
Nelson, William E., 11
Ne Win, Gen., 220
Ngo Minh Loan, 20, 28
Ngo Quang Troung, Gen., 109
Nguyen Be, 249
Nguyen Cao Ky, 17, 75, 91, 93, 94, 165, 170, 201, 263

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 136, 189
Paris peace talks, 90, 94, 114, 136, 144, 159, 200, 219, 235, 236, 241, 250, 258, 261, 270, 277
RVN political situation, 140

Nguyen Minh Vy, 84, 157, 158, 184, 233
Nguyen Ngoc An, 208, 240, 250
Nguyen Ngoc Loan, Gen., 91
Nguyen Phu Duc, 144, 170, 228, 270, 273
Nguyen Thi Binh, Madame, 184, 207, 233, 247, 286
Nguyen Tho Chan, 20, 25, 28, 33, 43
Nguyen Van Huong, 11, 230
Nguyen Van Huyen, 235
Nguyen Van Kieu, 148, 163, 178, 223
Nguyen Van Thieu, 4, 9, 12

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 62, 64, 75, 79, 93, 94, 103, 104, 109, 136, 151, 165, 167, 189, 200, 219, 225
Clifford's attitude toward, 195
Johnson's communications with, 142, 151, 160, 175, 276, 277, 279
Military situation in Vietnam, 16, 44, 91, 197, 249, 265
Paris peace talks (see also RVN participation in peace talks below), 144

DRV-RVN contacts, proposed, 208
Johnson's message re start of substantive talks, 142
Procedural arrangements, 85, 270, 273, 276, 277, 279, 283
"Proceeding without RVN" option, 151
Propaganda re, 114
RVN as head of RVN-U.S. delegation, proposed, 203, 208, 222
RVN delay in arrival, 244
RVN delegation membership, 228, 235, 236
RVN domestic situation, impact on, 242
RVN proposal for two-phase approach, 258
RVN-U.S. joint position on negotiating issues, 208, 222, 225, 228
"Status of participants" issue, 87, 89, 90, 94, 114, 136, 170, 178, 179, 200, 208, 225

Popular support for, 200
Republic of Vietnam (RVN):

Coup rumors, 17, 57
Economic situation, 91
Land policy, 44
Lien Minh political front, 11, 230, 251
Minh's return, 44
Paris peace talks' impact on domestic situation, 242
Political developments following peace agreement, 265
Political situation, 91, 140, 263

RVN participation in peace talks:

Nixon's urging Thieu to participate, 202, 209, 210
RVN decision to participate, 219, 222, 225, 228, 235, 236
RVN refusal, 161, 170, 171, 172, 178, 200, 225
Timing concerns of RVN officials, 140, 143, 146, 148
U.S. pressure on RVN, 150, 151, 159, 160, 162, 208

Nguyen Van Tho, 274
Nguyen Xuan Phong, 250, 286
Nitze, Paul H., 4, 15, 35, 63, 94, 161, 167, 180, 191, 215
Nixon, Pat, 207
Nixon, Richard M., 1, 36, 52, 68, 172, 207, 211, 238, 244, 262

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 38, 50, 53, 70, 80, 113, 123, 135, 166
DRV's fear of, 214
Johnson's conversations with, 38, 53, 80, 166, 187, 207, 211
Military situation in Vietnam, brief-ings on, 211, 252
Paris peace talks, 5, 80, 211, 252, 277
Presidential campaign in U.S., 31, 42, 123, 199
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 140, 145, 163, 173, 181, 186, 187, 188, 192, 207
RVN participation in peace talks, 200, 202, 205, 207, 209, 210

Norway. See Ohio channel of communication.
Novak, Robert, 50
Nuclear reactor at Dalat, proposed deactivation of, 215
Nuclear war, 9

Oberemko, Valentin, 2, 26, 34, 60, 88, 99, 101, 119, 218, 280, 281, 284
O'Brien, Lawrence, 50
O'Dwyer, Paul, 255
Ohio channel of communication, 1, 20, 25, 28, 29, 33, 43
Okun, Arthur, 5, 8
Oslo channel. See Ohio channel of communication.

Palmer, Gen. Bruce, 69, 167, 274
Papal peace initiative, 4, 5
Paris peace talks (see also Bombing halt leading to formal talks; Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks), 1, 16, 22, 174, 287

Arms control and, 237
ARVN military activity as threat to, 140
Cessation of offensive actions leading to substantive talks, proposed, 10
"Change of RVN government" issue, 47
CIA support for U.S. delegation,
263
Designated spokesmen. See Procedural arrangements below.
Difficulties for U.S. created by RVN intransigence, 188
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 183, 245, 247
DRV-RVN contacts, proposed, 208
DRV strategy, 66, 214, 247
DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 183, 184, 185, 190, 193, 196, 202, 203, 229
Dual-track approach, 266, 274
First procedural meeting, 286
"Four party" formula. See "Status of participants" issue below.
French influence on, 263
Guidance for Nixon administration negotiators, 266, 287
Harriman and, 246, 263
Harriman's involvement in Humphrey's campaign, 50, 51
Instructions for U.S. representatives, 23, 65, 74, 78, 110, 127, 149, 233
Johnson-Kosygin communications re, 122, 130, 138, 141, 164, 177, 255
Johnson's final comments as President, 286
Johnson's message to Thieu re start of substantive talks, 142
Kissinger-Bo secret contacts, 266
Language and translation. See Procedural arrangements below.
Laos, 247
Military situation in Vietnam and, 66, 214
Name of conference. See Procedural arrangements below.
Nixon's briefing, 252
NLF participation. See "Status of participants" issue below.
Number of people. See Procedural arrangements below.
Order of speaking. See Procedural arrangements below.
"Our side/your side" formula. See "Status of participants" issue below.
Phase One-Phase Two proposal, 2, 133
Postponement of first expanded meeting, 199
Presidential campaign in U.S. and, 45, 51
Press coverage of first meeting. See Procedural arrangements below.
Private meetings, 3, 7, 13, 14, 24, 26, 32, 45, 54, 58, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158, 184, 196, 221, 233, 234, 245, 260, 284, 287
Private meetings, continuation after start of substantive talks, 84, 238, 247
Procedural arrangements, 85, 93, 94, 96, 98, 118, 120, 176, 182, 184, 196, 198, 239, 240, 245, 250, 252, 259, 260, 261, 264, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 278, 279

Agreement on, 282, 283, 284
Soviet compromise proposal, 280, 281, 282
U.S. pressure for RVN acceptance, 275, 276, 277
"Proceeding without RVN" option (see also DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed above), 150, 151, 161, 179, 182, 185, 193, 213, 214, 227, 229

Propaganda re, 114
Rusk's attitude toward, 248
RVN as head of RVN-U.S. delegation, proposed (see also RVN-U.S. joint position on negotiating issues below), 203, 204, 206, 208, 216, 217, 219, 222
RVN delay in arrival, 240, 244
RVN delegation membership, 228, 235, 236, 241
RVN domestic situation, impact on, 242
RVN-NLF secret talks, proposed, 224
RVN participation (see also "Proceeding without RVN" option above; Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks):

Bombing halt leading to formal talks and, 19, 23, 24, 26, 27, 29, 32, 34, 38, 42, 43, 45, 46, 50, 54, 55, 58, 59, 60, 65, 67, 140
Bunker's position, 24
DRV position, 214
DRV-U.S. discussions, 7, 24, 32
Nixon's urging Thieu to participate, 202, 205, 207, 209, 210
NLF participation and. See "Status of participants" issue under Paris peace talks.
Paris peace talks--Continued
RVN participation--Continued
RVN decision, 219, 222, 225, 228, 235, 236
RVN refusal, 149, 161, 170, 171, 172, 178, 180, 188, 200, 225
RVN terms for, 96, 209
Soviet-U.S. discussions re, 2, 34
Timing concerns of RVN officials, 140, 143, 146, 148
Troop contributing countries and, 179
U.S. pressure on RVN (see also Nixon's urging Thieu to participate above), 150, 151, 154, 155, 159, 160, 162, 163, 175, 176, 178, 193, 200, 201, 204, 206, 208, 229

RVN proposal for three-phase approach, 261
RVN proposal for two-phase approach, 258
RVN strategy, 247, 259
RVN-U.S. criticisms of one another, 258
RVN-U.S. delegation meeting, 250
RVN-U.S. joint position on negotiating issues, 90, 206, 208, 210, 222, 225, 226, 228, 264
Seating arrangements. See Procedural arrangements above.
Soviet advice for U.S., 241
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 26, 34, 92, 98, 101, 119, 218, 241
"Status of participants" issue (see also Procedural arrangements above), 4, 21, 87, 89, 90, 92, 94, 96, 98, 101, 104, 110, 114, 119, 123, 136, 170, 178, 179, 200, 208, 217, 225, 226, 241, 250, 261
Swift completion, Rostow's argument for, 122
Thieu's attitude toward, 144
United front by U.S. politicians, 5, 80, 81, 211
Vance's assessment of, 49
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 183, 218, 221, 231, 233, 241, 248
Withdrawal of troops issue, 13, 20, 26, 247

Park Chung-hee, 68, 156, 172
Paul VI, Pope, 4, 5
Peace talks (see also Paris peace talks):

Ohio channel of communication, 1, 20, 25, 28, 29, 33, 43
Papal peace initiative, 4, 5

Pearson, Drew, 123
Percy, Charles, 255
Perry, Jack, 2, 241
Pham Dang Lam, 87, 96, 120, 149, 154, 236, 240, 250, 282, 283
Pham Van Dong, 2
Pham Van Minh, Lt. Col., 258
Phan Quang Dan, 17, 91
Philippines, 220
Philpott, Maj. Gen. Jammie M., 220
Phoenix program, 256
Phong. See Nguyen Xuan Phong.
Presidential campaign in U.S. (see also Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks), 12, 20

Ball's resignation and, 36, 50
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, impact of, 70, 123, 125, 129, 255
DRV interest in, 28
Harriman and, 50, 51, 255
Humphrey's campaign speech on bombing halt, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 50
Humphrey's handling of bombing halt, 168, 173
Johnson's position, 31, 42, 108, 173, 255
Nixon's victory, 199
Paris peace talks and, 45, 51

Prisoners of war, 260, 267
Pursley, Col. Robert, 10, 15, 191, 223

Raborn, Adm. Arthur, 207
Rather, Dan, 146
Read, Benjamin H., 3, 19, 23, 29, 58, 65, 73, 74, 78, 79, 82, 85, 86, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 98, 99, 101, 105, 107, 110, 115, 116, 118, 119, 122, 124, 127, 128, 142, 143, 149, 150, 152, 153, 154, 157, 159, 160, 161, 162, 165, 167, 174, 175, 176, 193, 196, 203, 206, 226, 245, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284
Rebozo, Bebe, 207
Reconnaissance flights. See under Bombing halt leading to formal talks; under Military situation in Vietnam.
Reid, Ogden, 51
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 140, 143, 145, 146, 148, 161, 163, 168, 173, 181, 186, 187, 188, 191, 192, 194, 195, 207, 212, 213, 232
Republic of Vietnam (RVN) (see also Military situation in Vietnam; Paris peace talks; Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks; RVN participation in peace talks):

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 62, 64, 75, 93
Civil defense program, 91
Communist political program, 16
Corruption, 91
Coup rumors, 17, 57, 140
Economic situation, 91, 243, 285
Election outcomes, possible, 9
Land policy, 44
Lien Minh political front, 11, 91, 230, 251
Minh's return, 44, 91, 140
Movement to Struggle for Peace, 263
Paris peace talks, impact on domestic situation, 242
Political developments following peace agreement, 265
Political situation, 91, 140, 243, 255, 262, 263, 285
U.S., attitudes toward, 91, 242

Republic of Vietnam Armed Forces (RVNAF/ARVN), 44, 91, 140, 285
Resor, Stanley, 167
Reston, James, 180
Ridgway, Rozanne, 25, 28, 33
Rivers, Mendel, 109
Robb, Chuck, 109, 202
Roberts, Chalmers, 264
Roberts, Juanita, 106
Rogers, William, 277
Rostow, Eugene, 140
Rostow, Walt W., 8, 12, 13, 16, 17, 20, 23, 29, 35, 36, 37, 39, 54, 56, 58, 65, 67, 70, 74, 75, 88, 90, 91, 92, 94, 95, 96, 99, 101, 110, 111, 114, 119, 124, 135, 136, 149, 150, 152, 162, 165, 166, 167, 175, 183, 184, 188, 193, 196, 200, 201, 202, 203, 206, 210, 211, 225, 226, 231, 234, 235, 236, 245, 264, 269, 275, 276

Arms control, 238
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 3, 131, 137, 140, 255

Administration discussions, 68, 69, 72, 73, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148, 161
Announcement, 30, 71, 153, 156
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue, 46, 140
Clifford's defense of administration policy, 213
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 46
DRV-U.S. agreement, 157
DRV-U.S. discussions, 71
Humphrey's campaign speech re, 40
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 76, 84, 97, 102, 103, 104, 116, 117, 122, 129
Johnson's message to military commanders, proposed, 191
Joint secret minute of understanding, 121, 122
Military consequences, 38, 68, 140
"Nuanced language" by DRV, 14
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 66
RVN participation in peace talks and, 45, 46, 59
RVN position, 62
Security breaches re negotiations, 122, 189
Soviet involvement, 18
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 9, 47, 122, 130
Troop contributing countries and, 71, 140

Clifford's views on Rostow's approach to Vietnam, 195
Laos, 59, 202, 262
Military situation in Vietnam, 4, 6, 18, 21, 62, 66, 129, 202, 218, 227, 238, 244, 248, 252, 253, 256
Nixon transition and U.S. policy on Vietnam, 262
Ohio channel of communication, 25
Paris peace talks, 49, 66, 122, 252, 287

Johnson-Kosygin communications re, 122, 130, 138
Procedural arrangements, 252, 268, 272
RVN as head of RVN-U.S. delegation, proposal re, 204
RVN-NLF secret talks, proposed, 224
RVN participation, 45, 46, 59, 148, 163, 204, 209, 213
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 218
"Status of participants" issue, 21, 89
Thieu's attitude toward, 144
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 221

Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 140, 145, 163, 181, 192, 194
RVN political situation, 9, 262
Southeast Asian monitors for Vietnam settlement, 262

Rowe, James, 173
Rusk, Dean, 5, 7, 9, 36, 66, 75, 114, 142, 154, 164, 166, 167, 176, 218, 231, 234, 235, 241, 258, 261

Arms control, 237, 238
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 3, 255

Abrams' position, 135, 140
Administration discussions, 35, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 73, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148
Announcement, 72, 93, 110, 135, 153, 156, 169
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue, 19, 23, 67, 68
Bundy's proposal, 68
"Complete and unconditional halt" issue, 107, 135
Congressional leadership, Johnson's consultations with, 135
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 19, 23, 29
Humphrey's campaign speech re, 40, 50
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 78, 79, 82, 85, 86, 94, 98, 100, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 110, 115, 123, 129
JCS position, 108
Joint secret minute of understanding, 110, 121, 123, 125, 126, 155
Military consequences, 68, 105, 140
Political and public reaction in U.S., 188
Postponements, 146, 147, 153, 155
Presidential campaign in U.S., impact on, 70, 123, 129
Presidential candidates informed about, 135, 139
Reconnaissance flights and, 35, 65, 67, 68, 177
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 67, 70, 108
Rusk's position, 69, 70, 140
RVN participation in peace talks and, 19, 23, 27, 29, 50, 65, 67
Security breaches re negotiations, 93, 107, 115, 189
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement of, 50, 51
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 47, 98, 107
Troop contributing countries and, 68, 79, 135, 140

Clifford's relationship with, 274
Harriman's criticism of, 255
Honolulu Conference, proposed, 51, 52
Military situation in Vietnam, 5, 8, 22, 129, 211, 227, 238, 244, 248, 253, 257
Nixon's conversation with, 52
Nixon transition and U.S. policy on Vietnam,, 211
Ohio channel of communication, 29, 43
Paris peace talks, 1, 22, 174, 246, 247, 287

Arms control and, 237
"Change of RVN government" issue, 47
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 183, 245
DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 183, 193, 202, 229
Harriman's recall, possible, 50, 51
Instructions for U.S. representatives, 23, 65, 74, 78, 110, 127
Johnson-Kosygin communications re, 177
Procedural arrangements, 85, 93, 94, 98, 118, 271, 272, 275, 276, 283
"Proceeding without RVN" option, 150, 193, 227, 229
Rusk's attitude toward, 248
RVN as head of RVN-U.S. delegation, proposal re, 206
Rusk, Dean--Continued
Paris peace talks--Continued
RVN intransigence, 188
RVN participation in peace talks, 19, 23, 27, 29, 50, 65, 67, 140, 143, 146, 148, 150, 155, 170, 175, 179, 188, 193, 202, 204, 206, 207, 209, 229
RVN-U.S. joint position on negotiating issues, 90, 206
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 92, 98
"Status of participants" issue, 4, 90, 92, 94, 98, 110, 123, 179
Thieu's attitude toward, 144
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 183, 248

Presidential campaign in U.S., 12, 20, 50, 51, 123, 129, 168
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 143, 146, 181, 188, 192, 194, 212
Republic of Vietnam, coup rumors, 57, 140

Russell, Richard B., 5, 22, 69, 106, 109, 125, 126, 172
Ryan, Gen. John, 140, 167

Sainteny, Jean, 266
Sanders, Harold Barefoot, 8, 166
Schlesinger, Arthur, 173
Schwartz, Lou, 189
Scranton, William, 202
Shriver, R. Sargent, 115
Sihanouk, Prince Norodom, 5, 220
Singapore, 220
Sisco, Joseph, 35, 234
Smathers, George, 70, 72, 186, 187, 188, 192, 232
Smith, Abbot, 16
Smith, Bromley, 4, 35, 69, 150, 167, 209, 234, 241, 258, 272
Smith, Hedrick, 51
Smith, Howard K., 51
Smith, Rick, 72
Southeast Asia after Vietnam (NIE 50-68), 220
Southeast Asian monitors for Vietnam settlement, 262
Souvanna Phouma, 220
Soviet Union, 220, 255

Arms control, 238
Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 122, 132

Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 82, 86, 88, 98, 99
Joint secret minute of understanding, 99
RVN participation in peace talks and, 60
Soviet-DRV contacts, 41, 101
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement of, 15, 18, 20, 26, 34, 50, 51
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 9, 26, 34, 47, 60, 88, 98, 99, 101, 107, 122, 130, 141, 150

DRV, relations with, 9
Military situation in Vietnam, 218, 241
Ohio channel of communication, 25, 28
Paris peace talks, 47, 92, 241, 280, 281

Johnson-Kosygin communications re, 122, 130, 138, 141, 164, 177, 255
RVN participation, 2, 34, 60
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 26, 34, 92, 98, 101, 119, 218, 241

Spivak, Larry, 187
Stennis, John, 22
Stewart, Michael, 51
Stuart, Richard K., 48
Sung, 25, 28
Symington, Stuart, 22, 223

Taylor, Gen. Maxwell D., 3, 31, 67, 68, 121, 129, 138, 139, 140, 148, 202, 254
Taylor, Vice Adm. Rufus, 256
Tcherniakov, Yuri N., 122
Tet offensive, 285
Thailand, 220, 249
Thanat Khoman, 79
Thanh. See Tran Chanh Thanh.
Thanom Kittikachon, 71
Thant, U, 35
Thien. See Ton That Thien.
Thieu. See Nguyen Van Thieu.
Tho. See Le Duc Tho.
Thompson, Llewellyn E., Jr., 1, 4, 108
Thompson, Sir Robert, 249
303 Committee, 230
Thuy. See Xuan Thuy.
Tibbetts, Margaret Joy, 33
Tito, Josip Broz, 20
Tonkin Gulf Resolution, 5
Ton That Thien, 17, 219, 222, 225
Tower, John, 50, 173, 186, 192, 207
Tran Chanh Thanh, 75, 77, 85, 94, 96, 114, 136, 165, 170, 216, 217, 222, 225, 226, 228, 236, 240, 287

Paris peace talks, 87, 90, 118, 120, 149, 159, 178, 235, 270, 273, 278

Tran Lu-Y, 91
Tran Quoc Buu, 11
Tran Thien Khiem, 17, 57, 91, 219
Tran Van Don, 9, 11, 230
Tran Van Hai, Gen., 91
Tran Van Huong, 9, 12, 17, 91, 200, 285
Tran Van Lam, 228
Tri Quang, Thich, 91
Troung. See Ngo Quang Troung, Gen.
Troung Chinh, 44
Trueheart, William, 48
Truong Dinh Dzu, 9, 17, 91
Twain, Mark, 70

United Nations, 35
Utkin, 241

Vance, Cyrus R., 10, 28, 33, 66, 74, 94, 96, 98, 122, 123, 174, 176, 178, 179, 206, 208, 210, 211, 216, 217, 219, 222, 226, 228, 236, 276, 279

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 255

Announcement of, 152, 158, 184
"Attacks on RVN cities" issue, 55, 132
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 26, 55, 132
DRV-U.S. agreement, 157, 158
DRV-U.S. discussions, 32, 54, 58, 71, 76, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 149, 157, 158
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 76, 84, 88, 95, 99, 101, 110, 115, 116, 119, 124, 128
Joint secret minute of understanding, 95, 99, 116, 119, 124, 128, 132, 149, 157
Postponement, 146, 147, 149, 150
Reciprocity problem, U.S. handling of, 133
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 49, 132
RVN participation in peace talks and, 26, 27, 32, 34, 54, 55, 58, 60
Soviet involvement, U.S. encouragement of, 26, 34
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 26, 34, 60, 88, 99, 101, 150

Kissinger, letter to, 266
Military situation in Vietnam, 233, 241, 244, 245, 260
Ohio channel of communication, 43
Paris peace talks, 49

CIA support for U.S. delegation, 263
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 245
DRV-U.S. meetings, proposed, 183, 184, 185, 193, 196, 203
First procedural meeting, 286
Guidance for Nixon administration negotiators, 266
Instructions for U.S. representatives, 23, 65, 110, 127, 149
Private meetings, 3, 7, 13, 24, 26, 32, 45, 54, 58, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158, 184, 196, 221, 233, 234, 245, 260, 284, 287
Procedural arrangements, 93, 184, 196, 245, 250, 260, 261, 268, 269, 271, 278, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284
"Proceeding without RVN" option, 185
RVN as head of RVN-U.S. delegation, proposal re, 203
RVN delegation membership, 241
RVN intransigence, 188
RVN participation, 2, 26, 27, 32, 34, 54, 55, 58, 60
RVN proposal for three-phase approach, 261
RVN-U.S. delegation meeting, 250
Soviet-U.S. discussions, 2, 26, 34, 101, 119, 241
"Status of participants" issue, 101, 119, 241, 250, 261
Violations of bombing halt agreement and, 221, 233, 241
"Withdrawal of troops" issue, 26

Presidential campaign in U.S., 50, 51
Republican-RVN conspiracy re peace talks, 146

Van Dyke, Theodore, 50
Vien, Gen., 150, 151
Vietnam. See Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV); Republic of Vietnam (RVN).
Vo Nguyen Giap, Gen., 35
Vraalsen, 25, 28, 33
Vuong Van Bac, 250
Vy. See Nguyen Minh Vy.

Wallace, George, 42, 80, 135, 166, 172, 187, 199
Waller, Sir John, 79
Walsh, John P., 57, 221, 271, 276
Walsh, Lawrence, 287
Walske, Carl, 215
Walt, Gen. Lewis, 173, 274
Walters, Maj. Gen. Vernon A., 238
Ware, Maj. Gen. Keith, 21
Warnke, Paul, 10, 15, 161, 195, 215, 223, 238, 244, 248, 258
Watson, Marvin, 168
Westmoreland, Gen. William C., 69, 109, 125, 167, 172
Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 8, 125, 166, 167, 238

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 69, 234

Abrams' position, 35, 134, 140
Administration discussions, 35, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 103, 104, 112, 121, 129, 139, 140, 148, 161
Announcement of, 72, 139, 153, 156
"DMZ re-establishment" issue, 139
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 71, 72, 103, 104, 129
Military consequences of halt, 35, 68, 103, 140
Postponements of, 153
"Resumption of bombing" issue, 35, 68, 134, 140

Military situation in Vietnam, 3

Attacks on RVN cities, 202
Cambodia, hot pursuit into, 253
Cease-fire option, 4, 129, 140
Communist sanctuaries in Cambodia, 140
Communist third offensive, 4
DMZ activity, 202, 244, 248
Nixon's briefings, 211
Pacification counter-offensive, 234
Reconnaissance flights, attacks on, 234, 238
Status reports on, 22
Withdrawal of troops, 35, 244

Nixon transition and U.S. policy on Vietnam, 211
Paris peace talks, 10, 140, 150

White, William S., 287
Wiggins, James Russell, 140, 161, 234
Withdrawal of troops. See under Military situation in Vietnam; under Paris peace talks.

Xuan Thuy, 7, 32, 58, 152, 184

Bombing halt leading to formal talks, 55, 158

DRV-U.S. agreement, 158
DRV-U.S. discussions, 54, 58, 71, 76, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158
Interval between halt and beginning of talks, 76, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128
Joint secret minute of understanding, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158
RVN participation in peace talks and, 58
Soviet-DRV contacts, 101

Paris peace talks, 3, 13, 24, 45, 54, 58, 84, 95, 116, 124, 128, 158, 287


Zorin, Valerian, 2, 241, 280
Zumwalt, Rear Adm. Elmo, 140
Zwick, Charles, 5, 8, 38


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