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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Johnson Administration > Volume XXXI
Foreign Relations, 1964-1968, Volume XXXI, South and Central America; Mexico
Released by the Office of the Historian

Index

 

Note: All references are to document numbers

Ackley, H. Gardner, 289
Acosta Bonilla, Manuel, 104, 106, 108, 118
Adair, Charles W., Jr., 433, 440, 443, 444, 447, 448, 449, 450, 452, 455
Adair, E. Ross, 249, 489
Adams, Robert W., 18, 26, 28, 74, 149, 151, 188, 190, 193, 198, 200, 201, 203, 208, 255, 266, 272, 349, 524
Adenauer, Konrad, 346
Adhemar Pereira de Barros, 182, 184, 186, 187, 201, 209 AFL-CIO, 81, 117, 152
Aguero Rocha, Fernando, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96
Ahumada, Jorge, 274, 276
Aiken, George, 39
Ailes, Stephen, 279, 368, 419, 421, 424, 425
Akers, Robert Wood, 302
Alejos, Roberto, 75
Aleman, Roberto, 450
Alessandri Rodriguez, Jorge, 260, 261, 264
Alexander, Archibald S. 65
Allen, Ward P., 4, 5, 7, 14, 58
Allende Gossens, Salvador, 16, 173, 303

Chilean Presidential election of 1964, 247, 249, 250, 251, 253, 254, 259, 260, 261, 264, 268, 269
U.S. assessment of, 251

Alliance for Progress:

Central American Export Development Program, 119
Coordinator for, proposed, 43
Counterinsurgency program, 3, 4, 6, 28, 61, 63
Democracy and dictators, approach to (Mann Doctrine), 10
Economic program, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 51, 52, 62, 69, 71
Fourth Anniversary celebration of, 30
Frontier development in South America, 40
Funding for, 15
Gordon appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 37
Inter-American Committee on the Alliance for Progress (CIAP), 1, 2, 10, 12, 13, 40, 67, 330
Johnson visit to Central American, 111, 112
Johnson meeting with Latin American Ambassadors, 13
Johnson meeting with Latin American Foreign Ministers, 21
Johnson meeting with U.S. Ambassadors to Latin America, 18
Johnson speech (1964), 10
Kennedy visit to Latin American, 31, 32, 33
Military program, 11, 25, 29, 65, 66, 67
Oliver appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 43
Oliver visit to Latin American, 68, 69
Presidents' meeting in 1965, proposed, 26
Press coverage, 2, 10, 12, 17, 49, 52
Public relations efforts, 31, 43
Rusk visit to Latin American, 33

Alsogaray, Alvaro C., 136, 138, 143
Alsogaray, Gen. Julio R., 128, 136
Alter, Gerald M., 313
Alves, Osvino, 205
Alves Bastos, Comdr. Justino, 192, 201
American and Foreign Power Company (AMFORP), 183, 212, 214
Ampuero Diaz, Raul, 251, 260
Anaconda Copper Company, 257, 278, 282, 284, 285, 287, 289
Ancora, Gen. Armando de Morais, 203
Anderson, Clinton P., 353, 536
Anderson, Robert B., 1, 284, 452, 456

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 408, 409, 410, 417, 419, 421, 425, 427, 428, 429, 432, 434, 435, 437, 438, 440

Andrade, Victor, 159
Andreazza, Mario David, 230
Angueiras, 456
Anthis, Gen., 28
Aragao, Adm. Candida, 191, 205
Aragao, Gen. Moniz de, 240
Arango, Augusto, 371, 450
Arango, William, 375
Arco Galindo, Juan de, 398
Arenales Catalan, Emilio, 103, 113
Argentina:

Bolivia, relations with, 164
Chile, relations with, 136
Common market for Latin America, 62
Coup of 1966, 124, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 133, 134, 136, 143
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 21, 22
Economic situation, 145
Johnson meeting with Ongan’a, 145
Oil expropriations, 16, 121, 122, 123, 126, 143
Ongan’a government policies, 136, 138, 143
Ongan’a government prospects, 146
Political situation under Illia, 124
Rusk meeting with Alsogaray, 143
Rusk visit to, 33
Uruguay, relations with, 463, 464
U.S. economic/development assistance, 121, 122, 123, 126, 132, 142
U.S. military/security assistance, 66, 125, 128, 129, 132, 142, 144
U.S. policy toward Ongania government, 142
U.S. recognition of Ongania government, 135, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141
U.S. trade relations with, 123

Arguedas, Antonio, 178, 179
Arias Espinosa, Ricardo M., 422, 434, 435
Arias Madrid, Arnulfo:

Panama, 376, 386, 388, 395

Coup of 1968, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452
Coup threat in 1964, 377
Coup threat in 1966, 430
Presidential election of 1964, 398, 415, 416
Presidential election of 1968, 436, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447
Robles, impeachment of, 443, 444, 445
U.S. policy toward Arias following coup, 453, 456
U.S. recognition of military junta, 455

Arosemena Gomez, Otto:

Ecuador:

Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 341, 344
Arosemena criticism of Alliance for Progress, 330, 331, 333, 334, 335, 336
Elections of 1966, 330
Johnson meeting with Arosemena, 51
Rapprochement with United States, 343, 344
Recall of U.S. Ambassador, 340
U.S. economic/development assistance, 332

OAS Summit meeting of 1967, 51

Arrais, Miguel, 182, 209
Arriaga, Col. Rafael, 101
Artime, Manuel (Buesa), 73
Aspinall, Wayne N., 353
Assis Brasil, Gen. Argemiro, 205
Assumpcao, Gen. Henrique, 240

 

Baeza, Antonio, 254
Baker, H. W., 473
Balaguer, Joaquin, 59, 61
Ball, George W., 193, 196, 198, 375, 498

Alliance for Progress, 13, 26
Argentina, 126, 128, 132, 134, 135, 139
Brazil, 5, 76, 208

Political crisis of 1964, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207

Chile, 256, 285, 286, 287, 288
Panama, 368, 377, 383, 384, 393, 433
Venezuela, 524, 529

Baltra, Alberto, 297
Barall, Milton, 266
Barboza, Gibson, 238
Bardach, Henry, 546
Barneby, Malcolm R., 472, 478
Barnes, Donald F., 292, 346, 352, 356
Barr, Joseph W., 48, 65, 67, 309
Barrientos Ortuno, Gen. René, 59, 68

Bolivia, 154

Communist subversion, 163
Co-presidential arrangement of Barrientos and Ovando, 155, 156, 158
Coup of 1964, 147, 149, 150, 151
Guevara capture and execution, 173
Johnson meetings with Barrientos, 162, 176
Political crisis of 1968, 178, 179
Presidential election of 1966, 147, 159, 160, 161
Rusk meeting with Barrientos, 162
U.S. covert political action program, 147, 153
U.S. economic/development assistance, 176, 177
U.S. military/security assistance, 154, 155, 163, 166
U.S. recognition of Barrientos government, 152

Barrios, Gonzalo, 535, 536, 538, 548
Bartlett, Charles, 315
Batista, Fulgencio, 459
Batlle, Luis, 461
Beale, Tom, 271
Bedoya Reyes, Luis, 521
Behrman, Jack N., 3
Belaunde Terry, Fernando, 62, 65, 162

Peru:

Coup of 1968, 497, 499, 501, 506, 509, 510, 511
Elections of 1967, 501
Johnson attitude toward Belaunde, 499
Johnson communications with Belaunde, 475, 477
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 485, 491, 492, 494, 495, 496, 499, 500, 501, 502
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 470, 472, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 483, 484, 486, 487, 489, 491, 500, 501, 502, 504
Oliver visit to, 68, 69
U.S. economic/development assistance, 505, 508

Belize. See British Honduras.
Bell, David E., 11, 25, 28, 122, 208, 216, 224, 256, 275, 276, 281, 288, 329
Bell, John O., 18, 75, 77
Belton, William, 236, 254, 255
Beltran, Pedro, 501, 510, 521
Beltran, Washington, 33
Benedetti, Eloy, 375
Bennett, W. Tapley, Jr., 18, 356
Berckemeyer, Fernando, 521
Berdecio, Jaime, 154, 162
Bergold, Harry, 349
Berle, Adolf A., 31, 37, 47, 49, 74, 187, 284
Berlin, Lawrence H., 334, 344
Bernbaum, Maurice M., 55, 56, 58, 314

Venezuela:

British Guiana border dispute, 544
Communist subversion, 525, 538, 539, 545, 547
Coup threat, 531, 538
Cuban fishing vessel, seizure of, 545, 546, 547
Johnson meeting with Barrios, 535
Oil exports to United States, 525, 526, 528, 533, 542, 543
University crisis of 1967, 538
U.S. military/security assistance, 525, 539, 547

Bernstein, Enrique, 270
Betancourt, Rómulo, 8, 13, 465, 522, 528
Bloomfield, Richard J.,Ê495
Bogart, Gen., 375
Bohlen, Charles E., 69, 306, 503
Bolivia, 2

Argentina, relations with, 164
Chile, relations with, 162
Common market for Latin America, 62
Communist subversion, 59, 61, 63, 163, 164, 167, 169, 170, 172, 173
Co-presidential arrangement of Barrientos and Ovando, 155, 156, 158
Coup of 1964, 147, 149, 150, 151
Cuba, possible war with, 165
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20, 21, 22, 23
Debray trial, 164, 167, 168, 171, 173
Guevara, capture and execution of, 163, 164, 167, 168, 170, 171, 172, 173
Johnson meetings with Barrientos, 162, 176
Mining industry problems, 154, 155, 157
Oliver visit to, 68
Political crisis of 1968, 178, 179
Presidential election of 1964, 147, 149
Presidential election of 1966, 147, 159, 160, 161
Rusk meeting with Barrientos, 162
U.S. covert political action program, 147, 148, 153, 158, 161, 174
U.S. economic/development assistance, 165, 175, 176, 177, 180
U.S. military/security assistance, 154, 155, 163, 164, 165, 166, 170
U.S. objectives and courses of action, 157
U.S. recognition of Barrientos government, 152

Bosch, Juan, 217, 278, 465
Boster, Davis E., 200
Bowdler, William G., 33, 42, 43, 45, 48, 54, 56, 61, 62, 64, 68, 69, 81, 82, 83, 85, 87, 88, 109, 133, 135, 139, 140, 165, 166, 176, 177, 178, 219, 220, 231, 281, 289, 295, 297, 301, 305, 307, 308, 318, 325, 327, 328, 335, 337, 338, 443, 453, 475, 476, 481, 487, 495, 497, 498, 499, 500, 504, 531, 536, 540, 543
Boyd, Aquilino Edgardo, 395
Boyd, Maj. Federico, 376, 449
Brady, Lee, 303
Braga, Nei, 182, 187, 221
Bravo, Douglas, 59
Brazil, 2, 16, 18, 32, 33, 314, 338, 498

Argentinian coup of 1966 and, 129
Castello government, U.S. assessments of, 213, 218, 226
Castello selection as President, 209, 211, 212
Coffee agreement with United States, 208
Common market for Latin America, 62
Communist dictatorship, threat of. See Political crisis of 1964 below.
Communist subversion, 24, 230
Costa e Silva government, U.S. assessments of, 226, 229, 233, 235
Costa e Silva policies, 243
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20, 21, 22, 23
Dominican crisis, 217
Economic situation, 215, 218, 224, 229, 235
Institutional Acts restricting civil liberties, 209, 211, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 236, 237, 238, 241
Johnson meeting with Costa e Silva, 228
Military dictatorship, 214, 221, 236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 244
Political crisis of 1964, 182

Coup against Goulart, 195, 197, 199, 201, 203, 205, 206, 207
Domestic conditions giving rise to, 185
Goulart campaign to seize dictatorial power, 183, 184, 187, 190, 197, 211
Goulart departure from Brazil, 203, 204, 207
Mazzilli appointment as Acting President, 204, 205, 206, 207
Military preparations to act against Goulart, 186, 187, 192
Rusk summary of events for Congressional Leaders, 208
U.S. contingency planning, 181, 185
U.S. information policy re, 188, 193, 197, 200, 202
U.S. recognition of new government, 203, 204, 205, 206
U.S. support for anti-Goulart forces, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194, 196, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206

Political crisis of 1965, 219
Political purges, 209, 214
Presidential election of 1966, 214, 218, 220, 226
Rusk meeting with Castello, 223
Trade relations with United States, 183
Uruguay, relations with, 463, 464
U.S. economic/development assistance, 196, 208, 212, 214, 215, 216, 220, 223, 224, 227, 229, 232, 234, 238, 242, 244
U.S. military/security assistance, 65, 66, 181, 230, 231
U.S. policy to support moderation and discourage extremism, 223
Vietnam war, Brazilian troops for, 224, 225

Breen, John R., 495
Brewin, Roger C., 151, 152
Brezhnev, Leonid I., 164
Brinckerhoff, Charles M., 257, 287
British Guiana, 24, 523, 524, 536, 544
British Honduras, 76, 77, 78, 103, 113
Brizzola, Leonel, 24, 182, 183, 184, 185, 201, 205, 209, 463
Broe, William V., 98, 161, 166, 171, 172, 173, 291, 298, 304, 306, 457
Bronheim, David, 51
Brown, Aaron S., 18, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96
Brown, George S., 109
Bueso Arias, Jorge, 72
Bulhoes, Otavio, 215
Bulkeley, Adm. John D., 2
Bundy, McGeorge, 6, 7, 13, 40, 75, 81, 82, 83, 193, 196, 197, 214

Alliance for Progress, 3, 10, 17, 18, 21

Military program, 11, 25, 29

Argentina, 125
Bolivia, 149, 150, 152, 155, 156, 157, 158
Brazil, 219, 223

Institutional Acts restricting civil liberties, 220
Political crisis of 1964, 185, 187, 188, 189, 191, 199, 202, 203
U.S. economic/development assistance, 216
Vietnam war, Brazilian troops for, 225

Chile, 249, 279

Copper price problem, 282, 283, 284, 286
Cuba, break in relations with, 265
Dungan appointment as Ambassador, 271
Presidential election of 1964, 246, 248, 250, 253, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 262, 264, 267, 268, 269
U.S. covert political action program, 246, 248, 250, 253, 256, 257, 258, 262, 267
U.S. economic/development assistance, 281

Colombia, 314, 315, 317
Cuba:

Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 4, 9, 19, 21, 22
Trade restrictions re, 3, 9, 19
U.S. military action in response to Cuban aggression, issue of, 19

Guatemala, 84, 85
Mexico, 350, 353, 354, 355
Organization of American States, resolution on Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, 3, 4, 9, 19, 21, 22
Panama:

Anti-American demonstrations, 420, 422
Communist subversion, 377
Inter-American Peace Committee involvement in Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 371, 377
OAS action on Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 390, 392, 399, 405
Presidential election of 1964, 415
Rioting of 1964, 368
U.S. interdepartmental organization for Panamanian affairs, 414
U.S.-Panamanian relations, breaking and resumption of, 399, 400, 403, 404, 405, 406
U.S. program to improve relations with Panama, 420, 422

Panama Canal treaty negotiations:

Base rights issue, 420, 423
Congressional involvement, 425, 427, 429
Joint management issue, 427
New treaty for existing canal, 420, 423
Process of reaching agreement to initiate negotiations, 371, 373, 375, 378, 379, 388, 389, 390, 392, 396, 397, 399, 400, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407
Sea-level canal issue, 420, 423
U.S. policy development for, 421, 423, 425

Paraguay, 462
Peru, 475
Venezuela, 527, 531

Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 4, 9, 19, 21, 22

Bunker, Ellsworth, 3, 4, 7, 14, 16, 20, 21, 33, 46, 455

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 384, 387, 388, 402, 404, 405, 406, 407, 409

Burnham, Forbes, 523, 524, 544
Burrows, Charles R., 72, 74, 90, 91, 98, 101, 102, 103, 105, 106, 118
Burton, Ralph J., 181, 185, 187, 188, 190, 191, 193, 200, 201, 202, 205, 215
Busby, Horace, Jr., 21
Business Group for Latin America, 253
Bustos, Ciro Roberto, 174
Byington, Alberto, 187

 

Caamano, Col. Francisco, 278
Caldera, Rafael, 548
Califano, Joseph A., Jr., 3, 4, 279, 284, 286, 287, 288, 289, 532
Calle Restropo, Diego, 310, 311
Camara, Helder, 240
Camara, Jayme, 240
Campos, Milton, 214
Campos, Roberto de Oliveira, 212, 215
Canada, 16, 34, 230, 288

Oil trade, 526, 527, 530, 532, 540, 543

Cantilo, José Luis, 127
Cantinflas, 356
Caram, Angel R., 143
Cardenas, Lazaro, 16
Carías Castillo, Tiburcio, 117, 118
Carlson, Frank, 39, 433
Carlson, Reynold E., 323
Caro, Gen. Carlos Augusto, 131, 134, 136
Carrillo Flores, Antonio, 31, 34, 42, 46, 350, 352, 356, 360
Carriquiri, Pablo, 501
Carter, Albert E., 412
Carter, Lt. Gen. Marshall S., 252, 255, 272
Carvalho Pinto, Carlos Alberto Alvers de, 182
Castello Branco, Gen. Humberto, 26, 32, 129, 229, 465

Brazil, 217

Castello government, U.S. assessments of, 213, 218, 223, 226
Castello selection as President, 209, 211, 212
Economic situation, 215, 224
Institutional Acts restricting civil liberties, 220, 221, 223
Military dictatorship, 214, 221
Political crisis of 1964, 186, 187, 192, 203, 205, 207
Political purges, 209, 214
Presidential election of 1966, 214, 218, 220
Vietnam war, Brazilian troops for, 224, 225

Castilho, Gen., 240
Castillero Pimentel, 422
Castro, Raul H., 179
Castro Ruz, Fidel, 3, 6, 16, 23, 24, 59, 60, 63, 64, 101, 120, 164, 173, 178, 179, 259, 270, 356, 369, 377, 465, 522, 525

Guevara comments on, 172

Castro Sanchez, Eduardo, 134, 136
Cater, S. Douglass, Jr., 67
Cates, John M., Jr., 117, 512
Cavalcanti, Col. Boaventura, 240
Central American Bank, 110
Central American Export Development Program, 119
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (see also National Intelligence Estimates; Special National Intelligence Estimates), 75

Bolivia:

Communist subversion, 164, 167, 170, 173
Coup of 1964, 151
Debray, trial of, 168
Guevara, capture and execution of, 163, 164, 167, 168, 170, 171, 172
Political crisis of 1968, 179
U.S. covert political action program, 147, 148, 153, 158, 161
U.S. military/security assistance, 155, 165, 166

Brazil, 193, 195
Chile, 270, 277, 298

Presidential election of 1964, 245, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 256, 257, 258, 262, 268, 269
U.S. covert political action program, 245, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 256, 257, 258, 262, 269, 273, 277, 304, 306

Colombia, 319
Counterinsurgency program in Latin America, 28
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 53, 54
Guatemala, 84, 98
Mexico, 365
Panama, 377, 388, 422, 445, 448, 450, 454, 455

Presidential election of 1964, 415, 416

Peru, 471, 497

Cerqueira, Benedito, 209
Chamorro, Pedro Joaquin, 94, 95, 96
Chaplin, Maxwell, 362, 363
Chase, Gordon, 3, 4, 6, 7, 17, 150, 185, 188, 249, 256, 315, 373, 415
Chayes, Abram J., 7, 8, 9, 203, 377
Chiari, Roberto F., 368, 416

Panama:

Chiari, downfall of, U.S. planning for, 386, 388
Communist subversion, 372
Coup threat in 1964, 377
Flag issue, 372
Johnson discussions with Chiari, 370, 410
Rio Hato base evacuation by United States, 376
Rioting of 1964, 369, 370, 372, 375, 395
U.S.-Panamanian relations, breaking and resumption of, 372, 376, 379, 395, 403, 410

Panama Canal treaty negotiations:

Chiari miscalculations in dealing with United States, 386, 395
Process of reaching agreement to initiate negotiations, 370, 372, 375, 376, 377, 379, 395, 396, 403, 410

Chile, 32

Agrarian reform, 292
Argentina, relations with, 136
Bolivia, relations with, 162
"Camelot" military research project, 279, 280
Common market for Latin America, 62
Communist electoral victory, threat of. See Presidential election of 1964 below.
Communists' alliance with Christian Democrats, 300, 301, 302, 304
Communists' political resurgence, 298
Congressional by-election of 1964, 248, 250
Congressional elections of 1965, 273, 277
Congressional elections of 1969, 304, 306, 309
Constitutional amendment, 290
Copper price problem, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 295, 302
Coup threat, 305
Cuba, break in relations with, 265
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 64
Dominican crisis, 278, 281
Dungan appointment as Ambassador, 271
Economic situation, 249
Frei government, U.S. policy toward, 266, 272
Frei government prospects, U.S. assessments of, 270, 293, 303
Frei conflicts within Christian Democratic Party, 296, 297, 298, 299
Frei struggle with political opposition, 290, 305
Johnson invitation for Frei to visit United States, 290
Johnson meeting with Frei, 292
Kennedy visit to, 33
Korry appointment as Ambassador, 296
Municipal elections of 1967, 291, 293
National Committee election of 1967, 294
Peru, relations with, 502
Presidential election of 1964, 16, 20, 24, 254, 260, 274

Allende/Communist victory, U.S. concerns about, 249, 251, 259, 264
Duran candidacy, 254, 258
Forecasts re, 261, 268
Results of voting, 269
U.S. analysis of possible voting patterns, 250
U.S. business support for Frei, 253, 257
U.S. covert political action program, 245, 246, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 262, 263, 267, 269

"Revolution in Liberty" program, ending of, 303
U.S. covert political action program (see also under Presidential election of 1964 above), 272, 273, 277, 291, 294, 304, 306
U.S. economic/development assistance, 252, 253, 256, 260, 274, 275, 276, 278, 281, 289, 292, 295, 307, 308, 309
U.S. military/security assistance, 66

China, People's Republic of, 24, 346
Chonchol, Jacques, 303
Christian, George E., 50, 63, 490, 509, 511, 519, 520, 540
CIAP. See Inter-American Committee of the Alliance for Progress under Alliance for Progress.
Cienfuegos, Camilo, 172
Cintra, Gen. José Pinheiro de Ulhoa, 187, 192
Cities Service, 16
Clark, Edward W., 420, 421, 431, 439
Clavel Méndez, Archbishop Tomas Alberto, 443
Clifford, Clark M., 69, 284, 458, 498, 519
Cline, Ray S., 155
Cobb, William B., Jr., 523, 524
Coelho, Juliao Marco Antonio, 209
Coerr, Wymberley deR.:

Chile, 278
Ecuador, 326, 327, 328, 331, 333, 334, 335, 336, 337, 340
Uruguay, 460, 461, 463

Cole, Charles W., 245, 249, 250, 252, 253, 260, 263, 269, 272
Collins, V. Lansing, 72, 367, 368, 377, 386, 415
Colombia, 20, 62, 64, 68, 345

Communist subversion, 28, 59, 61, 63, 70, 316, 323
Congressional elections of 1966, 316, 318
Coup threat, 310, 312, 313, 314, 316
Panama crisis, 369
Political/economic crisis, U.S. efforts to deal with, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 321
Presidential election of 1966, 318, 320
Sea-level canal issue, 377, 421, 423, 424, 428
U.S. covert political action program, 319
U.S. economic/development assistance, 317, 321, 322, 325

Colwell, Thomas C., 312
Communism in Latin America (see also specific countries):

"Communist Potentialities in Latin America" report, 24
Conference of Representatives of Latin American
Communist Parties, 28
Guerrilla problem in various countries, 59, 60, 61
"Insurgency in Latin America" report, 38
"Potential for Revolution in Latin America" report, 70
U.S. counterinsurgency program, 3, 4, 6, 28, 61, 63
U.S.-Soviet discussions re, 60

Congo, 172, 284
Congress, U.S., 2

Alliance for Progress:

Economic program, 44, 45, 48, 49, 51
Funding for, 15
Military program, 65

Argentina, 141, 142, 144
Bolivia, 152
Brazil, 208
Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, 249
Mexico, 358
OAS charter amendments, 39
Panama, 368, 447
Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 409, 417, 425, 427, 428, 429, 433
Peru, 489, 490, 491, 492, 494, 495, 508, 520

Connell, Col., 189
Conte, Silvio O., 66, 495
Cooley, Harold D., 16
Cordeiro de Farias, Gen. Osvaldo, 192
Cornford, F. M., 215
Correa, José Antonio, 13
Corrigan, Robert F., 101
Corvalan, Luis, 251
Costa, Gen. Joao, 205
Costa e Silva, Gen. Arturo da, 211, 223, 498

Costa e Silva government, U.S. assessments of, 226, 229, 233, 235
Johnson meeting with Costa e Silva, 228
Military dictatorship, 240, 244
Political crisis of 1964, 203, 205
Political situation in Brazil, 209, 230, 238, 243
Presidential election of 1966, 226
U.S. military/security assistance, 230, 231

Costa Méndez, Nicanor, 138, 140, 145
Costanzo, Henry J., 311
Costa Rica, 16

Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20
Johnson meeting with Orlich, 73
Johnson meeting with Trejos, 110
Presidential election of 1966, 79, 80, 81, 85
Sea-level canal issue, 421, 423, 424, 428

Costa Santos, Max da, 209
Cottrell, Sterling J., 388, 395, 400, 537
Crawford, Boyd, 141
Crawford, Gen., 188
Crimmins, John H., 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 61
Crockett, William J., 17
Crowley, John J., Jr., 340, 344, 524
Cruz Martínez, Rogelia, 100
Cuba, 356

Batista overthrow, 459
Bolivia, possible war with, 165
Bolivian guerrillas and, 163, 164, 167, 168, 173
Castro ouster, U.S. interest in, 16
Chile, break in relations with, 265
Chilean Presidential election of 1964 and, 259
Colombian guerrillas and, 323
Communist potentialities in Latin America and, 24
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 64
Guerrilla infiltration of various countries, 59, 60
Guevara comments on, 172
Panamanian Communist activity and, 376, 377
Political situation, 16
Trade restrictions re, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 16, 19, 56
U.S. military action in response to Cuban aggression, issue of, 7, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19
U.S. policy toward, 6
Venezuelan guerrillas and (see also Cuban headings above), 522, 525, 547
Venezuelan seizure of Cuban fishing vessel, 545, 546, 547

Cuba, Simon, 172
Cunha Rodrigues, Adm. Paulo Mario, 191
Cutter, Curtis C., 479

 

D'Aguiar, Peter, 523
Dany, Maj. Gen., 449
Daza, Pedro, 292
Dearborn, Henry, 310
Debray, Jules Regis, 164, 167, 168, 171, 173
De Gaulle, Charles, 129, 183, 212, 346, 465, 492, 502
De la Garza, Eligio, 355
De la Rosa, Diógenes, 421, 435, 438
De Lavalle, Juan Bautista de, 401, 405, 406, 407
Delfim Neto, Antonio, 232, 238
Del Mar, Maj. Gen. Roland, 65
Devalle, Max, 444
Denney, George C., Jr., 155, 158, 179
Dentzer, William T., Jr., 150, 157, 253, 254, 255, 266, 274, 275, 276, 491
De Seabra, José A., 228
Díaz Ordaz, Gustavo, 42, 347, 502

Mexico, 348, 349, 359

Student disturbances of 1968, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366
Trade relations with United States, 352, 356, 358

OAS Summit meeting of 1967, 52

Dillon, C. Douglas, 9
Dios Aguilar, Juan de, 87
Dios Carmona, Juan de, 254
Dirksen, Everett M., 48, 208, 344
Dodd, Bill, 369
Doig Sanchez, Gen. Julio, 493, 500
Dominican Republic, 16, 18, 20, 30, 32, 33, 42, 217, 278, 281, 313, 356, 465

Communist subversion, 59, 61

Dreier, John, 118
Dreyfuss, John T., 128, 132, 134
DuBois, Jules, 200
Duke, Angier Biddle, 13, 21, 352
Dulles, John Foster, 382
Dungan, Ralph A., 3, 7, 17, 18, 30, 32, 144, 187, 191, 199, 202

Chile, 248, 271, 275, 278, 293, 296

"Camelot" military research project, 279, 280
Copper price problem, 282, 283, 284, 286, 287
Presidential election of 1964, 246, 250, 268
U.S. covert political action program, 246, 250, 273, 277, 291, 294

Mexico, 348
Panama, 368, 376, 377, 378, 387, 400, 404

Dunkerly, Harold, 310
Duran Neumann, Julio, 245, 247, 248, 250, 253, 254, 261, 268, 269, 293
Dutra, Gen. Eurico Gaspar, 187, 192, 211

 

Earle II, Ralph, 109
Eaton, Samuel D., 52, 313, 314
Echandi, Mario, 80
Economic integration in Latin America. See Alliance for Progress.
Ecuador, 20, 51, 62, 342

Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 341, 343, 344
Arosemena criticism of Alliance for Progress, 330, 331, 333, 334, 335, 336
Communist subversion, 59, 61
Counterinsurgency program, 326
Elections of 1966, 327, 328, 330
Political crisis of 1966, 327, 328
Rapprochement with United States, 343, 344
Recall of U.S. Ambassador, 337, 338, 339, 340
U.S. economic/development assistance, 329, 332, 333, 334, 336, 339, 340

Eder, Richard G., 479
Edwards, Augustin, 257
Eisenhower, Dwight D., 60, 369, 370, 382, 384, 421, 498, 528
Eisenhower, Milton S., 31, 47, 49, 67, 498
Eleta Almaran, Fernando, 421, 422, 424, 433, 434, 435, 440, 441
Elizalde, Félix, 130
El Salvador, 20, 111, 112
Emrich, Viola, 31
Engle, James B., 28, 94
Ensor, Andrew F., 121, 122
Escalon, Lt. Col. Armando, 72
Espinosa, 501
Export-Import Bank, 79, 126, 130, 215, 274, 282, 314, 356

 

Facio, Gonzalo J., 73
Favell, Thomas R., 272, 274
Febrés Cordero, Agustin, 330
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 455
Fehmer, Marie, 475
Fico, Gen. Nicolau, 205
Figueres, José "Pepe," 465
Finkel, E. Jay, 495
Fisher, Glen H., 51
Fitch, Lt. Gen. Alva R., 150
FitzGerald, Desmond, 3, 4, 9, 28, 74, 154, 155, 158, 163, 166, 187, 188, 191, 193, 202, 248, 250, 254, 257, 268, 272, 415, 422
Fitzgerald, John F., 546
Fleming, Robert J., 367, 372, 418
Flood, Dan, 378, 427
Ford, Gerald R., 48
Ford Motor Company, 359
Foster, William C., 65
Fowler, Henry H., 3, 41, 44, 69, 71, 227, 232, 289, 295, 310, 317, 322, 329, 334, 466, 483,495
Fowler, James R., 335, 502
Fox, Lt. Col. Edward J., Jr., 149
France, 16, 125, 168, 183, 212, 230, 231, 346

Peruvian military aircraft purchases, 485, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496

Franco, Francisco, 129
Frank, Richard A., 103, 113, 439
Frankel, Charlie, 358
Frankel, Max, 2, 49
Fredley, Dottie, 307, 308
Freeman, Fulton "Tony," 345, 347, 358, 361
Freeman, Orville L., 180, 256, 308, 309, 332, 358, 505, 508
Frei Montalva, Eduardo, 49, 271, 278, 290, 292, 303

Chile, 52, 292, 300, 305

Copper price problem, 283, 285, 286, 287, 288
Frei government, U.S. policy toward, 266, 272
Frei government prospects, U.S. assessments of, 270, 293,
303
Frei conflicts within Christian Democratic Party, 296, 297, 298, 299
Frei struggle with political opposition, 290, 305
Presidential election of 1964, 16, 20, 245, 250, 253, 254, 257, 260, 261, 262, 263, 268, 269
U.S. covert political action program, 245, 250, 253, 254, 262, 263, 273, 291
U.S. economic/development assistance, 276, 281, 289, 292, 307, 308

Friedkin, Joseph F., 352, 358
Friedman, Alvin, 28
Friendly, Alfred, 2
Frixione, 94
Fulbright, J. William, 31, 32, 39, 43, 49, 51, 141, 142, 208, 392, 393, 406, 409, 433, 541
Furtado, Celso, 212

 

Gaitan, Jorge Eliécer, 319
Galindo, Juan de Arco, 415, 416
Gama e Silva, Luis Antonio da, 237, 240
Gander, James, 358
Garcia, Sergeant, 209
Gardner, James R., 168, 174
Gaud, William S., 28, 44, 48, 65, 67, 112, 119, 142, 180, 227, 232, 234, 289, 295, 307, 308, 309, 322, 332, 339, 432, 433, 466, 468, 483, 484, 488, 494, 495, 505, 508
Geneen, Harold S., 256
Gerli, Edmundo, 80
Gestido, Gen. Oscar, 461, 466, 467, 468
Getzin, Edmund E., 284
Gibson, Carlos, 514
Glaessner, Philip J. W., 495
Goldwater, Barry, 382
Gomez, 254
Gonzalez, Celio, 117
Gonzalez Torres, Dionisio, 465
Goodpaster, Gen. Andrew J., 188, 196
Goodwin, Richard M., 17, 245
Gordon, A. Lincoln, 18, 32, 34, 43, 47, 50, 87, 88, 127, 132, 142, 159, 162, 219, 330, 431

Appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 37
Argentina, 128, 129, 135, 136, 141, 143, 144
Brazil, 217

Castello selection as President, 209, 211, 212
Economic situation, 215
Institutional Acts restricting civil liberties, 209, 211, 220, 221, 222, 223
Johnson meeting with Costa e Silva, 228
Military dictatorship, 214, 221
Political crisis of 1964, 182, 183, 185, 186, 187, 190, 191, 192, 194, 195, 197, 198, 201, 202, 203, 205, 206, 207, 211
Political purges, 209, 214
Presidential election of 1966, 214
Trade relations with United States, 183
U.S. economic/development assistance, 212, 215, 216, 220, 223, 224
U.S. military/security assistance, 181
U.S. policy to support moderation and discourage extremism, 223
Vietnam war, Brazilian troops for, 224, 225

Chile, 289, 292, 293

U.S. covert political action program, 291, 294

Colombia, 318, 319, 320
Economic program in Latin America, 41, 42, 44, 45, 52
Frontier development in South America, 40
Mexico, 357, 358
Nicaragua, 91
OAS charter amendments, 39
OAS Summit meeting of 1967, 41, 44, 45, 51, 52
Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 432, 433, 434, 435
Peru, 475, 476, 483, 484, 498
Venezuela, 540, 541

Gordon, Allen D., 149
Gordon, Kermit, 215
Gore, Albert, 433
Gorostiza, Jose, 21
Goulart, Joao, 2, 181, 182, 183, 184, 186, 187, 190, 197, 201, 203, 204, 207, 208, 211, 221, 463
Graham, Katharine M., 2
Greenfield, James L., 193
Gresham, 201, 203
Gruening, Ernest, 10, 462
Guatemala, 20, 24, 34, 89, 356

Assassination of U.S. Ambassador, 114, 115, 116
Assassinations of U.S. military personnel, 99, 100, 101, 102
British Honduras dispute, 76, 77, 78, 103, 113
Communist subversion, 28, 59, 61, 63, 70, 75, 86, 87, 99, 100, 115, 116, 120
Counterinsurgency program, 100, 101, 102, 109
Coup threat, 84, 85, 86, 98
Presidential election of 1966, 84, 86, 87, 88
Situation reports, 75, 86
U.S. military/security assistance, 109

Guerrero Gutiérrez, Lorenzo, 93, 94
Guevara Arce, Walter, 174, 175
Guevara de la Serna, Ernesto "Che," 59, 63, 163, 164, 167, 168, 170, 171, 172, 173, 178, 179
Gutiérrez-Olivos, Sergio, 260

 

Haiti, 21, 22, 28, 42, 338, 462
Halperin, Ernst, 259
Hammer, Mike, 117, 118
Hand, Lloyd N., 26
Harriman, W. Averell, 121, 375

Argentina, 122
Bolivia, 152
Brazil, 217, 224, 225
Chile, 278, 285, 286, 287, 288
Counterinsurgency program in Latin America, 28
Dominican Republic, 30
Honduras, 72
Kennedy, visit to Latin America, 32
OAS Rio Conference of 1965, 34
Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 421

Hartman, Arthur A., 65, 66, 302, 457, 495
Hatcher, Andrew, 345
Haya de la Torre, Raul Victor, 474, 487, 489, 510
Hayden, Carl T., 16, 208, 348, 353, 447
Hegarty, James, 447
Helms, Richard M., 66, 69, 157, 161, 171, 172, 173, 188, 196, 298, 368, 376, 432, 433, 441, 445, 498, 519
Henderson, Douglas, 22, 148, 151, 153, 154, 155, 158, 159, 162, 163, 166, 174, 175, 176, 178
Hendon, Robert R., 312
Hendrix, Harold V., 43
Herbert, Ray, 273
Hercelles, Oswaldo, 506
Herr, Donald F., 300
Herrera Lane, Felipe, 264
Herron, Francis W., 542
Herz, 230
Hickenlooper, Bourke B., 21, 48, 49, 122, 141, 249, 409, 427, 429, 433, 472, 476, 479, 514, 520
Hill, John Calvin, Jr., 314, 319, 533, 536, 543, 544
Hilliker, Grant G., 149
Holt, Pat, 144
Honduras, 20, 28, 72

Elections of 1964, 74
Elections of 1968, 104, 105, 106, 108
El Salvador, conflict with, 112
Rusk meeting with Zuniga, 117
U.S. anti-government involvement, alleged, 117, 118
U.S. anti-Zuniga policy, 74, 106, 107, 108

Hoover, J. Edgar, 365
Hornig, Donald F., 67
Hoyt, Henry A., 22, 122, 123, 459, 460, 463
Hughes, Thomas L., 35, 66, 179, 252, 255, 270, 272, 290, 412, 446, 447
Humphrey, Hubert H., 10, 67, 69, 409

Costa Rica, 79, 80, 81

Hurwitch, Robert A., 253, 255, 258

 

Ibanez, 303
Illia, Arturo Umberto, 33, 121, 124, 127, 130, 131, 133, 134
Illia, Ricardo, 138
Illueca, Jorge E., 16, 417, 421
Inter-American Committee on the Alliance for Progress (CIAP).  See under Alliance for Progress.
Inter-American Cultural Conference, 67, 68
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), 41, 45, 48, 67, 71, 75, 342, 478, 495
Inter-American Peace Committee, 368, 371, 375, 377, 378, 379, 383, 384
Interior Department, U.S., 348, 353, 354, 358, 526, 527, 530, 532
International Development Association (IDA), 13
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 175, 215, 224, 234, 253, 309, 311, 483, 488, 506

Colombia, 311, 313, 314, 315, 317, 325

International Petroleum Company (IPC). See Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance under Peru.
International Telegraph and Telephone Company (ITT), 256, 278, 470, 489
Intriago Arrata, Jose Federico, 51
Iribarren Borges, Ignacio, 20, 50, 55, 523, 524, 540, 541, 542, 544
Iribarren Borges, Julio, 50, 539
Irwin, John N., II, 426, 427, 428, 432, 433, 435

 

Jackson, Andrew, 382
Jagan, Cheddi B., 523, 524
Jair, Gen. Warmin, 186, 201
Jamaica, 34
Jaramillo Giraldo, Jose, 320
Javits, Jacob K., 142, 144
Jenkins, Walter W., 17, 377
Jessup, Peter, 158, 161, 166, 246, 257, 262, 267, 421
Johnson, Gen. Harold K., 65, 500
Johnson, Lyndon B., 75, 117, 132

Alliance for Progress, 2, 10, 13, 18, 21, 37, 40, 67, 68, 119

Central American visit, 111, 112
Counterinsurgency program, 61, 63
Economic program, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 49, 51, 62, 69, 71
Fourth Anniversary celebration of, 30
Funding for, 15
Military program, 11
Presidents meeting in 1965, proposed, 26
Press coverage, 2, 10, 12, 49
Public relations efforts, 31, 43
Rusk visit to Latin American visit, 33
Vaughn appointment as U.S. Ambassador, 409, 410

Argentina, 16, 125, 130, 133, 135, 139, 140, 141, 145
Bolivia, 2, 157, 160, 161, 163, 164, 166, 167, 168, 171, 173, 177, 178, 179, 180

Meetings with Barrientos, 162, 176
U.S. recognition of Barrientos government, 152

Brazil, 16, 217, 220

Castello selection as President, 212
Costa e Silva government, U.S. assessments of, 233
Meeting with Costa e Silva, 228
Military dictatorship, 244
Political crisis of 1964, 187, 189, 193, 199, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 208
U.S. economic/development assistance, 208, 224, 227, 229, 232, 234
U.S. military/security assistance, 230, 231
Vietnam war, Brazilian troops for, 225

British Guiana, 536
Central American visit, 111, 112
Chile, 252, 280

Copper price problem, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 295
Cuba, break in relations with,
265
Dominican crisis, 278
Dungan appointment as Ambassador, 271
Frei conflicts within Christian Democratic Party, 296, 298, 299
Invitation for Frei to visit United States, 290
Meeting with Frei, 292
Presidential election of 1964, 16, 253, 256, 257, 261, 267, 269
U.S. economic/development assistance, 256, 278, 289, 295, 307, 308, 309

Colombia:

Congressional elections of 1966, 318
Political/economic crisis, U.S. efforts to deal with, 312, 314, 315, 317, 321
U.S. economic/development assistance, 317, 321, 322

Communism in Latin America:

Guerrilla problem in various countries, 59, 60, 61
U.S. counterinsurgency program, 61, 63
U.S.-Soviet discussions re, 60

Costa Rica, 73, 110
Cuba:

Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 21, 22
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 64

Dominican Republic, 16, 30, 278
Ecuador:

Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 343, 344
IDB loan, 342
Meeting with Arosemena, 51
Political crisis of 1966, 327, 328
Rapprochement with United States, 343
Recall of U.S. Ambassador, 337, 338
U.S. economic/development assistance, 329, 332, 333, 334

Guatemala, 84, 87, 88, 99
Image in Latin America, 43
Mann appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 1, 10
Mexico, 2, 356, 358

Border restrictions, 359, 361
Freeman appointment as U.S. Ambassador, 345
Meetings with Diaz Ordaz, 352, 356, 360, 366
Meeting with López Mateos, 346
Migrant workers in United States, 346, 352
Presidential election of 1964, 16, 347
Salinity problem of river water from United States, 346, 348, 350, 352, 353, 355
Student disturbances of 1968, 365, 366
Trade relations with United States, 352, 356, 357

Nicaragua, 92, 96
Organization of American States, 39

Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 21, 22
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 64
Rio Conference of 1965, 34
Summit meeting of 1967, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52

Panama, 2, 384

Anti-American demonstrations, 420, 422
Communist subversion, 369, 371, 377, 382, 396
Coup of 1968, 443, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452
Coup threat in 1964, 377, 396
Discussions with Russell, 369, 373, 382, 383, 391, 396, 401
Economic situation, 441
Flag issue, 373, 374
Inter-American Peace Committee involvement in Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 371
Meetings with Chiari, 370, 410
Meetings with Robles, 434, 435
Mansfield views on U.S. policy, 385
OAS action on Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 386, 393, 399, 401, 405
Presidential election of 1964, 415
Presidential election of 1968, 443, 445
Rioting of 1964, 368, 369, 370, 377, 387
Robles' impeachment, 443, 444, 445
U.S. economic/development assistance, 382, 431, 432, 433
U.S. interdepartmental organization for Panamanian affairs, 414
U.S. military intervention, planning for, 381
U.S. military/security assistance, 457, 458
U.S.-Panamanian relations, breaking and resumption of, 383, 396, 400, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 410
U.S. policy toward Arias following coup, 456
U.S. program to improve relations with Panama, 417, 419, 420, 421
U.S. recognition of military junta, 451, 452, 455

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 16

Agreement on treaty terms, 439
Anderson appointment as U.S. representative, 408, 409, 410
Congressional involvement, 409, 425, 427, 428, 429
Delays in signing of treaties, 440, 441, 442
Discussions with Robles re, 434, 435
Joint management issue, 426, 427
Mexican position, 346
New treaty for existing canal, 421
Process of reaching agreement to initiate negotiations, 370, 371, 373, 374, 375, 377, 378, 379, 382, 383, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 396, 397, 399, 400, 401, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 410
Public statement on U.S. policy re negotiations, 401
Renegotiation of agreed terms, 441, 442
Sea-level canal issue, 378, 419, 420
Status reports on, 428, 433, 437, 438
U.S. contingency planning for failure of negotiations, 432, 433
U.S. policy development for, 421, 423, 425, 431

Paraguay, 469
Peru, 470

Attitude toward Belaunde, 499
Communications with Belaunde, 475, 477
Coup of 1968, 497, 499, 507, 509, 510, 511, 515
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 488, 489, 490, 492, 494, 495, 497, 498, 499, 500
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 16, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 483, 484, 486, 487, 488, 489, 500, 504, 515
U.S. economic/development assistance, 508
U.S. recognition of military junta, 509, 511, 515, 518, 519, 520

Sayre appointment to NSC staff, 17
Uruguay, 16, 459, 466, 468
Vaughn appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 27
Venezuela:

British Guiana border dispute, 536
Communications with Leoni, 525, 543
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 21, 22
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 64
Meeting with Barrios, 535, 536
Meeting with Leoni, 50, 540, 541
Oil exports to United States, 525, 526, 527, 530, 532, 534, 536, 540, 543
Presidential election of 1968, 548
U.S. military/security assistance, 61, 541

Johnson, U. Alexis, 3, 4, 5, 188, 193, 196, 201, 202, 203, 205, 207, 222, 250,
257
Johnson, W. Thomas, 42, 69, 490, 519
Johnston, James D., 285, 472
Johnston, James R., 91
Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), 25, 29, 65, 192, 196, 198, 206, 381, 471

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 394, 420, 421, 437

Jones, J. Wesley, 33, 311, 478

Peru:

Constitutional government, proposed return to, 516
Coup of 1968, 499, 501, 507, 510, 516, 521
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 485, 491, 493, 495, 496, 499, 500, 501, 502
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 470, 472, 474, 475, 477, 479, 480, 486, 491, 501, 514, 516, 517
U.S. economic/development assistance, 505, 508
U.S. recognition of military junta, 512, 513, 514, 516, 517

Jones, James R., 59, 63, 234, 332, 359, 484
Jorden, William J., 399
Jova, Joseph John, 74, 104, 107, 108, 117, 118, 251, 252, 254, 255, 260, 263, 272, 276
Jurema, Abelardo, 205

 

Kampelman, Max, 79
Karamessines, Thomas H., 171, 172, 304
Katzenbach, Nicholas deB., 65, 66, 67, 71, 103, 105, 109, 110, 144, 300, 302, 339, 364, 469, 494, 500, 502, 508, 512, 544
Kaunda, Kenneth, 285
Kemper, James S., 338
Kendall, Brig. Gen. M.W., 449
Kennecott Company, 278, 282, 285, 288
Kennedy, Jacqueline, 183
Kennedy, John F., 3, 73, 208, 346, 369, 370, 372, 376, 465, 528
Kennedy, Robert F., 37, 94, 162, 208, 469, 479, 480

Latin American visit, 31, 32, 33
U.S. counterinsurgency program in Latin America, 3

Kent, Sherman, 441
Khrushchev, Nikita S., 16
Kilday, Lowell C., 341
Killoran, Thomas F., 98, 113, 117
King, Col. J. C., 148, 187, 188, 191, 202, 203, 206, 245, 248, 252, 255, 256, 257, 377
King, Thelma, 376
Kitchen, Jeffrey C., 196
Klein, Dave, 17
Klutznick, Philip, 433
Knoche, Enno Henry, 245
Knowlton, Winthrop, 48
Kohler, Foy D., 56, 58, 174, 294, 324
Komer, Robert W., 28, 87, 88, 318, 477, 479, 480
Koren, Henry L.T., 35
Korp, Ralph, 215
Korry, Edward M., 296, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 309
Kosygin, Alexei N., 60
Krebs, Max V., 114, 116
Krieg, William L., 128, 134, 141, 142
Krieger, Daniel, 240
Kruel, Gen. Amaury, 186, 192, 201, 203, 211, 214
Kubisch, Jack B., 185, 191, 214, 215, 222, 223, 237, 239, 241
Kubitschek, Juscelino, 16, 182, 184, 185, 187, 197, 201, 211, 214, 215, 219, 220, 221
Kurzman, Dan, 2, 480

 

Labor organizations, 24
Lacerda, Carlos, 182, 183, 184, 185, 187, 200, 201, 209, 214, 215, 219, 220, 221, 223, 233
Lagarrigue, Javier, 283, 286, 287
Lang, William E., 65, 109, 142, 166, 302, 457, 495
Larrea, Gustavo, 343, 344
Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA), 62
Latin American Solidarity Organization (LASO), 63, 296
Laugerud Garcia, Col. Kjell, 101
Lausche, Frank, 433
Lavendero, Jorge, 297
Leber, Maj. Gen. Walter P., 449, 452
Leandro Mora, Reinaldo, 538, 544, 547
Lechin Oquendo, Juan, 147, 148, 149, 154, 158
Leddy, John M., 76, 78
Leitao da Cunha, Vasco, 34, 217, 228, 229, 231
Leonhardy, Terrence G., 76
Leoni Otero, Raœl, 20, 32, 296, 310, 314

Venezuela, 531, 536

Communist subversion, 522, 525, 538, 539, 545, 547
Cuban fishing vessel, seizure of, 545, 546, 547
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 55, 59, 64
Johnson communications with Leoni, 525, 543
Johnson meeting with Barrios, 535
Johnson meeting with Leoni, 50, 540, 541
Oil exports to United States, 525, 526, 528, 530, 537, 540, 543
Oliver, visit to, 68
Political situation, 522, 530
Rusk meeting with Leoni, 33, 528
University crisis of 1967, 538
U.S. military/security assistance, 61, 525, 539, 541, 547

Lewis, Samuel W., 308, 448, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 509, 511, 520
Lilienthal, David, 40 Lima, Francisco R., 13
Linder, Harold F., 79, 126, 215, 275
Linowitz, Sol M., 42, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 56, 58, 292, 434, 483, 543
Little, Edward S., 200
Lizano, Eduardo, 73
Lleras, Alberto, 314
Lleras Restropo, Carlos, 108, 310, 314

Colombia:

Communist subversion, 59, 61, 316, 323
Oliver, visit to, 68
Presidential election 1966, 318, 320
U.S. covert political action program, 319
U.S. economic/development assistance, 322, 325

Lodge, Henry Cabot, 498
Lombardo Toledano, Vicente, 16
Long, Clarence D., 66, 495
Lopes, Lucas, 214
López Arellano, Gen. Oswaldo, 72, 74, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 111, 118
López Mateos, Alfonso, 10, 346, 350, 356
Lord, Peter P., 320
Lorscheider, Aluisio, 240
Lott, Henrique Batista Duffles Teixeira, 221
Lowenfeld, Andreas F., 122, 132
Lowry, W. McNeil, 221
Lubke, Heinrich, 502
Luevano, Daniel M., 345
Luisi, Hector, 467
Lunn, Harry H., Jr., 274
Lyon, S. C., 228

 

Macedo Soares e Silva, Edmundo, 228
Machado, Gen. Bina, 240
MacKenna, Lucho, 303
Macomber, William B., Jr., 49
Maechling, Charles, Jr., 28
Magalhaes Kelly, Juracy, 214, 219, 220, 221
Magalhaes Pinto, José de, 182, 187, 192, 197, 230, 233, 238
Magnet, Alejandro, 292
Mahon, George H., 543
Mailliard, William S., 21, 48, 520
Manatos, Mike N., 49, 508
Mann, Thomas C., 21, 47, 49, 67, 75, 126, 214

Alliance for Progress, 2, 10, 13, 15, 18, 26, 37
Appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 1, 10

Press coverage, 2, 10, 12
Public relations efforts, 31

Argentina, 16, 121, 122, 123
Bolivia, 2, 157

Coup of 1964, 151
U.S. covert political action program, 148, 153
U.S. recognition of Barrientos government, 152

Brazil, 2, 16, 185, 215

Political crisis of 1964, 181, 182, 187, 191, 193, 196, 197, 199, 200
U.S. economic/development assistance, 216

British Guiana, 524
Chile, 275

"Camelot" military research project, 280
Congressional elections of 1965, 273
Copper price problem, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288
Dominican crisis, 278, 281
Dungan appointment as Ambassador, 271
Frei government, U.S. policy toward, 266, 272
Presidential election of 1964, 16, 245, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 254, 255, 257, 260, 261, 268
U.S. covert political action program, 245, 247, 248, 250, 252, 253, 254, 255, 257, 273
U.S. economic/development assistance, 274, 275, 276, 278, 281

Colombia, 313

Political/economic crisis, U.S. efforts to deal with, 310, 311, 312, 314, 317
U.S. covert political action program, 319

Costa Rica, 16, 73
Cuba, 3, 7, 8, 9, 16, 20
Dominican Republic, 16, 278, 281
Haiti, 462
Honduras, 72, 74

Presidential election of 1964, 16, 347, 349
Salinity problem of river water from United States, 348, 350, 353
Trade relations with United States, 357

Mexico, 2, 345, 352
OAS resolution on Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, 3, 7, 8, 9, 16, 20
Panama, 2, 384

Anti-American demonstrations, 422
Chiari, downfall of, U.S. planning for, 386, 388
Communist subversion, 372, 375, 377, 395
Coup threat in 1964, 377
Flag issue, 372, 374, 375
Inter-American Peace Committee involvement in Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 375, 378
OAS action on Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 386, 388, 392
Rio Hato base evacuation by United States, 376
Rioting of 1964, 368, 369, 370, 372, 375, 377, 395
U.S. military intervention, planning for, 381
U.S.-Panamanian relations, breaking and resumption of, 372, 375, 376, 383, 395, 403, 406
U.S. policy toward Arias following coup, 453
U.S. program to improve relations with Panama, 419, 422

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 16

Anderson appointment as U.S. representative, 408
Chiari miscalculations in dealing with United States, 386, 395
Congressional involvement, 429
Johnson public statement on U.S. policy re negotiations, 401
Process of reaching agreement to initiate negotiations, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 380, 383, 391, 392, 395, 396, 397, 399, 401, 403, 404, 406
Sea-level canal issue, 377, 378, 419, 421, 424
U.S. policy development for, 421, 425

Peru, 16, 470, 472, 475, 478, 479, 486
Sayre appointment to NSC staff, 17
Uruguay, 16

Coup threat, 459, 463
Political reform, U.S. encouragement of, 460, 461, 463

Vaughn appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 27
Venezuela:

British Guiana border dispute, 524
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 7, 8, 9, 16, 20
Johnson meeting with Barrios, 535, 536
Oil exports to United States, 526, 527, 529, 532, 534

Manning, Robert J., 2
Mansfield, Mike, 42, 48, 49, 371, 383, 385, 409, 429
Mantilla, Manuel, 547
Mantilla Ortega, Carlos, 333, 334, 338, 341
Manzoli, Mary K., 312
Marambio, Gen. Tulio, 305
Marcy, Carl, 144
Margain, Hugo B., 357
Margolies, Daniel F., 20, 524, 526
Marinho, Gilberto, 240
Mariz, Dinarte, 240
Marks, Leonard H., 43, 69
Martin, Edwin M., 1, 65, 122, 123, 126, 127, 128, 129, 132, 143, 144, 148, 245, 252, 302, 368, 375, 377, 378, 379, 380, 388
Martinez, Maj. Boris, 448, 449
Martinez Paz, Enrique, 141
Matthews, Herbert L., 2
Mattox, Henry E., 149
Mayobre, José Antonio, 540, 542
Mazzilli, Pascoal, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209
McCarthy, Eugene, 39, 280
McCausland, Nicholas V., 149, 471
McClellan, Andrew, 117
McCloy, John J., 183, 210
McCone, John A., 1, 3, 23, 187, 191, 196, 197, 202, 206, 208, 210

Chilean Presidential election of 1964, 245, 252, 256, 257, 267, 269
Counterinsurgency program in Latin America, 28
Panama, 368, 374, 377, 387, 407, 409, 421, 423
Vaughn appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 27

McCormack, Richard L., 103
McDougal, Myres S., 7
McGee, Gale, 433
McGiffert, 302
McNamara, Robert S., 11, 69, 96, 121, 157, 171, 172, 187, 191, 193, 196, 197, 357

Argentina, 125
Brazil, 199, 202, 206, 230
Chile, 280, 284, 286, 287, 288
Military program in Latin America, 25, 29
Panama, 367, 368, 371, 373, 374, 377, 378, 381, 394, 396, 414

U.S. program to improve relations with Panama, 417, 419

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 421, 423, 437
Peru, 485, 488, 490, 494

McNaughton, John T., 29, 187, 191, 196, 203
McPherson, Harry C., Jr., 369, 469
Meehan, Francis, 492
Meeker, Leonard C., 76, 78, 103, 113, 121, 420, 421, 546
Mein, John Gordon, 84, 85, 86, 88, 98, 99, 100, 102, 109, 113, 114, 115, 184, 201, 203
Mejía, Gabriel, 118
Melgar, Maj. Juan, 72
Melo, Gen. Francisco de Assis Correia de, 203, 211
Méndez Montenegro, Julio, 61, 75, 87, 88, 89, 98, 99, 109, 111, 113, 115, 120
Meneghetti, Ildo, 182, 187, 205
Mercado Jarrin, Gen. Edgardo, 514, 516, 517, 521
Mexico, 2, 502

Alliance for Progress, 346
Border restrictions, 361
British Honduras dispute, 76, 78
Chamizal land transfer, 346, 358, 360
Common market for Latin America, 62
Communism concerns, 346, 365
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 64
Cultural exchanges with United States, 356, 358
Economic situation, 356, 366
Freeman appointment as U.S. Ambassador, 345
Guatemalan Communist problem and, 100
Gulf of California nuclear desalinization plant, 358
Johnson meetings with Díaz Ordaz, 352, 356, 360, 366
Johnson meeting with López Mateos, 346
Living standards in border communities, 358
Migrant workers in United States, 346, 352
Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 346
Presidential election of 1964, 16, 347, 349
Salinity problem of river water from United States, 346, 348, 350, 352, 353, 354, 355, 358
Student disturbances of 1968, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366
Trade relations with United States, 352, 356, 357, 358

Meyer, Cord, 248
Michelini, Zelmar, 461
Midence, Ricardo, 117, 118
Mills, Hawthorne Q., 156, 346
Minotto, James, 201, 447
Miranda, Col., 209
Molina Silva, Sergio, 270, 274, 275, 276
Moniz de Aragao, Augusto César, 192
Monroe, Lt. Comdr. Ernest, 99
Montagne Sanchez, Gen. Ernesto, 516, 521
Montiel, Gen., 90
Moody, C. G., Jr., 28
Moraes Rego, Maj., 192
Morales, 90
Morales, Morgan, 372, 375
Mora Otera, José A., 21
Morean Soto, Gen. Roberto, 538
Moreira Alves, Marcio, 236, 238
Moreno, Miguel J., Jr., 383, 384, 395, 398, 402, 404, 405, 407
Moreno Sanchez, Manuel, 348
Morgan, Thomas E., 31
Morris, Patrick F., 159, 162, 300, 301, 305
Morse, Wayne L., 10, 21, 31, 37, 39, 49, 141, 144, 208, 407, 409, 462, 508
Moscoso, Teodoro, 1, 12, 13, 470, 478
Mota, Silvio, 191
Moura, Lt. Col. Arthur S., 375
Moura Andrade, Auro de, 204, 205
Mourao Filho, Gen., 195
Moyers, Bill D., 133, 140, 202, 268, 318, 321, 327, 328, 357, 358, 368, 377, 403, 433
Murphy, Charles S., 16, 123

 

National Intelligence Estimates (see also Special National Intelligence Estimates), 218, 316, 522, 531

NIE 80/90-64, 24
NIE 80/90-66, 38
NIE 80/90-68, 70
NIE 82-66, 89
NIE 91-65, 124
NIE 91-67, 146
NIE 92-67, 169
NIE 93-66, 226
NIE 93-68, 235
NIE 94-63, 246

National Security Action Memoranda:

No. 296, 414
No. 297, 11
No. 323, 423
No. 371, 119

National Security Council (NSC) meetings 9, 23, 69, 206, 208, 407, 409
Negrao de Lima, Francisco, 221, 223
Neiva Moreira, 209
Newberg, Dick, 215
New York Times, 2, 10, 12, 49, 156, 188, 221, 387, 479, 494, 512
Nicaragua:

Communist subversion, 63
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20
Hotel siege, 92, 93, 94, 96
Johnson meeting with Somoza, 96
"Political Prospects in Nicaragua" report, 97
Presidential election of 1967, 90, 91, 92, 95
Sea-level canal issue, 377, 421, 423, 424, 428
U.S. policy toward Somoza administration, 95, 96

Nitze, Paul H., 65, 69, 494, 498, 500
Nivens, Lois, 519
Nixon, Richard M., 49
Noland, 193

 

Obregon, Roberto, 100
O'Brien, Lawrence F., 2, 13, 427
Oduber Quirós, Daniel, 73, 79, 80, 81
Oechsli, L. Paul, 333
O'Leary, Jerry, 101, 500
Oliver, Covey T., 18, 31, 37, 56, 64, 69, 166, 168

Alliance for Progress, 67

Central American Export Development Program, 119
Counterinsurgency program, 61, 63
Economic program, 62, 69
Military program, 65

Appointment as Assistant Secretary of State, 43
Bolivia, 68, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176
Brazil, 229, 231, 232, 239

Costa e Silva government, U.S. assessments of, 233
U.S. economic/development assistance, 234

British Honduras, 103, 113
Chile, 295, 302, 306, 307, 309

Communists' alliance with Christian Democrats, 300
Coup threat, 305

Colombia, 324

Political/economic crisis, U.S. efforts to deal with, 310, 313, 314, 317
U.S. covert political action program, 319
Visit to, 68

Ecuador, 335

Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 341, 344
Rapprochement with United States, 343, 344
Recall of U.S. Ambassador, 338, 339
U.S. economic/development assistance, 333, 334, 339

Guatemala, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 109
Honduras, 104, 108, 117, 118
Latin American visit, 68, 69
Mexico, 362, 363, 364
Panama, 444, 448, 450, 451, 452, 456, 457
Peru, 503

Coup of 1968, 497, 506, 507, 511
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 485, 493, 494, 495, 497, 498, 499, 500, 502
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 484, 486, 487, 488, 502, 506, 516, 517
U.S. recognition of military junta, 512, 513
Visit to, 68, 69

Uruguay, 466, 467
Venezuela, 68, 543, 544, 546

O'Meara, Gen. Andrew P., 187, 191, 193, 196, 199, 202, 367, 369, 372, 375, 377, 382, 396
Onganía, Lt. Gen. Juan Carlos, 127, 128, 129, 131, 134, 141, 143, 145, 146,
465
Ordonez Monteagudo, Carlos Francisco, 115
Organization of American States (OAS), 160

Charter amendments, 34, 39, 46
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 64
Dominican crisis, 217, 278
Panamanian coup of 1968, 451, 452
Panamanian Presidential election of 1968, 443
Panamanian-U.S. conflict, action on (see also Inter-American Peace Committee), 384, 386, 388, 390, 392, 393, 399, 401, 405, 406
Rio Conference of 1965, 32, 34
Summit meeting of 1967, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52

Organization of Central American States (ODECA), 111
Orlich Bolmarchich, Francisco, 73, 392
Ortega, Salvador, 114
Orwat, Gen., 65, 109, 302
Osorio, Gen. Oromar, 201
Ovando Candia, Gen. Alfredo, 151, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 166

 

Pacheco Areco, Jorge, 468
Pagliai, Bruno, 365
Palmer, Gen. Bruce, 465
Palmer, Donald K., 62, 313, 495
Palza, Galo, 327, 340
Panama (see also Panama Canal treaty negotiations), 2, 18

Anti-American demonstrations (see also Rioting of 1964 below), 420, 421, 422
Canal, strategic importance of for U.S., 394
Chiari, downfall of, U.S. planning for, 386, 388
Communist subversion, 368, 369, 371, 372, 375, 376, 377, 382, 395, 396, 398, 421, 430
Coup of 1968, 443, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 454
Coup threat in 1964, 377, 396, 398
Coup threat in 1966, 430
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20
Economic situation, 441
Flag issue, 367, 372, 373, 374, 375,
417
Inter-American Peace Committee involvement in Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 368, 371, 375, 377, 378, 379, 383, 384
Johnson discussions with Chiari, 370, 410
Johnson discussions with Russell, 369, 373, 382, 383, 391, 396, 401
Johnson meeting with Robles, 434, 435
Mansfield views on U.S. policy, 385
OAS action on Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 384, 386, 388, 390, 392, 393, 399, 401, 405, 406
Presidential election of 1964, 398, 415, 416
Presidential election of 1968, 436, 442, 443, 445, 446, 447
Rio Hato base evacuation by United States, 376
Rioting of 1964, 367, 368, 369, 370, 372, 375, 377, 387, 395
Robles government, U.S. relations with, 416, 418
Robles, impeachment of, 443, 444, 445
U.S. economic/development assistance, 382, 431, 432, 433
U.S. interdepartmental organization for Panamanian affairs, 414
U.S. military intervention, planning for, 381
U.S. military/security assistance, 457, 458
U.S.-Panamanian relations, breaking and resumption of, 371, 372, 375, 376, 379, 383, 395, 396, 399, 400, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 410
U.S. policy toward Arias following coup, 453, 456
U.S. program to improve relations with Panama, 417, 419, 420, 421, 422
U.S. recognition of military junta, 451, 452, 454, 455
Vaughn appointment as U.S. Ambassador, 409, 410

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 16

Agreement on treaty terms, 439
Anderson appointment as U.S. representative, 408, 409, 410
Base rights issue, 420, 423, 428, 439
Chiari miscalculations in dealing with United States, 386, 395
Congressional involvement, 409, 425, 427, 428, 429, 433
Delays in signing of treaties, 440, 441, 442
JCS position, 394
Johnson discussions with Robles re, 434, 435
Johnson public statement on U.S. policy re negotiations, 401
Joint management issue, 426, 427, 428
Mexican position, 346
New treaty for existing canal, 420, 421, 423, 428, 437, 439
Panamanian issues of concern, 384
Process of reaching agreement to initiate negotiations, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 388, 389, 390, 391, 392, 393, 395, 396, 397, 399, 400, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 410
Renegotiation of agreed terms, 441, 442, 454
Sea-level canal issue, 377, 378, 394, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 423, 424, 428, 437, 439
Status reports on, 421, 428, 433, 437, 438
U.S. contingency planning for failure of negotiations, 432, 433
U.S. policy development for, 421, 423, 425, 431
Vaughn views on, 418

Panama Review Committee, 414
Panama Review Group, 414, 415, 435
Pan American Sulphur Company, 345, 356, 534
Paraguay, 20, 28, 62

U.S. economic and military assistance, 462, 465, 469

Parker, Col. David, 367
Parkinson, Charles Jay, 284
Passarinho, Jarbas, 221
Passman, Otto E., 15
Pastor de la Torre, Celso, 470, 472, 478
Paz Estenssoro, Victor, 2, 10, 22, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 465
Peace Committee. See Inter-American Peace Committee.
Peace Corps, 37, 328
Penna Marinho, Ilmar, 217
Peralta Azurdia, Col. Enrique, 75, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88
Peredo, Roberto, 59
Pereira dos Santos, Maj. Gen. Adalberto, 192
Pérez Alfonso, Juan Pablo, 528
Pérez de Cuellar, Javier, 514, 516, 517
Pérez de la Cova, Carlos, 533
Pérez Guerrero, Manuel, 525, 527, 528, 529, 533, 535, 536
Pérez Jiménez, Gen. Marcos, 522
Pérez Zujovic, Edmundo, 303
Peru, 32, 162

Chile, relations with, 502
Common market for Latin America, 62
Communist subversion, 28, 59, 61, 471
Constitutional government, proposed return to, 516
Copper exports, 288
Coup of 1968, 497, 499, 501, 506, 507, 509, 510, 511, 515, 516, 521
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20, 22
Elections of 1967, 500, 501
Johnson attitude toward Belaúnde, 499
Johnson communications with Belaúnde, 475, 477
Kennedy visit to, 33
Land reform, 473
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 485, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 16, 33, 470, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 483, 484, 486, 487, 488, 489, 491, 500, 501, 502, 504, 506, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517
Oliver visit to, 68, 69
Political crisis of 1967, 493
Special Police Emergency Unit, 471
Tuna conflict with United States, 483
U.S. economic/development assistance (see also Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance above; Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance above), 505, 508
U.S. military/security assistance (see also Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance above), 65, 66, 471
U.S. recognition of military junta, 509, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520

Petersen, Lawrence L., 546
Phelps Dodge company, 282
Phillips, Richard I., 10
Phillips, Robert M., 334, 340
Pico Mantilla, Galo, 51
Pinera, José, 274, 275
Pinheiro, Israel, 221, 223
Pinilla Fabrega, Col. José, 448
Pistarini, Gen. Pascual Angel, 127, 128, 131, 134
Plaza, Galo, 451
Poats, Rutherford M., 109, 500
Ponciano, Col. Miguel Angel, 84, 85, 87, 101
Poole, Richard A., 512
Porras, Hernan, 435
Portela de Melo, Jaime, 237, 240
Porter, Gen. Robert W., Jr., 65, 101, 443, 452, 496
Prado, Julio, 340, 343
Prat, Jorge, 250
Prestes, Luis Carlos, 183, 214, 221
Pringle, Sandy M., 142
Proper, Datus C., 237
Pryce, William T., 255, 272
Puerto Rico, 530, 532, 540
Pugliese, Juan C., 123, 127, 129
Punta del Este Conference. See Summit meeting of 1967 under Organization of American States.
Purcell, Graham, 520

 

Quesada Zapiola, Carlos A., 143
Quintanilla, 502
Quintero, Col. Abel, 456
Quirós Sasso, Mario, 73

 

Rabanal, Rubén, 138
Rademaker Grunewald, Augusto Hamann, 211
Ramirez, Roberto, 108
Randolph, Virgil B., 524
Ray, Manolo, 73
Raymont, Henry, 2
Read, Benjamin H., 26, 149, 155, 156, 157, 314, 355, 457, 481, 487, 519
Reed, Lear, 455
Reedy, George E., 21, 193, 202, 345, 409
Reid Cabral, Donald, 21
Reis, Herbert K., 76
Reis, Gen. Newton, 240
Resor, Stanley R., 432, 437
Reston, James B., 49
Reuss, Henry S., 48
Reuther, Walter, 81
Reynaga Gordillo, Aniceto, 172
Reynaldo, Gen., 240
Rhodesia, 284, 285, 288
Richardson, Ralph W., 248
Richardson, Richard, 175
Rielly, John, 79
Rimestad, Idar, 339
Ritchie, Edgar, 543
Rivas, 94
Rivers, Mendel, 429
Roberts, Juanita, 475
Robinson, John P., 254, 274, 276
Robles Méndez, Marco:

Panama:

Anti-American demonstrations, 422
Coup threat in 1964, 377
Coup threat in 1966, 430
Johnson meeting with Robles, 434, 435
Presidential election of 1964, 398, 415, 416
Presidential election of 1968, 443, 445
Robles government, U.S. relations with, 416, 418
Robles, impeachment of, 443, 444, 445
U.S. economic/development assistance, 433

Panama Canal treaty negotiations:

Agreement on treaty terms, 439
Delays in signing of treaties, 440, 441, 442
Johnson discussions with Robles re, 434, 435
Sea-level canal issue, 418, 424

Rockefeller, David, 49, 253, 257
Rodríguez Adame, 356
Rogers, William D., 18, 215, 266, 274
Rogers, William P., 309
Rojas Pinilla, Gen. Gustavo, 319, 320
Romero Loza, José, 175
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 384
Rostow, Walt W., 15, 39, 50, 68, 69, 112, 119, 132, 145, 165, 292

Alliance for Progress, 13, 40, 61, 63, 67

Economic program, 41, 42, 44, 45, 48, 62, 71
Military program, 25, 65, 67
Public relations efforts, 31

Argentina, 130, 133, 135, 139, 140
Bolivia, 160, 161, 166, 175, 176, 179, 180
Guevara, capture and execution of, 163, 164, 167, 168, 171, 172, 173
Brazil:

Costa e Silva government, U.S. assessments of, 229, 233
U.S. economic/development assistance, 216, 227, 229, 232, 234, 244
U.S. military/security assistance, 230, 231

Chile:

Copper price problem, 289, 295
Frei conflicts within Christian Democratic Party, 296, 297, 298, 299
U.S. economic/development assistance, 289, 295, 307, 308, 309

Colombia, 321, 322, 325
Communism in Latin America, 59, 61
Costa Rica, 110
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 64
Ecuador, 335, 342, 343

Recall of U.S. Ambassador, 337, 338
U.S. economic/development assistance, 329, 332, 333

Mexico, 356, 358, 359

Border restrictions, 361
Student disturbances of 1968, 365
Trade relations with United States, 357

Nicaragua, 92
Organization of American States:

Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 64
Rio Conference of 1965, 34
Summit meeting of 1967, 41, 42, 44, 45, 47, 48

Panama, 435

Coup of 1968, 443, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 454
Economic situation, 441
Presidential election of 1968, 442, 443, 445
Robles impeachment of, 443, 444, 445
U.S. economic/development assistance, 432, 433
U.S. military/security assistance, 457, 458
U.S. policy toward Arias following coup, 456
U.S. recognition of military junta, 451, 452, 455

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 435

Congressional involvement, 433
Delays in signing of treaties, 440, 441, 442
Renegotiation of agreed terms, 441, 442
Status reports on, 433, 437, 438
U.S. contingency planning for failure of negotiations, 432, 433

Paraguay, 469
Peru, 473

Coup of 1968, 497, 507, 509, 510, 511
Elections of 1967, 500
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 488, 489, 490, 492, 494, 497, 498, 499, 500
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 475, 476, 477, 480, 481, 483, 484, 486, 487, 488, 489, 500, 504
U.S. economic/development assistance, 508
U.S. recognition of military junta, 509, 511, 515, 518, 519, 520

Uruguay, 466, 468
Venezuela, 61, 540, 541, 543, 548

Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 64

Rowan, Carl T., 28
Rowell, Edward M., 72
Rowen, Henry, 433
Ruda, José María, 123
Ruiz Novoa, Maj. Gen. Alberto, 310, 314, 319
Ruser, Claus W., 109
Rusk, Dean, 27, 32, 69, 73, 75, 84, 86, 96, 112, 119, 252, 357

Alliance for Progress, 30

Economic program, 41, 45, 46, 48, 52
Johnson meeting with Latin American Foreign Ministers, 21
Military program, 11, 25
Press coverage of, 52
Visit to Latin American, 33

Argentina, 121, 126, 130, 134, 141, 142, 143, 144,145

Visit to, 33
U.S. trade relations with, 123

Bolivia, 168, 171, 172, 179

Coup of 1964, 151
Meeting with Barrientos, 162
U.S. recognition of Barrientos government, 152

Brazil, 217

Coffee agreement with United States, 208
Costa e Silva government, U.S. assessments of, 233
Economic situation, 224
Institutional Acts restricting civil liberties, 222, 223, 241
Meeting with Castello, 223
Military dictatorship, 237, 239, 241
Political crisis of 1964, 187, 191, 193, 194, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 206, 207, 208
Political crisis of 1965, 219
U.S. economic/development assistance, 224, 244

British Guiana, 523, 544
British Honduras, 77, 78, 103
Chile:

Agrarian reform, 292
"Camelot" military research project, 280
Communists' alliance with Christian Democrats, 301
Coup threat, 305
Dungan appointment as Ambassador, 271
Frei government, 270, 272, 290, 305
Johnson meeting with Frei, 292
Presidential election of 1964, 20, 252, 253, 268
U.S. economic/development assistance, 275, 309

Colombia, 318

Political/economic crisis, U.S. efforts to deal with, 313, 314
Presidential election of 1966, 320

Costa Rica, 79
Cuba:

Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 5, 8, 9, 14, 20, 22, 23
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 54, 56, 58, 64
U.S. military action in response to Cuban aggression, issue of, 8, 9, 14
Venezuelan seizure of Cuban fishing vessel, 546

Ecuador:

Appointment of new U.S. Ambassador, 341
Arosemena criticism of Alliance for Progress, 330
Recall of U.S. Ambassador, 337, 338
U.S. economic/development assistance, 334

Guatemala, 77, 78, 99, 103, 115, 116
Honduras, 117
Mexico, 349, 358, 360

Salinity problem of river water from United States, 348, 354
Student disturbances of 1968, 362, 363, 366

Organization of American States:

Charter amendments, 39
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 5, 8, 9, 14, 20, 22, 23
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 54, 56, 58, 64
Rio Conference of 1965, 34
Summit meeting of 1967, 41, 44, 45, 46, 48, 52

Panama, 374, 375, 444, 446, 447

Chiari, downfall of, U.S. planning for, 386, 388
Coup of 1968, 450
Coup threat in 1964, 377
Inter-American Peace Committee involvement in Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 371, 377
Johnson meeting with Robles, 435
OAS action on Panamanian-U.S. conflict, 384, 386, 388, 393
Rioting of 1964, 368
U.S. economic/development assistance, 431
U.S. interdepartmental organization for Panamanian affairs, 414
U.S. military/security assistance, 458
U.S.-Panamanian relations, breaking and resumption of, 371, 403, 406, 407
U.S. policy toward Arias following coup, 456
U.S. recognition of military junta, 452

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 420, 423, 432

Agreement on treaty terms, 439
Chiari miscalculations in dealing with United States, 386
Congressional involvement, 409
Delays in signing of treaties, 440
Johnson public statement on U.S. policy renegotiations, 401
Joint management issue, 426, 427
Pre-negotiations agreement, 371, 372, 375, 377, 379, 380, 392, 393, 396, 399, 401, 403, 406, 407
Status reports on, 437
U.S. policy development for, 431

Paraguay, 465
Peru:

Coup of 1968, 497, 506, 511, 515
Military aircraft purchases and U.S. economic assistance, 485, 490, 492, 494, 495, 498
Oil expropriations and U.S. economic assistance, 473, 487, 506, 513, 515
U.S. military/security assistance, 471
U.S. recognition of military junta, 512, 513, 515, 518, 519, 520

Uruguay:

Coup threat, 459, 463
Economic and political situation, 467
Political reform, U.S. encouragement of, 463
Visit to, 33

Venezuela:

British Guiana, possible intervention in, 523
British Guiana border dispute, 544
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 5, 8, 9, 14, 20, 22, 23
Cuban fishing vessel, seizure of, 546
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 54, 56, 58, 64
Meeting with Leoni, 33, 528
Oil exports to United States, 528, 529

Russell, Richard B., 369, 373, 382, 383, 391, 396, 401, 429

 

Saccio, Leonard J., 131, 132, 136, 137, 138
Saez, Raul, 286, 287, 288, 292, 299, 303
Salans, Carl F., 76, 103, 142
Salimei, Jorge, 143
Salinger, Pierre, 2, 368, 400
Saltonstall, Leverett, 409
Samudio Avila, David, 375, 443, 445, 446, 447
Sanchez, Camilo, 116
Sanchez de Lozada, Enrique, 151
Sanchez Gavito, Vicente, 2, 16, 21, 387, 388, 392, 399
Sanders, Irving L., 467
Sanders, Terry B., Jr., 448
Sandlin, Marlin E., 16, 345, 534
Sandoval, 104, 106
Sanjines-Goytia, Julio, 162, 165
Sanz de Santamaria, Carlos, 2, 13, 311, 314, 330
Sapena Pastor, Raul, 462, 465
Sarmento, Gen. Siseno, 192, 205, 237, 240
Saunders, Patricia A., 284
Sause, Oliver L., Jr., 76
Sayre, Robert M., 11, 18, 21, 22, 25, 26, 30, 32, 48, 52, 56, 58, 65, 67, 69, 75, 76, 78, 91, 99, 102, 105, 106, 107, 126, 132, 134, 141, 142, 144, 152, 155, 158, 165, 166, 214, 216, 222, 263, 291, 293, 294, 300, 306, 312, 313, 319, 330, 334, 337, 339, 350, 352, 354, 357, 419, 421, 437, 439, 440, 462, 467, 472, 485, 495, 498, 536, 540

Appointment to NSC staff, 17

Schick, René, 85
Schilling, Paulo, 182
Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr., 12, 13, 27
Schnittker, John, 468
Schultze, Charles L., 44, 45, 48, 227, 232, 281, 289, 295, 317, 322, 329, 332, 466, 468, 483, 488
Schweitzer, Pierre-Paul, 325
Scranton, William, 382, 498
Sea-level canal issue. See under Panama Canal treaty negotiations.
Seddon, Comdr., 448, 450, 456
Sedgwick, Charles, 80
Seeger, Pete, 362
Seidenman, Neil A., 50, 435, 473, 540, 541
Seixas Doria, Joao, 209
Selden, Armistead I., Jr., 21, 31, 48, 64, 141
Senior Interdepartmental Group (SIG), 65, 66, 109, 302, 494
Seoane, Edgardo, 470, 510
Sessions, Edson O., 344
Sevilla Sacasa, Guillermo, 108
Shankle, A. Perry, 300, 305
Sharp, Frederick D., III, 495
Shaw, Gen., 129
Sheehan, Neil, 494
Shlauderman, Harry, 455
Shriver, R. Sargent, 37
Shullaw, J. Harold, 76, 103
Shumate, John P., Jr., 506
Siles, Hernan, 149
Siracusa, Ernest V., 487, 496, 516, 517
Slater, John, 524
Sloan, Frank K., 185, 196, 205
Smathers, George, 48
Smith, Bromley K., 9, 23, 41, 69, 139, 192, 206, 208, 346, 377, 407, 409, 445, 476, 481, 519
Smith, Ian D., 284
Smith, J. F., 334
Smith, W. Y., 21
Snow, William P., 462, 465
Sola, Angel A., 127, 145
Solis, Galileo, 371, 372, 375, 376, 378, 379
Solomon, Anthony M., 18, 41, 50, 51, 56, 58, 62, 145, 196, 274, 275, 276, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 359, 486, 527, 529, 540, 541, 542, 543
Somoza, Gen. Anastasio "Tachito," 79, 85, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 108, 111
Somoza, Luis, 94, 95
Sorensen, Theodore C., 7, 382, 389 Sosa, Yon, 75
Souto Malan, Alfredo, 192
Soviet Union, 3, 6, 9, 28, 183, 259, 264, 356

Communism in Latin America, 24, 60
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 58, 60

Sowash, William B., 78
Special Group, 245, 246, 247, 248, 250, 252, 257, 258
Special Group (CI), 28, 72, 151, 471
Special National Intelligence Estimates, 120, 213

SNIE 80/90-2-68, 66
SNIE 83.3-67, 97
SNIE 84-1-68, 454
SNIE 84-64, 398
SNIE 84-66, 430
SNIE 84-67, 436
SNIE 98-65, 464

Standard Oil of Indiana, 16
Starzel, Robert F., 101, 108
Stedman, William P., Jr., 491, 505, 506
Steins, Kenedon P., 76
Sternfeld, Ray, 67, 142
Stevenson, Adlai E., 9, 382, 389, 392, 419
Stewart, C. Allen, 4, 310
Stoessel, Walter J., Jr., 56
Stroessner, Gen. Alfredo, 10, 462, 465, 469
Suarez, Leopoldo, 121
Suarez Guzman, Gen. Hugo, 151
Sukarno, Ahmed, 221
Sullivan, Leonor K., 427, 429
Sulzberger, Arthur O., 49
Sweet, William, 230
Swett, Herbert D., 117
Symington, Stuart, 66, 495, 508
Szulc, Tad, 2, 10, 12

 

Taubman, Louis, 346
Tavares, Gen. Lyra, 240
Taylor, A. Thomas, 252
Taylor, Henry L., 406
Taylor, Gen. Maxwell D., 3, 4, 187, 191, 196, 199, 202

Panama, 367, 381, 394

Taylor, Adm. Rufus L., 65
Teitelboim, Volodia, 303
Teixeira, Brig. Gen. Francisco, 205
Tejera Paris, Enrique, 20, 375, 384, 536, 541, 542, 543, 544
Telles, Raymond, 73, 80, 81, 358
Temple, Larry, 508
Tennessee Gas, 16 Then, Joe, 118
Thompson, Llewellyn E., 9, 153, 158, 267, 269, 277, 279
303 Committee, 147

Bolivia, 153, 158, 161, 167, 168, 174
Chile, 262, 267, 269, 273, 277, 294, 306
Ecuador, 326

Thurston, Raymond L., 338
Time magazine, 310
Timmons, Benson E.L.,  22
Tomic, Radomiro, 274, 275, 286, 287, 292, 298, 300, 301, 303
Torrijos Herrera, Lt. Col. Omar, 448, 449, 452, 454
Townsend, Andres, 501
Trejos Fernandez, José, 80, 81, 108, 110, 111
Trinidad and Tobago, 34, 52
Tristan, Fidel, 73
Trivelli, Hugo, 303
Trouyet, Carlos, 357
Trucco, Manuel, 380
Trueheart, William C., 174, 179
Truman, Harry S, 287, 406
Turkel, Harry, 358
Tuthill, John W., 37, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 238, 240, 242, 243
Tyler, William R., 523

 

Udall, Stewart, 350, 353, 354, 358, 526, 528, 529, 530, 534, 543
Ullos, Manuel, 506
Unger, Maj. Gen. F.T., 381
United Fruit Company, 117
United Kingdom, 284, 285

British Guiana border dispute, 524, 536
British Honduras dispute, 76, 77, 78, 103, 113
Cuba, trade restrictions re, 16
Peruvian military aircraft purchases, 492
Peruvian oil expropriations, 470, 473, 478

United Nations, 371
Uribe, Eduardo, 314
Urrutia, Col. Bolívar, 448, 449, 456
Uruguay, 16

Argentina and Brazil, relations with, 463, 464
Coup threat, 459, 463, 464
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 20, 21, 22, 23
Economic and political situation, 464, 467
Political reform, U.S. encouragement of, 460, 461, 463
Rusk visit, 33
U.S. economic/development assistance, 466, 468

 

Vaky, Viron P., 102, 113, 115, 179, 237, 239, 241, 453, 455, 457, 506, 512, 546, 547
Valdés Subercaseaux, Gabriel, 270, 275, 278, 292, 303
Valencia, Guillermo León, 311, 312, 314, 315, 316
Valenti, Jack, 381, 382, 534
Vallarino, Col. Bol’var, 367, 375, 377, 398, 443, 444, 447, 448, 449, 456
Vance, Cyrus R., 3, 4, 28, 75, 157, 158, 202, 257, 267, 421, 485, 498

Panama, 368, 369, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 381, 382, 384, 391, 396, 415

Van Reigersberg, Fernando A., 51, 123, 143
Vasquez Salas, Jorge, 473, 487
Vaughan, Jack Hood, 16, 18, 29, 31, 47, 49, 74, 75, 81, 84, 86, 154, 156, 157, 222, 271

Alliance for Progress, 27, 30, 32
British Honduras, 76
Colombia, 313, 314
Costa Rica, 79
Guatemala, 76
OAS Rio Conference of 1965, 34
Panama, 390

Anti-American demonstrations, 421, 422
Appointment as U.S. Ambassador to, 409, 410
Communist subversion, 421
Presidential election of 1964, 415, 416
Robles government, U.S. relations with, 416, 418
U.S. program to improve relations with Panama, 417, 419, 422

Panama Canal treaty negotiations, 418, 420, 427

U.S. policy development for, 421, 425

Peace Corps appointment, 37
Peru, 471, 472, 473

Velarde, Fabian, 378
Velarde, Leon, 507
Velasco Alvarado, Gen. Juan, 510, 511, 513, 514, 521
Velasco Ibarra, José María, 344
Venezuela, 16, 32, 296, 314

British Guiana, possible intervention in, 523
British Guiana border dispute, 524, 536, 544
Common market for Latin America, 62
Communist subversion (see also Cuban headings below), 20, 24, 28, 63, 70, 522, 525, 531, 538, 539, 545, 547
Coup threat, 531, 537, 538
Cuban arms cache in Venezuela, OAS resolution on, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23
Cuban fishing vessel, seizure of, 545, 546, 547
Cuban infiltration of Venezuela, OAS action on, 50, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 64
Johnson communications with Leoni, 525, 543
Johnson meeting with Barrios, 535, 536
Johnson meeting with Leoni, 50, 540, 541
Oil exports to United States, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 532, 533, 534, 536, 537, 540, 542, 543
Oliver visit to, 68
Political situation, 522, 530, 537
Presidential election of 1968, 548
Rusk meeting with Leoni, 33, 528
University crisis of 1967, 538
U.S. military/security assistance, 61, 66, 525, 539, 541, 547

Vidal Zaglio, Luis, 33
Vidigal, Gastao, 205
Vietnam war, 224, 225, 465
Villeda Morales, Ram—n, 72, 107

 

Walker, Robert G., 272
Walters, Col. Vernon A., 181, 192, 209, 214, 217, 221, 223, 225, 239
Warner, Leland W., Jr., 105
Warnke, Paul C., 69, 498
Washington Post, 2, 188, 221, 469, 502
Watson, W. Marvin, Jr., 31, 285, 427, 486
Webber, Col. John, Jr., 99, 101, 102
Webster, Bethuel M., 78, 103, 113
Weed, Clyde E., 257
Weismann, H. Andre, 26
Welles, Ben, 335
Wessin y Wessin, Gen. Elias, 465
Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 28, 65, 69, 206, 437, 519
White, Robert, 117, 118
Whiteman, Marjorie M., 7, 524
Wiggins, Guy A., 101, 103
Wilkowski, Jean M., 104
Williams, G. Mennen, 2
Williams, Murat W., 153, 159
Williams, William L. S., 151
Willis, James P., 80
Wilson, Donald M., 3, 4, 28, 368
Wilson, Harold, 492
Wilson, Henry H., Jr., 429
Wimert, Lt. Col. Paul, 156
Winchell, Walter, 389
Wolfe, Gregory B., 312
Woodward, Robert F., 427, 428
World Bank, 79, 110, 130, 215, 234, 309
Colombia, 313, 314, 315, 317, 325

 

Yarborough, Ralph, 355, 358
Yarborough, Gen. William, 129
Yerovi, Clemente, 327, 328, 329
Yohn, Michael, 363, 364
Yriart, Juan, 459, 460, 467

 

Zabala, José, 275
Zaldivar, Andrés, 303
Zambia, 284, 285, 288
Zavala Ortiz, Miguel, 123
Zuniga Augustinius, Ricardo, 72, 74, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 117, 118
Zwick, Charles J., 180, 234, 307, 308, 309, 508>>>

 


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