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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Kennedy Administration > Volume XVIII
Foreign Relations, 1961-1963, Volume XVIII, Near East, 1962-1963
Released by the Office of the Historian

Index

Note: Numbers are to page numbers in the printed volume.

Adams, Gen., 832
Afghanistan, 23, 104, 164, 501
Africa, 31, 140, 279
Agency for International Development (AID), 184, 227, 479, 604, 742
Ahmed ibn Yahya Nasir el-Din Allah, Imam of Yemen, 119-122, 162
El-Ainy, Muhsin, 151, 195, 346n, 661-663
Air Force, U.S., 317n, 459n, 517n, 825n
Ala, Hussein, 105n
Alam, Asadollah, 16, 85, 461, 841
Algeria, 15n, 80n, 219, 275-276, 476, 823
Allen, Arthur B., 326-327, 333
Alsop, Joseph, 352
Amer, Field Marshal Abdul Hakim, 611
Amini, Ali, 9, 11, 16, 85-86, 190, 460
Ammash, Salih Mahdi, 787
Anderson, Dexter, 644n
Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473-477, 480, 481, 494-495, 504, 521, 645
Arab-Israeli dispute (see also Arms limitation proposals; individual countries; Jordan waters; Palestinian refugee issue):

Baath Party, 820
Israeli nuclear capability, 399-400
Israeli position, 277-279
Kennedy-Ben Gurion communications, 511-514
Kennedy's death, 805
Kennedy's public statements, 516
Tripartite Declaration of 1950 (France-U.K.-U.S.), 507
U.S.-Israeli relations, 123, 717-719
U.S. position, 280, 317-318, 345-346, 384, 506, 526-527
Voice of the Arab Nation, 129

Arab League, 137-138, 403, 458, 764
Arab nationalism, 491, 501-502, 603
Arab-U.S. relationship (see also individual countries), 792-793
Arad, Shimshon, 315
Aram, Abbas, 98n, 723n, 724
ARAMCO, 329n, 363n, 436, 437
Arif, Col. Abdul Salam Muhammad, 791, 803
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), 530, 576
Arms limitation proposals:

Chiefs of Mission Conference, 32
Arab-U.S. relations, 793
Eighteen-Nation Disarmament Committee, 1962, 15
Inspections using photography, 589
Joint Chiefs of Staff position, 833-834
Kennedy-Nasser communications, 701-702, 703n
Kennedy's concerns, 435, 526-527, 556557, 589-592, 623-624, 653-655, 658-661, 818-819
McCloy mission, 329, 375, 517n, 558n, 589-592, 594-595, 609-619, 648, 653-655, 658-661, 700, 817
Nasser's concerns, 557, 609-614, 701-703
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 665n, 702
Oil issues, 827
Rusk's assessments, 635-637, 653-655, 700-701
Security concerns for Israel tied to, 5-6, 529-535, 598, 647, 650-652, 654-655, 718-719, 818-819
UAR, 346, 563-568, 591-592, 609, 623-624, 635-636
U.S. position, 529-535, 562-568, 597-598

Arms sales/supply. See U.S. military assistance under individual countries.
Army, U.S., 317n, 459n, 517n, 825n
Arsenjani, Hassan, 311, 314, 461
Ashraf, Princess, 724
Atallah (Jordan), 796-797
Atomic energy. See Arms limitation proposals; Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program under Israel.
Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), 317n, 459n, 517n, 576
Attasi, Lt. Gen. Louai, 470n
Australia, 219
Ayub Khan, Gen. Mohammed, 806
Azerbaijan, 190
Aziz, Abdul, 137
al-Azm, Khalid Pasha, 171n, 213

Baath Party, 384, 748-749, 786-787, 790-791, 820, 827
Badeau, John S., 5, 32, 62, 66n, 68, 142n, 168n, 181n, 199n, 203n, 210n, 238n, 266n, 267n, 269, 275, 289n, 368, 425, 428, 429n, 621n, 623n, 643, 648, 658, 695n

Arms limitation proposals, 609-614, 637n, 703n
Gruening amendment, 822-825
Israel, U.S. military assistance to, 74-77
Jordanian internal unrest, 486
Nasser, meeting with, 392-393
Saudi-UAR relations, 303
Security concerns of Israel, 545
Tripartite Declaration of 1950 (France-U.K.-U.S.), 507
UAR, U.S. military assistance to, 615-619
Yemen coup, 150-151, 174-175, 184-186, 285-288, 323, 447-448, 515, 603, 639-641, 664-665, 684n, 753-757, 852

al-Badr, Mohammed, Crown Prince, 92, 119n, 120, 162
Baghdad Pact, 138
Bahrain, 560
Baihan. See Beihan.
Bakhtiar, Gen. Timur, 87, 191n
Bakr, Ahmad Hassan, 470n, 787
Baldwin, Marion A., 695, 775
Ball, George W., 130, 131n, 141-142, 161n, 167-168, 186-187, 195, 265267, 295n, 299, 429, 525n, 589n, 691n, 720n

Arab-Israeli dispute, 514
Iraqi coup, 802-804
Israeli-U.S. relations:

Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 685-687
Palestinian refugee issue, 714-716
Johnson (U. Alexis)-Peres meeting, 450
Security concerns of Israel, 661, 705-706, 720-722
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 496-498

Johnson (Lyndon)-Faisal communications, 847-848
Jordanian internal unrest, 483, 487, 488
Oil issues, 841
Saudi Arabia, U.S. military assistance to, 300
Yemen coup, 346-347, 604, 673, 684, 760-761, 845-846

Bank of America, 293
Barbour, Walworth, 73, 77n, 511n

Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 543, 691
Ben Gurion, meeting with, 315-316
Diplomatic missions in Israel, 6, 30
Palestinian refugee issue, 118, 367, 369, 627n

Bar-Haim, Shaul, 252n, 339, 730, 735
Barnes, N. Spencer, 64-66, 69-70
Barrow, John R., 15n, 20n, 24n, 94n, 178n, 209n, 288n, 291n, 299n, 309n, 331n, 407n, 411n, 422n, 428n, 433n, 464n, 468n, 518n, 545n, 671n
Barzani, Mulla Mustafa, 665-666
Battle, Lucius D., 801
Baydani (Yemen), 273, 274, 305n
Bechtel Corporation, 293
Beeley, Sir Harold, 181, 185-186
Beihan Sheikhdom, 292, 322
Belgium, 321
Bell, David E., 373n, 374, 510-511, 542, 607, 741, 742, 801
Ben Bella, Mohammed, 15
Ben Gurion, David, 68, 89, 144n, 197n

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 494
Arms limitation proposals, 32, 532
Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 558-559, 575-576
Attacks on U.S., 536
Direct negotiations with Arab neighbors, 7, 31
Jordanian internal unrest, 487, 494
Kennedy, communications with, 3, 34, 60-61, 481-482, 485, 489, 511514, 528-529, 543-544, 592-593
Palestinian refugee issue, 65, 66-67, 124, 131-136, 144, 146, 315-317, 367, 467-468, 627
Repatriation issue, 148
Resignation of, 624n
Retaliatory policy, 5-6, 30
Security concerns, 504, 705-708
Syrian-Israeli relations, 281
UAR-Israeli relations, 346
U.S. military assistance, 51-54, 68-69

Ben Khedda, Benyoussef, 15
Ben-Zvi, Yitzhak, 489, 492
Bergeson, Alf E., 142n, 346n
Berlin, 485
al-Bitar, Salah, 409n, 410
Blackiston, Slator C., Jr., 79n, 329n, 826n, 831, 841n
Blake, Robert O., 79, 717
Board of National Estimates, 398-401
Bolivia, 219
Bowles, Chester B., 285, 286
Bowling, John W., 201-202, 311n, 328n, 373, 382n, 542, 543, 607-608, 644n
Bracken, Katherine W., 334n, 344n, 371n, 741
Bramstedt, William F., 831
Breisky, A. E., 50, 141n, 142n
Brougham, R. L., 329n
Broussard, Col. E. J., 103
Brown, Ben H., Jr., 745
Brubeck, William H., 1-2, 21n, 48, 79-80, 92n, 99n, 119n, 160, 162n, 182n, 188-189, 197n, 198n, 262n, 319n, 333, 335n, 353n, 380n, 413n, 428n, 479n, 481, 518, 528, 556n, 558

Allen case, 326-327
Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434
Faisal's trip to U.S., proposed, 26-27
Iraqi-U.S. relations, 348-349
Saudi-U.S. relations, 375-377
Shah's reform programs, 311-314
Syrian coup, 422
UAR-U.S. relations, 20-21, 24-25, 411-413, 574-575, 656n
Yemen coup, 260-262, 358-359, 441-442

Bruce, David K. E., 849
Buffum, William B., 12n, 48n, 671n, 682n, 688n, 714n, 788n, 795n, 845n, 852n
Bulgaria, 219
Bull, Gen. Odd, 694, 763
Bunche, Ralph J., 393, 414, 415, 419-421, 425-426, 441, 569, 693
Bundy, McGeorge, 1, 15n, 16, 20-21, 21n, 24, 26n, 27n, 48, 59, 71n, 73, 77n, 79, 92n, 96, 105n, 110n, 119n, 154n, 160, 162n, 170n, 171, 177n, 189n, 197n, 198n, 201, 202n, 260, 273, 294, 315n, 317n, 319n, 326, 329n, 333, 334n, 335n, 353n, 358, 374-375, 380n, 381, 397, 409n, 413n, 418, 445, 468n, 479n, 481, 484, 487n, 511n, 518, 527n, 528, 529n, 541, 554, 556n, 558, 575, 589, 594n, 658, 688n, 691n, 710n, 741, 779n, 801, 851n

Baath Party, 820
Iranian-U.S. relations, 539, 552, 741
Jordanian internal unrest, 503
nuclear capabilities in Near East, 435
Palestinian refugee issue, 111, 794
Saudi-U.S. relations, 303-305, 769
security concerns of Israel, 773
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 496-498
UAR-U.S. relations, 695, 775-776
U.K.-U.S. relations, 63-64
Yemen coup, 366-367, 599, 642-643, 663, 729-730, 837n

Bundy, William P., 8-9
Bunker, Ellsworth, 331, 339, 817

Bunche as UN mediator in Yemen, 414, 415, 425-426
Mission to Saudi Arabia and UAR (see also Yemen coup):

Kennedy-Faisal communications, 380-381, 401-402, 468n
Kennedy, meeting with, 375-376, 418-421
Kennedy-Nasser communications, 428
Meetings in Saudi Arabia, 401-405, 427-428, 429-432, 453-458
Meetings in UAR, 428-429, 447-448
Proposal to Nasser, text of, 442-443
Status report on, 441-442
Terms of reference, 375-378, 425-426, 444-445

Saudi Arabia, U.S. military assistance to, 577, 837-838
Yemen coup (see also mission to Saudi Arabia and UAR above), 515, 859

Bunte, Col., 811n, 852n
Burdett, William C., Jr., 196n
Burma, 278, 286
Burrows, Sir Bernard, 849
Butler, R.A., 849, 850

Caccia, Sir Harold, 849
Cambodia, 164, 280
Cameron, Turner C., Jr., 644n
Campbell, Stephen J., 305n, 330n, 339, 524n, 693n, 704n, 714n, 736n, 770, 788n, 835, 845n
Canada, 219, 747
Castro, Fidel, 98
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 158n, 170, 317n, 319n, 374-375, 382, 397n, 398-401, 436n, 459n, 479, 517n, 530, 576, 817, 825n, 858n
Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 102, 103, 106, 108, 219, 742, 832
Chehab, Gen. Fuad, 763
Chiefs of Mission Conferences, 32, 79-80, 742-745
China, People's Republic of, 219, 281, 286, 599, 646
Clay, Gen. Lucius D., 675-676
Cleveland, Harlan, 17, 19, 77n, 112n, 125n, 156-157, 228n, 236n, 239-243, 243n, 248n, 250, 251, 252n, 418, 420, 492, 714n, 760, 788n
Clifton, Gen. Chester V., 318n, 518n, 752n
Cline, Ray S., 397n
Coca Cola, 293
Coffin, Frank M., 542
Colombo Conference, 286
Comay, Michael S., 88, 89, 113, 694
Communism, 86, 140, 280, 343, 656-657, 674
Conference on the Problems of Economic Development, Cairo, 1962, 15
Congo, 279
Congress, U.S. (see also Gruening amendment), 519n, 553, 775-776, 798, 822-825
Connett, William B., Jr., 382n
Cottam, Howard R., 486n, 525n
Courtney, Raymond F., 559n
Couve de Murville, Maurice, 78, 79
Cramer (OSD/ISA), 300n
Crawford, William R., Jr., 12n, 13n, 17, 33n, 48n, 51n, 52n, 68n, 71n, 73, 77n, 95n, 145n, 188n, 196n, 212n, 236n, 240n, 258n, 328n, 339342, 367n, 437n, 449n, 465n, 489, 494, 525n, 528n, 575n, 592n, 626n, 691n, 714n, 720n, 730, 732-734, 735, 792n, 835n, 849
Crawford (UK), 849
Criddle, Wayne, 730, 731-732, 733, 766767, 836
Critchfield, James, 418
Cuba, 98, 277, 281, 485
Cyprus, 72
Czechoslovakia, 219, 321, 784

Dassault, Marcel, 785
Dauge (France), 78, 79
Davies, Fred, 236, 293
Davies, Rodger P., 288n, 290n, 299n, 300n, 331n, 334n, 375n, 411n, 413n, 451n, 511n, 577n, 592n, 626n, 695n, 708n, 769n, 770n, 773n, 777n, 786n, 792n, 795n, 796n, 802n, 804n, 811n, 821n, 822n, 831, 842, 845n, 852n
Davis, Grady, 830
Davis, Jeanne W., 425n, 666
Davis, Thomas W., Jr., 201-202, 374, 671n
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), 317n, 318-320, 382, 583-586, 599600, 825n
de Gaulle, Charles, 707
Dickman, Francois M., 529, 635n, 701n, 702n, 708n, 822n
al-Din, Hamid, 811, 812
Dingeman, James W., 374, 511, 542-543, 607-609, 741-742, 801-802
Douglas, William O., 191, 192
Duce, Terry, 350, 375
Duncan, Enoch S., 1n, 110n
Dungan, Ralph, 189n
Dutton, Frederick G., 54n, 59n, 518n

Eban, Abba, 118, 538
Eckhardt, Gen., 832
Economic relations. See U.S. economic assistance under individual countries.
Egypt. See Nasser, Gamal Abdul; United Arab Republic (UAR).
Eighteen-Nation Disarmament Committee, 15
Eilts, Hermann F., 559n, 594n, 615, 658
Eisenhower, Dwight D., 128
Elwood, Robert B., 433n
Ely, Michael E.C., 708n
Ensor, Andrew, 831, 841n
Eshkol, Levi, 128

Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 648, 685-687
Jordan waters, 732
Kennedy, communications with, 624-626, 691-692, 720-722, 773-775, 800
Kennedy's death, 806
Security concerns, 736
UAR military capability, 780

Ethiopia, 280
European Economic Community (EEC), 633
Export-Import Bank, 553, 595-596
Fahd, Prince, 404
Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia:

Distrust of U.S. support, 792
Internal unrest, 325
Johnson (Lyndon), communications with, 847-848
Kennedy, communications with, 198-199, 203-205, 225-226, 356-357, 380n, 381, 401-402, 427-428, 430, 468n, 573-574, 619-621, 688-689, 750-751
Kennedy, meeting with, 162-167, 403-405
Kennedy's death, 806
Syrian coup, 406
Trip to U.S., 26-27, 129, 136-140, 158-159, 262-264
UAR-Saudi relations, 649-650, 682n
U.S. military assistance, 807-808
U.S.-Saudi relations, 811-815
U.S. Jewish servicemen stationed in Saudi Arabia, 581-582
Yemen coup, 178-180, 200, 359n, 364

Bunker mission to Saudi Arabia and UAR, 375-378
Disengagement from, 283-285, 300, 351, 355-356, 403-405, 413, 418-421, 430-432, 442, 453-459
Kennedy, communications with, 229-230, 262, 264, 380-381
Public statement, 210-211
Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia--Continued
Yemen coup--Continued
Recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 261-262
Royalists, aiding, 838, 845
Saudi position, 291n
UN Yemen Observation Mission, 757-760
U.S. position, 186-187, 229-235, 710-713, 768

Farbstein, Leonard, 798, 823
Farman-Farmaian (Iran), 191
Farrell, Raymond F., 725n
Fatemi, Ali S., 723, 724, 725n
Fatemi, Hosein, 723
Fawzi, Mahmoud, 130, 144, 188, 301n, 302
Federal Bureau of Investigation, 317n, 459n, 517n, 825n
Feinberg, Abraham, 118
Feldman, Myer, 7, 24, 27n, 51, 77n, 92n, 95n, 96, 111n, 113, 116n, 124, 240n, 250, 251, 252n, 273, 276, 336, 368, 432, 484, 527, 527n, 794, 860n

Israeli-U.S. relations, 61, 63, 64-66, 68-70, 73-74, 115, 119, 151-152
Palestinian refugee issue, 53-54, 56-60, 111, 112-115, 118, 122, 125, 131n, 132-133, 146, 149, 154n, 338

Fertile Crescent theory, 383, 386-387
Folger, Kathryn N., 518
Food Machinery Corporation of California, 293
Forrestal, Michael V., 373n, 542, 607, 741
Foster, William C., 589
France, 785, 799

Arms limitation proposals, 597-598
Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 661
Israel, military assistance to, 75, 534-535, 618, 785, 799
Palestinian refugee issue, 77, 78, 83, 157, 258, 368n, 403
Yemen coup, 219

Fuqua, Gen. Stephen O., 342-343, 433n, 457-458
Furnas, Howard, 71n, 311-314

Gardner, Richard N., 693n
Gathright, Wreathram E., 635n, 601n, 702n
Gaud, William S., 16, 110n, 382n, 518n, 545n, 806n, 822n
Gazit, Mordechai, 147, 252n, 489, 492n, 494, 535-538, 730, 732, 734, 779, 784-785, 794, 797-801
German Democratic Republic, 219
Germany, Federal Republic of, 70, 110, 196, 219, 278, 318, 432, 530, 717
Ghana, 140, 279
Gilpatric, Roswell L., 90, 201, 510, 542, 554, 607, 608, 741, 801
Glass, Robert R., 600-601
Glidden, Harold W., 119n
Grant, James P., 2n, 8, 63n, 64, 68, 71n, 73, 74, 79n, 95n, 110n, 141, 141n, 142n, 145n, 177, 218n, 303n, 329n, 336, 390n, 413n, 428n, 484485, 488n, 489-492, 494, 495, 511n, 516, 518n, 526n, 541, 578n, 589, 594n, 644n, 675n, 677, 678, 682n, 684, 691n, 693n, 701n, 735n, 736n, 741n, 748, 750n, 752n
Grant, William B., 21
Greece, 72, 104
Greenfield, William T., 518
Greenhill, Sir Denis, 324n, 487n
Griffin, Adm., 676, 677, 679
Gromyko, Andrei, 138
Gruening amendment to 1961 Foreign Assistance Act, 775-776, 794, 795n, 798, 805, 821, 822-825, 827, 860
Gudarsi (Iran), 191
Gulf Oil Corporation, 329, 363n

Hadow (UK), 849
Haikal, Yusuf, 179, 180, 181, 185, 860
Hakim, Georges, 88, 89
Hall, Gen. Linscott A., 318n
Hamilton, William L., Jr., 201
Hamlett, Gen., 679
Hammarskjold, Dag, 58
Hannah, Norman B., 741
Hansen, Kenneth R., 189n, 539n
Hard Surface. See Operation Hard Surface under Saudi Arabia: Yemen coup.
Harman, Avraham, 7, 14, 31, 113, 144 n, 154n, 276, 315, 376, 528n, 538, 717, 730

Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 197n
Direct negotiations between Israel and Arab countries, 151-152
Jerusalem issue, 339
Jordanian internal unrest, 494-496
Jordan waters, 732-734, 835-836
Palestinian refugee issue, 112-114, 124, 145n, 156-157, 213-216, 249, 250, 251, 257-258, 714-715
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 496-498

Harriman, W. Averell, 468n, 470n, 510n, 541n, 554, 604, 607, 635n, 636, 682n, 688n, 720n, 741, 801, 826-831, 851n, 860n
Harrison, Sir Geoffrey, 849
Hart, Parker T., 173, 187, 199n, 210, 225, 229-236, 260n, 262-264, 288n, 301n, 305n, 401-402, 425, 428, 429n, 448, 508, 673, 688n, 729n, 750n, 757, 769n

Johnson (Lyndon)-Faisal communications, 848n
Oil issues, 842
U.S. Jewish servicemen stationed in Saudi Arabia, 581-582
Yemen coup, 283-285, 453-456, 807-811, 852

Hartman, Arthur A., 511
Hasan bin Yahya, Prince of Yemen, 120-122, 136-137, 143, 158n, 163, 172, 181, 186
Hayden, Gen. John C., 100-102, 104
Heikal (UAR), 174
Heintges, Gen. John A., 205-208
Helms, Richard, 642n
Henderson (UK), 801, 849
Herron, Francis W., 196n
Hickenlooper, Bourke B., 688-689, 776
Hilliker, Grant, 422, 518, 701n, 702n
Hilsman, Roger, Jr., 91-92, 141n, 406
Holmes, Julius C., 10, 11, 22, 91, 99n, 100-105, 202n, 328n, 553, 607, 615, 644n, 831-832

Criticisms of, 194
Iran, U.S. military assistance to, 105-109, 608
Reporting style, 843
Shah, meeting with, 500-503
Special Group (CI) meeting, 201

Home, Lord, 137, 142, 208n, 745
Hood, Viscount Samuel, 63, 223n
Hooper, Peter, Jr., 275n
Horner, John E., 402, 405, 758
Hughes, Thomas L., 292n
Hussein, Sherif, 168
Hussein I, ibn Talal, King of Jordan:

Distrust of U.S. support, 792
Internal unrest, 325, 487n, 503
Kennedy, communications with, 92-94, 227
Kennedy's death, 806
Palestinian refugee issue, 705
Saudi-Jordanian relations, 137, 208n, 233-234
Spinelli's visit to Jordan, 492-493
Syrian coup, 406
Yemen coup:

Disengagement from, 183
Kennedy, communications with, 227
Recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 261-262
UAR involvement, 168-169
U.S. position, 170n, 233

Iliff, Sir William, 765
India, 164, 219, 280, 501, 506, 703, 804-805
Indonesia, 829
Intelligence Board, U.S., 317n, 459n, 517n, 825n
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 592, 703
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), 553, 695, 697, 765
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 646, 695
Investment Guarantee Agreement (U.S.-UAR), 293
Iran (see also Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza, Shah of Iran), 72, 372

Anti-Shah Iranian students in U.S., 723-725
Communist Party (Tudeh), 86
Contacts with others than Shah, 844-845
Financial crisis, 9-11, 16
Intelligence and Security Organization (SAVAK), 87
Internal Defense Plan, 373-374, 607-609, 741-742
internal unrest, 201-202, 328, 570-571, 583-586, 601-602
Iraq, relations with, 345, 372, 383, 387, 471
Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S., 22, 91n , 100, 101, 583-586, 831832
Kennedy-Shah correspondence, 21-23, 101, 344, 644-647
Kurdish people, 116-117
Oil issues, 502, 841-842
Soviet Union, relations with, 86, 97-98, 190, 603
Special Group (CI) meetings, 201-202, 373-374, 510-511, 607-609, 741-742
Structural changes, 843
UAR, relations with, 128
U.S. Army Mission in Iran/Military Assistance Advisory Group (ARMISH/MAAG), 101, 109
U.S. economic assistance, 22-23, 201, 314, 373, 385, 478, 510-511, 553
U.S. military assistance, 90-91, 105-109, 190, 312, 554
U.S. position, 189-195, 424-425, 459-464, 477-479, 539-540, 552-554

Iraq:

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473-477, 480, 481, 494-495, 504, 521, 645
Baghdad Pact, 138
Coup, February 1963, 87, 342-343

Baath Party, 786-787, 790-791
CIA discussion, 374-375
Constitutional development, 385
Recognition of new regime, 351-356
U.S. position, 344, 351-352, 382-389, 490, 786-787, 802-804

Jordanian internal unrest, 487
Jordan waters, 763
Kennedy's death, 806
Kurdish people, 116-117, 381-382, 397, 445n, 446, 451-452, 470n, 542-543, 666
Oil issues, 383, 384-385
Palestinian refugee issue, 83, 144
Soviet Union, relations with, 104, 352, 354, 471
Syrian coup, 406
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473-477
U.S. economic assistance, 354-355, 445-446, 638, 674-675
U.S. military assistance, 446, 470-473, 596, 674-675
U.S., relations with, 334-335, 348-349, 408-409, 673-675
Yemen coup, 219

Ismail, Hafez, 684n
Israel (see also Arab-Israeli dispute; Ben Gurion, David; Palestinian refugee issue)

Arms limitation proposals, 5-6, 529-535, 598, 647, 650-652, 654-655, 718-719, 818-819
Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 799

Inspection visits, 196-198, 197n, 525-526, 575-576, 648, 685-687, 858n
Kennedy-Ben Gurion communications, 543-544
Kennedy-Eshkol communications, 625, 691-692
Kennedy-Meir meeting, 283
UAR-U.S. relations and, 635-636
U.S. concerns, 398-401, 432-433, 435, 437, 514, 528, 799, 800

Diplomatic missions, 6, 30
Direct negotiations with Arab neighbors, 13-14, 30-31, 70, 151-152
Feldman's trip to Israel, 73-74
French military assistance, 75, 534-535, 618, 785, 799
Iraq, relations with, 389, 471-472
Jerusalem, 12, 339-342
Jordanian internal unrest, 479, 484-485, 488, 489-492, 494-496, 504505
Jordan waters, 5, 29-30, 79-80, 115, 280, 730-735, 763-767, 770-773, 835-836, 860
Kennedy-Meir meeting, 272-273, 276-283
Kennedy's death, 805-806
Kurdish people, 117
Nuclear weapons program, 517-518
Palestinian refugee issue, 122-124, 143-144, 548-549, 551, 797-798
Peres trip to U.S., 449-451
Rusk-Meir meeting, 143-144
Security concerns:

Arab-U.S. relations, 792, 800-801
Ben Gurion's letter, U.S reply to, 705-708
Kennedy-Eshkol communications, 720-722, 773-775
Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S., 8, 667669, 684-685
UAR military capability and, 521-522, 779-786, 800
U.S.-Israeli talks, 535-538, 717-719, 777-779, 799
U.S. position, 540-541, 545-552, 589-591, 647, 650-652, 658-661, 735-736
U.S.-USSR guarantee of Near Eastern countries, proposed, 481-482, 528-529

Soviet Union, relations with, 400-401, 485
Syria, relations with, 6, 12, 32, 54, 277, 281-282, 331-332, 681, 693694
Third country nationals trained in, 7, 13, 31
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 476, 496-498, 512
UAR, relations with, 237-238, 346, 773-774, 777-779, 825-826
U.S., relations with, 798-800
U.S. sale of Hawk missile, 4-5, 8-9, 31, 51-54, 66n, 68-69, 73, 94-97

UAR interest, 71, 74-77, 110n, 127-130
U.K. interest, 63-65, 69, 94

U.S. policy, 2-7, 12-14, 27-32

Italy, 72, 219

Japan, 164
Javits, Jacob, 775n, 798
Jawad, Hazim, 786
Jawari (Syria), 803
Jensen, Jeannette M., 556n
Jernegan, John D., 695n, 714n, 729n, 730, 732-735, 777n, 786n, 788n, 792n, 795n, 796n, 801, 802n, 811n, 821n, 831, 835-836, 837n, 842, 845n, 852n
Johnson, G. Griffith, 201, 671n, 675n, 676-678, 680, 735n, 773n, 831
Johnson, Joseph see also Johnson Mission; Johnson Plan under Palestinian refugee issue, 336-338
Johnson, Lyndon B., 72, 312

Arab-Israeli dispute, 820
CIA briefing, 817
Executive flexibility, 823
Faisal, communications with, 847-848
Nasser, communications with, 851
UAR, economic assistance to, 824
Yemen coup, 819, 858-859

Johnson, U. Alexis, 1, 99n, 162, 373, 449, 795-797
Johnson Plan. See under Palestinian refugee issue.
Johnston, Eric (see also Jordan waters), 731n, 732, 733, 764, 771, 835
Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S.:

Arms limitation proposals, 833-834
Iran, 22, 91n, 100, 101, 583-586, 831-832
Iraq, 408-409, 673-675
Israel, 8, 667-669, 684-685
Jordanian internal unrest, 486n
Saudi Arabia, 205-208, 303n, 394-396, 581, 606, 607n, 615n, 675-680, 728n, 856-858
UAR-Saudi crisis, 295-298
Yemen, 420, 456n

Jones, Curtis F., 225n, 269, 695n, 752n, 795n, 849, 851n
Jordan (see also Hussein I, ibn Talal, King of Jordan; Jordan waters), 80n, 144, 168n

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 521
Baath Party, 748-749
Internal unrest, 498-499

Israeli concerns, 479, 488, 489492, 494-496, 504-505
Kennedy-Ben Gurion communications, 512
lessening of tensions, 492-493, 503-505
U.K-U.S. consultation, 523
U.S. position, 479-481, 483, 484-486, 487

Iraq, relations with, 345, 383, 386, 387-388, 471, 791
Maqarin Dam, 765
Palestinian refugee issue, 38, 81, 83, 466, 628, 704
Saudi Arabia, relations with, 137, 208-209, 233-234
Special Group (CI) meeting, 801-802
Spinelli mission, 299n, 330-331, 492-493, 805, 811, 845-846, 853
Tripartite Declaration of 1950 (France-U.K.-U.S.), 507
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 476
UAR, relations with, 208-209, 285n, 479n, 484-486, 489-490
U.S. military assistance, 480, 509
U.S., relations with, 168-169, 492, 748-749, 801-802
Yemen coup, 170, 177, 179, 183, 227, 228-229, 266, 284, 288

Jordan waters, 5

Arab-U.S. relations and, 793
Chiefs of Mission Conference, 79-80
Elections in U.S. and, 820
Israeli-U.S. talks, 730-735
Maqarin Dam, 765
Nasser's Port Said speech, 860
Observation by international group, 836
Oil issues, 827
Unified Plan, 731-735, 764, 767, 770-773, 835-836
U.S. position, 5, 29-30, 79-80, 115-116, 280, 763-767, 793, 806

Judd, Thomas M., 451n, 821n

Kaissouni, Abdel Moneim, 62, 110, 128, 161, 708, 824
Kamel, Mustafa, 20, 142, 209-210, 285, 516, 656-658, 663-664, 708, 796n
Karamessines (CIA), 542, 607, 801
Kashmir dispute, 501
Kattenburg, Paul M., 741
Kaysen, Carl, 105n, 111n, 122n, 143, 152n, 154n, 177n, 198n, 202n, 329n, 418, 589n, 603, 614-615, 673
Kearns-Preston (Commerce), 382n
Keating, Kenneth, 775n, 798
Kennedy, John F., 9, 11, 64, 69, 72, 74, 75, 77n, 110n, 119n, 190, 251n, 257n, 285, 286, 345, 353n, 358n, 416, 432, 477, 540

Arab-Israeli dispute, 516, 526-527, 591-592
Arms limitation proposals:

Israeli programs, 435
McCloy mission, 653-655, 658-661
Nasser, communications with, 557, 701-702
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 702
Rusk's assessments, 700-701
UAR, 609, 623-624

Death of, 804-806
Executive flexibility, 823
Hussein, communications with, 92-94, 227
Iranian-U.S. relations, 16

Rusk's recommendations, 477-479
Shah, communications with, 21-23, 101, 334, 644-647
Shah's visit to U.S., 312
Special Group (CI) meeting, 374
U.S. military assistance, 105n
U.S. position, 424-425

Iraqi-U.S. relations, 638
Israeli-U.S. relations:

Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 528, 575-576, 685n
Ben Gurion, communications with, 3, 34, 60-61, 481-482, 485, 489, 511-514, 528-529, 543-544, 592-593
Eshkol, communications with, 624625, 691-692, 720-722, 800
Jordan waters, 29
Meir, meeting with, 272-273, 276-283
NSAM No. 231, 435
Peres trip to U.S., 450-451
Security concerns, 545-547, 589-590, 773-775
Special relationship, 315
Syrian-Israeli hostilities, 693

Jordanian internal unrest, 484-486, 495
Kurdish people, 665-666
Palestinian refugee issue, 111, 114, 119, 123, 131n, 240n, 317

Johnson (Joseph), meeting with, 336338
Rusk's recommendations, 211-218, 244-247, 437-441, 700-701
UN Resolution 194 (1948), 794-795
White House conference, 55-58

al-Qudsi, communications with, 331-332
Saudi-U.S. relations (see also Yemen coup below), 140

Faisal, communications with, 198-199, 203-205, 225-226, 229-230, 262-264, 356-357, 380-381, 401-402, 427-428, 430, 468n, 573-574, 619-621, 688-689, 750-751
Faisal, meeting with, 162-167, 403-405
Faisal's trip to U.S., 158-159
U.S. military assistance, 425-426, 580-583, 621-622, 726-727

Tito, meeting with, 747
UAR-U.S. relations (see also Yemen coup below ):

Kamel, meeting with, 656-658
Nasser, communications with, 15, 25, 62, 226, 275-276, 309-310, 320-323, 390-392, 411-413, 428-429, 468-470, 556-557, 574-575, 594-595, 701-702, 703n, 752-753
Nasser's trip to U.S., proposed, 267268, 294
U.S. economic assistance, 97

U.K.-U.S. relations, 223-224, 324-325, 347n
Yemen coup, 359n, 418-421, 572, 663-664, 710n, 729-730, 795-796, 807

Ambassador's credentials presented, 661-663
Bunker mission to Saudi Arabia and UAR, 375-376, 380-381, 418-421, 441-445
Faisal, communications with, 380-381
Letters to parties involved, 222-223, 225-232, 262, 264
NSC assessments, 237-239
Operation Hard Surface, 581-583, 621-622, 726-727
White House conference, 363-367
Poison gas use by UAR, 643, 658

Kennedy, Robert F., 189n, 202n, 542, 607, 609, 725n, 741
Kent, Sherman, 401
Kenya, 560
Kettelhut, Marvin C., 90n, 578n
Khalid, Prince, 404
al-Khayyal, Sheikh Abdullah, 162, 186, 290, 359n
Khrushchev, Nikita S., 190, 512-513, 727
Killgore, Andrew I., 141n, 142n, 334n, 344n, 382n, 451n, 470n, 595n, 644n, 665n, 750n, 786n, 795n, 796n, 802n
King, Samuel L., 26n
Kinsolving, Lucien L., 770n
Kitchen, Jeffrey C., 735n, 779n
Klutznick, Philip, 118
Knight, Ridgway B., 327, 368
Knox, M. Gordon, 382n
Kollek, Teddy, 64, 66, 68
Komer, Robert W., 9-10, 11, 15n, 20n, 21n, 26n, 27n, 68n, 71n, 92n, 105n, 111, 116n, 162, 170n, 202n, 218n, 228n, 251n, 260n, 275n, 276, 300n, 303n, 309n, 315n, 329n, 333, 336, 342n, 355n, 425n, 427n, 428n, 479n, 511n, 524n, 525n, 527n, 541, 577n, 599n, 658, 666n, 682n, 693n, 720n, 736n, 750n, 752n, 851n

Arab-Israeli dispute, 345-346
arms limitation proposals, 562, 589-592, 597-598, 623-624, 652, 700n
Baath Party, 820
foreboding feeling about Near East, 821
inter-Arab politics, 397
Iranian-Soviet relations, 97-98
Iranian-U.S. relations, 16, 188-195, 510-511, 539-540
Iraqi-U.S. relations, 351-352, 638
Israeli-U.S. relations:

Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 648, 685n
Israeli position, 797-801
Kennedy-Meir meeting, 272-273
Missile technology, 432-433
Security concerns, 506, 535-538, 540-541, 589-590, 660, 705n
UAR military capability, 779-786, 825n

Johnson (Lyndon), briefing of, 819-820
Jordanian internal unrest, 484-486, 487, 503-505
Kurdish people, 381-382
Oil issues, 329
Palestinian refugee issue:

Assessing the situation, 96-97, 122-124, 126-127, 143-145, 152-154, 171, 317
Johnson Plan, backing away from, 253-256
Kennedy-Johnson (Joseph) meeting, 338
UN Resolution 194 (1948), 794-795

Saudi-U.S. relations (see also Yemen coup below), 158, 352-353, 375n, 580-581, 621-622, 728n
Syrian coup, 409n
Syrian-Israeli hostilities, 681
Tripartite Declaration of 1950 (France-U.K.-U.S.), 507-508
UAR-U.S. relations (see also Yemen coup below), 161

Congressional objections, 519n
Missile technology, 432-433
Nasser's Port Said speech, 860
Nasser's visit to U.S., proposed, 294-295

Yemen coup, 837n

Assessing the situation, 177-178, 416-417, 572, 641-642, 710-713
Disengagement of outside parties, 338-339, 508, 670
Kennedy, recommendations to, 237-239
Poison gas use by UAR, 643
Recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 183n
Saudi Arabia and UAR, military hostilities between, 393
UN Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM), 725-726, 747-748, 760-762
White House conference, 363-366, 420-421

Koppers Company of Pittsburgh, 293
Kretzmann, Edwin M.J., 575n, 592
Kriebel, P. W., 80, 434, 529
Krulak, Gen. V. H., 201, 510, 583-586, 741
Kurdish people:

Iran, 84, 87, 373
Iraq, 383, 384, 397, 445n, 446, 451-452, 470n, 674
Syria, 803
U.S.-Kurdish relations, 116-117, 381382, 542-543, 665-666

Kuwait, 117, 141, 150, 345, 383, 386, 476, 560-561, 842

Lake Tiberias incident between Israel and Syria, 6, 12, 32, 54
Lampson, Edward T., 849
Laos, 485
al-Latif, Abd, 803
Lawrence, William H., 285
Lebanon, 38, 72, 80n, 81, 83, 144, 219, 277, 383, 388-389, 466, 476, 491, 704, 705, 763, 772
Lee, Robert E., 723n
Legere, Col. Lawrence J., 506
LeMay, Gen. Curtis E., 295-298, 676, 677, 678
Lemnitzer, Gen. Lyman L., 91n
Lewis, Geoffrey W., 169
Libya, 80n
Little, Edward S., 15n, 99n, 110n, 198n, 248n, 262, 349, 468n, 525n, 556n, 575, 576
Lloyd, John, 189, 464n, 591n, 592n
Lubkeman, Walter H., 511n, 682n, 791n
Ludlow, James M., 13n, 17, 26n, 367n, 626n
Lyon, Cecil B., 78, 79

Macmillan, Harold, 63n, 223, 324-325, 707
Macomber, William B., Jr., 94n, 168n, 208n, 225, 233, 368, 492-493, 497
Maechling, Charles, Jr., 542, 607, 741, 801
Main, Charles T., 772
Manhart, A. H., 667-669, 833-834
Manning, Robert J., 582, 723n, 849
Mansur, Hassan Ali, 602
Maraghi, Murtada, 128-129
Martin, Edwin M., 510
Martin, Paul, 747
Marvin, William G., Jr., 488n, 750n, 752n
Mason, Ed, 10
McCloy, John J. (see also Arms limitation proposals), 329, 375, 517n, 558n, 589-592, 594-595, 609-619, 648, 653, 658, 660, 700, 817
McClure, Russell S., 801, 802
McCone, John A., 170, 201, 374-375, 436437, 510, 528, 542, 589, 591, 607, 626n, 653-655, 658-659, 661, 801, 817, 858n
McGhee, George C., 1, 27n, 94n, 218n, 329n, 330n, 331n, 334n, 348n, 350, 363, 365, 390n, 418, 420, 425n, 427n, 428n
McHugh, Gen., 614n, 615n
McKee, Gen., 832
McKesson, John A., 596, 636n, 664, 665, 688n, 693n, 720n, 763-764, 851n, 852n
McNamara, Robert S., 22, 91, 99n, 408, 483, 498-499, 539, 673, 726, 728n, 729, 790, 856n
Meir, Golda, 89, 124

Feldman, meeting with, 64-66, 68-70, 73, 115, 119
Kennedy, meeting with, 272-273, 276-283
Komer-Gazit meeting, misinterpretation of, 535
Palestinian refugee issue, 126, 131-136, 147, 156-157, 236-237, 241, 243, 717-719, 780
Rusk, meeting with, 143-144

Melbourne, Roy M., 117, 335n, 344n
Meron (Israel), 88
Meyer, Armin H., 432
Miklos, Jack C., 311n, 477n
Mobil International Oil, 329n, 363n
Moe, Sherrington G., 88, 89, 90
Moor, C. L., 706
Moose, Richard M., 735n
Morehouse, Charlotte M., 382n
Morocco, 80n
Moses, Henry C., 830
Muhammed, Imam, 137
Murrow, Edward R., 201, 373n, 510, 542, 607, 741, 801
Mustafa, Col. Abdul K., 116-117, 344, 803

Nasser, Gamal Abdul, 5, 26n, 65, 87, 122n, 168n, 203n, 419

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 495
Arab leaders' distrust of, 137-138, 144, 163
Arms limitation proposals, 532, 701-703
Baath Party, 748-749
Badeau, meeting with, 392-393
Badeau's UAR visit rejected, 429n
Eisenhower, meeting with, 128
Gruening amendment, 821
Iraqi-UAR relations, 342n, 501, 791
Israeli-U.S. relations, 74-75
Johnson (Lyndon), communications with, 851
Jordanian internal unrest, 487, 503
Kennedy, communications with, 15, 25, 62, 275-276, 309-310, 320323, 390-392, 411-413, 428-429, 468-470, 556-557, 574-575, 594595, 752-753
Missile technology, 504
Oil issues, 329
Palestinian refugee issue, 67, 73-76, 466-467, 704
Nasser, Gamal Abdul--Continued
Port Said speech, 860
Saudi-UAR relations, 300n, 352-353, 423
Saudi-U.S. relations, 159, 461-465
Soviet-UAR relations, 174
Trip to U.S., proposed, 267-268, 294-295
U.S. economic assistance to UAR, 538
U.S.-UAR relations, 20-21, 96-97, 161, 815-816, 837-840, 840, 841, 849-850
War plans, 781, 783
Yemen coup, 91-92, 158, 177, 183, 224, 278-279, 753-757, 768

Control of the Yemeni government, 859
Disengagement from, 284-288, 292, 309-310, 320-323, 427-428, 431432, 441-442, 447-448, 508, 515, 639-641, 663-664, 699
Kennedy, communications with, 226
NSC assessments, 710-713, 748

National Intelligence Estimates (see also Special National Intelligence Estimates):

NIE 30-63, 317-318
NIE 36.7-63, 768-769

National Security Agency, 517n
National Security Council (NSC) (see also Komer, Robert W.):

Action Memoranda (NSAMs):

No. 227, 366-367, 376
No. 228, 424-425, 477, 510, 539
No. 231, 435, 527, 529-530
No. 262, 729-730
Standing Group meeting, 552-554

Navy, U.S., 317n, 459n, 517n, 825n
Near Eastern countries-U.S. relations, 366-372, 465-468, 626-629
Nehru, Jawaharlal, 806
Neutrality principle, 372
Newsom, David, 196n, 831
Nichols, Clarence W., 382n
Nitze, Paul H., 363-365, 420, 457, 569, 658, 728-729, 769
Noble, John, 828
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 104, 634
Nuclear energy/weapons (see also Arms limitation proposals; Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program under Israel), 399-401, 432-433, 435, 702-703, 718-719
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 665n, 702
Nyerges, Anton N., 486n

Oil issues, 843

Arab-U.S. relations, 793
Crisis management by oil companies, 437-438
Executives from oil companies meeting with U.S. officials, 329-330, 826-831
Frustration felt by Arabs, 860n
Iran, 502, 841-842
Iraq, 383, 384-385
Johnson briefed by CIA, 817
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, 630, 632-634, 793, 828-830, 841-843
U.K.-U.S. relations, 561, 630-634
White House conference, 363

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) (see also Oil issues), 630, 632-634, 793, 828-830, 841-843
Ormsby Gore, Sir David, 172n, 183n, 745
Owen, Garry, 375, 828, 830
Ozzello, James, 736n

Padelford, Edward A., Jr., 290n, 433n, 735n
Page, Howard, 829, 830
Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza, Shah of Iran, 16, 72

Arab nationalism, 501-502, 603
Assassination dangers, 570
Internal unrest, 463-464
Holmes, meeting with, 500-503
Kashmir dispute, 501
Kennedy, communications with, 21-23, 101, 334, 644-647
Kennedy's death, 806
Oil issues, 830
Political prospects, 84-88
Reform programs, 311-314, 328n, 459-462, 500, 539-540, 554, 601-602, 821, 831-832
Repressive controls, 844
Special Group (CI) meeting, 510-511
U.S. economic assistance, 500-501
U.S. attitude toward, 190-195
U.S. military assistance, 99-109, 502
Yemen coup, 828

Pakistan, 23, 164, 191, 278, 280, 501, 804
Pakravan (Iran), 189
Palestine Conciliation Commission. See under Palestinian refugee issue.
Palestinian refugee issue (see also United Nations):

Arab-U.S. relations, 793
Bilateral relations/agreements between U.S. and Near Eastern countries and, 366-372, 465-468, 626-629
compensation issue, 35-36, 45-46
direct negotiations between Arab countries and Israel, 7, 14, 30-31, 151-152, 714-716
Israeli-U.S. relations and, 315-317
Johnson Mission (1962), 6
Johnson Plan (see also Palestine Conciliation Commission below):

Alternatives to, 241-243
Arab positions, 89-90, 188-189, 212213
Ben Gurion's reactions, 65
Exposition of, 17-19, 33-47
Feldman's recommendations, 53-54
Israeli position, 2-3, 73-74, 89, 112-115, 118-119, 145-149, 188-189, 213-215, 279
Israeli-U.S. relations and, 30
Jordan waters and, 80
Kennedy-Hussein crisis communications, 92-94
Kennedy-Johnson (Joseph) meeting, 336-338
Meir's reactions, 69-70
NSC assessments, 96-97, 122-124, 126-127, 143-145, 152-154
Presentation to UN, 77-79, 88-90
Presidential emissary to Israel, 51-52
Proposals for solving problem, 17-19, 39-41
Rejection scenarios, 48-50
Rusk-Meir meeting, 131-136, 236-237
Rusk's analysis, 156-157, 244-247, 437-441
Syria's rejection of, 171
Talbot's assessments, 125-126, 145-149, 239-241
UAR-U.S. relations and, 71, 75-76, 110n
U.S. position, 6, 33-39, 66-68, 80-84, 111, 130, 211-218
White House conference, 54-60

Kennedy's death, 806
Palestine Conciliation Commission (see also Johnson Plan above), 17, 18, 40, 42, 77, 78, 81, 84n, 211, 214-217, 240-245, 247-260, 368, 788, 789, 797n
UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), 18, 34, 43, 70,211, 214, 241, 242, 628, 716, 788-790
UN Resolution 194 (1948), 40, 42, 794-797
UN Resolution 1856 (1962), 368

Palmer, Stephen, Jr., 17, 240
Pan-American Oil Company, 293
Parkhurst, G. L., 828, 829, 830
Peck (UK), 849
Peres, Shimon, 449-451, 525, 538
Persian Gulf, 141, 150, 160, 275, 379, 502, 559-561
Pharoun, Rashad, 136, 162, 455
Philippines, 164
Phillips, 822n
Plimpton, Francis T. P., 421n
Poland, 219
Polk, William R., 89n, 271n, 843-845
Porter, Gen., 102
Preble, Col., 342n

Qassim, Abdul, 87, 117, 335, 343, 384, 385
Qotbzadeh, Sadeq, 723, 724, 725n
al-Qudsi, Nazim, 326, 327, 331-332
Quinn, Gen. William W., 290n, 300n, 464n, 781, 790-791, 811n

Rabin, Gen. (Israel), 779-786, 799
Rafael (Israel), 315
Read, Benjamin H., 482, 519, 556n, 559, 663, 695, 773, 851n
Reynolds, John M., 408-409, 644n, 673675
Riad, Mohammed, 88, 90
Ricketts, Adm., 781
Rifa'i, Abdul Mun'em, 88, 89
al-Rifa'i, Samir, 479n
Robinson, Col. W. B., 578n, 675n, 735n, 811n, 852n
Rockwell, Stuart W., 601-603
Rogers, J. L., 27, 68n, 278, 330n, 331n, 377, 390n
Romania, 219
Ron, Col. Ram, 779
Roosevelt, Kermit, 329-330, 828, 829
Rostow, Walt W., 1, 843
Rouhani, Fuad, 633, 828, 830
Rowe, David, 309, 442, 691n
Rusk, Dean, 2, 17, 64, 69, 74, 77n, 91n, 112, 172n, 223n, 243n, 257n, 292n, 413, 418, 541n, 644n, 693n, 729, 735n, 750n, 752n, 804n

Arab-Israeli dispute, 526-527
arms limitation proposals, 635-637, 653-655, 700-703
business interests of U.S. companies, 436-437
Iranian-U.S. relations, 328

Anti-Shah Iranian students in U.S., 723n, 725n
Kennedy, recommendations to, 477-479
Kennedy-Shah communications, 334, 647
U.S. military assistance, 99

Iraqi-U.S. relations, 334-335, 353-356, 382-389, 470-473, 786-787
Israeli-U.S. relations:
Atomic reactor at Dimona and atomic energy program, 196-198, 525-526, 528, 543-544
Kennedy-Ben Gurion communications, 592-593
Kennedy-Eshkol communications, 624-626, 691-692
Meir, meeting with, 143-144
Retaliatory raids, 6n
Security concerns, 717-719, 735-736, 777-779
U.S. military assistance, 94-95
U.S. policy, 12-14, 27-32

Jordanian-Saudi relations, 208-209
Jordanian-U.S. relations, 480, 748-749
Jordan waters, 770-773, 835-836
Kurdish people, 452-453
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 665n
Palestinian refugee issue, 18-19, 33-39, 54-60, 66-67, 124, 126, 156-157

Bilateral relations/agreements between U.S. and Near Eastern countries and, 367-371, 465-468, 626-629
Harman, initiating talks with, 145n
Johnson Plan, backing away from, 247-250, 260
Kennedy, recommendations to, 211-218, 244-247, 437-441, 700-701
Meir, meeting with, 131-136, 236-237
UN consideration, 788-790, 794n, 796-797
U.S. position, 80-84

Saudi-U.S. relations (see also Yemen coup below), 198-199

Kennedy-Faisal communications, 428
UAR-Saudi relations, 288-291
U.S. military assistance, 425-426, 464-465

Syrian coup, 406n, 407, 409-410
Syrian-Israeli hostilities, 693-694
Syrian-U.S. relations, 331-333
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 473-477
UAR-U.S. relations (see also Yemen coup below), 15, 71

Johnson (Lyndon)-Nasser communications, 851
Kennedy-Kamel meeting, 656-658
Kennedy-Nasser communications, 276, 390-391, 468-470, 556-557, 594-595
Nasser's trip to U.S., proposed, 267-268, 294-295
U.S. economic assistance, 97, 110, 161, 708-709

U.K.-U.S. relations, 63-64
Yemen coup, 176-182, 195-196, 209-211, 837n

Disengagement of outside parties, 307-310, 330-331, 356-358, 444-445, 698-699, 811-816
Kennedy-Nasser communications, 753
al-Khayyal, communications with, 359n
Operation Hard Surface, 577-578, 587-588
recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 195-196, 218-220, 225-229, 821-822
Saudi-U.S. relations, 203-205, 351, 750-751
U.K.-U.S. relations, 379-380, 745-747, 849-850
UN mediation, 305-306, 420, 524
U.S. position, 736-740, 852-855

Russell, H. Earle, Jr., 2n, 90n, 379n, 682n, 688n, 730, 735n, 777n

al-Saadi, Ali Salih, 786-787
Sabbagh, Isa, 136, 162, 165, 401-402, 403
Sabri, Ali, 203n, 289n, 299, 411, 429n, 469, 488n, 515, 603, 639, 642-643
Sadat, Anwar el-, 150-151, 168n, 184185, 807
Saenger, Dr., 319
Said, Nuri, 138
Salih, Ali, 786-787
Sallal, Abdallah, 195, 196, 224, 227, 230, 284, 287, 323n, 419, 458, 604, 768, 859
Sandys, Duncan, 849
Saqqaf, Omar, 200, 262-264, 288n, 290, 453, 455, 456n, 457, 581, 649, 691, 758
Saud ibn Abd al-Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia, 26, 160, 166, 170n, 175, 183, 186n, 199, 225, 229, 262
Saudi Arabia (see also Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia; Yemen coup), 80n, 144

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 521
Iraq, relations with, 208-209, 383, 388
Jordan, relations with, 137, 233-234
Oil issues, 842
Palestinian refugee issue, 83
Soviet Union, relations with, 140, 165-166
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 476
UAR, relations with (see also Yemen coup below), 139-140, 175, 185, 275, 295-298, 303, 453-459, 671673, 758
U.K., relations with, 324n
U.S. military assistance (see also Operation Hard Surface below), 166, 200, 205-208, 300, 303-305, 352-353, 394-396, 425-426, 455, 464-465, 468n, 509, 577-582
U.S. Military Training Mission (USMTM), 206, 207
U.S., relations with, 173, 350-351, 436-437
Yemen coup:

CIA assessments, 170
Disengagement from, 288, 443-445, 640-642, 670, 689-691, 807-816, 837-840, 852-855
Johnson (Lyndon)-Faisal communications, 847-848
Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S., 606, 607n
Operation Hard Surface (see also U.S. military assistance above), 581-583, 587-588, 605-607, 614-616, 621-622, 675-680, 726-729, 769-770, 807-808, 814-815, 816n, 837-839, 855-858
Recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 183, 187
Saudi military assistance, 168n, 174-175, 176, 427-428
Saudi position, 186, 229-235
UAR, military hostilities with, 196, 199-200, 203-205, 288-291, 301, 391-393, 423, 555, 573-574, 605-606, 649-650, 682-684, 698-699, 828
U.K.-U.S. talks, 850
U.S. position, 181, 209-211, 225-226
U.S.-Saudi communications, 757-760

Saunders, Harold H., 445-446, 603-604
Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr., 119, 794
Schwartz, 723n
Scott, Joseph W., 355n
Security issues. See Security concerns under Israel.
Seelye, Talcott W., 26n, 119-122, 129n, 136, 155, 162, 172n, 182-183, 186n, 195n, 198n, 218n, 228n, 260n, 275n, 290n, 300n, 305n, 330n, 346n, 355n, 359n, 379n, 425n, 577n, 769n, 795n, 811n, 821n, 845n
Al-Shabib, Talib Husain, 344n, 786
Shah of Iran. See Pahlavi, Mohammed Reza, Shah of Iran.
Sharaf, Sami, 289n, 488
Sharett, Moshe, 732
Shepard, Capt. Tazewell, 119
Shore, Taylor, 493
Sidky (UAR), 285
Sisco, Joseph J., 157, 188n, 236n, 258n, 305n, 330n, 367n, 465n, 468n, 524n, 626n, 704, 717, 736n, 750n, 788n, 796n, 811n, 845n
Slater, Warren E., 2, 77n, 275n, 327, 371n
Sloan, Frank K., 303n, 342, 363, 418, 554n, 599n, 675n, 684-685, 779n
Smith, Bromley, 218n, 464n, 539n, 553, 644n
Solbert, Peter, 818-819
Somalia, 219, 280
Soviet Union, 219

Arms limitation proposals, 719
China, relations with, 646
Iran, relations with, 86, 97-98, 190, 603
Iraq, relations with, 104, 352, 354, 471
Israel, relations with, 400-401, 485
Kurdish people, 117
Kuwait, relations with, 138
Oil issues, 634
penetration into Near East, 783-784
Saudi Arabia, relations with, 140, 165-166
UAR, relations with, 1-2, 5, 174, 271, 278, 320, 535
U.K.-U.S. initiative on Israel, 792
U.S., relations with, 281, 485, 512-513, 529, 727
U.S.-USSR guarantee of Near East countries, proposed, 481-482, 528-529
Yemen coup, 120, 121, 160, 172, 221, 231, 569, 599-600, 769

Spain, 727
Spain (CIA), 477n
Special Group (CI) meetings, 201-202, 373-374, 510-511, 542-543, 583, 607-609, 741-742, 801-802
Special National Intelligence Estimates (see also National Intelligence Estimates):

SNIE 30-2-63, 517-518, 530
SNIE 30-4-63, 825-826
SNIE 34-62, 84-88
SNIE 34-63, 459-464, 510

Spinelli, Pier P., 299n, 330, 492-493, 805, 811, 845-846, 853
Springsteen, George S., 489
Standard Oil of California, 329n, 363n, 437
Standard Oil of New Jersey, 329n, 363n
Stevens, Sir Roger, 559
Stevenson, Adlai E., 7, 79, 88-90, 119, 125n, 143, 158n, 524n, 747, 846n
Stoddart, Jonathan D., 569-570, 735n, 773n, 852n
Stokes, William N., 80n
Stookey, Robert W., 195, 196, 203n, 273-274, 305n
Strong, Robert C., 15n, 17, 26n, 27n, 48n, 52n, 54n, 59n, 68, 74, 77n, 94n, 95n, 110n, 112n, 116n, 125n, 141n, 142n, 162, 172n, 178n, 186n, 188n, 195n, 196n, 198n, 208n, 209n, 218n, 220n, 240n, 258n, 260n, 267n, 269, 275n, 303n, 309n, 346n, 348n, 355n, 358n, 359n, 367n, 375n, 379n, 382n, 407n, 425n, 427n, 428n, 433n, 437n, 449n, 451n, 464n, 465n, 470n, 484, 486n, 488n, 511n, 524n, 525n, 527n, 528n, 545n, 575n, 578n
Sudan, 80n, 219
Sultan bin Abdula Aziz, 404
Swank, Emory C., 110n, 275n, 422n
Symmes, Harrison M., 671n, 682n, 688n, 730n, 735n, 736n, 750n, 752n
Syria, 80n, 81, 123, 138, 144, 154n, 213, 219, 674, 794

Allen case, 326-327, 333
Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433434, 470, 473-477, 480, 481, 494
Baath Party, 749
coup, 404-407, 409-410, 422, 490
Iraq, relations with, 383, 386, 388, 791
Israel, relations with, 6, 12, 32, 54, 277, 281-282, 331-332, 681, 693-694
Johnson (Lyndon) briefed by CIA, 817
Jordanian internal unrest, 487
Jordan waters, 5, 29-30, 763, 772
Kennedy-Qudsi communications, 331-332
Kennedy's death, 806
Kurdish people, 803
Palestinian refugee issue, 171, 467, 704-705
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473-477
UAR, relations with, 128-129, 331-333, 406

Takla, Philippe, 649, 792
Talbot, Phillips, 14, 16-20, 26n, 27n, 48, 51-52, 54n, 59, 60, 77n, 78n, 95n, 122n, 136, 141, 143, 154n, 158n, 162, 177, 188n, 195n, 196n, 198n, 211n, 228n, 236n, 248n, 250, 252n, 257n, 258n, 260n, 267n, 269, 273, 275n, 276, 290n, 299n, 303n, 305n, 307, 309n, 324n, 346n, 348n, 355n, 358n, 367n, 375n, 379n, 407n, 418, 425n, 427n, 433n, 435n, 437n, 449n, 451n, 464n, 465n, 468n, 470n, 528n, 541n, 575n, 577n, 592n, 594n, 595n, 626n, 643, 644n, 658, 661-663, 665n, 671n, 675n, 720n, 773n, 777n, 779n, 788n, 795n, 804n, 851n, 852n

Arab-U.S. relations, 792-793
arms limitation proposals, 700n
Iranian-U.S. relations, 90-91, 194, 195, 553, 723-725
Iraqi coup, 790n
Israeli-U.S. relations, 2-7, 339-340, 450, 545-547, 589, 590-591, 719n, 785
Jordanian-U.S. relations, 480, 492
Kennedy's death, 804-806
oil issues, 329, 827-828, 830, 841-843
Palestinian refugee issue, 112-115, 118, 125-126, 145-149, 213, 215, 239-241
Persian Gulf, 559
Saudi-U.S. relations, 165, 300, 769-770
UAR-U.S. relations, 291-294, 708, 822-825
Yemen coup, 137, 172-173, 178-179, 186-187, 209-210, 220-222, 363365, 413-415, 688, 776, 796n

Tarazi (Syria), 88
Taylor, Gen. Maxwell D., 201, 303, 373, 394-396, 510, 542, 607, 741, 781, 801, 856-858
Tell, Wasfi, 83, 94n, 168, 169, 208n, 234, 481
Texaco, 329n, 363n
Thacher, Nicholas G., 682n, 691n
Thailand, 164, 280
Thant, U, 79, 299n, 305n, 306, 339, 357, 414, 419, 421n, 441, 455, 458, 459, 498, 524, 555, 569, 572, 664-665, 670, 760-761, 805n, 846
Thomas (DOA/ISA), 196n
Tiger, M. Gordon, 644n, 723n
Tikriti (Syria), 791, 803
Tito, Josip Broz, 747
Tonesk, William J., 275n, 661-663
Treaty of Sanaa of 1934, 267
Trevithick, John P., 525n
Tripartite Declaration of 1950 (France-U.K.-U.S.), 4, 5, 29, 51, 485, 486, 504, 507-508, 589
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473477, 496-498, 512
Troxel, Oliver, 771n
Truman, Harry S., 536
Tunisia, 80n, 219
Turkey, 72, 77, 79, 80n, 83, 104, 157, 242n, 258, 345, 372, 383, 387, 742
Twitchell, Gen. H. A., 22, 91, 100, 102103
Tyler, William R., 849

Unger, Felix T., 727
United Arab Republic (UAR) (see also Nasser, Gamal Abdul; Yemen coup), 80n

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473-477, 480, 481, 504
Arab-Israeli dispute, 527
Arab League, 137-138
Arms limitation proposals, 346, 530-535, 563-568, 591-592, 623-624, 635-636
German technical aid, 278, 318, 432, 530, 717
Gruening Amendment, 775-776, 822-825
Iraq, relations with, 342n, 386-387, 388, 501, 791
Israel, relations with, 277-278, 346, 773-774, 777-779, 825-826
Israeli-U.S. relations, 71, 74-77, 110n, 127-130, 548-549, 551
Jordan, relations with, 208-209, 285n, 479, 484-486, 489-490
Jordan waters, 763
Kennedy-Kamel meeting, 656-658
Kennedy's death, 805, 806
Kennedy's public statements, 516
Kurdish people, 117
Military capability, 318-320, 432-433, 517-518, 521-522, 589, 718-719, 779-786, 800, 825-826
Palestinian refugee issue, 68, 71, 7576, 81, 110n, 144, 705
Saudi Arabia, relations with (see also Yemen coup below), 139-140, 175, 185, 275, 295-298, 303, 453-459, 671-673, 758
Soviet Union, relations with, 5, 174, 271, 278, 320, 535
Syria, relations with, 128-129, 331-333, 406
Transit visas, 166-167
Tripartite Union of 1963 (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 433-434, 470, 473-477
U.S. economic assistance, 1-2, 24-25, 97, 110, 161, 270-271, 293, 518523, 696-697, 708-709, 824
U.S., relations with (see also Johnson and Kennedy subheadings above), 15, 20-21, 269-271, 291-294, 301-303, 436-437, 695-697:
Yemen coup, 150-151, 155, 174-176, 185-186

Bunker mission (see also Disengagement from below), 375-378, 418-421, 425-426, 428-429, 441-443, 444-445, 447-448
CIA assessments, 170
Disengagement from (see also Bunker mission above), 265-266, 299, 307-308, 403-405, 413-414, 443-445, 453-459, 603-604, 641-642, 670, 679, 689-691, 795-796, 807-816, 820-821, 837-840, 852-855
Involvement in, 167-168, 221, 270
Johnson (Lyndon)-Faisal communications, 847-848
Persian Gulf, 141, 379
Poison gas use, 642-644
recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 160, 183, 219
Saudi Arabia, military hostilities with, 196, 199-200, 203-205, 288-291, 301, 391-393, 423, 555, 573-574, 605-606, 649-650, 682-684, 698-699, 828
U.K.-U.S. communications, 746, 850
U.S. position, 173, 179-182, 184, 209-211, 226-227, 237-239, 261

United Kingdom (U.K.), 83

Arab League, 137
Iran, relations with, 103
Iraq, relations with, 345
Israel, U.S. sale of Hawk missile, 63-65, 69, 94
Jordanian internal unrest, 486, 487, 523
Jordanian-Saudi relations, 208-209
Kurdish people, 117, 452
Persian Gulf, 141, 150, 559-561
Syrian-Israeli hostilities, 693, 694n
U.S., relations with, 63-64, 223-224, 324-325, 347n, 630-634
Yemen coup:

CIA assessments, 170
Involvement in, 158, 172
Persian Gulf, 141n, 160
recognition of Yemen Arab Republic, 183, 186, 219, 222, 292, 339, 346-347, 379-380, 821-822, 859
U.S. position, 179-182, 227
U.S.-U.K. relations and, 176, 324-325, 379-380, 745-747, 748, 792, 849-850

United Nations (see also Palestinian refugee issue; Yemen coup):

Arab Federation (Iraq-Syria-UAR), 494
Arab-Israeli dispute, 280, 281
Jerusalem issue, 340
Saudi-U.S. relations, 136-140
Spinelli mission to Jordan, 299n, 330-331, 492-493, 805, 811, 845-846, 853
Truce Supervisory Organization (UNTSO), 6, 13, 14, 439, 498, 681, 693, 694, 763

UNRWA. See Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees under Palestinian refugee issue.
U.S. Intelligence Board, 317n, 459n, 517n, 825n

Venezuela, 817, 830
Vietnam, 140
Voice of the Arab Nation, 129
Von Horn, Gen. Carl C., 281, 524

Wagner, Joseph J., 561
Wallner, Woodruff, 2n, 17, 94n, 305n, 330n, 367n, 425n, 427n, 524n
Walmsley, Walter N., Jr., 347n
Watarri (OPEC), 830
Weapons. See Arms limitation proposals; U.S. military assistance under individual countries.
Wehmeyer, Donald A., 723n, 770n
Wendt, Adm. W. F. A., 363
Westinghouse, 293
Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 363, 364, 418, 420, 832
White, Lincoln, 480, 492, 644n
Wiener, B., 25, 836
Williams, Maurice, 2n, 271, 518n, 695n, 708n, 822n
Wilson, Col., 200, 201
Wilson (USIA), 542, 741
Wolle, William D., 595n
World Bank. See International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Wright, Patrick R.H., 176, 649

Yahil (Israel), 736, 835
Yamani, Sheikh Ahmad Zaki, 830, 842
Yariv (Israel), 780, 782
Yemen coup (see also United Nations), 140, 476

Ahmed's death, 119-122
Ambassador's credentials presented in U.S., 661-663
Arab-U.S. relations, 793
Bunker mission:

Kennedy-Faisal communications, 380-381, 401-402, 468n
Kennedy, meeting with, 375-376, 418-421
Kennedy-Nasser communications, 428
Meetings in Saudi Arabia, 401-405, 427-428, 429-432, 453-458
Meetings in UAR, 428-429, 447-448
Proposal to Nasser, text of, 442-443
Status report on, 441-442
Terms of reference, 375-378, 425-426, 444-445

Chiefs of Mission Conference, 79-80, 742-745
CIA assessments, 170
Deteriorating conditions, 570
Disengagement of outside parties (see also Bunker mission above), 283-285, 300, 338-339, 569

Johnson (Lyndon), briefing, 819, 858-859
Johnson (Lyndon)-Nasser communications, 851
Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S., 296-298
Kennedy-Nasser communications, 309-310, 752-753
NSC assessments, 177-178, 237-239, 710-713, 725-726, 747-748, 760762, 820-821
Security forces remaining behind, 515
UAR, 639-641, 663-665, 795-796
U.K. position, 176, 324-325, 745-748, 792, 849-850
UN role (see also UN mediation; UN Yemen Observation Mission below), 458-459, 469, 555, 569, 572, 620-621, 641-642, 649
U.S position, 283-285, 292, 299, 307-308, 355-359, 413-417, 641-643, 689-691, 698-699, 729-730, 736-740, 753-754, 768-769, 807-816, 837-840, 852-855
White House conference, 363-367, 418-421

Iraq, 386, 389
Jordanian-U.S. relations, 168-169
Kennedy's death, 805
oil issues, 827-828
poison gas use, 658
Recognition of Yemen Arab Republic:

U.K. position, 183, 186, 219, 222, 292, 339, 346-347, 379-380, 821-822, 859
U.S. position, 182-187, 195-196, 210, 218-236, 260-262, 265-267, 273-274, 302, 828
Yemeni position, 266-267, 268-269

Saudi Arabia (see also Bunker mission above), 350-351

Kennedy-Faisal communications, 468n, 688-689
Kennedy-Faisal meeting, 162-163
Military assistance from, 168n, 174-175, 176, 427-428
Operation Hard Surface, 577-583, 581-583, 587-588, 605-607, 675-680, 728-729, 759-760, 769-770, 855, 856-858
UAR, military hostilities with, 196, 199-200, 203-205, 288-291, 301, 391-393, 423, 555, 573-574, 605-606, 649-650, 682-684, 698-699, 828
U.S. Presidential emissary (see also Bunker mission above), 380-381, 441-445
U.S. relations and, 136-137, 199, 203-205, 430-432, 675-676, 750-751, 757-760

Soviet position, 120, 121, 160, 172, 221, 231, 569, 599-600, 769
Talbot's assessments, 172-173
Treaty of Sanaa of 1934, 267
UAR (see also Bunker mission above; and under Saudi Arabia above):

Kennedy-Nasser communications, 320-323, 663-665
Mediated talks, 671-673
Military assistance from, 167-168, 270, 603-604, 795-796
UAR position, 639-641, 753-757
U.S. relations with and, 150-151, 161, 174-175, 284-288

U.K.-U.S. communication, 745-747
UN mediation (see also UN role under Disengagement of outside parties above), 287, 302, 305-306, 322-323, 330-331, 357-358, 414-415, 420, 425-426, 430, 455, 524
UN Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM), 670, 683-684, 690, 711-713, 717, 725-726, 743, 747-748, 750-751, 754-762, 807-811, 827-828, 837-838, 845-846, 859
U.S. position (see also Operation Hard Surface under Saudi Arabia above), 141-142, 155, 158-159, 160, 178-182, 184n, 186-187, 203-205, 209-211, 225-227, 280, 358-363

Yugoslavia, 15n, 219, 747

Zabarah, Ahmed, 143, 155
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