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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Nixon-Ford Administrations > Volume IV
Foreign Relations, 1969-1976, Volume IV, Foreign Assistance, International Development Trade Policies, 1969-1972
Released by the Office of the Historian

Index

References are to document numbers.

Abramowitz, Morton, 304
Abshire, David, 28, 45, 55, 63, 74, 82
Adair, Ross, 13, 31, 113
Additionality, 112, 114, 115, 116, 118
Adjustment assistance, 146, 181, 188, 190, 213, 236, 264, 272
Adjustment Assistance Act, 181
Adjustment Assistance Advisory Board, 236
Administrative Procedures Act, 1946, 264
Aeroflot, 312
Africa, 147

EEC bilateral trade agreements with African nations, 258, 262
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 4, 253
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 193, 210, 214
U.S. economic aid, 120, 131, 151
U.S. military aid, 63, 77

African Development Bank, 102
Agency for International Development (AID):

Abolishment of, proposed, 125
Additionality measures for balance of payments, 112, 114, 115, 118
Administrative costs, 86
Administrator's Advisory Council, 81, 82
Aid program reform, 55, 65, 81, 93
Barnacles, 211
Budget request, 1970, 4, 5, 15
Budget request, 1973, 79, 83
Country restrictions, 31
Development assistance, 76
Expropriation of U.S. property, 158
Highway construction vs. housing, 120
IDA replenishment talks, 23
International Development Bank as replacement for, 134
Investment guarantee program, 106, 151
Multilateralism, 94
Nixon message to Congress, Sept. 15, 1970, 137
NSDM 10 aid commitments, 7
Partnership for Peace programs, 93
Program reviews, 97
Public safety programs, 82
Security Assistance programs, 49, 77
Task Force on International Development, 10, 119
Technical assistance, 3, 10
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214, 244, 265
Vietnam programs, 14

Agnew, Spiro T., 5, 122, 192, 298
Agriculture (see also Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) under European Economic Community):
Discriminatory treatment of U.S. exports, 205, 207

In EEC, 183
EEC-U.S. talks on, 270
Export Control Act, 298
International Grains Arrangement, 394, 396
Non-tariff barriers, 192
OECD High-Level Trade Group talks on, 25
PRC wheat purchases, 331
Task Force on Agricultural Trade, 393, 395, 402, 403, 438
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 181, 244
U.S. quotas, 259

Agriculture Act, 1946, 286, 407, 432
Agriculture, U.S. Department of, 83, 93, 134, 214, 228, 231, 232, 244, 252, 258, 265, 282, 298, 428, 432, 438
Aiken, George D., 20, 31, 73
Albright, Raymond J., 7
ALCAN, 154
Aldrich, George, 158, 159
Alfalfa, dehydrated, 183
Algeria, 151, 153, 155
Allende, Salvador, 149, 154, 159, 273, 437
Allen, Richard, 172
Alliance for Progress, 4
Allott, Gordon, 428
Alphand, Hervé, 366, 367
Aluminum, 421
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO), 207, 264, 285, 287
American Selling Price (ASP):

CEA position, 194
Elimination, proposed, 181, 192, 194, 195, 205, 286, 213, 217, 238, 239, 243, 244, 247, 248, 280, 287
Foreign opposition, 192
Japan-U.S. agreement, 269
NSC position, 189
State Department position, 188, 190, 205

American Textile Association, 225
Anaconda, 149
Andean Code, 157
Anderson, Martin, 36, 38
Anderson, Robert B., 2
Antidumping, 181, 259, 264, 269, 331
Antidumping Act, 264, 269
Antimony, 421
ANZUS treaty, 391
Apartheid, 147
Arbuckle, Ernest C., 119
Argentina, 12, 27, 28, 43, 221, 222, 394, 395, 396, 397, 402
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), 10
Arms sales:

Chinese aircraft purchases, 322, 383
To Israel, 28, 29, 32, 35, 39, 41, 42, 46, 47, 63, 78, 84, 86, 99
Latin American aircraft purchases, 12, 27
U.S. competitive position in, 59

Armstrong, Willis C., 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387
Ascher, B., 274
Ash, Roy, 134
Ash Council, 134
Asian Development Bank, 24

Hickenlooper Amendment, effect on, 148
Loans by, 102
Special Funds, 2, 4, 6, 79, 146, 176
Textiles, 225
U.S. aid channeled through, 43, 44, 134

Asian Development Bank Act, 1972, 148, 177, 180
Atlantic Richfield, 153
Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), 372, 383, 386, 387
Australia:

IDA replenishment III, 24
International Grains Arrangement, 388, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 401, 402
Australia--Continued
OECD High-Level Trade Group, 255
U.S. meat imports from, 391, 408, 410, 417, 423, 425, 426
U.S. sales of surplus tin, 434
Vietnam war role, 438

Australian Labor Party (ALP), 408
Australian Meat Board, 418
Austria, 221, 222, 223, 226, 228, 281, 383, 414
Automobiles, 260, 271
Avionics Laboratory, USAF, 368

Baker, James E., 214
Balance of payments, 23, 63, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 118, 128, 130, 131, 135, 181, 188, 206, 249, 290
Bananas, 253
Bangladesh, 79, 83, 102, 143
Banzer, Hugo, 441, 444, 445
Barley, 183
Barnacles, 8, 9, 10, 31, 131, 135, 148, 176, 211
Barnes, Harry G., 444
Barnett, Robert W., 4
Battle Act, 1951, 383
Bauxite, 154, 157
Beam, Jacob, 349, 350, 351
Belgium, 24, 201, 221, 222, 258
BeLieu, Ken, 44
Bellmon, Henry, 426
Bennett, Wallace, 253, 306
Benson, Edgar J., 260
Benzenoid chemicals, 244
Bergsten, C. Fred, 5, 30, 52, 124, 132, 184, 192, 222, 247, 250, 279, 298, 317, 360, 371, 395, 398, 407, 411, 423

COCOM, 362, 370
East-West trade, 290, 306, 307, 310, 313, 315
Foreign assistance policy, 1

Aid targets, 26, 34, 36, 38
IDA replenishment talks, 2, 24
IDB replenishment talks, 2
Korry Report, 123
Nixon message to Congress, Sept. 15, 1970, 137
Program for 1970, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15
Program reform, 40, 55, 57, 60
Task Force on International Development, 119, 120, 121, 125, 129, 130
U.S. military aid and, 29, 42, 59

International Grains Arrangement, 392, 401
Nickel shortage, 414
Trade policy, 186, 201, 213, 229

EEC-Spanish bilateral trade arrangement, 223, 228
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253
Illustrative tariff preference lists, submission to OECD of, 208
OECD High-Level Trade Group, 255
Presidential blue-ribbon commission on, 205
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 197
Tariff exemptions and maquiladoras, 207
Textiles, 206, 225, 235, 238, 239, 243
Trade legislation proposals, 217, 230, 231, 248
U.S. meat imports, 408, 424, 429, 430, 438

Berlin, 63
Bethlehem Steel, 153
Biafra, 305
Binger, James, 229
Black, Eugene, 2
Blackie, William, 10, 119
Blackman, Herbert N., 274
Bliss, 336
Boeker, Paul H., 51
Bogdan, Corneliu, 290
Boise Cascade Corp., 153
Bolivia, 416, 421, 432, 437

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 114
Economic situation, 444
Expropriation of U.S. property, 153, 155, 156
Gulf Oil compensation talks, 431, 433, 437
U.S. military aid, 98
U.S. sales of surplus tin, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 443, 444, 445

Border tax adjustments (BTAs), 188, 191, 192
Bourguiba, Habib, Jr., 226
Braderman, Eugene, 15
Bradfield, M., 139, 156, 166, 280
Brandt, Willy, 24, 250
Brazil, 7, 12, 27, 28, 56, 59, 114, 214, 267, 402
British Commonwealth of Nations, 216, 226, 253, 262
British Honduras, 274
Broilers, 183
Brooke, Edward, 323
Brookings Institution, 10, 18
Brown, R. L., 232, 304
Brussels Tariff Nomenclature (BTN), 220, 272
Budget, U.S. Bureau of (BOB) , 10, 20, 23, 117, 122, 134, 214, 231, 399, 404, 416, 421, 422
Bulgaria, 297, 320
Bunkering, 322, 329
Burke, James A., 284
Burma, 85, 155
Burns, Arthur F., 135, 141, 234, 298

AID legislation, 211
East-West trade, 290
Foreign assistance policy, 8, 10, 31
International development, 113, 119
Meat import quotas, 408
Trade policy:

ECAT proposals, 205
Presidential authority to retaliate using tariffs, 213
Program Coordination Group report, 106, 185, 186, 188
Task Force report on, 181
Trade legislation proposals, 204, 213, 286
Voluntary restraints on textile exports, 206

Burns, Jimmy, 286
Bushnell, J., 445
Butter, 183
Butterfield, Alexander, 231, 436
Butz, Earl, 263, 277
Byrnes, John, 197, 217, 235, 237, 238, 239, 248, 253

Cabinet Committee on Economic Policy, 192, 201, 402, 403
Cadmium, 421
Camco, 320
Cambodia, 438

Thai military role in, 28
U.S. assistance, 35, 68, 70, 73, 83, 85
U.S. military aid, 29, 32, 35, 37, 39, 41, 46, 56, 63, 64, 77, 81, 84, 86, 95, 96, 99, 103
U.S. military role in, 28, 45, 129
Vietnam war role, 28

Campbell, J. Phil, 393, 395
Campbell, John, 20
Canada, 143

Arms sales, 59
Asian Bank Special Funds, 2
Automotive Products Agreement, 207
Expropriation of Canadian property, 154
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253
IDA replenishment III, 23, 24
IDB replenishment, 102
Import surcharges, 192
International Grains Arrangement, 388, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 399, 400, 401, 402
Meat production shortfalls, 405, 411
Meat transshipment, 425, 427, 432
Nickel strike, 406, 416
OECD High-Level Trade Group, 255
PRC textiles shipped through, 354
Strategic materials availability, 389
Tariffs, 214, 241
United States, relations with, 260, 271, 285, 286, 300

Canned fruits, 183
Cargo, William I., 224
Caribbean, 389, 429, 446
Carlisle, C. R., 389, 390
Carson, James, 368
Carter, Jared G., 51
Case, Clifford, 73, 74
Casey, William J., 286
Castro, Fidel, 110
C.E. Cast Division, Combustion Engineering, Inc., 336, 343, 345, 346
Central African Republic, 151
Central America, 410, 423, 438
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 157, 294, 296, 298, 343, 364, 439
Cerro, 149
Ceylon, 155
Chapin, Dwight, 14
Chemical warfare, 28
Chicken war, 24
Chickens, 183, 259
Chile, 7, 12, 14, 28, 79, 114, 119, 144, 437, 438

Expropriation of U.S. property, 149, 152, 153, 155, 156, 174

China, People's Republic of (PRC), 354

Arms sales, 59
Blocked assets, 358
Bunkering controls, 322, 329
Integrated circuit technology, 377
ITU membership, 378
Market potential, 313
Port entry and cargoes, 322, 329, 356, 359
Private claims, 358
Soviet talks, 1969, 308
Tourist purchase of goods made in, 300, 302, 304, 308
Trade delegation exchanges, 322
Travel to, 322, 324, 329, 353, 354
United States, relations with, 63, 300, 308, 309
U.S. aircraft sales, 322, 383
U.S. trade with, 290, 326, 331, 353

Expansion of, 300, 301, 302, 304, 309, 322, 324, 329, 330, 356
Grain sales, 322, 331, 337
List of restricted items, 329
Presidential decisions on, 333, 357
ROC position, 329, 354

China, Republic of (ROC):

Asian Development Bank loans, 102
Continuing Resolution Authority and, 70
ITU membership, 378
Stans trade mission, 203
Textiles, 206, 249
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214
UN membership, 322
U.S. military aid, 14, 20, 28, 29, 32, 39, 41, 46, 47, 49, 77, 79, 84, 87, 95, 98, 101, 104
U.S.-PRC relations and, 308, 309, 329, 354
U.S. trade legislation proposals, 217
U.S. wheat sales, 394

Chromium, 157, 429
Chrysler, 312
Church, Frank F., 45
Citrus fruits, 221, 222, 226, 250, 281
Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB), 359
Clams, canned, 269
Claxton, Philander, 82
Clay, Gen. Lucius D., 120
Clift, A. Denis, 349
Coal, 157
Cobalt, 421, 445
Coca Cola, 275
Cocoa, 145, 146
Coinage Metal Fund, 413, 414
Colbert, James L., 312
Cole, Kenneth, 2, 211, 422, 432
Colman, John C., 112
Colombia, 7, 12, 14, 27, 28, 70, 114, 117, 144, 145
Colson, Charles, 267, 426, 427, 428, 430, 432, 438
Commerce, U.S. Department of:

Balance-of-payments controls in LDCs, 135
COCOM, 370, 371, 372, 377, 380, 385, 386, 387
East-West trade, 290, 298

Export Control Act, 298
Export control guidelines, 315, 317
Export control list, 291, 299, 306, 310, 311, 314, 317
Fino Amendment, 340
PRC trade and travel to, 301, 353
PRC wheat purchases, 331
Refinery technology sales, 319

Expropriation of U.S. property, 153, 158, 165
IDA replenishment talks, 23
Meat import quotas, 407
Office of Special Trade Representative, 186, 197
Partnership for Peace programs, 93
Soviet-U.S. trade talks, 350
State Department conflicts with, 315
Strategic materials, 416
Trade policy:

EEC bilateral trade agreements, 223, 228, 258, 282
Illustrative tariff preference lists, submission to OECD of, 208
Task Force on Non-Rubber Footwear, 212, 236, 267
Textiles, 230, 231, 252
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 209, 214, 232, 244

U.S. competitive position in arms sales, 59
U.S. foreign direct investment, 222

Commission on World Trade, 213
Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements, 249
Committee to Strengthen the Security of the Free World, 120
Commodities:

International Grains Arrangement (IGA), 388

Australian position, 394, 398
Canadian-U.S. relations and, 392, 400
Food Aid Convention (FAC), 388, 393, 395, 398
French-U.S. relations re, 401
Ministerial meeting, July 1969, 393, 394, 395, 396, 401
Price Review Committee, 388, 395
Price war in wheat, 399, 401, 402, 403
Schedule of wheat export prices, 397
Wheat Trade Convention (WTC), 388, 393, 398

Meat imports:

Cattle industry and, 409, 410, 411, 424, 427
Meat Imports Limitation Act, 1964, 391, 405, 407, 427, 438
Presidential decisions, 438
Program for 1970, 417
Quotas, 391, 407, 408, 418, 426, 427, 428, 430, 432
Transshipments via third countries, 425, 426, 427, 432
Voluntary restraints, 423

Commodity agreements, 5
Commodity Control List, 356, 357
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). See under European Economic Community (EEC).
Commonwealth of Nations, 216, 226, 253, 262
Computers, 298, 332, 341, 360, 369, 372, 373, 376
Conference on European Security and Cooperation, 383
Congo, Republic of (Kinshasa), 434
Congress, U.S. (see also House of Representatives, U.S.; Senate, U.S.), 247

Contributions to IFIs, 176
East-West trade, 298, 309, 337
Family assistance, 247
Foreign assistance policy (see also Foreign Assistance Act), 8, 10, 27, 31, 43, 44, 76
IDA replenishment, 2
Meat import policy, 427
Multilateral development aid, 102
OPIC authorization, 20
Strategic materials, 390, 416, 421, 431, 437, 446
Task Force on International Development report, 131
Trade policy, 248, 285

EEC bilateral trade agreements, 222
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) legislation, 146, 249, 253, 264
Hartke-Burke bill, 260, 264, 267, 284, 285, 286, 287
Mills bill, 230, 231, 242, 264
Mills-Byrne bill, 274
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 197
Textile quotas, 237
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 232

Tying practices for development loans, 139, 140, 141, 142

Connally, John B., 259

East-West trade, 327
Expropriation policy, 154, 155, 159, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 172, 173, 175, 177, 178
Foreign assistance policy, 62
International monetary talks, 260
McNamara reappointment to IBRD presidency, 143
Military aid policy, 59, 94
Trade policy, 260, 261, 271, 273
Tying practices for development loans, 139, 140, 141

Consensus of Vina del Mar, 116
Continuing Resolution Authority (CRA), 69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 78, 100
Control Data Corporation, 341, 372
Convention for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, 179
Cooper, John Sherman, 45, 73, 74
Cooper, Richard N., 192, 196, 205
Cooper-Bessemer, 312
Coordinating Committee on Export Controls (COCOM) (see also East-West trade), 383

Advanced technology and national security, 361, 376
British position, 383
British satellite earth station, sale to PRC, 378
Computer technology:

British sales to the Soviet Union, 369, 372, 373, 376
French sales to Czechoslovakia, 360
French sales to Romania, 360

Differential PRC list, 383
European sales to Eastern Europe, 337
Implications of decisions, 372
Integrated circuit technology:

British sales to Poland, 377, 379, 380
French sales to Poland, 360, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 370, 371, 372, 377, 380, 381
U.S. sales to Bulgaria, 377
U.S. sales to Romania, 377, 380

Lists:

Requirements for listing items, 314
Reduction in size, 292, 337, 383, 385, 387
U.S. list reduction, 298, 299, 311, 345

Meetings, 362, 363
Nuclear diffusion plant, 366
PRC trade restrictions, 302, 308, 309
Review of system, 382, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387
Transistor and diode technology:

French sales to Poland, 360, 375, 376, 377

U.S. sales to Romania, 376, 377
U.S. deferral of initiatives, 294
U.S. policy review, 288

Copper, 157, 389, 416, 446
Corn, 183, 292, 295, 296, 298, 349
Costa Rica, 114
Council of Economic Advisers (CEA), 1, 38, 187, 213, 214, 231, 232, 244, 252, 265, 298, 372, 389, 407, 426, 438
Council on International Economic Policy (CIEP), 51, 57, 169, 249, 260, 263

Decision Memoranda, 58, 277, 278, 281
EEC bilateral trade agreements, 278, 281, 282
Expropriation policy, 164, 166, 171, 175, 176, 179, 180
Fino Amendment to Export-Import Bank Act, 340
Foreign assistance program for 1972, 83
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 254, 257
OECD High-Level Trade Group, 255, 270
Operations Group, 144, 158, 171, 254, 265
Policy Memorandum No. 15, 272
Special Working Group for textile trade policy, 249
Study Memoranda, 257, 272, 327
UNCTAD III, 144, 146

Countervailing duties, 181, 188, 264
Countervailing Duty Act, 264
Cowen, Eugene S., 74
Crimmins, John H., 159
Cronk, Edwin M., 246, 311
Cross Company, 320
Cuba, 9, 113, 159, 288, 313, 322, 406, 412, 414, 438
Cuban Assets Control Regulations, 406
Culley, Perry H., 366
Curran, Robert T. "Ted," 87, 367, 441
Custer, B. Scott, 159, 179, 180
Curtis, Thomas, 121, 428
Cyprus, 85, 86, 244, 262
Czechoslovakia, 289, 290, 295, 297, 299, 303, 320, 364, 414

Dahrendorf, Ralf, 273
Dale, William B., 18
Dam, Kenneth, 79, 80, 105, 286, 287
Daniel, Price, 389
Darien Gap, 117
David, Edward, 46, 341
Davis, Jeanne, 4, 26, 87, 88, 90, 131, 143, 157, 178, 189, 202, 232, 244, 258, 292, 298, 346, 371
Davis, Ken, 223, 306, 310, 318, 375
Dean, John, 63
Debt relief, 5, 22, 131, 134, 146
Debt service, 12, 22
Defense, U.S. Department of, 77

COCOM, 364, 370, 371, 372, 376, 377, 383, 385, 387
East-West trade, 298

Export control guidelines, 315, 317
PRC trade and travel, 326, 331, 353, 354, 356
Refinery technology sales, 319

Export Control Act, 296, 298
Military aid policy:

Budgeting proposals, 1, 5
Cooper-Church Amendment, 28
Financing through credit, 42
Grant aid, 98
International Security Assistance Programs, 49, 56, 77, 88, 89, 101, 103, 105, 134, 135
Military sales, 131
Planning approach to, 63
Program for 1971, 19, 21, 32, 33
Program for 1972, 46, 47, 83, 87

Paris air show, 201
Security trade controls, 376
Strategic materials, 415, 416, 429, 446
Trade policy, 252, 265, 282
U.S. competitive position in sales, 59

Defense Mobilization Order, 431
Defense Procurement Act, 42

Jackson Amendment, 39, 46, 70, 103

Defense Procurement Program, 73
Defense Production Act, 1950, 416
De Gaulle, Charles, 201, 228
Democratic Party, 13, 233
Deniau, Jean F., 226
Denmark, 23, 24, 183
Dent, Harry, 225, 231, 233, 267
De Palma, Samuel, 147
De Roulet, Vincent, 94
Desalinization, 14, 15
Destination pricing, 393
Development assistance (see also International Development Association):

International Development Assistance Act, 53
LDC self-prioritization for, 131
Multilateral, 94, 102, 120, 121, 125, 126, 131, 133, 134, 205
Obligations for 1971-1972, 70
OECD Development Assistance Committee, 68, 112, 137, 138
Presidential decisions, 136
Requests for 1973, 79
State Department views on, 126
UN Development Assistance Committee, 26

Development Assistance Committee (OECD), 68, 112, 137, 138
Dickey, W. L., 406, 414
Differential controls, 288
Dillon, C. Douglas, 23, 124, 289
Dobrynin, Anatoly F., 332, 334, 335, 337, 338, 339, 341, 342, 344, 347, 349
Dole, Robert, 428
Dominican Republic, 159
Dozier, W. B., 311
Dresser Industries, 153
Drew, W. H., 193, 210
DuBridge, Lee A., 3, 5, 132, 319
Dubs, Adolph, 312
Duda, Karel, 289

East European trade with the United States (see also East-West trade), 288, 289, 292, 294, 297, 298, 311, 318, 337, 340
East Pakistan. See Bangladesh.
East-West trade (see also Coordinating Committee (COCOM) on Export Controls; Most-Favored-Nation status; under individual Communist bloc countries):

Allied-U.S. relations and, 294
Business attitude toward, 290
Commerce Department position, 290
Credit restrictions, 290
Dobrynin-Kissinger talks, 332
Defense Department position, 296
East European trade missions, 320, 323, 328
Export Administration Act, 1969, 309, 311, 314, 315, 317, 318, 320
Export Control Act, 1949:
Extension, 310
PRC sales and, 300, 301
Renewal, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 298, 299, 303, 304, 306, 307
Export control guidelines, 314, 317
Export control list, 291, 299, 306, 316, 317, 318
Information to exporters on restrictions, 311
Political relations, effect on, 292, 294
PRC, restrictions on trade with, 300, 301, 303, 308, 354, 355, 356
Presidential authority for regulation of, 311
Prospects for, 294
Reports on, 327, 339
Romania, 305
Soviet trade delegation visit, 332
East-West trade--Continued
Soviet Union, restrictions on trade with, 312
Soviet-U.S. trade talks, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352
State Department position, 291, 294
Strategic trade controls, 294
Treasury Department position, 295
U.S. expansion, 320, 321, 325, 337, 338
U.S. paper on trade with Soviet bloc, 292
U.S. policy review, 288, 289, 298, 299

Eban, Abba, 42
Eberle, William D., 252, 256, 354

EEC-U.S. trade talks, 259, 260, 261, 262, 273, 277
Trade policy, 263, 267, 269, 270, 281, 283, 284, 286

Economic Development Administration, 236
Ecuador, 113, 155
Eggers, Paul W., 404, 406
Egypt. See United Arab Republic.
Ehrlichman, John D., 20, 284, 327, 354, 424, 428, 430, 432, 443, 446
Eisenhower, Dwight D., 2
Eliot, Theodore L., Jr., 63, 72, 90, 137, 175, 179, 244, 315, 356, 360, 365, 367, 368, 371, 375, 441, 444
Ellsworth, Robert, 186, 187
Embargos, 288
Emergency Banking Act Amendment, 249
Emergency Committee for American Trade (ECAT), 205, 207
Enders, Thomas O., 4
Erim, Ismail Nihat, 87
Ertl, Josef, 250
Escape clause, 188, 190, 213, 236, 252
Esso, 153
Ethiopia, 29, 48, 49, 70, 84, 85
European Economic Community (EEC) (see also EEC bilateral trade agreements and Trade policy with under Spain; EEC subheadings under other subjects):
British commercial arrangement with, 201
British membership, 147, 226, 250
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), 183, 191, 201, 241, 250, 262
Expansion talks, 248
European Economic Community (EEC)--Continued
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253
International Grains Arrangement, 388, 393, 395, 396, 397, 399, 401, 402, 403
Preferential trade arrangements, 145, 255
Subsidies for wheat sales, 394
Textiles, 206, 235, 237, 240
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214, 216, 232, 244
U.S. trade talks with, 259, 260, 261, 262, 278
Yaounde Convention, 114

European Free Trade Area (EFTA), 221, 260, 262, 273, 281
Evans, John W., 393, 395
Ewing, Raymond C., 207
Exchange rates, 141
Executive Order 11269, 173, 175, 176, 177, 179, 180
Executive Order 11539, 432
Export Administration Act, 1969, 309, 311, 314, 315, 317, 318, 320, 387
Export Control Act, 1949, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 298, 299, 300, 301, 303, 304, 306, 307, 310
Export Control Bulletin, 331
Export-Import Bank:

Darien Gap road, 117
Debt rescheduling, 134
East-West trade financing, 292, 293

Commerce Department position, 290, 320
Defense Department position, 296, 321
Elimination of restrictions on, 298, 339
Fino Amendment, 294, 298, 337, 340, 342
For Soviet trade, 351
Treasury Department position, 295, 298

Expropriation policy, 158, 175
Funding for 1972, 69, 78
IDA replenishment talks, 23
International Development Bank overlap with, 131
Liberalization of program operations, 5
Task Force on International Development view of, 125

Export-Import Bank Act, 1945, 292
Fino Amendment, 294, 298, 337, 340, 342
Export-Import Bank Act, 1971, 340
Expropriation policy:

Bolivian actions, 153, 154, 431, 433, 444
Central African Republic actions, 151
Chilean actions, 149, 152, 153
CIEP views, 164, 166, 171, 175, 176, 179, 180
Deterrence, 156
Foreign reaction to, 174
Gonzalez Amendment, 148, 172, 176, 178, 179
Implementation, 175
In multilateral institutions, 165, 168, 175, 176, 177, 179, 180
Number and type of expropriations, 153
OPIC views, 160
Peruvian seizure of IPC, 135, 148, 152, 153, 433
Presidential decision on, 169, 172, 173
Proposals for, 157
Protection of U.S. investments abroad, 150, 151, 152
Senior Review Group discussion, 158, 161, 171
State Department position, 163
State vs. Treasury on, 159, 166, 167, 168, 170, 171, 178
Study for, 155
Treasury position, 156, 162, 167
Zambian actions, 151, 153

Fannin, Paul, 424, 426
Farley, Philip J., 1
Farrar, Curtis, 209
Federal Property and Administrative Services Act, 1949, 413
Federal Reports Act, 1942, 212
Feedgrains, 183
Ferranti, 377, 379
Fiat, 295
Findley, Paul, 305
Finkel, E. J., 102
Finland, 24, 414
Fish, 244, 269
Fishing disputes, 28
Flanigan, Peter M., 211, 270, 320, 412, 435

East-West trade, 319
Expropriation policy, 175, 177, 178, 179, 180
Foreign assistance policy, 31, 36, 38, 40, 93, 94
International development policy, 119, 146
Meat import policy, 408, 428, 438
Strategic materials, 420, 421, 422, 431, 434, 436, 437, 444, 445
Trade policy:

EEC bilateral trade agreements, 278, 281, 282, 283
EEC-U.S. relations and, 272, 273, 277, 279
Presidential authority to retaliate using tariffs, 213
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 197
Textiles, 231, 239, 243, 284
Trade legislation proposals, 213, 230, 237, 248, 285, 286

Flour, 183
Fluorspar, 421
Fong, Hiram, 298
Food Aid Convention (FAC), 388
Food for Peace Program, 81
Ford, Gerald, 14, 307, 414
Ford, Henry, 289, 318, 334, 337, 338
Ford Motor Co., 312
Foreign assistance policy (see also Military aid policy; Security Assistance Program; Task Force for International Development (Peterson Task Force); under individual countries):

Communist threat as factor, 109, 110
Country restrictions, 8, 9, 10, 11, 27, 31
Defense Department control of, 134
Funding through IFIs, 52
International aid targets, 26, 34, 36, 38, 133
Korry Report, 123, 124
Levels of aid, 5, 61, 70
Multilateralism, 94, 102, 121
NSDM 10 commitments, 7
NSSM 4 response, 1, 4
Organization of aid, 5
Program for 1970, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 31
Program for 1972, 62, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 78, 83, 93
Program for 1973, 79
Program reform, 40, 50

AID progress reports, 65, 93
Briefing Paper on Reorganization, 81
Congressional consultation, 51, 52
Coordination of agencies, 57, 58
Creation by Presidential authority vs. statute, 53, 54, 55
Legislation, 60
Locus of coordination, 51, 52, 131
Presidential decisions, 136
State Department position, 133
Treasury position, 102

SDR-aid link study, 18, 146
State Department aid program assessment, 18
Task force proposal for review of, 10
Technical assistance, 3, 5, 6, 10, 13, 126, 132

Foreign Asset Control, 300, 301, 302, 309, 355, 357, 406
Foreign Assistance Act, 1961:

Authorization legislation for 1972, 69, 71, 78, 83
Barnacles, 8, 9, 10, 31, 131, 135, 148, 176
Budget request, 1970, 4, 5
Congressional notification requirements, 83
Defense Department position, 1
Hickenlooper Amendment, 8, 10, 31, 128, 131, 134, 135, 148, 151, 157, 159, 431
Javits Amendment, 1, 93, 111, 119, 128, 130
Mansfield Amendment, 71, 73, 74
OMB position, 51
Reductions in appropriations through, 76
Section 506 action, 87, 89, 91
Section 620, 113
Section 638, 113
Security Assistance program, 49
Supplemental request for 1972, 90
Symington Amendment, 11, 12

Foreign direct investment, 222
Foreign Military Sales Act, 1968, 39, 46

Congressional notification requirements, 83
Conte-Long Amendment, 11, 12, 59, 134
Cooper-Church Amendment, 11, 28, 29, 45, 71, 73, 74
Pelly Amendment, 59
Reuss Amendment, 59
Symington Amendment, 11, 12, 59, 74

Foreign Military Sales and Assistance Act (proposed), 5
Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program, 32, 33, 46, 77

Obligations for 1971-1972, 70
Program for 1972, 84
Program for 1974, 95, 96, 97

Foreign trade policy. See Trade policy.
France, 12, 23, 24, 26, 59, 138, 141, 183, 226, 258, 282, 286, 289, 395, 401, 406, 412, 414
Frei, Eduardo, 149
Freight rate disparities, 181
Frelinghuysen, Peter, 31
Fried, Edward R., 18, 119, 121, 125, 126
Fulbright, J. William, 15, 45, 52, 56, 63, 71, 81, 83, 85, 93, 105, 134, 176
Fund for Special Operations (FSO), 25, 146
Furs, 339

Gates, Theodore R., 192, 195, 267, 284, 298
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (see also Kennedy Round):

Agriculture Committee, 268
Article XXIII, 207, 258, 266, 281
Article XXIV, 222, 226, 241
Bindings, 272
Committee on Trade in Industrial Products, 268
East European membership, 321
EEC bilateral trade agreements, 221, 222, 227, 250, 258
Japanese-U.S. talks, 187, 268
Most-Favored-Nation provisions, 281
Non-tariff barriers, 204, 205, 217
Textiles, quadripartite talks on 190, 201, 203, 206, 235, 240, 243
Tokyo Round, 249, 270
U.S. contributions, 213
U.S. support, 181, 241
U.S. tariff legislation proposals, 188

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 4, 146, 190, 246, 249, 253, 254, 257, 264, 265, 268
General Services Administration (GSA), 389, 413, 414, 416, 421, 443
Germany, Democratic Republic of, 317, 318
Germany, Federal Republic of, 23, 24, 26, 59, 138, 141, 174, 188, 201, 241, 250, 289, 414
Ghana, 114
Gilbert, Carl J., 58, 120, 128, 136, 182, 211, 234, 322

Confirmation as STR, 213
East-West trade, 288, 327, 374
Trade policy, 201

EEC bilateral trade agreements, 221, 226, 228
EEC-Spanish bilateral trade arrangement, 227, 228
NSC ad hoc group papers on, 199
Quota legislation proposals, 231
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 197
Tariff Commission data confidentiality, 212
Tariff exemptions and maquiladoras, 207
Textiles, 206, 235, 237, 240, 252
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 198, 216, 218, 245
Trade legislation proposals, 204, 213, 230

Giller, Edward B., 386
Giscard D'Estaing, Valery, 24, 375
Gleason Works, 312, 315, 320, 332, 337
Gloves, 269
Gold, 59, 256, 264, 303
Gonzalez Amendment, 148, 172, 176, 178, 179
Goodpaster, Gen. Andrew, 5, 298
Gore, Albert, Sr., 43, 44
Gorton, John, 393, 394, 395, 398, 408, 411, 418
Government procurement, 269
Grain, 183, 250, 259, 261, 308, 322, 337, 339, 352
Grant, L., 303
Greece, 83, 244

EEC trade agreements with, 222, 226, 258
French military aid, 41
U.S. military aid, 19, 28, 29, 32, 39, 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 63, 64, 77, 84, 98, 101, 103

Green, Marshall, 4, 304
Greenspan, Alan, 181
Greenwald, Joseph A., 3, 106, 298, 390

Commodities, 391
East-West trade, 291, 293, 296
Foreign assistance policy, 1, 4
Strategic materials, 389
Trade policy:

EEC-U.S. trade talks, 287
NSC ad hoc group papers on, 182, 189
Presidential blue-ribbon commission on, 205
Program Coordination Group report, 188
Textiles, 202
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 193, 220
Trade legislation proposals, 190, 285

Gromyko, Andrei A., 347, 348, 362
Group of 77 (G-77), 144, 145, 146
Group of Ten, 146, 262
Guatemala, 39, 98, 408
Guhin, Michael A., 361
Guinea, 113, 155
Gulf Oil Co., 153, 154, 431, 433, 437
Guyana, 154, 157, 159

Hadsel, Fred L., 193
Haig, Gen. Alexander M., Jr., 5, 11, 73, 79, 88, 172, 192, 248, 254, 258, 281, 285, 298, 300, 309, 330, 334, 335, 346, 351, 356, 377, 407, 416, 420, 430

Brookings Institution restrictions, 10
COCOM, 366
Expropriation policy, 178
Foreign assistance policy, 9, 14, 15, 16, 38, 50, 53, 61, 68, 70, 71, 93, 100
Military aid policy, 28, 39, 47, 48, 59, 64, 89
Soviet-U.S. trade talks, 349, 352
Strategic materials, 415, 421, 437
Trade policy, 197, 211, 228, 282

Haiti, 84, 86
Hakone talks, 275
Haldeman, H. R., 10, 40, 61, 177, 197, 231
Halperin, Morton, 4, 109, 303
Hams, canned, 183
Hanford, Elizabeth, 407
Hannah, John A., 3, 4, 109, 160, 234

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 112, 114, 116, 118
Debt service, 12
Expropriation policy, 161
Foreign assistance policy:

Ad hoc working group paper, 111
Continuing resolution, use of, 70
Country restrictions, 11
Economic aid, 62, 68, 69, 71, 73
In Latin America, 122
Military aid and, 20, 76
Multilateralism, 94
Nixon message to Congress, Sept. 15, 1970, 137
NSC meeting on, 5, 6
NSDM 10 commitments, 7
Program for 1970, 13, 14
Program reform, 53, 58, 65, 81, 82, 93
Task Force on International Development, 119, 126, 128, 136
Technical assistance, 132

International Development Bank, 134
International Development Council, 134
OPIC, 106, 108, 113
Trade policy, 198, 245
Tying practices for development loans, 127

Hansen, Orval, 428
Hardin, Clifford M., 58, 192, 195, 298

Ad hoc working group foreign assistance policy paper, 111
East-West trade, 288, 299, 313, 327
Foreign assistance policy, 7, 136
International Grains Arrangement, 395, 396, 402, 403
Task Force on International Development, 128
Trade policy:

EEC agriculture, 183, 250
EEC-Spanish bilateral trade arrangement, 227
NSC ad hoc group papers on, 182, 199
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 198, 218, 234, 245

U.S. meat imports, 407, 409, 410, 411, 423, 425, 426, 428, 432, 438
Visit to Europe, Dec. 1970, 250

Harlow, Bryce N., 8, 14, 15, 16, 20, 28, 31, 213, 217, 231, 237, 238, 303, 306, 307, 313, 408, 411, 417, 424, 428, 432
Harriman, W. Averell, 351
Hartman, Arthur A., 51, 82, 123, 133, 214, 322, 331, 353, 354, 372, 374, 377
Harvey, Matt, 81
Hauge, Gabriel, 119
Haynsworth, Clement, 411
Health, Education and Welfare, U.S. Department of, 83, 236, 239
Heath, Edwin, 146, 264, 287, 369, 372, 373, 379
Hebert, Edward, 88
Helms, Richard M., 5, 6, 32, 109, 122, 128, 155, 169, 192, 195, 288, 298, 302, 322, 325, 329, 331, 354, 357, 359, 361, 374, 377, 380, 382
Hennessy, John M., 102, 166
Hickel, Walter, 245, 419
Hides, 274, 284
Highway construction, 117, 120
Hijzen, Theodorus, 261, 262
Hillenbrand, Martin J., 224, 226, 261, 285, 287, 297, 312
Hinton, Deane, 179, 287, 337
Hirschtritt, Ralph, 7, 102
Hodgson, James D., 136, 263, 327
Holdridge, John, 29, 355, 405, 408, 438, 445
Hollis, Walter, 207
Holyoake, Keith, 391, 405, 408, 411
Honduras, 407, 408, 423
Hong Kong, 193, 196, 203, 206, 214, 215, 244, 245, 249, 253, 254, 354
Hoof-and-mouth disease, 117
Hope, Gordon R. J., 405
Hormats, Robert D., 172, 262, 285, 346, 441, 444

East-West trade, 345
EEC bilateral trade agreements, 281, 282
Expropriation policy, 10, 177, 180
Foreign assistance policy, 68, 77, 79
IDB replenishment, 100
PRC trade and travel, 353
Trade legislation proposals, 285, 286, 287
Tying practices for development loans, 142

Houdek, Robert G., 50, 200, 303, 334
House of Representatives, U.S.:

Appropriations Committee, 13, 15, 131
Armed Services Committee, 49, 56, 389, 421, 443
Banking and Currency Committee, 2, 102, 131, 176, 293, 340
East-West trade, 340
Export Administration Act, 1969, 314
Foreign Affairs Committee, 12, 13, 52, 93, 56, 64, 71, 77, 102, 103, 131
Military aid funding, 30
Security Assistance program, 84
Subcommittee on Stockpile Disposal, 439
Ways and Means Committee, 188, 204, 230, 231, 237, 241, 243, 260, 264, 286
Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Department of, 83

Houthakker, Hendrik S., 1, 36, 114, 194, 374, 388, 394, 395, 403, 407, 418, 428, 432, 438
Hruska, Roman, 428
Hughes, Gen., 335
Hullin, Tod, 20
Humanitarian assistance, 136
Hungary, 297, 320, 364, 383
Huntington, Prof., 121
Huntsman, Jon M., 50, 140, 258, 339
Hussein, King of Jordan, 39, 42

Iceland, 367, 383
India, 4, 5, 7, 59, 62, 69, 70, 79, 85, 94, 102, 120, 142, 155, 214
Indochina, 102
Indonesia, 114, 120

Expropriation of U.S. property, 155
IDA loans to, 102
Security Assistance program, 56, 99, 103
Strategic materials imports from, 429, 434, 445
Tying practices for development loans to, 142
U.S. economic assistance, 7, 69, 70, 127, 151
U.S. military aid, 29, 39, 41, 42, 48, 79, 80, 84, 120

Ingersoll, Robert, 275
Institute of High Energy Physics (Yerevan, Armenia), 341
Institute of High Level Physics (Serpukhov, USSR), 369, 372, 373, 374, 376
Integrated circuit technology. See under Coordinating Committee on Export Controls (COCOM).
Intelsat, 378
Interagency Ad Hoc Group on Implementation of Export Administration Act of 1969, 316, 318
Inter-American Committee on the Alliance for Progress, 22
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB):

Bolivian loans, 154, 157, 159, 444
Debt service, 22
Expropriation of foreign property, 157, 165, 168, 171, 178
Fund for Special Operations (FSO), 25, 100, 146, 157
Guyanese loans, 154, 157, 159
Hickenlooper Amendment, effect on, 148
Meeting, Uruguay, Apr. 1970, 25
Replenishments, 25, 100, 102, 124
Soft loan window, 102
Task Force on International Development report on, 128
U.S. assistance channeled through, 43, 44, 68, 79, 134
Value of, 130, 131

Inter-American Development Bank Act (1972), 148, 177, 180
Inter-American Economic and Social Council (IA-ECOSOC), 22, 25, 112, 116, 122, 130, 214, 244, 408, 417
Inter-American Social Development Institute, 79, 83, 128
Interdepartmental Materials Advisory Committee, 416
Interior, U.S. Department of, 41, 213, 214, 232, 244, 265, 319
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD):

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 114
Annual Meetings, 137, 143
Bolivian economic situation, 444
Bolivian loans, 154, 157, 159
Debt service, 22
Expropriation policy, 173
Guyanese loans, 154, 157, 159
Hickenlooper Amendment, effect on, 148
IDA administration by, 2, 17
IDA replenishment III, 23
India policies, 94
Korry Report recommendations, 124
Latin American loans, 102
McNamara reappointment as president, 143
Quota increases, 17
Task Force on International Development view of, 125, 131
U.S. assistance channeled through, 5, 43, 44, 126

International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, 157, 169
International Development Assistance Act, 53
International Development Association (IDA):

Replenishment, 2, 17, 18, 23, 24, 43, 102, 146
Tanzanian loan request, 174
Task Force on International Development view of, 125, 128, 131, 134
Trade and tariff preferences for developing countries, 1
U.S. assistance channeled through, 5, 44, 68, 79, 131

International Development Association Act (1972), 148, 177, 180
International Development Bank proposal, 130, 131, 134, 135
International Development Corporation, 51, 53, 55, 57, 58, 136, 137
International Development Council, 128, 130, 131, 134
International Development Institute, 53, 55, 57, 58, 128, 130, 131, 132, 134, 136
International development policy (see also Overseas Private Investment Corporation; Task Force on International Development (Peterson Task Force)):

Additionality, 112, 114, 115, 116, 118
Adjustment assistance, 146
Darien Gap road, 117
Export development, 146
Foreign private investment, 146
Import surcharges, 146
Korry Report, 123, 124
Multilateral Interest Equalization Fund, 146
Rockefeller Mission, 5, 12, 22, 120, 122
State Department position, 133
Tying practices for development loans, 127, 130, 131, 138, 139, 140, 141
UNCTAD III, 144, 145, 146

International Economic Policy Council (CIEP), 51, 57, 58, 248, 250
International Finance Corporation (IFC), 128
International Grains Arrangement (IGA). See under Commodities.
International Investment Insurance Agency (IIIA) (proposed), 134, 136, 157
International Metals Processing Company (IMPC), 154
International Military Education and Training Act, 98
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 17, 18, 43, 44, 114, 126, 137, 146, 321, 444
International monetary policy, 211, 260, 273, 278, 279, 286
International Nickel Company, 413
International Petroleum Company (IPC), 135, 148, 152, 153, 178, 433
International Private Investment Advisory Council (IPIAC), 106, 107, 108
International Security Assistance Act, 82
International Security Cooperation Act, 30
International Telecommunications Union (ITU), 378
International Telephone and Telecommunications Company (ITT), 149
International Tin Council, 433, 434, 435, 441, 442, 445
International Trade and Investment Policy Commission (Williams Commission), 229, 238, 248, 249, 256, 265
International Wheat Agreement (IWA), 1962, 388
International Wheat Conference, Rome, 1967, 388
Investment, private, 5, 106, 150, 151
Iran, 28, 29, 59, 84, 226
Iraq, 59, 155, 226
Ireland, 408, 417, 423, 425
Iron ore, 157
Iron scrap, 318
Irwin, John H., II, 49, 76, 374, 386

COCOM:

Computers, 369
Integrated circuit technology, 365, 382
Review of system, 382, 383, 384, 387

Darien Gap road, 117
Expropriation policy, 153, 155, 158, 163, 178, 179, 180
Foreign assistance policy, 52, 62, 66, 67, 82
International development policy, 144
Military aid policy, 42, 46, 63, 64, 74, 84, 86, 88, 90, 91
PRC blocked assets and private claims, 358
PRC trade and travel, 322, 324, 331, 333, 353, 354
Strategic materials, 437, 441
Trade policy, 202, 246, 273, 278, 279, 281

Israel:

Continuing Resolution Authority and, 70
Desalinization, 14, 15
EEC membership for, 258
EEC trade agreements with, 221, 222, 223, 226, 228, 241, 250, 258, 281, 282, 283
U.S. economic assistance, 69
U.S. military aid, 28, 29 32, 35, 39, 41, 42, 46, 47, 63, 78, 84, 86, 99
U.S. trade and tariff preferences, 193, 244

Italy, 23, 24, 59, 183, 201, 237, 289

Jamaica, 94, 154, 156
Japan:

American Selling Price (ASP), 188
Asian Bank Special Funds, 2, 6
Communist bloc trade with, 320
East-West trade, 289
EEC barley exports to, 183
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253
Hide exports, 284
IDA replenishment, 23, 24, 131
International aid targets, 26
International Grains Arrangement, 388, 402, 403
Joint U.S-Japan statement on international economic relations, 268
Latin American balance of payments with, 114
LDCs, trade with, 181
Multilateral development aid, 120
Non-tariff barriers (NTBs), 286
OECD High-level Trade Group, 255
Okinawa issue, 201, 260
PRC purchases of COCOM-controlled items from, 383
Textiles, 201, 248, 345

Agreement with the United States, 249
Quadripartite talks, 240
Trade war over quotas, possible, 237
U.S. export quota legislation proposals, 225, 230, 231
Voluntary restraints on exports, 206

Tin stockpile purchases, 445
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214, 216, 232, 244
Tying practices for development loans, 138
United States, relations with, 285
U.S. expropriation policy, 174
U.S. trade balance, 275
U.S. trade legislation proposals, 217
U.S. trade talks, 187, 202, 219, 235, 239, 249, 260, 275, 276
U.S. wheat sales, 394

Japanese National Railways (JNR), 275
Javits, Jacob, 73, 74, 107
Jervis B. Webb Company, 343, 345, 346
Jet fuel, 314
Johnson, Lyndon B., 1, 2, 5, 119, 212, 238, 292, 300, 388, 389, 390, 413, 416, 429
Johnson, U. Alexis, 6, 27, 28, 32, 117, 223, 228, 289
Johnston, Ernest, 140, 159, 254, 256, 317, 332, 334, 336, 337, 338, 340, 342, 375, 430, 432
Johnston Act, 337
Johnston Island, 28
Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), 1, 318, 372, 384, 389, 415, 416, 429
Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, 372
Joint U.S.-Canadian Committee on Trade and Economic Affairs, 392
Jones, J. Wesley, 148
Jonnes, Lloyd, 161
Jordan, 28, 35, 39, 41, 42, 46, 47, 48, 68, 70, 77, 79, 81, 84, 86, 99
Jorden, William J., 444, 445
Journal of Commerce, 289, 323
Jurich, Anthony J., 406
Justice, U.S. Department of, 55, 83, 236, 322

Kamman, Curtis W., 324
Katz, Abraham, 144, 190, 390
Kearns, Henry, 1, 111, 155, 288, 292, 293, 325, 340
Kellogg, Frank, 82
Kendall, Charles H., 413, 414
Kendall, Donald M., 205, 211
Kennecott, 149
Kennedy, Col., 155
Kennedy, David M., 5, 118, 135, 298, 325

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 114, 116
Ad hoc working group foreign aid policy paper, 111
Debt service, 12, 22
East-West trade, 288, 295, 299, 302
Foreign assistance policy, 2, 6, 7, 17, 23, 24, 25, 43, 58, 122, 128, 130, 134, 136, 137
International Grains Arrangement, 394
International monetary policy, 211
Military aid program for 1971, 33
OPIC, proposals for creation of, 106, 108
Strategic materials, 406, 414
Task Force on International Development, 128, 130, 134, 136
Trade policy, 182, 186, 191, 198, 199, 202, 207, 218, 225, 227, 234, 245, 249, 263

Kennedy, John F., 120, 292
Kennedy, Richard T., 28, 29, 48, 54, 56, 64, 69, 70, 77, 79, 80, 84, 85, 88, 90, 104, 222, 345, 346
Kennedy Round, 181

Agricultural issues, 183
American Selling Price, elimination of, 192, 194, 205, 286
International Grains Arrangement, 388, 393, 394, 395, 401
Tariff rates, 188

Kenya, 221, 222, 226
Keogh, Jim, 130, 425
Kiesinger, Kurt, 201
Kirillin, Vladimir A., 351
Kissinger, Henry A., 1, 30, 58, 67, 73, 81, 83, 103, 109, 118, 124, 132, 140, 153, 157, 175, 184, 189, 192, 195, 221, 222, 246, 247, 262, 282, 298, 322, 324, 331, 334, 339, 377, 382, 395, 398, 405, 411, 412, 435

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 116
COCOM:

Advanced technology and national security, 361, 376
British satellite earth station sale to PRC, 378
Computer technology, 369, 372, 373
Integrated circuit technology, 360, 362, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367, 368, 370, 371, 379, 380, 381
Transistor and diode technology, 375

Darien Gap road, 117
East-West trade:

Dobrynin talks, 332, 335
East European trade missions, 323, 328
Export Control Act, 290, 303 307, 310
Export control guidelines, 314, 315
Export control list, 316, 317, 318
Fino Amendment, 340, 342
Interdepartmental study, 327
Kama River project, 334, 335, 336, 339, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 348
P.L. 480 sales, 313
PRC trade and travel, 300, 301, 302, 309, 326, 329, 330, 333, 355, 356
Refinery technology, 319
Romania, 305
Soviet corn purchases, 292
Soviet gear-making equipment purchase, 320, 332
Soviet trade delegation visit, 332
Soviet-U.S. trade talks, 347, 348, 349, 351, 352
U.S. expansion, 325, 337, 338
U.S. policy review, 288, 298, 299

Expropriation policy, 148, 149, 154, 155, 159, 160, 161, 162, 164, 165, 166, 168, 170, 172, 173, 177, 180
Foreign assistance policy (see also Military aid policy below):

Communist threat as factor in, 110
Continuing resolution, use of, 70
Funding through international institutions, 43
IDA replenishment talks, 2, 23
IDB replenishment talks, 25
International targets, 34, 38
Korry Report, 123
Latin America, 12, 122
Levels of aid, 61
Nixon message to Congress, Sept. 15, 1970, 137
NSC meeting, 4, 5, 6
Program for 1970, 8, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 31
Program for 1972, 66, 69, 71, 74, 75, 85
Program for 1973, 79
Program reform, 40, 50, 52, 55, 57, 60
Task Force on International Development, 119, 120, 121, 125, 128, 129, 130, 134, 135

International Grains Arrangement, 392, 395, 400, 401
Military aid policy (see also Foreign assistance policy above):

Cooper-Church Amendment, 28
To Latin America, 12, 27
Planning, 64
Program for 1971, 20, 29, 32, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42, 45
Program for 1972, 46, 47, 48, 80, 86, 91
Program for 1973, 104
Program for 1974, 96, 97, 101
Security Assistance programs, 77, 84, 88, 89, 92, 95, 99, 105
U.S. competitive position in arms sales, 59

McNamara reappointment as IBRD president, 143
Okinawa reversion to Japan, 260
OPIC, 113
Strategic materials:

Nickel shortages, 416, 419, 420
Stockpile objectives, 420, 429, 446
Stockpile reduction, 415, 421
Stockpile sales, receipts from, 422
Tin disposal, 431, 434, 436, 437, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445

Trade policy:

Bureaucratic problems in, 211
Canada-U.S. trade talks, 271
CEA position, 194
CIEP meeting, Jan. 3, 1972, 263
ECAT proposals, 207
EEC agriculture, 183, 250
EEC bilateral trade agreements, 223, 228, 258, 281, 283, 286
European mission report, 201
European strategy and, 285
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253, 254
Illustrative tariff preference lists, submission to OECD of, 208
Japan-U.S. talks on, 275
NSC ad hoc group papers on, 182, 199
OECD High-level Trade Group, 255
Presidential authority to retaliate using tariffs, 213
Program Coordination Group report, 186
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 197
Task Force on Foreign Trade Policy, 181
Textiles, 190, 206, 233, 235, 237, 239, 243
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 196, 200, 218
Trade legislation proposals, 213, 217, 230, 231, 232, 248, 287
U.S.-Japan trade policy, 202, 203
Williams appointment, 229
Williams Commission report, 256

Tying practices for development loans, 127, 130, 141, 142
U.S. meat imports, 408, 423, 425, 426, 428, 430, 432, 438

Kiuchi, Akitano, 275
Klein, Herbert, 60, 130, 351
Kleindienst, Richard, 322, 331
Klosson, Boris H., 351
Knauer, Virginia, 408
Knorr, Gene A., 100
Komarov, Nikolai Dmitrievich, 332, 334, 338
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, 10, 42, 322
Korea, Republic of, 32, 42, 70, 203, 206, 217

ADB loans to, 102
Textile agreement with the United States, 249
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214
U.S. economic assistance, 7, 85, 151
U.S. military aid, 8, 10, 19, 28, 29, 32, 35, 39, 41, 42, 63, 49, 77, 79, 80, 84, 87, 88, 95, 96, 103, 126

Korologos, Thomas C., 88
Korry, Edward M., 18, 111, 119, 123, 149, 154
Korry Report, 123, 124
Kosygin, Aleksei N., 348, 349, 350, 351
Kuwait, 39, 244

Labor, U.S. Department of, 187, 212, 213, 230, 231, 232, 236, 244, 252, 265, 267, 282, 298, 331
Labor unions, 260, 292, 294, 295, 298
Laird, Melvin R., 5, 109, 192, 195, 277, 298, 302, 359, 412

Brookings Institution restrictions,
10
COCOM, 361, 370, 371, 378, 380
Darien Gap road, 117
East-West trade, 296, 318

Expansion, 321, 325
Kama River project, 337, 338
PRC trade and travel, 329, 353, 354, 357
U.S. policy review, 288, 299

Expropriation policy, 155, 169, 175
Foreign assistance policy, 1, 6, 10, 11, 12, 69, 71, 111, 122, 128, 130, 136, 137
Military aid policy:

Funding through Defense Department, 30, 134, 135
To Korea, Republic of, 10
To Latin America, 12
Planning approach to, 63, 64
Program for 1971, 19, 21, 32, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42
Program for 1972, 80, 89, 90
Program for 1974, 96, 97, 101
Security Assistance programs, 49, 56, 77, 88, 89, 92, 95, 103
U.S. competitive position in arms sales, 59
Paris air show, 201
Strategic materials, 414, 415, 419, 429
Trade policy, 263, 266
Visit to Greece and Turkey, 46

Lamb, 391
Land reform, 41
Langley, Ken, 159
Laos, 5, 7, 29, 56, 63, 64, 70, 73, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 99, 103, 126, 131, 134, 135
Lard, 183, 259
LaSalle Company, 320
Latin America, 12, 70, 120, 121, 133, 144, 145

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 114, 115
Debt service repayments in local currencies, 12, 22
Expropriations in, 154, 157, 159
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253, 257
Highway construction vs. housing, 117, 120
IBRD loans to, 102
IDA loans to, 102
International Grains Arrangement, 403
Meat exports, 408, 417, 426, 438
Rockefeller Mission, 5, 12, 22, 120, 122, 129, 137, 194, 408, 432
Task Force on International Development report, 130, 131
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214, 216, 232, 244
Tying practices for development loans to, 142
U.S. economic assistance, 5, 14, 43, 44, 62
U.S. foreign assistance program for 1970, 13, 14, 15
U.S. military aid, 12, 27, 28, 46, 63, 69, 77, 79, 83, 84, 94, 95, 98, 101

Laurel-Langley Agreement, 232
Lead, 446
Leahy, John S., Jr., 76
Leary, John C., 145, 208, 232
Leather products, 196
Lebanon, 39, 41, 42, 84, 221, 222, 226, 228, 241, 262
Leddy, John M., 288
Lehman, John, 28, 45, 69, 77, 88, 89
Lend-Lease, 350
Leprette, Jacques, 362
Less Developed Countries (LDCs):

Balance-of-payment controls, 128, 135
Barriers to trade with, 181
Democracy in, 120
Developed countries, relations with, 145, 146
EEC, relations with, 273
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 249, 253, 257, 264, 268
International aid targets, 26, 36
Regionalism, 121
Trade and tariff preferences:

In agriculture, 181
Commerce Department position, 215
Competitive need safeguard, 215
Market access on equal terms, 216
NSC position, 198, 214
NSDM 29 amendments, 234
Preferential ceiling, 232
Presidential decisions, 218, 234, 245
Proposed legislation, 191, 192, 194
Self-election formula, 244
State Department position, 200
Task Force on International Development view, 134
U.S. position, 209
U.S. proposal to OECD on, 220

Trade issues with the United States, 1
U.S. economic assistance, 5, 133, 134, 157
U.S. investments in, 157

Levitsky, Mel, 226
Lewis, W. H., 76
Liberia, 49, 98
Libya, 39, 59, 155, 159
Lima Declaration, 146
Lincoln, Gen. George A., 5, 192, 195, 298, 439

Nickel shortages, 412, 413, 414, 419
Stockpile objectives, 389, 390, 429, 446
Stockpile reductions, 416
Stockpile sales, receipts from, 421, 422
Tin disposal, 431, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 440, 441, 442, 445

Lindjord, Haakon, 416
Linen, James, 187
Ling, Dr., 372
Lisle, Raymond E., 312
Lleras Restrepo, Carlos, 12, 117
Lodge Commission, 83
Loken, J. B., 274
London Committee, 399, 400
London Metals Exchange, 435
Long, Olivier, 205, 240, 243
Long, Russell, 253, 404
Long-Term Cotton Textile Arrangement (LTA), 184, 189, 206, 249, 331, 353, 354
Lopez Bravo de Castro, Gregorio, 228, 258, 266
Lucet, Charles, 363, 366, 375
Lynn, Larry, 29, 222, 353, 385, 420, 422, 429

MacArthur, Douglas, II, 289, 291
MacGregor, Clark, 50, 52, 56, 60, 71, 74, 75, 81, 88, 89, 91, 325, 340
Mack Trucks, Inc., 332, 336, 337, 341, 342, 343, 345, 346
Macomber, William, 4
Magnuson, Warren, 41, 298
Mahon, George H., 15, 52
Mailliard, William S., 52
Malaysia, 434, 435, 441, 443, 445
Malfatti, Franco M., 259, 261
Malta, 84, 86, 99, 226, 244, 258
Manescu, Corneliu, 362
Mansfield, Mike, 42, 43, 44, 96, 247, 402
Margolies, Daniel, 3
Marshall Plan, 255
Mason, Prof., 121
Massey, Eugene A., 311
Matilde Mine Co., 444
Matz, J. R., 246
Mayo, Robert P., 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 20, 111, 122, 128, 182, 198, 199, 234, 422
McCloy, John J., 289
McCormack, John, 14, 15, 52
McCracken, Paul W., 1, 192, 195, 298, 325

Balance-of-payments controls in LDCs, 135
Commodities:

Meat, 407, 410, 424, 426, 428
Wheat, 393, 395, 396, 397, 399, 402

East-West trade, 327
Foreign assistance policy, 137
Trade policy, 182, 194, 198, 199, 200, 205, 230, 237, 238, 239, 245, 248, 263
Tying practices for development loans, 141

McEwen, John, 396, 403
McGee, Gale, 73
McGinnis, John J., 406
McGoldrick, A. J., 403
McGovern, George, 402
McHenry, Donald, 293, 294
McNamara, James A., 269
McNamara, Robert, 17, 23, 24, 94, 124, 143, 148
Meat imports. See under Commodities.
Meat Imports Limitation Act, 1964, 391, 405, 407, 427, 438
Meir, Golda, 362
Mexico, 43, 85, 113, 155, 193, 196, 207, 214, 389, 408, 423, 438, 446
Meyer, Charles, 2, 13, 116, 118, 120, 122, 144, 151, 208, 379, 431, 435
Middle East, 42, 95, 226, 305
Military aid policy (see also Foreign assistance policy)

Conte-Long Amendment, 11, 12
Cooper-Church Amendment, 11, 28, 29, 45
Foreign Military Credit Sales, 32
Funding through Defense Department, 30, 49, 88, 101, 103, 105, 134, 135
Funding under Foreign Assistance Act, 4, 6
Latin American aircraft purchases, 12, 27
Planning approach to, 63, 64
Program for 1969, 131
Program for 1970, 8, 10
Program for 1971, 19, 20, 21, 29, 32, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42, 45
Program for 1972, 46, 47, 48, 59, 63, 69, 80, 81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91
Program for 1973, 76, 79, 80, 95, 99, 104
Program for 1974, 92, 95, 96, 97, 101, 103
Program for 1977, 63
U.S. competitive position in arms sales, 59

Military Assistance Advisory Groups (MAAGs), 83
Military Assistance Program (MAP) (see also Military aid policy):

Cooper-Church Amendment's effect on, 28
Funding through Defense Department, 30, 134, 135
Funding under Foreign Assistance Act, 4, 6
Planning approach, 63, 64
Program for 1971, 19, 20, 21, 31, 32, 33, 35, 39, 41
Program for 1972, 46, 69, 70, 78, 80, 90
Program for 1973, 76, 104
Program for 1974, 95, 97
Security Assistance program, 56, 76, 77
Task Force on International Development views, 125

Military Education and Training Program, 98
Miller, Arjay, 10, 119
Miller, Clarence, 428
Miller, J. Irwin, 10, 119
Milliken, Roger, 233
Mills, Bradford, 154, 155
Mills, Wilbur, 197, 217, 230, 235, 237, 238, 240, 248, 253, 256, 264, 284, 285
Mint, Bureau of the, 406, 413, 414
Mintzes, Joseph, 151
Mitchell, John, 231, 329, 357
Mobil Oil Co., 153
Moeller, Alex, 24
Molenhoff, Clark, 150
Mondale, Walter, 289, 290, 305, 306
Moorer, Adm. Thomas H., 32, 155, 169, 322, 325, 331, 354, 374, 377, 382
Moore, Richard, 75
Moose, Richard, 404
Morgan, Thomas "Doc," 13, 28, 30, 52, 77, 78, 94, 103, 105
Morocco, 70, 84, 221, 222, 226, 250, 258
Mosher, Sol, 303
Moss, John E., 41
Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) status:

For Bulgaria, 297
For citrus fruit exporters, 259
For Communist countries, 222, 244, 290, 294, 297, 298, 320, 321, 337
For Czechoslovakia, 289, 297
For East European countries, 339
EEC threat to, 221, 222
GATT provisions, 281
For Hungary, 297
For Poland, 222, 290, 297
Presidential authority to withhold, 204, 205
For Romania, 290, 297, 305, 337
For Soviet Union, 297, 347, 349, 351, 352
Trade with North Vietnam and, 305
For Yugoslavia, 222, 244, 290, 297

Mountain, Maurice J., 353
Multilateral development aid, 94, 102, 120, 121, 125, 126, 131, 133, 134, 255
Multilateral Interest Equalization Fund, 146
Murphy, Capt. Daniel J., 415
Muskie, Edmund, 41, 306, 311
Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act, 1951, 383

Nachmanoff, Arnold, 13, 254, 437, 439
Nakasone, Yasuhiro, 275
Narcotics control, 83, 84, 86, 176
National Academy of Sciences, 372
National Advisory Council on International Monetary and Financial Policies (NAC), 17, 165, 167, 173, 175
National Cattlemen's Association, 424
National Export Expansion Council, 59
National Security Council (NSC):

Document NSC 5810, 429
Foreign assistance policy, 1, 51, 57, 83, 88, 97
Interdepartmental Group for Latin America, 12, 122
Meat import quotas, 404
Meetings:

Oct. 31, 1968, 389
Mar. 26, 1969, 3, 4, 5, 6, 119
Apr. 9, 1969, 189, 190, 191, 192, 195, 196, 204, 213, 249, 288
May 7, 1969, 201
May 14, 1969 (cancelled), 298
May 21, 1969, 298
July 9, 1969, 122
Oct. 15, 1969, 12, 122
Apr. 1, 1970 (cancelled), 128, 129, 130, 131
Apr. 8, 1970 (cancelled), 131
Apr. 21, 1970 (cancelled), 133

Partnership for Peace programs, 93
Senior Review Group, 155, 193
Strategic materials, 406, 412, 416
Trade policy, 182, 186, 187, 189, 191, 192, 195, 198
Under Secretaries Committee, 12, 27, 49, 130, 131, 136

National Security Decision Memoranda (NSDM):

No. 4, 7
No. 10, 7
No. 15, 299, 303, 306, 311, 312, 321
No. 17, 302, 303, 304, 308, 309, 322
No. 27, 415, 429
No. 29, 136, 218, 220, 234, 244
No. 31, 12
No. 37, 244
No. 41, 22, 131
No. 45, 227, 228, 258
No. 46, 27
No. 65, 136
No. 68, 228
No. 76, 31, 34, 40, 51, 136, 137, 138
No. 80, 35, 39
No. 86, 245, 246
No. 99, 323, 325, 327, 328, 340, 341
No. 105, 329
No. 136, 149, 164, 169, 170, 171, 172, 175
No. 148, 170, 173, 175
No. 155, 357
No. 159, 380, 382, 383, 384, 385
No. 188, 358
No. 195, 359
No. 203, 446

National Security Study Memoranda:

NSSM 3, 109
NSSM 4, 1, 3, 4, 111
NSSM 5, 202
NSSM 10, 288
NSSM 15, 122
NSSM 16, 184, 186, 189, 190, 194, 288
NSSM 35, 288, 292, 293, 295, 296
NSSM 45, 111, 119, 123, 124, 129
NSSM 46, 221, 223, 226
NSSM 48, 198, 200, 209, 214, 215
NSSM 49, 197, 199
NSSM 71, 361, 376
NSSM 82, 226
NSSM 99, 35, 39, 41
NSSM 106, 322
NSSM 108, 159
NSSM 124, 331
NSSM 131, 155, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 169
NSSM 136, 169
NSSM 164, 283

National Wheat Allotment, 395
Natural gas pipelines, 312
Nehmer, Stanley, 267, 274
Netherlands, 23, 24, 183, 221, 222, 226, 258
Neubert, Joseph W., 293, 294
New Caledonia, 406, 414
New Economic Policy, 62, 249, 256
Newmont Mining, 153
New Obligational Authority, 76
Newsom, David D., 151, 159, 210
New York Times, 1, 123, 351
New Zealand, 391, 405, 408, 411, 417, 423, 425, 426, 438
Nicaragua, 408
Nickel, 157, 389, 406, 412, 413, 416, 421, 445
Nigeria, 7, 84, 86, 221, 222, 226, 305, 434
Nixon, Pat, 73
Nixon, Richard M. (see also Nixon Doctrine), 81, 242

Addresses:

On foreign assistance, May 28, 1969, 8, 119
On foreign assistance, Sept 15, 1970, 36, 137, 141
On foreign assistance, Apr. 21, 1971, 82, 83, 141
On foreign assistance, Sept. 9, 1972, 79
On foreign assistance supplement, Jan. 6, 1971, 42
On foreign policy, Feb. 1971, 141
To IMF/IBRD meeting, Sept. 25, 1972, 280
On Latin America, Oct. 31, 1969, 13, 127, 131, 133
On Vietnam, Nov. 3, 1969, 14
On world trade, 213

Australian conservatives, political help for, 411
Brookings Institution restrictions, 10
COCOM:

Advanced technology and national security, 361
Computer technology, 369, 372, 373
Integrated circuit technology, 362, 364, 365, 370, 371, 379, 380, 381
Review of system, 387
Transistor and diode technology, 375

Darien Gap road, 117
Debt repayment in local currencies, 12, 22
East-West trade:

Commerce Department position, 290
Dobrynin-Nixon talks, 332, 341
Defense Department position, 296
East European trade missions, 323, 328
Export Administration Act, 1969, 311
Export Control Act, 307
Export control list, 317, 318
Fino Amendment, 340, 342
Gromyko-Nixon talks, 347, 348
Kama River project, 334, 335, 337, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348
P.L. 480 sales, 313
Policy review, 298, 299, 303
PRC trade and travel, 301, 302, 308, 309, 329, 330, 331, 333, 354, 355, 356, 357
Reports on, 339
Soviet trade restrictions, 312
Soviet-U.S. trade talks, 347, 348, 351, 352
State Department position, 294
Treasury Department position, 295
U.S. expansion, 320, 321, 337, 338

Expropriation policy, 156, 167

Chilean seizure of U.S. companies, 149
Congressional barnacles, 176
For multilateral institutions, 165, 168, 177, 178, 179, 180
Number and type of expropriations, 153
Peruvian seizure of IPC assets, 148
Senior Review Group statement on, 171, 172
State vs. Treasury on, 159, 166, 168

Foreign assistance policy (see also Military aid policy below):

Ad hoc working group paper, 111
Communist threat as factor in, 109, 110
Funding through international institutions, 43, 44
IDA replenishments, 2, 17, 23, 24
IDB leadership, 43
IDB replenishment talks, 25
International aid targets, 26, 34, 38
Israeli aid and domestic politics, 42
Levels of aid, 61
Multilateralism, 94
NSC meeting on, 5, 6
NSDM 10 commitments, 7
Political involvement in developing countries, 109
Program for 1970, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 31
Program for 1972, 68, 71, 72, 73, 75, 78, 83
Program for 1973, 79
Program reform, 50, 51, 53, 54, 55, 57, 60, 65, 133
Rockefeller Mission, 122
Special committee, 1
Task Force on International Development, 119, 120, 121, 128, 131, 132, 134, 135, 136

Hartke-Burke bill, 286
International development policy, 144, 146, 154

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 116, 118
OPIC, 106, 107, 108, 113
Tying practices for development loans, 127, 130, 138, 142

International Grains Arrangement, 392, 394, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 403
Legislative goals, 247
Military aid policy (see also Foreign assistance policy above), 27, 28, 30, 76

Latin American programs, 12
Program for 1971, 19, 20, 21, 35, 37, 39, 41, 42, 45
Program for 1972, 87, 90, 91
Program for 1974, 101
Security Assistance programs, 49, 88, 89, 92, 95, 103, 104, 105
U.S. competitive position in arms sales, 59

McNamara reappointment as IBRD president, 143
Okinawa reversion to Japan, 260
Strategic materials:

Nickel shortage, 414, 419
Stockpile objectives, 420, 429, 446
Stockpile sales, receipts from, 421, 422
Tin disposal, 431, 434, 436, 437, 439, 440, 441, 443

Textiles (see also Trade policy below):, 191, 237, 239, 240, 249

Long-Term Cotton Textile Arrangement, 184
Non-rubber footwear escape clause action, 251, 252, 284
Quota legislation proposals, 225, 235, 238, 274
Voluntary restraints on exports of, 206, 233

Trade policy (see also Textiles above):

Canada-U.S. talks, 271
CEA position, 194
CIEP meeting, Jan. 3, 1972, 263
EEC agriculture, 183, 250
EEC bilateral trade agreements, 221, 266, 278, 282
EEC-U.S. relations, 279
EEC-U.S. talks, 273, 277
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 246, 254
Illustrative tariff preference lists, submission to OECD, 208
Japanese-U.S. talks, 187, 219, 260, 276
NSC ad hoc group papers on, 191, 199
NSC recommendations on, 195
OECD High-level Trade Group, 255
Program Coordination Group report, 185, 186, 188
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 197
Tariff exemptions and maquiladoras, 207
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 200, 209, 210, 214, 215, 216, 218, 232, 234, 244, 245
Trade barrier removal, 181
Trade legislation proposals, 204, 205, 213, 230, 231, 285
U.S.-Japan trade policy, 202, 203
Williams appointment, 229
Williams Commission report, 256

U.S. meat imports, 391, 405, 407, 408, 409, 410, 418, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 430, 432, 438
Visits:

Asia-Europe, July-Aug. 1969, 121, 304
Azores, Dec. 1971, 259, 261
Canada, Apr. 1972, 271
China, Feb. 1971, 61, 93, 353, 356
Europe, Feb.-Mar. 1969, 2, 183, 184
Hawaii, Aug.-Sept. 1972, 275, 276
Romania, Aug. 1969, 304, 305, 319, 401
Soviet Union, May 1972, 273

Nixon Doctrine, 19, 21, 28, 32, 42, 49, 56, 59, 64, 77, 96, 137
Nixon Round, 241
Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), 361
Non-rubber footwear, 212, 236, 251, 252, 267, 274, 284
North Atlantic Free Trade Association (NAFTA), 181
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 87, 289, 367
Norway, 23, 24
Nuclear weapons development, 361, 376
Nutter, Warren, 293

O'Connor, Roderic, 62, 76
Odeen, Phil, 96, 445
Office of Emergency Planning, 389
Office of Emergency Preparedness (OEP), 298

Stockpile objectives, 389, 415, 420, 429, 446
Stockpile reductions, 416
Stockpile sales, receipts from, 421
Tin disposal, 431, 434, 436, 437, 439, 442

Office of Management and Budget (OMB):

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 112
Expropriation policy, 180
Foreign assistance policy, 38, 51, 62, 68, 69, 83, 93
Military aid policy, 37, 46, 47, 49, 56, 80, 83, 88, 95, 97
Trade policy, 265, 273

Office of Science and Technology, 372
Ogden, R. M., 145
Oil, 181

Gathering systems for petroleum fields, 292, 295, 296, 298, 299
Refinery technology sales, 337, 341
Sales to Chinese and China-bound ships of, 300, 301, 322, 329
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 220, 232, 244, 245
U.S. imports, 157

Oilseeds, 183, 308
Okinawa, 28, 201, 260
Olive oil, 183
O'Mahoney, J., 274
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD):

COCOM, 365
Development Assistance Committee (DAC), 68, 112, 137, 138
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 190, 253
High-level Trade Group, 25, 255, 270
Illustrative tariff preference list, U.S. submission to, 208
Ministerial Council meetings, 232, 254
Non-tariff barrier policy group in, 188
Trade and tariff preferences for developing countries, 1, 189, 191, 192, 196, 200, 208, 209, 214, 244
Trade Committee, 220
Tying practices with development loans, 138, 139, 141
U.S. expropriation policy, 174

Organization for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC), 255
Organization of American States (OAS), 253, 438
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), 157, 159
Origin pricing, 393
Ortiz Mena, Antonio, 43, 100
Ovando, Alfredo, 431, 433, 434, 437, 439
Overseas Development Bank, 124
Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC):

Authorizing legislation, 20, 53, 130
Budgeting for 1973, 79
Country restrictions, 113
Creation of, 5, 8, 9, 10, 57, 58, 106, 107, 108, 124
Expropriation of U.S. property, 154, 158, 160
Expropriation risk insurance, 157
Foreign assistance program for 1972, 83
State Department position, 133
Task Force on International Development views on, 125
U.S. foreign aid channeled through, 134

Paarlberg, Don, 313, 424
Packard, David, 32, 46, 48, 318, 322, 324, 326, 331, 374, 377
Pakistan, 4, 7, 59, 62, 69, 70, 79, 83, 85, 120, 142
Pakistan International Airlines, 322
Paley Commission, 416
Palmby, Clarence D., 388, 396, 418, 427, 428
Palme, Olaf, 348
Palmer, Joseph, II, 193
Pan American Airlines, 312
Pan American Highway, 117
Panama, 98, 117, 178
Paper products, 281
Paris air show, 201
Paris Club, 174
Park Chung-hee, 29
Parker, Dan, 10
Partnership for Peace programs, 93
Passage, David, 73
Passman, Otto, 4, 14, 15, 16, 42, 52, 93, 94, 100, 102
Pastrana Borrero, Misael, 117
Patolichev, Nikolai S., 349, 350, 351
Peace, Department of, proposed, 107
Peacekeeping, 147
Pearson, Lester, 23, 124
Pearson Commission on International Development, 23, 36, 102, 124
Pederson, Richard, 1, 190, 193, 202
Pelikan, Robert G., 191
Pencil sharpener factories, 338
Pepsi Cola, 275
Perez Guerrero, Manuel, 195
Perkins Commission, 1, 119, 120
Peru, 135, 148, 152, 153, 155, 156, 178, 214, 416, 433
Peterson, Peter G., 252, 264, 277, 325, 372

East-West trade:

Dobrynin-Nixon talks, 341
Expansion, 337, 338
Fino amendment, 340
Kama River project, 334, 338, 339, 341, 345
PRC trade and travel, 355, 357
Reports, 327, 339
Soviet trade talks, 332, 335, 347, 352

Expropriation policy, 155, 164, 165, 169, 170, 171, 172, 177, 179
Foreign assistance policy, 50, 57, 60, 94
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 254, 257, 265
Trade policy, 255, 258, 259, 260, 263, 286
Transistor technology sales to Romania, 375

Peterson, Rudolph, 10, 17, 157

Appointment to Task Force on International Development, 119, 120, 128, 137
Foreign assistance program reform, 40, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 60, 102, 121
IDA replenishment talks, 23
Multilateralism, 125
Task force status report, 125, 126
Tying practices for development loans, 140, 141, 142
UNCTAD III, 144

Peterson Task Force. See Task Force on International Development.
Petty, John R., 7, 17, 23, 24, 123, 139, 154, 156, 162, 166, 202, 394
Pharmaceuticals, 308
Philbin, Philip J., 389, 421
Philippines, 22, 29, 70, 84, 85, 87, 99, 103, 214, 232
Pickering, Thomas R., 82, 361
P. L. 480, 4, 5, 7, 94, 313
P. L. 90-482, 404
P. L. 90-608, 389
Planar production process, 364, 368
Platinum, 389, 421
Platt, Nicholas, 153
Plaza Lasso, Galo, 72
Plywood, 196
Poats, Rutherford M., 4, 5, 6, 7, 15, 106, 127, 209, 234
Point IV, 120
Poison gas, 28
Poland, 222, 290, 319, 320, 337, 341, 348, 352, 377, 379, 380, 383
Policy Analysis Decision Memoranda (PADM), 144, 147
Policy Analysis Study Memorandum (PASM) 3, 144
Pollack, Herman, 3
Pompidou, Georges, 24, 259, 362, 371, 375, 401
Population control, 120, 131
Population growth, 10
Pork bellies, 183
Portugal, 98, 147, 244
Pravda, 241
Presidential Task Force on Footwear, 212
President's Commission on International Trade and Investment Policy, 229, 238
President's Committee on Consumer Interests, 407
President's Foreign Assistance Contingency Fund, 79
President's Science Advisory Committee, 3
Price, Ray, 213
Price Commission, 273, 274
Prisoners of war, 321
Private Investment Corporation. See Overseas Private Investment Corporation.
Productivity Commission, 238
Program Coordination Group, 106, 185, 186, 188
Propps, Herbert F., 407
Protectionism in U.S., 187, 189, 192, 241, 250, 260, 264
Proxmire, William, 63, 93
PSAC World Food Report, 3
Public safety program, 56, 82, 84, 86
Pursley, Lt. Gen. Robert E., 63, 80, 88, 415

Quie, Albert H., 426

Rangel Amendment, 175
Rapeseed oil, 183
RCA, 375, 378, 383
Redman, Peter, 150
Refugees, 62, 79, 83, 84, 86
Rey, Jean, 221, 270
Reynolds Aluminum, 154
Rhodesia, 147, 429
Richardson, Elliot L., 5, 124, 192, 298

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 114
Commodities, 391
East-West trade, 293, 294, 296, 297, 299, 300, 301, 304, 308, 309, 312
Foreign assistance policy, 3, 4, 8, 15, 18, 26, 111, 119, 123, 126, 128, 131
Military aid policy, 12, 27
OPIC, creation of, 107, 108
Special Trade Representative, under Commerce Department, 186
Trade policy, 190, 208, 210, 214, 218, 220, 223, 224, 226, 228, 230, 232:
Tying practices for development loans, 127

Richardson, Mark E., 274, 284
Rickett, Denis, 102
Ritchie, A. Edgar, 400
Rivers, L. Mendel, 389, 437
Roan Selection Trust, 153
Rockefeller, David, 195, 289
Rockefeller Mission, 1969, 5, 12, 22, 120, 122, 129, 137, 194, 408, 432
Roemer, Mike, 209
Rogers, William P., 5, 195, 242, 277, 361, 377, 380, 381, 412, 438, 439

COCOM, 361, 377, 380, 381
Commodities, 391, 392, 400
Darien Gap road, 117
Debt service, 12
East-West trade:

Export Administration Act, 1969, 311
Export control list, 318
Interdepartmental study, 327
PRC blocked assets and private claims, 358
PRC trade and travel, 302, 304, 308, 322, 329, 357
Soviet trade restrictions, 312
Soviet-U.S. talks, 348
U.S. expansion, 321, 325
U.S. policy review, 288, 299

Expropriation policy, 149, 155, 160, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 175
Foreign assistance policy (see also Military aid policy below):

Congressional view, 1
Country restrictions, 11
Funding through international institutions, 43
IDA replenishment talks, 2, 23, 124
International targets, 26, 133
Latin America, 12, 122
NSDM 10 commitments, 7
NSSM 4 response, 1, 4, 111
Political involvement in developing countries, 109
Program for 1970, 13
Program for 1972, 62, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 78
Program reform, 51, 52, 53, 55, 58, 81, 133
Task Force on International Development, 119, 126, 128, 130, 132, 136

International development policy:

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 116, 118
CECLA, 145
GSP legislation, 146
OPIC, proposals for creation of, 106, 107, 108
Pearson Commission, 124
Tying practices for development loans, 127
UNCTAD III, 144

Military aid policy (see also Foreign assistance policy above):

Funding through Defense Department, 30
Planning approach to, 63, 64
Program for 1971, 32, 39, 41, 42, 45
Program for 1972, 46, 76, 80, 87
Program for 1974, 92, 96, 98, 103
Security Assistance programs, 49, 89, 92, 95, 98, 103, 105, 135

New Zealand-U.S. relations, 408
Strategic materials, 389, 390, 414, 419, 434, 436, 440
Trade policy:

CIEP meeting, Jan. 3, 1972, 263
EEC bilateral trade arrangements, 221, 224, 227
EEC-U.S. trade talks, 261, 273
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 253, 254
Hickenlooper Amendment, 10
Japanese-U.S. talks, 187
NSC ad hoc group papers on, 182, 199
OECD High-level Trade Group, 255
Program Coordination Group report, 185, 188
Textiles, 240
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 198, 200, 218, 220, 234, 245
Trade legislation proposals, 190, 205, 286

Visit to Africa, Feb. 1970, 126

Rojas, Patricio, 72
Romania, 290, 297, 299, 300, 303, 304, 305, 313, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 325, 328, 337, 340, 348, 360, 375, 401
Rossides, Eugene T., 414
Rubber, 157, 421, 431, 435, 445
Ruggiero, Renato, 259, 261
Ruser, Claus, 147
Rush, Kenneth, 241, 382, 384
Rusk, Dean, 300
Russell, Fred, 406, 412, 416, 421
Russell, Richard, 42, 389, 416, 421
Ryss, M., 394

Saccio, Leonard J., 117
Saint Lawrence Seaway, 392
Salans, Carl F., 178
Salmon, 28
Salzman, Herbert, 106, 151, 160
Samuels, Nathaniel, 159, 160, 190, 192, 234

COCOM, 277, 372
Commodities, 393, 395
Debt service, 12
East-West trade, 289, 291, 292
Expropriation policy, 151, 157, 158, 170
Foreign assistance policy, 1, 25, 38, 137
International development policy, 123, 126, 144, 146
McNamara reappointment to IBRD presidency, 143
Trade policy, 202, 205, 209, 210, 214, 220, 226, 228, 232, 240, 244, 253, 254, 255, 265

Sanz de Santamaria, Carlos, 72
Sato, Eisaku, 24, 184, 217, 219, 225, 230, 260, 263, 269
Saudi Arabia, 29, 39, 84
Saunders, Harold, 28, 29, 281, 283, 323
Scali, John, 71, 352
Scandinavia, 214, 216, 244
Schaetzel, J. Robert, 226, 261
Schiff, Stanley D., 390
Schlesinger, James R., 34, 36, 46, 51, 53, 56, 60, 137, 374, 386
Schnee, Alexander, 51, 52, 190, 293, 294, 311, 389, 390
Schultze, Charles L., 1
Schumann, Maurice, 261, 360, 362, 364, 367, 375, 377, 381
Scott, Harold B., 320, 323, 351, 375
Scott, Hugh, 42, 74, 96, 247
Scranton, William, 10, 119
Second UN Development Decade, 131
Security Assistance Contingency Fund, 76, 79
Security Assistance program, U.S., 49, 56, 77, 84, 88, 92, 95, 96, 98, 99, 101, 103, 104, 105, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137
Selden, Armistead, 59
Semi-conductors, 367
Senate, U.S.:

Appropriations Committee, 13, 100
Armed Services Committee, 42, 56, 101, 134, 421, 443
East-West trade, 340
Export Administration Act, 1969, 314
Export quota legislation, 237
Finance Committee, 204, 264, 391, 438
Foreign Relations Committee, 2, 35, 37, 42, 52, 56, 64, 69, 71, 73, 74, 77, 89, 94, 101, 131, 134:
Inter-American Development Bank appropriations, 100
Military aid policy, 20, 30, 35, 37, 42

Senior Review Group (SRG), 158, 159, 161, 169, 171
Service-funded military assistance (MASF), 56, 64, 77, 103
Sharp, Mitchell, 392, 400
Shillito, Barry J., 415
Shipping:

Bound for China, 300
Of PRC grain purchases, 322, 337, 339
PRC-U.S port entry and cargoes arrangements, 322, 329, 356, 359
Reciprocal U.S.-Soviet port access, 336
Of Soviet grain purchases, 292, 294, 295, 296, 299
Shoes, 220, 230, 231, 232, 235, 247, 284

Shriver, Garner, 15
Shriver, Sargent, 202, 360, 362, 401
Shultz, George P., 48, 58, 81, 141, 277, 281, 298, 325, 435

Appointment as Treasury Secretary, 273
Balance of payments controls in LDCs, 135
East-West trade, 298, 299, 327, 357, 358
Expropriation policy, 155, 169, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180
Foreign assistance policy (see also Military aid policy below), 53, 55, 57, 58, 60, 62, 68, 75, 79, 100, 136
Military aid policy (see also Foreign assistance policy above), 33, 41, 46, 76, 77, 79, 80, 84, 86, 88, 89
Trade policy, 182, 198, 199, 207, 218, 234, 238, 245, 248, 263, 284, 285, 286, 287

Siciliano, Rocco C., 223, 298, 319, 320, 374, 377
Siemens, 362
Silberman, Laurence H., 272
Silver, 421
Simon, William, 286
Siracusa, Ernest V., 434, 436
Sisco, Joseph, 4, 226
Slater, Courtenay, 1
Small Business Administration (SBA), 236
Smith, K. Wayne, 32, 35, 37, 39, 41, 46, 47, 48
Smith, Robert, 151
Smithsonian Agreements, 273
Smoot-Hawley Act, 1930, 298
Societe Le Nickel (SLN), 406, 412, 414
Solomon, Anthony, 119, 238
Somalia, 59, 155
Sommerfield, S. L., 406
Sonandres, T. W., 433
Sonnenfeldt, Helmut, 222, 285, 303, 323, 334, 346, 367, 371

COCOM, 362, 363, 366, 370, 375, 379, 381
East-West trade, 299, 348, 349, 351, 352
Foreign assistance policy, 110
Trade policy, 281, 282, 283, 286, 287

South Africa, Republic of, 147
South American Power, 153
South Asia, 62, 79, 83, 226, 352
Soviet Union:

Air landing rights, 312
Arms sales, 59
Bolivia, relations with, 432
Corn purchases, 292, 295, 296, 298, 349
Cuban nickel sales, 414
Europe, relations with, 241
EXIMBANK financing of trade with, 292
Export control list, 318
Gear making equipment, 312, 320, 332
Integrated circuit technology, 360, 364
International Grains Arrangement, 396, 399
Kama River Project, 332, 334, 335, 337, 338, 339, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348
MFN status for, 297
Oil field gathering systems, 292, 295, 296, 298, 299
Peacekeeping, 147
Pencil sharpener factories, 338
PRC talks, 1969, 308
PRC-U.S. trade and, 354, 355
Refinery technology, 341
Siberian copper deposits, 320
Synthetic leather technology, 349
Trade delegation visit, 332
Truck factory equipment, 292, 294, 295, 296, 298, 299, 320, 332, 334, 337, 343
U.S. trade policy, 311

Soybeans, 183, 231
Spain:

Currency deposit requirements, 85
EEC bilateral trade agreements with, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 227, 228, 250, 258, 266, 278, 281, 282, 283
EEC membership, 253
Non-rubber footwear escape clause action, 267
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 244
U.S. base agreements, 224, 237, 266, 281, 282
U.S. military aid, 11, 20, 98
U.S. textile quotas, 274

Spanish-U.S. Agreement of Friendship and Cooperation, 258, 281
Special Committee for Latin American Coordination (CECLA), 144, 145
Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), 18, 146
Special Representative for Trade Negotiations, Office of:

COCOM, 372
Commerce Department administration of, proposed, 186, 197
EEC bilateral trade agreements, 282
EEC-U.S. trade talks, 273
International Grains Arrangement, 396
Meat import quotas, 407, 438
Non-rubber footwear, 274, 284
Proposals for creation, 124
Task Force on Foreign Trade Policy discussion, 181
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214, 232, 244
Trade legislation proposals, 280

Spiers, Ronald I., 30, 49, 64, 76
Spong, William B., Jr., 73
Springsteen, George S., Jr., 293, 294
Standard Oil of New Jersey, 135
Stans, Maurice H., 58, 135, 192, 312, 412

Advanced technology and national security, 361
COCOM, 361, 371, 380
Integrated circuit technology, 371, 380
East-West trade:

Commerce Department position, 290
East European trade missions, 323, 328
Export control list, 306, 316, 318
Fino Amendment, 340, 342
Interdepartmental study, 327
Kama River project, 342, 343, 345, 346, 348
PRC trade and travel, 302, 359
Soviet gear-making equipment purchase, 332
Soviet-U.S. talks, 347, 348, 349, 350, 351, 352
U.S. expansion, 320, 325
U.S. policy review, 288, 299

Expropriation policy, 155, 169, 172, 175
Foreign assistance policy, 136
OPIC, creation of, 107
Strategic materials, 413, 419
Task Force on International Development, 128
Textiles (see also Trade policy below), 189, 190, 192, 202, 206, 211, 231, 233, 235, 239, 267
Trade-aid linkage, 120
Trade policy (see also Textiles above), 182, 185, 186, 187, 197, 198, 199, 201, 204, 205, 207, 213, 215, 217, 218, 223, 227, 230, 234, 245
Visits:

Asia (1969), 187, 189, 190, 202, 203, 206, 249
Europe (1969), 190, 194, 195, 197, 201, 205

Steel, 181, 185
Steenbergen, Howard H., 368, 370
Steiger, William, 426
Stein, Herbert, 1, 89, 286
Stennis, John, 56, 73, 77, 88, 89, 91, 103, 416
Stern, Ernest, 38, 155
Stern, Thomas, 82
Stevenson, John R., 151, 157
Stewart, Michael, 362
Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act, 1939, 413, 416, 419, 421
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT), 63, 121, 286, 308, 332
Strategic materials, 419

Indonesia as supplier, 429
Nickel, 157, 389, 406, 412, 413, 416, 421, 445
Rhodesia as supplier of, 429
Stockpile objectives, 389, 390, 413, 416, 420, 429, 446
Stockpile reduction, 415, 416, 421
Stockpile sales, receipts from 421, 422
Tin, 157, 416, 431, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445

Sugar, 253
Sugar Act (1948), 148, 157, 259
Suharto, 42
Sullivan, William, 230
Summ, G. H., 433
Supporting Assistance (SA) programs, 32, 33, 35, 39, 41, 62, 70, 76
Sutton, Glenn W., 212, 251
Sweden, 23, 24, 221, 222, 281, 383, 414
Swindell-Dressler, 320, 336, 343, 345, 346
Switzerland, 174, 216, 221, 222, 383
Symington, Stuart, 73, 77, 389, 416, 421
Syria, 39, 155
Szabo, Daniel, 444

Taiwan. See China, Republic of.
Tanaka, Kakuei, 275, 276
Tanzania, 174, 221, 222, 226
Tariff Act (1930), 212, 252, 269
Tariff Commission, U.S., 157, 188, 212, 213, 236, 238, 251, 267, 284
Tariffs. See under Trade policy; Trade and tariff preferences under Less-Developed Countries.
Tariff Schedule of the United States (TSUS), 272
Tarr, Curtis, 92, 97, 98, 99, 103, 104
Task Force on Agricultural Trade, 393, 395, 397, 402, 403, 438
Task Force on International Development (Peterson Task Force), 17, 20, 111, 232

Meetings, 120, 121, 125, 126
Report, 30, 43, 53, 73, 93, 123, 125, 126, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136

Task Force on Non-Rubber Footwear, 212, 236, 267
Taxes, 114, 181, 183, 188, 191, 192
Technical Assistance Foundation, 124
Textiles, 181

Domestic concerns, 185, 211, 233, 236
East Asian-U.S. agreements, 249
European-U.S. talks, 201
Japanese-U.S. talks, 187, 202, 217, 225
Non-rubber footwear, 212, 236, 251, 252, 267, 274, 284
NSC position, 189
Options for action, 192
Quadripartite talks, 235, 240
Quota legislation, 238, 274
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 220, 232
Trade legislation proposals, 190, 247
Trade war over quotas on, possible, 237
Voluntary restraint vs. quotas, 184, 191, 206, 231, 233

Thailand, 5, 7, 29, 39, 49, 56, 63, 64, 70, 79, 81, 84, 85, 86, 95, 99, 103, 126, 134, 135, 434, 445
Thomson-CSF, 362, 377
Thurmond, Strom, 225
Time-Life, 187
Timmons, William, 15, 28, 36, 38, 42, 44, 45, 71, 75, 88, 89, 105, 134, 135, 231, 233, 237, 238, 267, 317, 319, 340, 428, 432, 446
Tin, 157, 416, 431, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445
Titanium, 440, 443
Tobacco, 183, 250, 281
Tokyo Round, 249, 270
Tolbert, William, 73
Tomato products, 183
Torres, Gen. Juan J., 437, 439, 441
Tower, John, 306
Trade Expansion Act (1962), 181, 188, 190, 205, 207, 213, 236, 251, 252, 267
Trade policy (see also Agriculture; American Selling Price; Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) status; Textiles):

Adjustment assistance, 146, 188, 190, 213, 264
Border tax adjustments (BTAs), 188, 191, 192
Bureaucratic problems in, 211
CEA position, 194
Coordination between national economic policies, 181
Domestic industry safeguards, 192, 215
EEC bilateral trade agreements (see also under Spain):

With African countries, 221, 222, 226, 258, 262
Citrus fruits, 250, 258
Defense Department position, 266, 282
French position, 226, 258, 282
With Israel, 221, 222, 223, 226, 228, 241, 250, 258, 278, 281, 282, 283
With Lebanon, 221, 222, 226, 228, 241, 262
Netherlands position, 226
With North Africa, 221, 222, 226, 250, 258
NSC position, 222
With South Asian countries, 226
STR position, 221
Tobacco, 250
Treasury position, 258, 282
U.S. actions, 258, 281, 282, 283
U.S. political difficulties, 250

EEC-U.S. trade talks, 259, 260, 261, 262, 273, 277
Escape clause, 188, 190, 213, 236, 252
European mission report, 201
Export credits, 181
Future of, 189
Trade policy--Continued
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), 4, 146, 190, 246, 249, 253, 254, 257, 264, 265, 268
International monetary negotiations, relation to, 278, 279
International Trade and Investment Policy Commission (Williams Commission), 229, 238, 248, 249, 256, 265
Japan-U.S. talks, 187, 202, 219, 268
Less-Developed Countries (LDCs), 5, 181, 191, 192
NSC recommendations on, 195
Presidential blue-ribbon commission on, 190, 195, 205
Private investment, 187
Quotas:

Japanese, on imports, 187
Legislative proposals on, 225, 230, 231
On U.S. agricultural products, 259
U.S. opposition to, 184

Tariff Commission data confidentiality, 212
Tariffs (see also Trade barriers below):

Authority to cut, 287
On bound items, 259
Illustrative preference lists, submission to OECD of, 208
On Japanese items, 269
Limits on use of authority to cut, 204, 205, 213
Maquiladora plants and exceptions to, 207
Non-rubber footwear escape clause action, 251, 252, 267, 284
OECD High-level Trade Group discussion of, 255, 270
Presidential authority to retaliate using, 213
Proposed legislation on, 192
Reductions in, 181
Reverse preferences, 253

Task Force Report, 181
Trade barriers (see also Tariffs above):

Burns Report, 188
Non-tariff barriers (NTBs), 181, 188, 192, 204, 205, 270, 280, 286, 287:
U.S. business dislike of, 217

Trade legislation proposals, 188, 189

Additions to, 204, 205
ECAT proposals, 205, 207
European strategy and, 285, 287
Grouping of legislative measures, 248
Legislative strategy paper, 264
Mills Committee hearings, 230, 231
Nixon threat to veto, 239, 243, 247
NSC position, 192, 248, 287
State Department position, 190, 205, 207
STR position, 280
Tariff cutting authority, 287
Timing for submission, 217
Treasury position, 191

Trade Reform Act (1973), 249
Trade Study Commission, 217
Trading with the Enemy Act, 1917, 249
Train, Russell, 182
Transistors, 360, 375
Transportation, U.S. Department of, 117, 236
Treasury, U.S. Department of:

COCOM, 372
Darien Gap road, 117
East-West trade, 298, 301
Expropriation of U.S. property, 158, 159, 165
Foreign assistance policy, 18, 59, 83, 93, 137
International development policy, 106, 125, 134, 135, 140
International monetary talks, 273
Meat import quotas, 407, 438
Nickel shortage, 406, 413
Trade policy, 191, 212, 213, 214, 220, 228, 231, 232, 244, 252, 258, 269, 273, 282
U.S. foreign direct investment, 222

Trezise, Philip H., 18, 23, 51, 124, 144, 159, 207, 208, 210, 221, 226, 240, 244, 311, 340, 363, 366, 372, 374, 407, 412, 435
Trinidad, 116
Troxel, Oliver, 123
Trudeau, Pierre Eliot, 260, 271, 392, 397, 400
Tsukahira, T. G., 275
Tsurumi, Kiyohiko, 275
Tuna, canned, 269
Tungsten, 421
Tunisia, 29, 84, 85, 221, 222, 226, 250, 258:
Turkey, 70, 85, 87

EEC trade agreements with, 222, 226, 258
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 244
U.S. economic assistance, 7
U.S. military aid, 19, 28, 29, 32, 39, 41, 46, 47, 48, 49, 56, 63, 77, 79, 84, 87, 88, 95, 96, 103

Uganda, 221, 222, 226
Ukawa, Hidetoshi, 275
Under Secretaries Committee, 12, 27, 49, 130, 131, 136
Unemployment, 248
United Arab Republic (UAR), 42, 59, 221, 222, 226, 228, 241, 262
United Kingdom:

Arms sales, 59
Cuban nickel sales, 414
East-West trade, 289
EEC membership, 226, 250
EEC trade agreements with, 222
European commercial arrangement with, 201
IDA replenishment III, 23, 24
Import surcharges, 192
International Grains Arrangement, 388
Lard exports to, 183
OECD High-level Trade Group, 255
Soviet oil equipment purchases, 320
Textiles, 201, 240
Trade and tariff preferences for LDCs, 214
U.S. expropriation policy, 174
Voluntary restraints on textile exports, 206

United Nations (UN), 5, 26, 38, 83, 126, 131, 147, 244, 429:
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD):

Commodities Committee, 435
Increases in funding, 131
SDR-aid link study, 18
UNCTAD II, 214
UNCTAD III, 144, 145, 146, 273, 441, 442
Special Committee on Preferences, 244
Trade and tariff preferences for developing countries, 1, 192, 200, 220, 244

United Nations Development Assistance Committee, 26
United Nations Development Program (UNDP), 79, 94, 131, 147
United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), 26
United Nations General Assembly, 26, 38, 147, 244
United States Information Agency (USIA), 83, 214, 298, 320, 372
Uruguay, 39, 98, 114
U.S. Extended Risk Guarantee Program, 136
Ushiba, Nobuhiko, 268
U.S. International Development Council, 128, 130, 131, 132
U.S. News and World Report, 93, 352
U.S-Spanish Joint Committee on Defense Matters, 266
U.S. Steel, 440, 441, 443

Vaky, Viron Peter, 25, 27, 29, 122, 129, 404, 408, 431, 434, 436
Valdes Subercaseaux, Gabriel, 116
Vaznaugh, Frank, 18
Velasco, Gen. Juan, 148, 159
Veliotes, Nicholas A., 325
Venezuela, 12, 43, 174
Vietnam, Democratic Republic of (DRV):

East European aid to, 289, 290
Infiltration into Cambodia, 32, 42
Soviet aid, 295
U.S. prisoners of war, 321
U.S. prohibitions on shipping to, 9
U.S. sales restrictions on countries trading with, 294, 295, 298, 305, 313, 319, 337, 340, 342
U.S. travel restrictions, 322

Vietnam, Republic of, 28, 121

Continuing Resolution Authority and, 70
Currency deposit requirements, 85
Land reform program, 39, 41
U.S. economic assistance, 7, 13, 16, 35, 68
U.S. military aid, 5, 20, 29, 39, 41, 42, 46, 49, 56, 63, 64, 79, 81, 83, 84, 86, 99, 126, 131, 134, 135

Vietnamization, 13, 14, 15, 20, 32
Vietnam war, 289, 290, 294, 305, 313, 347, 408, 438
Voice of America (VOA), 297, 299
Volcker, Paul, 135, 156, 160, 192, 195, 263, 264, 354, 394

Additionality measures for balance of payments, 112, 114, 115
British computer sales to Soviet Union, 374
Foreign assistance policy, 17, 100, 102
Nickel shortage, 414
Task Force on International Development, 134
Trade policy, 191, 281, 286
Tying practices for development loans, 139

Volpe, John A., 117, 359

Walker, Charls E., 17, 43, 44, 100, 162, 166, 170, 394
Wallace, L. T., 388
Waller, Keith, 418
Wall Street Journal, 388
Walsh, John P., 149, 207
Ware, R. A., 314
Washington Post, 35, 43
Watts, William, 14
Webster, Donald A., 267
Weinberger, Caspar W., 35, 62, 66, 67, 68, 81, 92, 96, 97, 99, 104, 95, 179, 263, 445, 446
Weintraub, Sidney, 18, 51, 151, 158, 159, 175
Weiss, Seymour, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387
Wenk, Edward, Jr., 3
Westerfield, Samuel Z., 4
Wheat, 231, 286, 292, 331, 392, 393, 394, 395, 396, 397, 399, 401, 402, 403
Wheat Trade Convention (WTC), 388, 393, 398
Wheeler, Gen. Earle G., 5, 6, 12, 128, 192, 195, 296, 298, 302, 318, 361
Whitaker, John, 313, 408, 424, 428, 432
White, Eli G., 284
Widnall, William., 306, 340
Wilhelm, J. K., 82
Williams, Albert L., 229, 238, 256
Willis, George H., 102
Wilson, Harold, 201
Witman, William, 210
Wonnacott, Paul, 407
Woods, George, 12, 22
Woolens, 190, 195, 206, 269
Working Group on Protection of U.S. Private Investment Abroad, 150, 151
World Bank. See International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).
World Food Panel, 3
Worthington, Howard L., 190, 207, 280
Wright, R. B., 291, 293, 294, 312, 334, 383
Wriston, Walter B., 119
Wylie, Chalmers P., 341

Yaounde Convention, 114, 221, 226
Yemen, 155
Yoshino, Bunroku, 206
Yost, Charles, 26
Young, David R., 335
Yugoslavia, 221, 222, 244, 245, 290, 292, 297, 325

Zagorin, Bernard, 144
Zaire, 84
Zambia, 151, 153, 155
Ziegler, Ron, 42, 60, 69, 75, 172, 352
ZIL truck factory, 292, 294
Zinc, 157


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