U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Other State Department Archive SitesU.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Home Issues & Press Travel & Business Countries Youth & Education Careers About State Video
 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Foreign Relations of the United States > Nixon-Ford Administrations > Volume XI
Foreign Relations, 1969-1976, Volume XI, South Asia Crisis, 1971
Released by the Office of the Historian

Note: All references are to document numbers

Agency for International Development (AID) (see also headings beginning with U.S. economic aid to), 23, 61
Agha Khan, Prince Sadruddin (see also UN High Commissioner for Refugees), 79, 81, 96
Ahmad, Khondkar Mushtaq, 77, 115, 133, 136, 149, 150, 164
Ahmad, M. M.:
East Pakistan food relief, 68, 105, 129
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68, 96, 97
Political settlement proposals, 34, 43, 44, 49, 100
Ahmed, Tajuddin, 31, 149, 150
Aiken, George D., 240
Alam, M., 122
Ali, M. Hossain, 164
Ali, Mahmud, 161
Allott, Gordon L., 240
Alsop, Joseph, 239
Alvie, Momtaz A., 220
Amin, Nurul, 247, 276
Annenberg, Walter H., 331
Armed Forces Policy Council, 234
Armitage, John A., 335
Atal, J.K., 203, 209
Atherton, Alfred L., Jr., 135, 136
Awami League (see also Political settlement proposals; Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur):
Banning of, 22, 53, 83, 84
East Pakistan takeover, 9
Pakistani civil war and, 11, 18, 22
Rahman trial, 119, 121, 128, 130, 137
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 111, 121
Six-point program, 2, 12, 22, 24, 33, 43, 133
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31
U.S. discussions with, 115

Bajwa, Commodore, 102
Bangladesh (see also East Pakistan food relief; Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations; Pakistani civil war; U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations):
Bangladesh-Continued
British relations with, 31
National Liberation Front, 148
Postwar situation, 310, 325, 329
Soviet relations with, 32, 319
Barber, Anthony, 331
Baxter, Craig, 9
Beam, Jacob D., 142, 162, 168, 200
Belgium. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
Bell, Brian, 19
Belousovitch, Igor N., 116
Bhashani, Maulana Abdul Hamid,
12
Bhutto, Zulfiqar Ali:
Indo-Pakistani war, 198, 199
Cease-fire, 319
Cease-fire negotiations, 275, 276, 277, 280, 282, 293, 300, 301, 307, 310, 313
Political settlement proposals, 2, 8, 12, 22, 53, 263
Political situation, 102, 198, 199
Awami League takeover and, 9
Civilian coalition government, 247, 254, 276
Leadership appointment, 328
Pakistani civil war and, 11
Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 6, 8
Postwar situation, 329, 332, 334
Humanitarian issues, 330, 335
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 327, 328, 333
Speech (March 14, 1971), 9
U.S. aid requests, 313, 333
Blee, David H., 6, 11, 17, 23, 24, 32, 60
Blood, Archer K.:
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21
Pakistani civil war, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 42, 81
Boatner, Colonel, 234
Bourquein, Robert L., 19
Brandt, Willy, 197
Bray, Charles, 17, 48, 213, 218, 238
Brett, Brig. Gen. Devol:
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 105, 111, 120
Brett, Brig. Gen. Devol-Continued
WSAG meetings, 60, 126, 183
Brewster, Robert C., 74, 94
Brezhnev, Leonid Ilyich, 230, 236, 253, 269, 274, 283, 284
Brohi, A. K., 130, 208
Bush, George H. W.:
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 324, 325
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 282, 285, 293
Foreign national evacuation, 275
U.S.-Indian discussions, 289
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218, 223, 224
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
Butcher, W. Scott, 19, 260

Canada. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
Carce, Robert, 19
Cargill, Peter, 91
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA):
Indo-Pakistani war, 215, 224, 239, 246, 247
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60,
194
Pakistani civil war, 5, 24
Political settlement proposals, 2
Soviet-Indian relations, 132
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan,
24
Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 125, 248, 255
Ceylon, 6, 22
Chancellor, John, 315
Chapman, General, 234
Ch'en Ch'u, 274
China, Republic of, 127
Chinese influence in Pakistan:
Embassy assessments, 34
Kissinger-Farland covert conversation, 42
Kissinger memoranda, 36
Senior Review Group meetings, 23
Soviet-Indian relations and, 87
U.S.-Indian discussions, 91, 94
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and, 80
Chinese People's Republic (see also Chinese influence in Pakistan; U.S. China initiative; Chinese and U.S.-Chinese headings under other topics):
Pakistani civil war, 12, 17, 23, 27, 32, 57
Chinese People's Republic-Continued
Soviet-Indian relations and, 132
UN Security Council discussions, 228, 229, 232
Choudhury, Zakaria, 31
Chou En-lai, 99, 103, 106
Cochran, Douglas M., 61, 116
Congress, U.S.:
Indo-Pakistani war and, 221, 240
U.S. aid to West Pakistan and, 105, 144, 235
U.S. economic aid to India cutoff and, 223, 240, 248
U.S. relief aid and, 155
Connally, John B., Jr., 3, 237, 251, 256
Connell, Col. James, 6, 32, 105, 111,
120
Constable, Peter:
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 114, 171, 176
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 131, 139
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 136, 149, 150, 164, 171
Cotton, Norris H., 240
Crane, Kent, 17
Crocker, Chester A., 194
Cromer, Earl of, 154, 331
Cummings, Theodore, 42
Curran, Robert T., 140, 196
Cushman, Lt. Gen. Robert E., Jr.:
Political settlement proposals, 24
Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 23, 32, 120, 121
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194
WSAG meetings, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213

Dam, Kenneth, 120
Davies, Rodger P., 49, 160, 164, 207, 335
Davis, Jeanne W.:
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 60, 123, 144
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60, 125, 144, 169
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 152, 169
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120
UN Security Council discussions, 224
Davis, Jeanne W.-Continued
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 183, 194, 196, 213, 218
DePalma, Samuel:
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 235, 248
Dhar, D. P., 275, 282
Dobrynin, Anatoliy F.:
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 105, 142, 184, 190
Soviet-Indian relations, 124, 132, 135, 190
UN Security Council discussions, 241
Douglas-Home, Sir Alec, 44, 81, 154, 331

East Pakistan food relief (see also Bangladesh), 68
Embassy assessments, 64
Kissinger memoranda, 36, 48, 67
Nixon briefing, 172
Nixon-Haig conversations, 37
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 41, 63, 123
NSC staff analysis, 89, 141
Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 105, 111, 120, 121
UN involvement, 60, 61, 63, 118, 120, 121, 147
U.S. contingency planning, 101
U.S. contributions, 58, 61, 119, 120, 121, 144, 155
U.S.-Indian discussions, 35, 147, 179
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 35, 49, 81, 102, 129
WSAG meetings, 60, 144, 209
Williams West Pakistan visit, 129, 141, 144
Eliot, Theodore L., Jr.:
East Pakistan food relief, 61
Indo-Pakistani war, 202, 218, 235, 248, 326
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 51, 140, 161
Pakistani civil war, 16
Political settlement proposals, 136, 152
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 209
U.S. economic aid to India, 140
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 218, 248
Farland, Joseph S.:
East Pakistan food relief, 102, 129
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 321, 323
Cease-fire negotiations:
Kissinger memoranda, 265, 272
U.S.-Soviet negotiations, 259
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 264, 271, 275, 276, 282, 293, 301
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 196, 203, 204
Kashmir, 210
Military situation, 220
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 243
West Pakistani military aid requests, 222, 242, 260, 299, 313
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21, 109, 177
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 21
Pakistani civil war, 34
Atrocities, 13, 19, 22, 42, 54
Foreign national evacuation, 18, 21, 323
Indian military aid to East Pakistan, 47
Kissinger covert conversation, 42
Military situation, 22
NSC staff analysis, 28
Voice of America broadcast, 17
Political settlement proposals:
Pre-civil war negotiations, 22
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 53, 129, 187
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 133, 136, 187, 192, 193, 259, 271
Postwar situation, 328, 333, 334
Rahman trial, 130, 159, 208
Refugee issue, 47, 54, 66, 81, 129
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 197
U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 42, 138, 173, 222, 242, 260
U.S. China initiative, 42, 112
U.S. economic aid to Bangladesh, 2
West Pakistani political situation, 102, 333
Farman Ali Khan, Maj. Gen. Rao, 263, 296, 300, 301
Ferrar, Curtis, 68
Firyubin, Nikolai Pavlovich, 174
40 Committee, 24
France (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 228, 230, 232, 266
Frelinghuysen, Peter, 160, 221
Fulbright, J. William, 240
Fuller, Alexander S. C., 30, 35, 68
Furlong, Col., 234

Galbraith, John Kenneth, 146, 147
Gallagher, Cornelius E., 105
Gallagher Amendment, 105
Gandhi, Indira (see also Gandhi U.S. visit; Nixon-Gandhi correspondence):
Bangladesh recognition, 232
Elections (Mar. 1971), 7, 64, 72
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire declaration, 320
Chinese role, 246, 267
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 198,
211
Full-scale attack (Dec. 3, 1971), 215
Indian Cabinet meeting, 247, 274
Military situation, 234
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 57, 91, 94, 117, 191, 193
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 91
Pakistani civil war, 12, 46, 98
Postwar situation, 334
Rahman trial, 118, 137
Refugee issue, 91, 95
Soviet-Indian relations, 132, 134
Gandhi U.S. visit:
Analysis, 183
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence,
189
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 180, 239
Nixon meeting, 179, 180
Planning, 95, 128, 134, 146, 151, 162, 171
Rogers meeting, 181
U.S.-British discussions, 154
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 177, 193
Garvey, Sir Terrence, 308
Geneva Convention, 261
German Federal Republic (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 197
Gordon, David, 34
Gordon, Herbert, 115
Graham, John, 331
Graham, Katherine, 69
Grant, Lindsay, 120
Great Britain (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan):
Bangladesh recognition issue, 31
Indo-Pakistani war, 302, 310, 315
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 111
Pakistani civil war, 6, 11
Political settlement proposals, 81, 82, 92, 154
Postwar situation, 331
Refugee issue, 96
UN Security Council discussions, 228, 230, 232
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 197
Green, Marshall, 4
Greenhill, Sir Denis, 331
Greenwald, G. Jonathan, 77
Griffel, Eric, 19
Griffin, Robert P., 240
Gromyko, Andrei A.:
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 142, 148, 153, 159, 163, 168
Soviet-Indian relations, 116
Gross, Nelson G., 133
Guthrie, Keith, 11, 17, 126

Hackett, James, 159
Hahn, Zachary M., 19
Haig, Brig. Gen. Alexander M., Jr.:
East Pakistan food relief, 37
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 323
Cease-fire negotiations, 284, 294, 296, 302, 303, 305, 317
Military situation, 296
NSC meeting, 237
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence,
326
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274, 281
U.S. dˇmarches, 196
U.S. military intervention, 281
U.S. public relations, 281
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 294, 298
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 249, 286, 290, 291
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 293
WSAG meetings, 196, 198, 218, 224, 235
Haig, Brig. Gen. Alexander M., Jr.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
West Pakistani military aid requests, 313
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Indian embassy instructions, 114
NSC discussions, 103
NSC staff analysis, 143
U.S. contingency planning, 185
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 97
WSAG meetings, 194
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 40
Pakistani civil war, 36, 98
Postwar situation, 327
Refugee issue, 38, 67, 97
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
UN Security Council discussions,
224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194
U.S. aid to India, 212, 235
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 122
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 80, 138, 235, 273, 274
Haksar, Parmeshwar Narain, 90, 91, 134, 146, 308, 311
Haldeman, H. R., 25
Halperin, David R., 42
Hannah, John A.:
East Pakistan food relief, 111, 144, 155
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 144
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 44
Refugee aid, 155
Senior Review Group meetings, 111
U.S. economic aid to India, 3, 224
Haq, Maj. Gen. Inam-ul, 138, 139, 144, 145
Hardin, Clifford M., 3, 44
Harshbarger, Jake, 19
Hassan, Lt. Gen. Gul, 329
Heath, Edward, 11, 331
Helms, Richard M.:
East Pakistan food relief, 111, 144
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 285
Chinese role, 282
Indian blockade, 235, 248
NSC meeting, 237
Helms, Richard M.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
U.S. economic aid to India cutoff, 235
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 235, 248, 255
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60
Military preparations, 159
NSC discussions, 103
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
U.S. contingency planning, 88, 126
U.S.-Indian discussions, 110
WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 159
Pakistani civil war, 11
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 105, 111
UN Security Council discussions, 224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
Henry, Paul Marc, 263, 307
Hersh, Seymour, 93
Hilaly, Agha:
Pakistani civil war, 16, 35
Political settlement proposals, 22, 24, 43, 44
Rahman trial, 130
Refugee issue, 35, 100, 104
U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 107, 131, 138, 141
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31
Hillenbrand, Martin J., 331
Holmes, James H., 201
Hoskinson, Samuel M.:
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 89, 144, 172
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 235, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Chinese role, 158
Military preparations, 148, 157, 159
Military situation, 183, 191, 194
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 120
U.S. contingency planning, 125, 126, 142, 183
WSAG meetings, 57, 60, 126, 144, 159, 183, 194
Irwin India visit, 141
Pakistani civil war, 5, 6, 11, 13, 27, 32, 87
Political settlement proposals, 2, 5, 141
Refugee issue, 52, 71, 89
Soviet-Indian relations, 135, 174
Hoskinson, Samuel M.-Continued
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
UN Security Council discussions, 224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 209, 218
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 2, 5, 6
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 28
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50, 173
Indo-Pakistani war and, 235, 248
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 135
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 138, 141, 145
Huang Hua, 274, 281
Hubbard, Henry, 324
Hussein (King of Jordan), 222

Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations:
Awami League position, 115
Kissinger memoranda, 36, 127
Military aid:
Embassy assessments, 34
Farland consultations, 109
Kissinger memoranda, 36
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
Refugee issue and, 47, 52, 81
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
Soviet support, 87, 98
U.S.-Indian discussions, 39, 147
NSC staff analysis, 27
Post-cease-fire, 310, 325, 332
Provisional government, 31, 35
Recognition, 148, 232, 234, 235, 242, 282
Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 23
U.S.-Indian discussions, 74, 282
WSAG meetings, 11, 60, 235
West Pakistani responses, 235, 242
India (see also Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations; Indo-Pakistani war; Indo-Pakistani war possibility; Soviet-Indian relations; Indian and U.S.-Indian headings under other topics):
political situation, 7, 64, 72, 146
Indian-West Pakistani pre-civil-war relations, 2, 6, 46
Indo-Pakistani war (see also Kashmir issue; UN Security Council discussions):
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
Cease-fire, 321
Indian declaration, 316, 320
Kissinger memoranda, 319, 325
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 322, 324
UN Security Council agreement, 332
U.S.-Indian discussions, 317
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 323
Cease-fire negotiations (see also U.S.-Soviet cease-fire negotiations below):
Haig memoranda, 296, 297
Kissinger memoranda, 265, 267, 275, 282, 294, 302, 310
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 230, 266, 277, 278, 316
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 298
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274, 281
U.S.-Indian discussions, 289, 308, 311
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 264, 271, 276, 278, 280, 282, 293, 300, 301, 307, 313
WSAG meetings, 263, 285, 318
White House statement, 285
Chinese role:
Kissinger memoranda, 214, 247, 267, 282, 319
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 239, 251, 252, 256, 266, 277, 278, 281, 283
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274, 281
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 278, 280
CIA chronology, 224
Congressional briefings, 240
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971):
Kissinger memoranda, 195, 208, 214
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 205
Nixon-Kosygin correspondence, 207
Nixon-Rogers discussion, 199
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 206
U.S.-Indian discussions, 203, 211
WSAG meetings, 196, 198
Foreign national evacuation (see also U.S. Seventh Fleet movements below):
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
Foreign national evacuation-Continued
Kissinger memoranda, 247, 254, 267, 275, 282
U.S.-Indian discussions, 261
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 323
WSAG meetings, 126, 235, 255
Full-scale attack (Dec. 3, 1971), 215, 218, 226
Indian blockade, 235, 248
Indian Cabinet meeting, 274
Military situation:
Armed Forces Policy Council meetings, 234
Haig memorandum, 296
Kissinger memoranda, 232, 254, 267, 275, 282, 310
NSC meeting, 237
Nixon-Kissinger conversations,
221
Nixon-Rogers conversation, 233
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 220
WSAG meetings, 196, 209, 224, 235, 248, 255
Minority protection, 261, 289
NSC meeting, 227, 230, 235, 237
Nixon-Brezhnev correspondence,
236
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 205, 226, 314, 319, 324, 326
Nixon-Kosygin correspondence, 207, 218
Nixon-WSAG relationship, 258
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 206, 218, 219, 242, 243, 298
Overview, 1
Soviet role:
Kissinger memoranda, 275, 319
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 239, 251, 252, 256, 266, 281
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 242
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
U.S. China initiative and, 251, 274, 281
U.S. dˇmarches, 196, 197
U.S. economic aid to India cutoff and:
Congressional briefings, 240
Eliot memoranda, 140
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
U.S. economic aid to India cutoff and-Continued
NSC meeting, 237
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 55, 195, 199, 221, 223, 225, 251, 316, 324
State Department announcement, 238
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Indian discussions, 162
WSAG meetings, 126, 140, 159, 196, 198, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 245, 262, 289
U.S. military aid to India cutoff and:
Farland recommendation, 204
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 216
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Indian discussions, 212, 214
WSAG meetings, 60, 196, 198, 209, 213
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and:
Requests, 218, 219, 222, 242, 260, 298, 299, 313
Third-country transfer:
Haig memorandum, 273
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 223, 251, 256, 266
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Iranian discussions, 250
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 222
WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
U.S. military intervention, 281, 302
U.S. public relations:
Kissinger-Rogers conversations, 217, 227
NSC meeting, 237
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 221, 223, 225, 228, 244, 281
Nixon-Rogers conversation, 233
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements:
Kissinger memoranda, 294, 310,
319
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 251, 252, 256, 309
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 298
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Indian discussions, 304
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 290, 295
WSAG meetings, 255, 258, 285
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
U.S.-Soviet cease-fire negotiations:
Haig memorandum, 296
Hotline messages, 277, 278, 281, 283
Kissinger memoranda, 272
Nixon-Brezhnev correspondence, 230, 253, 269, 286
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 230, 309, 315, 316
Nixon-Soviet leadership correspondence, 283, 284, 291, 295, 312
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 259
Vorontsov discussions, 231, 270, 279, 287, 288, 290, 303, 305, 309, 312
U.S.-Soviet discussions (see also U.S.-Soviet cease-fire negotiations above), 200, 249, 256, 257, 266, 268, 274
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions,
201
West Pakistani political situation and, 198
West Pakistani UN observer request, 203, 208, 209
Indo-Pakistani war possibility (see also Indo-Pakistani war; UN Security Council meeting proposals), 51
Border incidents, 30, 35, 104, 105, 111, 120
Chinese role (see also under Indo-Pakistani war):
Farland consultations, 109, 112
Haig memorandum, 98
NSC staff analysis, 103, 143, 158
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 99
U.S. contingency planning, 101
U.S.-Indian discussions, 93, 143, 146
WSAG meetings, 159
Embassy assessments, 64, 70
Farland consultations, 109, 112
Indian embassy instructions, 114
Kissinger memoranda, 127
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
Military preparations (see also U.S. de-escalation proposals below):
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 161, 169
NSC staff analysis, 148
Indo-Pakistani war possibility-Continued
Military preparations-Continued
State Department instructions, 159, 160
U.S.-Indian discussions, 167, 168
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 163
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 165
WSAG meetings, 159
Military situation, 183, 191, 194, 195, 196
NSC discussions, 103
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 59, 62, 117
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 55, 59, 65, 108, 162
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 16, 21, 56, 96, 161, 169, 175
NSC staff analysis, 13, 57, 143
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17, 105, 111, 121
Soviet role, 57, 70, 112, 148, 174
Special National Intelligence Estimates, 27
U Thant mediation offer, 171, 176
UNHCR discussions, 79
U.S.-Awami League discussions, 115
U.S.-British discussions, 111
U.S. China initiative and, 65, 69
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 126, 142, 183
U.S. contingency planning, 51, 88, 101, 125, 126, 142, 183
U.S. de-escalation proposals:
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 175
NSC staff analysis, 157
Rogers memorandum, 171
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 194
U.S.-Indian discussions, 168, 179, 181
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 168, 190
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 165, 176, 177, 178
U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 39, 52, 69, 90, 91, 94, 104, 110, 117, 143, 162, 179, 182
U.S. mediation, 51, 52, 53, 58
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and, 60, 101, 125
U.S.-Soviet discussions:
Kissinger-Dobrynin discussions, 124
Indo-Pakistani war possibility-Continued
U.S.-Soviet discussions-Continued
Nixon-Gromyko meeting, 153
NSC staff analysis, 101, 142
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 111
State Department instructions, 160
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 184
WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 159, 183
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 35, 96, 97, 182, 186
WSAG meetings, 57, 60, 126, 140, 144, 159
Interdepartmental Group for Near East and South Asia (IG) policy review, 23, 26, 28, 32
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), 35
International Development Association. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 42, 68
Iran, 23, 111, 159, 160
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and, 222, 223, 250, 251, 255, 274
Irwin, John N., II:
East Pakistan food relief, 68
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 123, 206
Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 111, 120
U.S.-Indian discussions, 35, 147
WSAG meetings, 144
India visit, 141
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire negotiations, 264, 285
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 196, 198, 205, 206, 207
Foreign national evacuation, 261
U.S. dˇmarches, 196
U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 262, 289
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 105
Military situation, 194
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
WSAG meetings, 126, 142, 144, 194
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 40
Irwin, John N., II-Continued
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68, 120
Political settlement proposals:
40 Committee meeting, 24
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 49
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 133, 149, 150, 171
Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120, 121
Soviet-Indian relations, 116, 132
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 196, 209, 213, 218
U.S. economic aid to India, 213, 218
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 218
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24, 32
U.S. military aid to India, 209, 212, 213
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 144, 173, 255, 260
Islam, Syed Nazrul, 77, 119, 149, 150, 164, 177
Israel, 251
Italy (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 302

Jackson, Robert A., 19
Japan. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
Javits, Jacob, 316
Jha, Lakshmi Kant:
East Pakistan food relief, 35, 147
Gandhi U.S. visit, 146, 162, 179
Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 64
Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 317
Indian blockade, 235
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 226, 314
U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
U.S.-Indian discussions, 245, 262, 289
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 69, 93, 104, 117, 182
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 147
Pakistani civil war, 35
Jha, Lakshmi Kant-Continued
Political settlement proposals, 105, 147
Rahman trial, 119
Refugee issue, 35, 52, 73, 74, 147
Soviet-Indian relations, 134
UN Security Council discussions,
245
U.S. China initiative, 106
U.S.-Indian relations, 235, 309, 317
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 105, 134, 173
Johnson, Peter B., 190
Johnson, U. Alexis, 4, 164
Indo-Pakistani war:
Blockade, 248
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 264, 285
Foreign national evacuation, 261
Minority protection, 261
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60
Border incidents, 30
Indian embassy instructions, 114
NSC discussions, 103
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 161
State Department instructions, 114, 159, 160
WSAG meetings, 159
Nixon-WSAG relationship, 258
Pakistani civil war, 6, 11, 17
Political settlement proposals, 159
Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
Rahman trial, 137
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 306
U.S. economic aid to India, 235
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 235, 248, 260
Jordanian military aid to West Pakistan:
Haig memorandum, 273
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 223, 251, 256, 266
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Iranian discussions, 250
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 222
WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255

Kammon, Curtis W., 168
Karamessines, Thomas H., 60
Kashmir issue:
Armed Forces Policy Council meetings, 234
Kashmir issue-Continued
Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations and, 17
NSC meeting, 237
U.S.-Indian discussions, 262, 289
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 210
WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
Kaul, Triloki Nath (T. N.):
Bangladesh recognition, 148
East Pakistan food relief, 147
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
Indo-Pakistani war, 282
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21, 167, 168
Pakistani civil war, 12, 39
Political situation, 146
Rahman trial, 137
Refugee issue, 12, 47, 79
Soviet-Indian relations, 134
UN Security Council discussions, 235
U.S. military aid to India, 212, 214
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 90, 92
Kay, Capt. Howard N.:
Indo-Pakistani war, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248, 255
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 144, 159
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 196
Keating, Kenneth B.:
East Pakistan food relief, 147
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
Indo-Pakistani war, 203, 211, 248, 261, 302, 308, 311
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 21, 64, 65, 108, 167, 191, 193
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 64, 91
Pakistani civil war, 12, 28, 42
Postwar situation, 334
Refugee issue, 30, 38, 39, 74, 95
UN Security Council discussions, 235
U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 28, 64, 65, 72, 92
U.S.-Indian relations, 121, 151
U.S. military aid to India, 212, 214
Kellogg, Francis L., 81
Kennedy, David M., 331
Kennedy, Edward, 20, 78, 144
South Asia trip, 104, 112, 126
Kennedy, Col. Richard T.:
East Pakistan food relief, 120, 144
Indo-Pakistani war, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
Kennedy, Col. Richard T.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Chinese role, 158
Military situation, 183
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
U.S. contingency planning, 101, 125, 126, 183
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 157
WSAG meetings, 57, 126, 144, 159, 183
Pakistani civil war, 6, 11, 17, 32
UN Security Council discussions, 224, 235
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50
Kennedy Amendment, 144
Khan, General Abdul Hamid, 220
Khan, Lt. Gen. Tikka, 12, 34, 35, 102, 129
Khar, Mustafa, 333
Kissinger, Henry A. (see also Kissinger South Asia trip):
Chinese influence in Pakistan, 36, 42
East Pakistan food relief, 36, 48, 67
Eliot memorandum, 61
NSC staff analysis, 89
Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 105, 111, 120, 121
WSAG meetings, 144
Gandhi U.S. visit, 146, 162, 180, 239
Indian-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 11, 17, 36, 87, 123
Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 316, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325
Cease-fire negotiations, 265, 267, 275, 282, 294, 302, 310, 319
Haig memoranda, 296, 297
Nixon conversations, 277, 278, 316
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 271, 276, 280
WSAG meetings, 263, 285
Chinese role, 214, 247, 267, 282, 319
Nixon conversations, 239, 251, 252, 256, 266, 277, 278, 281, 283
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 195, 196, 198, 208, 214
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 205
Kissinger, Henry A.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
Escalation-Continued
Nixon-Kosygin correspondence, 207
Nixon-Rogers discussion, 199
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 206
U.S.-Indian discussions, 203, 211
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 203, 204
Foreign national evacuation, 247, 254, 261, 267, 275, 282
Full-scale attack (Dec. 3, 1971),
218
Indian blockade, 235, 248
Indian Cabinet meeting leak, 316
Kashmir, 210
Military situation, 221, 232, 254, 255, 267, 275, 282, 296, 310
Minority protection, 261
NSC meeting, 227, 230, 237
Nixon-Brezhnev correspondence, 236, 274, 283
Nixon-WSAG relationship, 258
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 242, 243
Soviet role, 239, 251, 252, 256, 266, 275, 281, 319
UN observer request, 208, 209
U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S. dˇmarches, 196, 197
U.S. military intervention, 281
U.S. public relations, 217, 221, 223, 225, 227, 228, 237, 244, 281
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 258, 274, 285, 290, 294, 298, 310, 319
Nixon conversations, 251, 252, 256, 309
U.S.-Soviet cease-fire negotiations:
Nixon-Brezhnev correspondence, 230, 253, 286
Nixon conversations, 230, 309, 315, 316
Nixon-Soviet leadership correspondence, 283, 291
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 272, 279, 287, 288, 296
U.S.-Soviet hotline messages, 277, 278, 281, 283
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 259
Kissinger, Henry A.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
U.S.-Soviet cease-fire negotiations-Continued
Vorontsov discussions, 231, 270, 305, 309, 312
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 257, 268, 274
West Pakistani military aid requests, 218, 222, 242, 313
West Pakistani political situation and, 198
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Chinese role, 93, 99, 143, 146, 158, 159
Embassy assessment, 64
Farland consultations, 109, 112
Indian embassy instructions, 114
Military preparations, 148, 159, 163, 167
Military situation, 183, 194, 196
NSC discussions, 103
Nixon conversations, 55, 59, 65, 108, 162
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 121
U.S. contingency planning, 51, 88, 101, 125, 126, 183
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 157, 165, 176, 178
U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 69, 93, 94, 110, 117
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 101, 105, 126, 159, 184
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96, 97, 165
WSAG meetings, 57, 60, 126, 140, 144
Interdepartmental Group policy review, 23, 26, 28, 32
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 189, 205, 319
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 16, 40, 76
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 91, 96, 113, 120
Pakistani civil war, 8, 10, 26, 36, 127
Atrocities, 13, 15, 19, 20, 25, 42, 60
Embassy assessments, 28, 34
Farland covert conversation, 42
Nixon conversations, 14, 15, 25
NSC staff analysis, 5, 27, 33
Overview, 1
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17
Kissinger, Henry A.-Continued
Pakistani civil war-Continued
WSAG meetings, 11
Williams report, 188
Political settlement proposals:
40 Committee meeting, 24
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 40
Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 8
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 111
U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 92, 94
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 49, 129, 184
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals:
Nixon conversations, 256
NSC staff analysis, 122
U.S.-British discussions, 154
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S. public relations, 235
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 272
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 133, 184, 187, 192, 193, 259, 271
WSAG meetings, 183
Postwar situation, 329, 331, 332, 334
Rahman trial, 119, 130, 137, 144
Refugee issue, 127
NSC staff analysis, 71
Senior Review Group meetings, 111
U.S. aid, 48, 67, 71, 72, 73, 89, 144, 155
U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 73, 91, 95
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96, 97, 100, 103, 104
West Pakistan comprehensive package proposal, 111, 112
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120, 121
Soviet-Indian relations, 124, 132, 134, 135, 223, 275
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
UN General Assembly discussions, 247, 274
UN Security Council discussions, 232
Bush statement (Dec. 4, 1971), 223, 224
Nixon conversations, 225, 228, 229, 230
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 230, 231, 241, 249
Kissinger, Henry A.-Continued
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 214, 282
Nixon conversations, 216, 223, 278
Nixon-Rogers discussion, 199
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 161
Rogers conversation, 217
U.S.-British discussions, 197
WSAG meetings, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 10
Economic aid, 235
Embassy assessments, 34
Pakistani civil war and, 23
Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 5, 6, 11
Recognition, 266
U.S. China initiative, 20, 42, 85, 96, 99, 112, 227
U.S. economic aid to India, 3
U.S. economic aid to India cutoff:
Eliot memorandum, 140
Nixon conversations, 55, 195, 199, 221, 223, 225, 251, 316, 324
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
WSAG meetings, 196, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 26, 36, 113
Farland covert conversation, 42
Nixon conversations, 25
Refugee issue and, 71
Senior Review Group meetings, 32
U.S. Indian embassy position, 72
WSAG meetings, 11, 196
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24, 25
U.S. military aid to India, 209, 212, 213, 216, 274
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 36, 50, 78, 113
Embassy assessment, 64
Indo-Pakistani war and:
Requests, 218, 222, 242, 313
Third-country transfer:
  Haig memorandum, 273
  Nixon conversations, 223, 251,
      256, 266
  U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
  U.S.-West Pakistani discussions,
      222
  WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
Kissinger, Henry A.-Continued
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan-Continued
NSC staff analysis, 173
Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 105
U.S.-Indian discussions, 90, 92, 94, 105, 134
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 138, 144, 145
Kissinger South Asia trip:
Briefing, 83
India, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 86, 128
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 85
U.S. China initiative and, 85, 96, 99, 100, 103, 106
West Pakistan, 96, 97, 100
Kittani, Ismat, 68, 81
Knowles, Lt. Gen. Richard T., 17
Koegel, Lawrence, 19
Kosygin, Aleksei N., 87, 98, 207, 218, 231, 244, 312
Kutakhov, Marshal Pavel, 174
Kux, Dennis, 96
Kuznetsov, Vasiliy, 200, 279, 282, 319

Laingen, L. Bruce:
East Pakistan food relief, 144
Gandhi U.S. visit, 181
Indo-Pakistani war:
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 196, 198, 206
Minority protection, 261
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
WSAG meetings, 209, 218, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 182
Military situation, 183
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 169
State Department instructions, 160
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
WSAG meetings, 144
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 219
Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
Rahman trial, 137
Soviet-Indian relations, 116
UN Security Council discussions, 224, 235
Laingen, L. Bruce-Continued
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 213, 218
U.S. aid to India, 213, 224
U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 107, 260
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 136, 149, 150, 164, 171
Laird, Melvin R., 50, 80, 88, 198, 234, 304
Lall, K. B., 224, 261
Lescaze, Lee, 184
Livesay, R. Eugene, 234
Lord, Winston, 274
Luppi, Hobart, 53, 54
Lyerly, J. Edward, 77

MacDonald, Donald G.:
Aid cutoffs, 196, 213
Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
Senior Review Group meetings, 32
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 107
WSAG meetings, 144, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
Maitland, Donald, 331
Malik, A. M.:
East Pakistan food relief, 102
East Pakistan governorship appointment, 129, 141, 147
Indo-Pakistani war, 296, 300, 301
Resignation, 300
Malik, H. R., 81, 102
Malpeli, Joseph A., 19
Manekshaw, Gen. Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji, 60, 103, 159, 311
Mansfield, Mike, 240, 248
Mansfield amendment, 248
Matskevich, Vladimir, 257, 274
McCleary, Willard D., 19
McDonald, Donald, 105
McDonnell, James P., 261
McGinnis, John, 111
McNamara, Robert S., 42, 112
Mehta, G. L., 151
Menon, Rukmini, 92
Miklos, Jack C., 160
Mitchell, John, 251
Mondale, Walter, 78
Moon, Peter James, 331
Moorer, Adm. Thomas H.:
East Pakistan food relief, 144
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 255, 263, 285
Moorer, Adm. Thomas H.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
NSC discussions, 103
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 121
WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 159, 194
Political settlement proposals, 24
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 120, 121
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 213, 218
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 23, 24
Morse, F. Bradford, 221
Mosbacher, Emil, Jr., 162
Mujib. See Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur.
Mukti Bahini (see also Military preparations under Indo-Pakistani war possibility), 115, 159, 160, 163, 164, 170, 325
Mushtaq Ahmad, Khondkar. See Ahmad, Khondkar Mushtaq.
Myers, Desaix, 19
Narayan, Jayaprakash, 39, 52
National Awami Party, 22
National Security Council (NSC) (see also Hoskinson, Samuel M.; Saunders, Harold H.):
Meetings, 103, 227, 230, 235, 237
National Security Study Memoranda:
No. 101, 3
No. 118, 2, 5, 6
No. 133, 88
Nesvig, John L., 19
Netherlands. See Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan.
Niazi, Lt. Gen., 300, 308, 310, 311
Nixon, Richard M. (see also Nixon- Gandhi correspondence; Nixon- Yahya Khan correspondence):
East Pakistan food relief, 37, 41, 48, 63, 121, 123, 141, 155, 172
Foreign policy report (Feb. 25, 1971), 142
Gandhi U.S. visit, 146, 179, 180, 193, 239
Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
Indo-Pakistani war:
Brezhnev correspondence, 236, 253, 274, 283, 284
Cease-fire, 322, 324, 325
Cease-fire negotiations, 230, 266, 267, 275, 277, 278, 282, 310, 316, 319
Nixon, Richard M.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
Chinese role, 239, 251, 252, 256, 266, 277, 278, 281, 283
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 195, 203, 207, 208, 211, 214, 218
Foreign national evacuation, 275
Full-scale attack (Dec. 3, 1971),
218
Indian Cabinet meeting leak, 316
Military situation, 221, 232, 233, 254, 267, 310
NSC meeting, 227, 230, 237
Soviet role, 239, 251, 252, 256, 266, 281
UN observer request, 208
U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
U.S. military intervention, 281
U.S. public relations, 221, 223, 225, 228, 233, 237, 244, 281
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 251, 252, 256, 258, 309, 310, 319
U.S.-Soviet cease-fire negotiations:
Brezhnev correspondence, 230, 269, 283, 286
Kissinger conversations, 230, 309, 315, 316
Soviet leadership correspondence, 283, 284, 291, 295, 312
U.S.-Soviet hotline messages, 277, 278, 281, 283
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 257, 268
WSAG meetings, 258
West Pakistani military aid requests, 218, 219, 222, 242,
298
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Farland consultations, 109
Kissinger conversations, 55, 59, 65, 108, 162
Military situation, 195
NSC discussions, 103
Rogers memorandum, 58
Senior Review Group meetings, 121
U.S. contingency planning, 88
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 171, 178, 179
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 153
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 97, 186
Interdepartmental Group policy review, 26
Nixon, Richard M.-Continued
Kissinger South Asia trip, 94, 95
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 82, 85
Pakistani civil war:
Atrocities, 13, 15, 20, 25
Foreign national evacuation, 18, 21
Indian military aid to East Pakistan, 98
Kissinger conversations, 14, 15, 25
Kissinger memoranda, 8, 10, 36
Williams report, 188
Political settlement proposals, 121, 154, 171, 193, 235, 256
Postwar situation, 327, 329, 330, 331, 332, 334
Rahman trial, 119
Refugee issue:
Gandhi correspondence, 46, 52, 62, 128
U.S. aid, 35, 38, 48, 67, 72, 155
U.S.-Indian discussions, 73
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions,
97
Senior Review Group meetings, 121
Soviet-Indian relations, 121, 132, 174, 223, 275
Television feature, 227, 228, 235, 237
UN General Assembly discussions, 247
UN Security Council discussions, 225, 228, 229, 230, 232, 241
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 214, 216, 223, 278
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 10, 266
U.S. China initiative, 106
U.S. economic aid to India, 3, 237, 240
Kissinger conversations, 55, 195, 199, 221, 223, 225, 251, 316, 324
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 25, 26, 36, 42, 72, 113
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan,
25
U.S. military aid to India, 216
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 113, 223, 251, 256, 266
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence:
Indo-Pakistani war, 205, 226, 314, 319, 324, 326
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 59, 62, 117
Rahman trial, 119, 128, 137
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence-Continued
Refugee issue, 46, 52, 62, 86, 128
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 189
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence:
East Pakistan food relief, 41, 63, 123
Indo-Pakistani war, 206, 218, 219, 242, 243, 298
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 16, 21, 56, 96, 161, 169, 175
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 82, 85
Pakistani civil war, 16, 21, 23, 26, 29, 41
Political settlement proposals, 29, 40, 56, 85, 152, 169
Refugee issue, 56, 63, 76, 85
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 255
Noyes, James H.:
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 144
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 235, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60, 105, 144, 159, 183, 194
Pakistani civil war, 11, 17, 23
Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 23, 32, 105, 111
UN Security Council discussions, 224, 235
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 213, 218
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 6
Nutter, G. Warren, 24, 45
Armed Forces Policy Council meetings, 234
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 285
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 144
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 144
Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 111
UN Security Council discussions, 224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218

Overton, Hugh, 331

Packard, David:
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 234, 237, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 60, 126, 159, 194
Packard, David-Continued
Pakistani civil war, 11, 17, 32
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50, 235
Pakistan. See Bangladesh; Indo-Pakistani war; Indo-Pakistani war possibility; Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan; Pakistani civil war; U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan; U.S. military aid to West Pakistan; West Pakistani political situation; West Pakistani and U.S.-West Pakistani headings under other topics
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan:
British position, 44, 91
Embassy assessment, 64
Irwin memorandum, 68
Kissinger-Farland covert conversation, 42
Kissinger memoranda, 113
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
Political settlement proposals and, 68, 82, 85
Refugee issue and, 71
Senior Review Group meetings, 120
U.S.-Indian discussions, 91, 147
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 42, 44, 96, 97, 100, 129
WSAG meetings, 144
Williams West Pakistan visit and,
144
Pakistani civil war (see also Indo-Pakistani war possibility):
Atrocities, 13, 18, 22, 42, 72, 46, 109
Refugee issue and, 47, 74
U.S. Dacca Consulate dissent, 19, 20, 25
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 54, 66, 81
WSAG meetings, 60
Williams report, 188
British mediation possibility, 6, 11
Ceylonese role, 6, 22
Chinese role, 12, 17, 23, 27, 32, 57
East Pakistani guerrilla activity (see also Military preparations under Indo-Pakistani war possibility), 109, 115, 144, 147, 159, 160, 163, 170, 188
Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 72
Foreign national evacuation, 10, 11, 15, 17, 18, 21
Pakistani civil war-Continued
Indian military aid to East Pakistan:
Embassy assessments, 34
Farland consultations, 109
Kissinger memoranda, 36
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
Refugee issue and, 47, 52, 81, 109
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
Soviet support, 87, 98
U.S.-Indian discussions, 39, 147
Kissinger-Farland covert conversation, 42
Kissinger memoranda, 8, 10, 26, 36, 127
Military situation, 22, 23, 32, 34, 35
National Security Study Memorandum No. 118, 2, 5, 6
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 14, 15, 25
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 16, 21, 23, 26, 29, 41
NSC staff analysis, 2, 5, 27, 28, 33
Rahman arrest, 11, 12, 17, 18, 22, 23, 46
Rahman speech (Mar. 7, 1971), 8
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 17, 18, 23, 32, 105
Soviet position, 27, 36
State Department instructions, 48
U.S.-Indian discussions, 11, 12, 35
U.S. mediation possibility, 6, 10, 33, 34
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 35
WSAG meetings, 11, 57
Williams report, 188
World public opinion, 34
Papanak, Gus, 91
Parr, William Grant, 19
Passman, Otto, 221, 223
Pickering, Thomas R., 212
Podgorny, Nikolai, 19
Political settlement proposals:
Awami League six-point program, 2, 12, 22, 24, 33, 43, 133
Awami League takeover, 9
British position, 81, 82, 92, 154
Embassy assessments, 22, 34, 64, 72
40 Committee meeting, 24
Indian position, 105, 111, 147, 154
Kissinger memoranda, 8, 36
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 29, 40, 56, 85, 152, 169
Political settlement proposals-Continued
NSC staff analysis, 2, 5, 27, 33
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan and, 68, 82, 85
Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 5, 6, 11
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 105, 111, 112, 121
U.S.-Awami League discussions, 115
U.S. contingency planning, 101
U.S.-Indian discussions, 52, 73, 74, 92, 94, 156
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 44, 49, 53, 96, 97, 100, 102, 129, 176
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals:
Atal proposal, 209
Brohi role, 208
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 256
NSC staff analysis, 122, 141, 157
Soviet proposals, 253, 259, 270, 271, 274
State Department instructions, 136, 150, 176
U.S.-British discussions, 154
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S. embassy instructions, 164
U.S.-Indian discussions, 156, 167, 181, 202, 245
U.S. policy, 171
U.S. public relations, 235
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 190, 253, 272
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 133, 166, 177, 184, 187, 192, 193, 259, 263, 271
WSAG meetings, 183, 198, 263
Williams report, 188
Williams West Pakistan visit, 144
Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
Popper, David H., 133
Postwar situation:
Humanitarian issues, 330, 335
Kissinger memoranda, 329, 334
U.S.-British discussions, 331
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 327, 328
Proxmire, William, 144
Pursley, Brig. Gen. Robert, 80, 234

Qaiyum, Qazi Zahirul, 115, 121, 133, 136, 149, 150, 164
Quainton, Anthony C. E.:
East Pakistan food relief, 123, 147
Foreign national evacuation, 18
Indo-Pakistani war, 201, 202, 205, 207, 245, 304
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 51, 58, 101, 111, 114, 126, 182
Political settlement proposals, 49
Rahman trial, 137
Soviet-Indian relations, 116

Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur (Mujib) (see also Awami League):
Arrest of, 18, 22
Political settlement proposals and, 43, 53, 64
Rogers memorandum, 18
Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 23
U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 46, 53
WSAG meetings, 11
Awami League takeover, 9
Death rumors, 144
Formal recognition request and, 77
Indo-Pakistani war and, 235
Political settlement proposals:
Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 5, 6, 8
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 94, 162, 179
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43
WSAG meetings, 159
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 115, 122, 156, 164, 166, 176, 184, 209
Post-cease-fire government and, 325
Postwar release, 328, 329, 332, 333
Speech (Mar. 7, 1971), 8
Trial of:
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 119, 128, 137
Senior Review Group meetings, 121
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 130, 176, 177, 208
WSAG meetings, 144, 159
Ram, Jagjivan, 93
Rasgotra, Maharajakrishna:
East Pakistan food relief, 147
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
Indo-Pakistani war, 202
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 30, 182
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 189
Rasgotra, Maharajakrishna-Continued
Refugee issue, 30, 74
U.S. China initiative, 106
U.S. military aid to India, 212
Ratliffe, Lt. Col. Walter B., 120
Raza, Maj. Gen. Nawabzada Agha Mohammad:
Appointment, 152
Indo-Pakistani war, 201, 276, 298
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 182
Postwar situation, 327, 330
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 218
U.S. military aid to India, 212
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 260, 273
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 184
Rees, C. Herbert, 111, 120, 147, 235, 248
Refugee issue (see also East Pakistan food relief):
British position, 96
Embassy assessment, 70
Indian military aid to East Pakistan and, 47, 52, 81, 109
Kissinger memoranda, 48, 127
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 46, 52, 62, 86, 128
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 56, 63, 76, 85
NSC staff analysis, 100, 141, 157
Senior Review Group meetings, 17, 105, 111
Soviet position, 79
Soviet role, Senior Review Group meetings, 105
UN role:
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 62
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 121
UNHCR discussions, 79
U.S.-Indian discussions, 106, 128, 147
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96, 203
U.S. aid:
Kissinger memoranda, 48, 67, 155
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 62
Nixon-Haig conversations, 38
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 72
NSC staff analysis, 71, 89
Rogers memorandum, 58
Senior Review Group meetings, 121
Refugee issue-Continued
U.S. aid-Continued
Sisco memorandum, 51
U.S. contingency planning, 101
U.S.-Indian discussions, 12, 35, 39, 73, 75, 147, 179
U.S. public relations, 233
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions,
35
WSAG meetings, 60, 144, 235, 248
U.S.-Indian discussions, 30, 52, 58, 69, 74, 91, 156
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 54, 66, 81, 96, 97, 129
WSAG meetings, 60, 159
West Pakistan comprehensive package proposal, 100, 103, 104, 111, 112
Williams report, 188
Williams West Pakistan visit and, 141, 144
Rhea, Col. Frank W., 11
Rogers, William P.:
Awami League takeover, 9
East Pakistan food relief, 35, 49, 118, 123, 141, 147
Foreign national evacuation, 18
Gandhi U.S. visit, 181
Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 323
Cease-fire negotiations, 277, 318
Indian blockade, 235
Military situation, 233
NSC meeting, 237
NATO briefing, 255
U.S. aircraft destruction, 292
U.S. dˇmarches, 196
U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 245
U.S. public relations, 223, 227, 233
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
West Pakistani military aid requests, 219
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Indian embassy instructions, 114
NSC discussions, 103
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 118
U.S. contingency planning, 88
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 190
U.S.-Indian discussions, 182
U.S. mediation, 51, 58
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 142, 190
Rogers, William P.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war possibility-Continued
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
Kissinger South Asia trip, 94
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 16, 76, 123, 169, 219
Pakistani civil war, 19, 20, 35
Political settlement proposals:
U.S.-Indian discussions, 74, 156
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 44, 49
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 136, 156, 164, 171, 181, 190
Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
Postwar situation, 330, 331
Rahman trial, 130, 137
Refugee issue, 35, 38, 48, 51, 74, 75, 79
Soviet-Indian relations, 135
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 237
UN Security Council discussions, 229, 230, 245
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 161, 217, 218
U.S. aid to India, 3, 212, 235, 240, 251
U.S. aid to West Pakistan, 74, 78, 107, 113, 135, 139
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 77, 306
U.S. China initiative, 106, 227
Rose, Clive, 331
Ryan, Gen. John D., 183, 185, 248
Ryan, Joseph A., 102

St. George, William, 23
Samuels, Nathaniel, 31
Saudi Arabia, 274
Saunders, Harold H.:
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 89, 123, 144, 172
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 219, 235, 248, 261, 313
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Chinese role, 93
Embassy assessment, 64
Military preparations, 148, 159
Military situation, 183, 191, 194
NSC discussions, 103
Saunders, Harold H.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war possibility-Continued
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
U.S. contingency planning, 101, 142
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 176
U.S. embassy instructions, 160
U.S.-Indian discussions, 110, 143
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 96
WSAG meetings, 144, 159, 183
Interdepartmental Group policy review, 23
Irwin India visit, 141
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 161, 219
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 91, 96
Pakistani civil war, 5, 6, 11, 27, 33, 87, 188
Political settlement proposals:
40 Committee meeting, 24
Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 5
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 44, 100
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 141, 149, 150, 164, 184
Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
Refugee issue, 71, 75, 89, 96, 100,
104
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120, 121
Soviet-Indian relations, 174
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
UN Security Council discussions, 224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 209, 213, 218
U.S. aid to India, 209, 213, 218, 235
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 2, 5, 6, 122, 306
U.S. China initiative, 112
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 11, 28, 71, 218
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50, 173
Indo-Pakistani war and, 235, 248
U.S.-Indian discussions, 90, 92
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 138, 141
Scali, John, 223, 225, 239, 324
Schlesinger, James R., 32
Schneider, David T.:
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 144
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179, 181
Indo-Pakistani war:
Foreign national evacuation, 261
Minority protection, 261
U.S.-Indian discussions, 245
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
WSAG meetings, 196, 209, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Border incidents, 30
Military situation, 183, 194
State Department instructions, 160
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
U.S. mediation, 51, 58
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
WSAG meetings, 144
Political settlement proposals, 49, 136, 149, 150, 164, 171
Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
Rahman trial, 137
Refugee issue, 74, 75, 79
Soviet-Indian relations, 116
UN Security Council discussions,
224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 213, 218
U.S. aid to India, 212, 213, 218, 224
U.S. China initiative, 106
Scott, William, 221
Selden, Armistead I., Jr.:
East Pakistan food relief, 120, 121
Indo-Pakistani war, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 235, 248
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 105, 121, 126, 159, 183, 194
UN Security Council discussions, 224, 235
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 213, 218
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 50, 80, 248
Senior Review Group meetings:
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 105, 111, 120, 121
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 6, 17, 105, 111, 121
Pakistani civil war, 6, 17, 18, 23, 32, 105
Political settlement proposals, 6, 23, 105, 111, 112, 121
Shahi, Agha, 60, 263, 276
Shih Yen-hua, 274
Shoaib, Mohammed, 111
Shultz, George P., 67, 155
Simon, Donald J., 77
Simpson, Richard L., 19
Simpson, Robert C., 19
Singh, Dinesh, 12, 134
Singh, J. J., 151
Singh, Swaran, 64
Indian military aid to East Pakistan, 39, 87, 98
Indo-Pakistani war, 203, 248, 282, 289, 325
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 143, 167, 168
Pakistani civil war, 12
Political settlement proposals, 73, 74, 92, 94, 156
Refugee issue, 73, 74, 156
Soviet-Indian relations, 116
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 78, 92, 94
Sinha, R. P., 151
Sisco, Joseph J., 4
Awami League takeover, 9
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 105, 120, 123, 144
Foreign national evacuation, 18
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179
Indian elections (Mar. 1971), 7
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 323
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 264, 285, 317, 318
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 205, 206, 207
Indian blockade, 235
U.S.-Indian discussions, 202, 245, 262
U.S. public relations, 223, 228
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
West Pakistani UN observer request, 209
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
NSC discussions, 103
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 176
U.S. mediation, 51
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 126, 142
Sisco, Joseph J.-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war possibility-Continued
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 183
Interdepartmental Group policy review, 23, 28
Kissinger South Asia trip, 83
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68, 83, 120
Pakistani civil war, 5, 18, 35
Political settlement proposals:
Embassy assessment, 22
Senior Review Group meetings, 121
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 133, 141, 149, 150, 156, 164, 183
Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
Rahman trial, 137, 144
Refugee issue, 35, 45, 51, 54, 73, 74, 79
Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 105, 120, 121
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
UN Security Council discussions, 224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 183, 194, 198, 209, 213, 218
U.S. aid to India, 209, 212, 213, 218, 224, 235
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 23
U.S. China initiative, 106
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 218
U.S. military aid to East Pakistan, 24
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 105, 131, 138, 141, 144, 235, 248, 260
Smith, R. Grant, 30
Smith, Wayne S., 116
Sober, Sidney, 6, 49, 160, 161, 164, 263
Sonnenfeldt, Helmut, 132, 331
South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), 125, 248
Soviet-Indian relations:
Kissinger memoranda, 275
Kuznetsov visit, 279, 282
Nixon briefing, 174
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 223
Pakistani civil war and, 87
Soviet-Indian relations-Continued
Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation, 116, 117, 121, 132
U.S.-British discussions, 331
U.S.-Indian discussions, 134
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 124, 135, 190
Soviet Union (see also Soviet-Indian relations; Soviet and U.S.-Soviet headings under other topics), 19
Bangladeshi relations with, 32, 319
Indian military aid to East Pakistan and, 87, 98
Nixon-Brezhnev correspondence, 230, 236, 253, 269, 274, 283, 284, 286
Pakistani civil war, 27, 36
Refugee issue, 79
U.S. relations with:
Kissinger visit, 231
Moscow summit, 251, 252, 305, 316
Nixon-Kissinger conversations,
239
Stans visit, 244
Special National Intelligence Estimate No. 32-71, Apr. 12, 1971, "Prospects for Pakistan," 27
Spengler, William F.:
Awami League takeover, 9
East Pakistan food relief, 61
Foreign national evacuation, 18
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 51
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68
Political settlement proposals, 49
Senior Review Group meetings, 6
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31, 77
Spivack, Herbert D., 170, 176, 296, 300, 301, 307
Stans, Maurice, 244
Stennis, John C., 240
Stone, Galen L., 39, 47, 70, 74, 168
Subramaniam, Chidambara, 92
Sufi, M. H., 100
Sultan Khan, Mohammad
Indo-Pakistani war, 208, 220, 264, 293, 300, 323
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 97, 148, 186
Pakistani civil war, 21
Political settlement proposals, 34
Refugee issue, 81, 96, 97
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 138, 313
Sultan Khan, Mohammad-Continued
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 183, 184
Suttor, Richard E., 19
Swayze, Townsend, 68
Swedengurg, Wayne A., 19

T'ang Wen'sheng, 274
Thant, U:
East Pakistan food relief, 60, 61, 118
Indo-Pakistani war, 254, 275
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 57, 105, 118, 171, 176
Postwar situation, 334
Refugee issue, 48, 58
Thornton, Thomas, 6, 23, 32, 60, 61, 105, 111
Tibet, 127
Trend, Sir Burke, 331
Trueworthy, Orson, 335
Turkey, 274
UN General Assembly discussions:
Indian position on resolution, 267
Kissinger memoranda, 247
Proposals, 232, 235, 237
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 254
WSAG meetings, 248
West Pakistan resolution acceptance, 262, 263
UN High Commissioner for Refugees (see also Aga Khan, Prince Sadruddin), 39, 45, 48, 51, 54, 79, 101
United Kingdom. See Great Britain
United Nations (UN) (see also UN General Assembly discussions; UN Security Council discussions; UN Security Council meeting proposals):
East Pakistan food relief, 60, 61, 63, 118, 120, 121, 147
Refugee issue, 62, 79, 96, 105, 106, 121, 128, 147, 203
UN Security Council discussions (see also Cease-fire and Cease-fire negotiations under Indo-Pakistani war):
Armed Forces Policy Council meetings, 234
Bush statement (Dec. 4, 1971), 223, 224
Cease-fire agreement, 332
Chinese role, 228, 229, 232
UN Security Council discussions-Continued
Kissinger memoranda, 232
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 225, 228, 229, 230
Soviet role, 224, 225, 228, 229, 232, 234, 235
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Indian discussions, 235, 245
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 230, 231, 239, 241, 249
UN Security Council meeting proposals (see also UN Security Council discussions):
Kissinger memoranda, 214, 282
Kissinger-Rogers conversation, 217
Nixon-Gandhi correspondence, 189
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 216, 223, 278
Nixon-Rogers discussion, 199
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 161
Rogers memorandum, 171
U Thant discussions, 118
U.S.-British discussions, 197
U.S. contingency planning, 101, 125, 142
WSAG meetings, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations:
Economic aid, 2, 34, 235
Embassy assessment, 64
Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 64
Kissinger memoranda, 10
Military aid, 24
Pakistani civil war and, 23
Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 5
Recognition, 6, 11, 77, 266, 306
Senior Review Group meetings, 32
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 31, 133
U.S. China initiative:
Farland consultations, 112
Indo-Pakistani war, 251, 274, 281
Indo-Pakistani war possibility and, 65, 69
Kissinger-Rogers conversation, 227
Kissinger South Asia trip and, 85, 96, 99, 100, 103, 106
Pakistani civil war and, 20, 42
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan and, 72
U.S.-Indian discussions, 106
U.S. economic aid to India (see also U.S. aid under Refugee issue):
Cutoff:
Congressional briefings, 240
Eliot memoranda, 140
NSC meeting, 237
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 55, 195, 199, 221, 223, 225, 251, 316, 324
State Department announcement, 238
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Indian discussions, 162
WSAG meetings, 126, 140, 159,
196, 198, 213, 218, 224, 235,
248
Kissinger-Keating conversation, 64
Pre-civil war, 3
U.S.-British discussions, 331
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan):
Cutoff, 195, 196, 218
Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 64, 72
Gallagher Amendment, 105, 144
Kissinger-Farland covert conversation, 42
Kissinger memoranda, 26, 36, 113
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 25, 113
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 41
Pakistani civil war and, 13
Postwar, 333, 335
Refugee issue and, 71
Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 105
U.S. China initiative and, 72
U.S. contingency planning, 101
U.S.-Indian discussions, 74
U.S. military aid and, 131, 138, 141, 144
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 53, 81, 107
WSAG meetings, 11
World Bank position, 42, 112
U.S.-Indian relations (see also Gandhi U.S. visit; U.S. economic aid to India; U.S. military aid to India):
Bilateral talks, 24, 39
Embassy assessment, 64
Indian public opinion, 151
Indo-Pakistani war and, 308, 314
Irwin visit, 141
U.S. military aid to India:
Air Defense Agreement, 125, 158
Chinese role and, 101
Cutoff:
Farland recommendation, 204
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 216
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Indian discussions, 212, 214
WSAG meetings, 60, 196, 198, 209, 213
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan:
Defense Department memoranda, 80
Embassy assessments, 28, 34, 64
Farland consultations, 109
Gallagher Amendment, 105, 144
Indian position, 113, 128
Indo-Pakistani war and:
Requests, 218, 219, 222, 242, 260, 298, 299, 313
Third-country transfer:
Haig memorandum, 273
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 223, 251, 256, 266
U.S.-Chinese discussions, 274
U.S.-Iranian discussions, 250
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 222
WSAG meetings, 235, 248, 255
Indo-Pakistani war possibility and, 60, 101, 125
Kissinger memoranda, 36, 78, 113
NSC meeting, 237
Nixon-Kissinger conversations, 113
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 41
NSC staff analysis, 50, 138, 141, 173
Senior Review Group meetings, 32, 111
U.S. contingency planning, 101, 125
U.S.-Indian discussions, 78, 90, 92, 94, 105, 134, 173, 181
U.S. public relations, 223
U.S.-Soviet discussions, 124, 135
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 49, 131, 138, 141, 144, 145

Van Hollen, Christopher:
Awami League takeover, 9
East Pakistan food relief, 23, 61, 123, 147
Foreign national evacuation, 18
Gandhi U.S. visit, 179, 181
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire negotiations, 318
Van Hollen, Christopher-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 196, 198, 205, 206, 207
U.S. Seventh Fleet movements, 304
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 201
West Pakistani military aid requests, 219
Indo-Pakistani war possibility:
Border incidents, 30
Indian embassy instructions, 114
Military preparations, 159
Military situation, 183
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 169
Senior Review Group meetings, 105
U.S. contingency planning, 51
U.S. de-escalation proposals, 168, 171, 176
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 182
WSAG meetings, 60, 159, 183
Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence, 161, 169, 206
Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan, 68
Pakistani civil war, 11, 35
Political settlement proposals:
Senior Review Group meetings, 111, 112
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 49
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals, 149, 150, 164, 171
Yahya Khan speech (June 28, 1971), 84
Refugee issue, 74, 75, 79
Senior Review Group meetings, 6, 23, 32, 105, 111, 120
Soviet-Indian relations, 116
UN General Assembly discussion proposals, 235
UN Security Council discussions, 224
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 194, 196, 209, 213, 218
U.S. aid to India, 209, 212, 213, 218, 224, 235
U.S.-Bangladeshi/East Pakistani relations, 31, 77
U.S. China initiative, 106
U.S. economic aid to West Pakistan, 107, 218
Van Hollen, Christopher-Continued
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan, 139, 248, 260
Verma, 106, 147, 182, 262, 304
Vietnam War, 281
Vogt, Lt. Gen. John W., 60, 126, 183
Voice of America (VOA), 17
Volcker, Paul A., 331
Von Peterfly, George A., 335
Vorontsov, Yuli M.:
Indo-Pakistani war, 248, 257, 266, 268, 274
Cease-fire negotiations, 231, 270, 279, 283, 284, 287, 288, 290, 296, 303, 304, 305, 309, 312
UN Security Council discussions, 231
Waller, John H.:
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 111, 120
WSAG meetings, 126, 144, 159, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
Walters, Barbara, 225
Wandler, Mark, 60
Washington Special Actions Group (WSAG):
East Pakistan food relief, 60, 144, 209
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 285, 318
UN Security Council meeting proposals, 183, 194, 196, 198, 209, 213, 218, 224
U.S. economic aid to India cutoff and, 126, 140, 159, 196, 198, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
U.S. military aid to West Pakistan and, 235, 248, 255
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 57, 60, 126, 140, 144, 159
Nixon relationship with, 258
Pakistani civil war, 11
Political settlement proposals, 11, 159, 183, 198, 263
U.S. contingency planning and, 142
Weinel, Vice Adm. John, 6, 32
Welander, Rear Adm. Robert O.:
Senior Review Group meetings, 105, 111
U.S. contingency planning, 185
WSAG meetings, 144, 159, 183, 194, 196, 209, 213, 218, 224, 235, 248
Westmoreland, Gen. William, 60, 234, 235, 237
West Pakistani political situation:
Awami League takeover and, 9
Cease-fire and, 325
Civilian coalition government, 22, 247, 254, 276
Indo-Pakistani war and, 198
Kissinger-Farland covert conversation, 42
Nixon-Kissinger-Rogers conversation, 199
Pakistani civil war and, 6, 11, 22
Postwar situation, 327, 328, 329, 332, 333, 334
Pre-civil war negotiations and, 2, 6
U.S. policy and, 102
WSAG meetings, 198
Yahya resignation, 328
Wiesner, Louis A., 75
Williams, Maurice J.:
East Pakistan food relief, 121, 147,
172
West Pakistan visit, 129, 141, 144
Indo-Pakistani war, 209, 224, 235, 263, 285, 315
Pakistani civil war, 188
Postwar humanitarian issues, 335
Senior Review Group meetings, 23, 32, 105, 111, 112, 120, 121
WSAG meetings, 144, 209, 218, 224, 235, 248, 263, 285
Wilson, Richard L., 19
Wilson, Shannon W., 19
Winspeare-Guicciardi, Vittorio, 334
Woldman, Joel M., 84
World Bank (IBRD) (see also Pakistan Consortium economic aid to West Pakistan), 42, 64, 68, 112

Yahya Khan, Gen. Agha Mohammad (see also Nixon-Yahya Khan correspondence):
Awami League takeover and, 9
Civilian coalition government, 22, 247, 254, 276
East Pakistan food relief, 41, 63, 102, 123, 129
Indo-Pakistani war:
Cease-fire, 323
Cease-fire negotiations, 263, 264, 271, 275, 281, 293, 301
Escalation (Nov.-Dec., 1971), 196, 203, 204
Military aid requests, 218, 219, 222, 298
Yahya Khan, Gen. Agha Mohammad-Continued
Indo-Pakistani war-Continued
Military situation, 220
Indo-Pakistani war possibility, 16, 21, 97, 165, 168, 177, 178
Pakistani civil war, 6, 8, 11, 22, 54, 66
Political settlement proposals:
Embassy assessment, 22
40 Committee meeting, 24
Iran discussions, 159
Pre-civil war negotiations, 2, 6, 12
Senior Review Group meetings, 111
Speech (June 28, 1971), 84, 105
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 43, 44, 53, 97
West Pakistan-Bangladesh negotiation proposals:
Atal proposal, 209
Soviet proposal, 271
State Department instructions, 136, 150
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 133, 166, 187, 192, 193
Yahya Khan, Gen. Agha Mohammad-Continued
Postwar situation, 333, 334
Rahman trial, 130, 159, 177, 208
Refugee issue:
Kissinger South Asia trip briefing, 83
Nixon correspondence, 76
U.S. aid, 48
U.S.-West Pakistani discussions, 54, 66, 81, 97, 103, 129
Resignation, 328
Speech (Mar. 6, 1971), 6, 8
Speech (Mar. 26, 1971), 11
UN General Assembly discussions, 254
U.S. China initiative and, 85, 96
U.S. military aid, 173

Zais, Lt. Gen. Melvin, 11
Ziegler, Ronald L., 223, 331
Zumwalt, Adm. Elmo R., 111, 224, 234

 


Return to This Volume Home Page

  Back to top

U.S. Department of State
USA.govU.S. Department of StateUpdates  |   Frequent Questions  |   Contact Us  |   Email this Page  |   Subject Index  |   Search
The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
About state.gov  |   Privacy Notice  |   FOIA  |   Copyright Information  |   Other U.S. Government Information

Published by the U.S. Department of State Website at http://www.state.gov maintained by the Bureau of Public Affairs.