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 You are in: Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs > Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of the Historian > Principal Officers of the Department and U.S. Chiefs of Mission > Chiefs of Mission by Country, 1778-2005 > Saint Kitts and Nevis-Syria

Spain

Name: John Jay
State of Residency: New York
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Sep 29, 1779
Note: Proceeded to post but was not formally received at court; left post about May 20, 1782.

Name: William Carmichael
State of Residency: Maryland
Title: Chargé d'Affaires
Appointment: Apr 20, 1790
Presentation of Credentials: [see note below]
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Sep 5, 1794
Note: No report has been found concerning Carmichael's presentation of credentials as Chargé d'Affaires en titre; he had already been received as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, Feb 20, 1783.

Name: William Short
State of Residency: Virginia
Title: Minister Resident
Appointment: May 28, 1794
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 7, 1794
Termination of Mission: Left post Nov 1, 1795

Name: David Humphreys
State of Residency: Connecticut
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 20, 1796
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 10, 1797
Termination of Mission: Probably presented recall soon after Dec 28, 1801

Name: Charles Pinckney
State of Residency: South Carolina
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 6, 1801
Presentation of Credentials: Jan-Mar. 1802
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Oct 25, 1804
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Jan 26, 1802.

Note: George W. Erving served as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim, Oct 1805–Feb 1810.

Name: James Bowdoin
State of Residency: Massachusetts
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Nov 22, 1804
Note: Did not proceed to post.

Name: George W. Erving
State of Residency: Massachusetts
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Aug 10, 1814
Presentation of Credentials: Aug 24, 1816
Termination of Mission: Left post May 15, 1819
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate. Nomination confirmed by the Senate, Oct 3, 1814; commission following confirmation not of record.

Name: John Forsyth
State of Residency: Georgia
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 16, 1819
Presentation of Credentials: May 18, 1819
Termination of Mission: Had farewell audience, Mar 2, 1823

Name: Hugh Nelson
State of Residency: Virginia
Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jan 15, 1823
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 4, 1823
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Jul 10, 1825

Name: Alexander Hill Everett
State of Residency: Massachusetts
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 9, 1825
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 4, 1825
Termination of Mission: Left post Aug 1, 1829

Name: Cornelius P. Van Ness
State of Residency: Vermont
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 1, 1829
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 9, 1829
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Dec 21, 1836
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Feb 10, 1830.

Name: William T. Barry
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 10, 1835
Note: Took oath of office, but died en route to post. Commissioned during a recess of the Senate.

Name: John H. Eaton
State of Residency: Florida
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 16, 1836
Presentation of Credentials: [see note below]
Termination of Mission: Left post May 1, 1840
Note: No report has been found of presentation of credentials, which probably took place about Feb 1, 1837.

Name: Aaron Vail
State of Residency:
Title: Chargé d'Affaires
Appointment: May 20, 1840
Presentation of Credentials: Nov 5, 1840
Termination of Mission: Superseded, Aug 1, 1842

Name: Washington Irving
State of Residency: New York
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 10, 1842
Presentation of Credentials: Aug 1, 1842
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Jul 29, 1846

Name: Romulus M. Saunders
State of Residency: North Carolina
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 25, 1846
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 31, 1846
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Sep 24, 1849

Name: Daniel M. Barringer
State of Residency: North Carolina
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 18, 1849
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 24, 1849
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Sep 4, 1853
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Sep 28, 1850.

Name: Pierre Soule
State of Residency:
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 7, 1853
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 24, 1853
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Feb 1, 1855

Name: John C. Breckinridge
State of Residency: Kentucky
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jan 16, 1855
Note: Declined appointment.

Name: Augustus C. Dodge
State of Residency: Iowa
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 9, 1855
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 17, 1855
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Mar 12, 1859

Name: William Preston
State of Residency: Kentucky
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Dec 15, 1858
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 12, 1859
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, May 24, 1861

Name: Cassius M. Clay
State of Residency: Kentucky
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 14, 1861
Note: Declined appointment.

Name: Carl Schurz
State of Residency: Wisconsin
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 28, 1861
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 13, 1861
Termination of Mission: Left post Dec 18, 1861

Name: Gustavus Koerner
State of Residency: Illinois
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 14, 1862
Presentation of Credentials: Nov 4, 1862
Termination of Mission: Left post Jul 20, 1864

Name: John P. Hale
State of Residency: New Hampshire
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 10, 1865
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 30, 1865
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Jul 29, 1869

Name: William S. Rosecrans
State of Residency: Ohio
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Note: Not commissioned; nomination tabled by the Senate.

Name: Henry S. Sandford
State of Residency: Connecticut
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Note: Not commissioned; nomination tabled by the Senate.

Name: Daniel E. Sickles
State of Residency: New York
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 15, 1869
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 29, 1869
Termination of Mission: Presented new credentials on Feb 2, 1871, after change of government; transmitted recall by note Jan 31, 1874
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Mar 16, 1870.

Name: Caleb Cushing
State of Residency: Virginia
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jan 6, 1874
Presentation of Credentials: May 30, 1874
Termination of Mission: Presented new credentials on Mar 10, 1875, after restoration of monarchy; left post Apr 9, 1877

Name: James Russell Lowell
State of Residency: Massachusetts
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 11, 1877
Presentation of Credentials: Aug 18, 1877
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Mar 2, 1880
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Oct 30, 1877.

Name: Lucius Fairchild
State of Residency: Wisconsin
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jan 26, 1880
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 31, 1880
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Dec 20, 1881

Name: Hannibal Hamlin
State of Residency: Maine
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 30, 1881
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 20, 1881
Termination of Mission: Left post Oct 17, 1882
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Oct 13, 1881.

Name: John W. Foster
State of Residency: Indiana
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 27, 1883
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 16, 1883
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Aug 28, 1885

Name: Jabez L.M. Curry
State of Residency: Virginia
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Oct 7, 1885
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 22, 1885
Termination of Mission: Left post Jul 5, 1888
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Jan 13, 1886.

Name: Perry Belmont
State of Residency: New York
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Nov 17, 1888
Presentation of Credentials: Feb 13, 1889
Termination of Mission: Left post May 1, 1889
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Dec 13, 1888.

Name: Thomas W. Palmer
State of Residency: Michigan
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 12, 1889
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 17, 1889
Termination of Mission: Left post Apr 19, 1890

Name: E. Burd Grubb
State of Residency: New Jersey
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Sep 27, 1890
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 23, 1890
Termination of Mission: Left post May 26, 1892

Name: A. Loudon Snowden
State of Residency: Pennsylvania
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jul 22, 1892
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 6, 1892
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Jun 3, 1893

Name: Hannis Taylor
State of Residency: Alabama
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 8, 1893
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 1, 1893
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Sep 13, 1897

Name: Stewart L. Woodford
State of Residency: New York
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 19, 1897
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 13, 1897
Termination of Mission: Spain severed diplomatic relations with the U.S., Apr 21, 1898
Note: Woodford left post Apr 21, 1898. The United States declared war on Spain as of that date by Act of Congress approved Apr 25, 1898.

Name: Bellamy Storer
State of Residency: Ohio
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 12, 1899
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 16, 1899
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, Dec 10, 1902
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Dec 14, 1899.

Name: Arthur S. Hardy
State of Residency: New Hampshire
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Sep 26, 1902
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 2, 1903
Termination of Mission: Presented recall, May 1, 1905
Note: Commissioned during a recess of the Senate; recommissioned after confirmation on Dec 8, 1902.

Name: William Miller Collier
State of Residency: New York
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 8, 1905
Presentation of Credentials: May 15, 1905
Termination of Mission: Superseded, Jun 9, 1909

Name: Henry Clay Ide
State of Residency: Vermont
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 1, 1909
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 9, 1909
Termination of Mission: Left post Jul 8, 1913

Name: Joseph E. Willard
State of Residency: Virginia
Non-career appointee
Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jul 28, 1913
Note: Took oath of office, but did not proceed to post under this appointment.

Name: Joseph E. Willard
State of Residency: Virginia
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Sep 10, 1913
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 31, 1913
Termination of Mission: Left post Jul 7, 1921

Name: Cyrus E. Woods
State of Residency: Pennsylvania
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 24, 1921
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 14, 1921
Termination of Mission: Left post Apr 18, 1923

Name: Alexander P. Moore
State of Residency: Pennsylvania
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 3, 1923
Presentation of Credentials: May 16, 1923
Termination of Mission: Left post Dec 20, 1925

Name: Ogden H. Hammond
State of Residency: New Jersey
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Dec 21, 1925
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 26, 1926
Termination of Mission: Left post Oct 13, 1929

Name: Irwin B. Laughlin
State of Residency: Pennsylvania
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Oct 16, 1929
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 24, 1929
Termination of Mission: Left post Apr 12, 1933

Name: Claude G. Bowers
State of Residency: New York
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 6, 1933
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 1, 1933
Termination of Mission: Had final interview, Feb 2, 1939
Note: Bowers was resident during the last part of his Ambassadorship at St. Jean de Luz in France; he left that post Jun 14, 1939, his appointment having terminated May 14, 1939. The Embassy had meanwhile been re-established in Spain on Apr 13, 1939, when H. Freeman Matthews had been received at Burgos as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim.

Name: Alexander W. Weddell
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 3, 1939
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 15, 1939
Termination of Mission: Left post Feb 7, 1942

Name: Carlton J. H. Hayes
State of Residency: New York
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 2, 1942
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 9, 1942
Termination of Mission: Left Spain, Jan 18, 1945

Name: Norman Armour
State of Residency: New Jersey
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Dec 15, 1944
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 24, 1945
Termination of Mission: Left post Dec 1, 1945

Note: During 1945–1951 the following officers served as Chargé d'Affaires ad interim: Philip W. Bonsal (Mar 1946–Jun 1947) and Paul T. Culbertson (Jun 1947–Dec 1950).

Name: Stanton Griffis
State of Residency: Connecticut
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 1, 1951
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 1, 1951
Termination of Mission: Relinquished charge Jan 28, 1952

Name: Lincoln MacVeagh
State of Residency: Connecticut
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 21, 1952
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 27, 1952
Termination of Mission: Left post Mar 4, 1953

Name: James Clement Dunn
State of Residency: New York
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 27, 1953
Presentation of Credentials: Apr 9, 1953
Termination of Mission: Left post Feb 9, 1955

Name: John Lodge
State of Residency: Connecticut
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jan 22, 1955
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 24, 1955
Termination of Mission: Left post Apr 13, 1961

Name: Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.
State of Residency: Pennsylvania
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 29, 1961
Presentation of Credentials: May 25, 1961
Termination of Mission: Left Spain, Oct 12, 1961

Name: Ellis O. Briggs
State of Residency: Maine
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Note: Not commissioned; nomination withdrawn before the Senate acted upon it.

Name: Robert F. Woodward
State of Residency: Minnesota
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Apr 7, 1962
Presentation of Credentials: May 10, 1962
Termination of Mission: Left post Feb 1, 1965

Name: Angier Biddle Duke
State of Residency: New York
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Mar 11, 1965
Presentation of Credentials: Apr 1, 1965
Termination of Mission: Left post Mar 30, 1968

Name: Frank E. McKinney
State of Residency: Indiana
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 11, 1968
Note: Took oath of office, but did not proceed to post under this appointment.

Name: Robert F. Wagner
State of Residency: New York
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 24, 1968
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 4, 1968
Termination of Mission: Left post Mar 7, 1969

Name: Robert C. Hill
State of Residency: New Hampshire
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 1, 1969
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 12, 1969
Termination of Mission: Left post Jan 12, 1972

Name: Horacio Rivero
State of Residency: California
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Sep 11, 1972
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 11, 1972
Termination of Mission: Left post Nov 26, 1974

Name: Peter M. Flanigan
State of Residency: New York
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Note: Not commissioned; nomination of Sep 17, 1974 was not acted upon by the Senate.

Name: Wells Stabler
State of Residency: District of Columbia
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Feb 20, 1975
Presentation of Credentials: Mar 13, 1975
Termination of Mission: Left post May 4, 1978

Name: Terence A. Todman
State of Residency: Virgin Islands
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: May 25, 1978
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 20, 1978
Termination of Mission: Left post Aug 8, 1983

Name: Thomas Ostrom Enders
State of Residency: Connecticut
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Aug 5, 1983
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 15, 1983
Termination of Mission: Left post Jul 6, 1986

Name: Reginald Bartholomew
State of Residency: Virginia
Foreign Service officer
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Aug 18, 1986
Presentation of Credentials: Sep 17, 1986
Termination of Mission: Left post Mar 12, 1989

Name: Joseph Zappala
State of Residency: Florida
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Oct 10, 1989
Presentation of Credentials: Oct 16, 1989
Termination of Mission: Left post Jun 4, 1992

Name: Richard Goodwin Capen, Jr.
State of Residency: Florida
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 15, 1992
Presentation of Credentials: Jul 8, 1992
Termination of Mission: Left post Feb 17, 1993

Name: Richard N. Gardner
State of Residency: New York
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Sep 16, 1993
Presentation of Credentials: Nov 4, 1993
Termination of Mission: Left post Jul 12, 1997

Name: Edward L. Romero
State of Residency: New Mexico
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 29, 1998
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 30, 1998
Termination of Mission: Left post Jun 1, 2001
Note: Also accredited to Andorra; resident at Madrid.

Name: George L. Argyros, Sr.
State of Residency: California
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Nov 20, 2001
Presentation of Credentials: Dec 13, 2001
Termination of Mission: Left post Nov 21, 2004
Note: Also accredited to Andorra; resident at Madrid.

Name: Eduardo Aguirre
State of Residency: Texas
Non-career appointee
Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
Appointment: Jun 21, 2005
Presentation of Credentials: Jun 29, 2005
Termination of Mission:
Note: Also accredited to Andorra; resident at Madrid.


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