U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Other State Department Archive SitesU.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Home Issues & Press Travel & Business Countries Youth & Education Careers About State Video
Bureau of Public Affairs
Office of the Historian
Timeline of U.S. Diplomatic History
1750-1774
  

1750-1774

Diplomatic Struggles in the Colonial Period

Colonial era diplomacy focused on two issues: the European balance of power and the colonists' appropriation of land from the Native Americans. Rivalry in Europe, between the French and the British in particular, often influenced the course of events in their North American colonies. In an effort to increase their political and economic power, the British and the French competed to acquire the better share of the available land and control over the new trading opportunities the colonies presented. At the same time, the European colonial governments tried to find ways to coexist with the original inhabitants of North America, often by making alliances with some tribes while alienating others. Sometimes, as in the case of the French and Indian War (which in Europe was referred to as the Seven Years' War), European balance of power politics resulted in conflict in the colonies. As wars in Europe became more heated, fighting broke out between the French and the British in the American colonies. Both sides called upon Native American allies to assist them, exacerbating tensions between the tribes, as well as those between the tribes and colonists. Ultimately, the British Government found it necessary to pour additional troops and resources into protecting its possessions in the Americas and taxed their colonists to pay for it. These taxes eventually became the rallying cry for the American independence movement.

Key Issues and Events:

  • Incidents leading up to the French and Indian War, 1753-54
  • French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, 1754-63
  • Albany Plan of Union, 1754
  • Treaty of Paris, 1763
  • Parliamentary taxation of colonies, international trade, and American Revolution, 1763-1775
  • Proclamation Line of 1763, Quebec Act of 1774 and Westward Expansion

  •   
    U.S. Department of State
    USA.govU.S. Department of StateWhat's New  |   Frequent Questions  |   Contact Us  |   Email this Page  |   Subject Index  |   Search
    The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
    About state.gov  |   Privacy Notice  |   FOIA  |   Copyright Information  |   Other U.S. Government Information