U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Other State Department Archive SitesU.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
U.S. Department of State
Home Issues & Press Travel & Business Countries Youth & Education Careers About State Video
Bureau of Public Affairs
Office of the Historian
Timeline of U.S. Diplomatic History
1801-1829
  

1801-1829

Securing the Republic

In the early part of the 1800s, the United States developed more confidence as an independent nation. Opportunities to expand westward strengthened the notion that the United States should continue its quest to occupy more territory of the vast North American continent. The European powers did little to stop the young nation from extending its borders as they were embroiled in the ongoing Napoleonic Wars in Europe. Indeed, the economic pressure of these European conflicts compelled the French and the Spanish to sell the Louisiana and Florida territories to the U.S. Government, more than doubling the size of the United States. During this period, the U.S. also built an economy based on trade and commerce, and premised on the same neutrality as outlined by the founders in the Early Republic. The United States even went to war with Britain in 1812, when British actions threatened American neutrality and trading rights. Finally, the United States used the newfound independence of the Latin American states from their former colonial ruler of Spain to establish the idea of an American sphere of influence in the Western Hemisphere and to announce to the European powers the end of the era of colonization in the Americas.


Key Issues and Events

  • Barbary Wars, 1801-1805 and 1815-1816
  • Napoleonic Wars and the U.S., 1804-1815
  • Louisiana Purchase, 1803
  • War of 1812, 1812-1815
  • Rush-Bagot pact, 1817 and Convention of 1818
  • Acquisition of Florida: Treaty of Adams-Onis, 1819 and Transcontinental Treaty 1821
  • Monroe Doctrine, 1823

  •   
    U.S. Department of State
    USA.govU.S. Department of StateWhat's New  |   Frequent Questions  |   Contact Us  |   Email this Page  |   Subject Index  |   Search
    The Office of Electronic Information, Bureau of Public Affairs, manages this site as a portal for information from the U.S. State Department. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein.
    About state.gov  |   Privacy Notice  |   FOIA  |   Copyright Information  |   Other U.S. Government Information