Office of the Spokesman
February 3, 2006
Progress in Sudan
Released on February 3, 2006
[Also see Special Briefing]
As the largest humanitarian and peacekeeping donor for Sudan and an advocate of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, the U.S. leads international efforts to achieve peace and stability for Sudan. The U.S. has brokered humanitarian cease-fire efforts and supported the intervention of the African Union peacekeeping mission in Sudan. The U.S. has provided more than $1 billion in humanitarian assistance to the people of Sudan. These efforts have directly contributed to substantially reducing mortality and to meeting the needs of more than 3.5 million people affected by the conflict.
Supporting Darfur Peacekeeping
- In July 2004, the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS) began with a few hundred observers.
- On September 9, 2004, then-Secretary of State Colin Powell stated, "genocide has been committed in Darfur Öand that genocide may still be occurring."
- Since July 2004, the U.S. has supported the construction and operation of 34 AMIS camps, airlift of Rwandan troops, and training and equipping of Nigerian troops.
- On January 13, 2006, the AUís Peace and Security Council (PSC) agreed to seek a transition from AMIS to a United Nations mission.
- The U.S. has signaled strong support for quick United Nations Security Council action to plan for and authorize a UN peacekeeping mission (UNMIS), which would build on the achievements of AMIS.
The Abuja Peace Process
- The U.S. has provided strong support for AU-mediated talks in Abuja between Sudanís Government of National Unity and the Darfur rebel movements. Senior U.S. officials are participating in the Abuja talks.
- Some progress has been made since the negotiations reconvened in mid-January 2005 on power sharing and wealth sharing, but progress remains slow, particularly on security arrangements. We are working to accelerate the talks.
U.S. Action Through the UN
- In 2005, the U.S. has led Security Council actions on Sudan and Darfur including seven Resolutions and four Presidential Statements.
- The U.S. supports the on-going deployment of UN troops in Sudan, with an early expansion into Darfur.
- The U.S contributed $132 million to UNMIS in FY05 and $113 million so far in FY06.
- The U.S. is taking action on Darfur during its current Presidency of the UN Security Council.
Oslo Donors Conference
- In April 2005, the U.S. pledged $1.7 billion for Sudan for FY 2005-2007.
- The U.S. has exceeded its $853 million FY 2005 pledge by $66 million, not counting additional funds directed toward Sudan from the FY 2005 Supplemental.
- The $853 million allocated in FY 2005 by the U.S. has been used in both Darfur and Sudan to meet the needs identified in the Joint Assessment Mission (JAM) report, the 2005 UN Work Plan, and other needs such as security sector transformation and assistance to the African Union Mission.
U.S. Humanitarian Assistance
- In 2005, the U.S. provided over 60% of aid to Darfur and 50% of overall Sudan aid.
- The U.S. has shown its concern and leadership for combating violence against women in Darfur by instituting a $16.4 million humanitarian campaign to prevent rape, treat victims, build crisis centers, and educate local populations over the last 6 months. The U.S. continues to press the government for action, which has resulted in some rape treatment for victims and some prosecutors devoted to rape in Darfur. The U.S. will continue to press for more progress on this issue.
- From 2003 to 2005, the U.S. provided approximately $2 billion in assistance, working hard to improve the situation in the refugee camps.
- The U.S. will continue its humanitarian support to Darfur in 2006.