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 You are in: Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice > Former Secretaries of State > Biographies
Picture of Edmund Sixtus MuskieBIOGRAPHY

Edmund Sixtus Muskie
Secretary of State, 
Term of Appointment: 05/08/1980 to 01/18/1981


  • Born in Rumford, Maine, on March 28, 1914;
  • Graduated from Bates College in 1936 and from Cornell University Law School in 1939;
  • Served in the U.S. Navy during World War II;
  • Married Jane Gray in 1948;
  • Elected to the Maine House of Representatives in 1946-1951;
  • Served as Minority Leader, 1948-1951;
  • Director of Maine's Office of Price Stabilization, 1951-1952;
  • Member of Democratic National Committee, 1952-1956;
  • Governor of Maine, 1954-1958; Senator from Maine, 1958-1980;
  • Chairman of the Senate Budget Committee;
  • Served on the Committees on Foreign Relations, Governmental Affairs, and the Environment and Public Works; Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1968;
  • Commissioned as Secretary of State in President Carter's Cabinet on May 8, 1980.
  • Entered upon his duties the same day and served until January 18, 1981.
  • Died in 1996

Released on July 15, 2003

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