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 You are in: Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice > Former Secretaries of State > Former Secretary of State Colin L. Powell > Speeches and Remarks > 2002 > April

FY2003 Homeland Security Budget Request and the FY2002 Supplemental

Secretary Colin L. Powell
Testimony before the Senate Appropriations Committee
Washington, DC
April 30, 2002

As Prepared

As Delivered

SECRETARY POWELL: Thank you, Mr. Chairman. Let me begin by thanking you for your kind words about the men and women of the State Department and the great job they're doing on the front line of offense in our national security efforts around the world. These are people who take risks, they take casualties, they are often killed regrettably in the line of duty. They are as brave and courageous as any group of men and women serving in uniform. Their families are put at risk. That has been increasingly the case in recent months.

And I know that you and the members of this committee and all Americans are as proud of their service and sacrifice as I am. We cannot be served by a more dedicated group of professionals as we are by the men and women of our Foreign Service, our Civil Service, our technicians and our Foreign Service Nationals -- those wonderful citizens of all of the places that our missions are located that stay with us in times of crisis when, for them, it could be a matter of personal danger, the very fact that they're working for the United States Government. So I thank you for your statement, and I thank you for the support that you and the members of this committee have provided to them since I have been Secretary, and over the years.

And Senator Leahy, I thank you for your opening comments as well. I might mention that the President and I and all the members of our team will remain engaged in our Middle East efforts. We've had a little bit of progress over the weekend. I hope that in the next day or so we will complete the arrangement to transfer those prisoners out of the Muqatta and give Chairman Arafat the opportunity to move about and do what we think he needs to do, and what I believe he knows he needs to to keep this process moving forward, and you can be assured that we will be looking for a political solution and anxious to jump-start efforts toward a political solution to this crisis, as well as concentrate on the humanitarian reconstruction efforts that will be necessary to bring hope to the Palestinian people.

I also share with you, Senator Leahy, your requirement, your commitment, your charge to us to make sure that people getting the taxpayers' dollars in the form of foreign assistance should be people who are dedicated to the right values, the values that our taxpayers hold dearly. And the President's new effort, the Millennium Challenge Fund, will do that. That money will only go to those nations that are committed to democracy, economic reform, transparency of systems, no corruption, the rule of law -- all of the things that we hold dear and which we believe are essential ingredients to a successful society in the 21st century. But those values should not just apply to the new Millennium Challenge Fund, but to all of our aid programs as well.

And so I thank you for the support, Mr. Chairman, and I am pleased to have this opportunity to appear before you to testify in support of President Bush's Budget Request for the State Department for 2003, and his Supplemental Request for 2002, as these two requests pertain to the mission of homeland security. And as you specifically asked for, Mr. Chairman, I will give you an overview of the entire 2002 Supplemental Request for the Department of State and Foreign Ops.

As Senator Leahy noted, this is my ninth budget hearing in three months, so I'm averaging three per month. And for that record, Mr. Chairman, I think you can really see that I believe these exchanges are important. I do not have any reluctance about coming up before the people's representatives to let you know what kind of a steward I am trying to be with the resources that the American people have entrusted to my care and to your care. And so I welcome such opportunities and believe these exchanges are very, very important.

The Department of State wants to make certain that this Committee and others with funding responsibilities have the best information possible upon which to make your important decisions. President Bush recognizes the need of the Congress to receive information regarding the homeland security activities of federal departments and agencies. Moreover, the administration shares your view, Mr. Chairman, that it is essential for federal, state and local governments to work together closely as part of the significant national effort to defend the United States and the American people.

The administration also recognizes that the country faces significant challenges regarding homeland security, and that it will take the cooperation of both the Legislative and the Executive Branches working together to meet those challenges. In that regard, the administration is committed to ensuring that you and the Congress receive all the information you need to have to ensure that we are doing everything we can to improve, enhance and ensure the protection of our homeland.

With respect to homeland security, our role at State is not as large as some of those of our fellow Departments, such as Transportation and Defense, but we do have a vital role to play. And the State Department is involved in protecting the homeland of two key areas: first our border security program; and second, the physical security of certain government facilities and employees in the United States.

And let me now describe how the dollars are lined up against these two areas in the President's FY '03 Budget Request, and then I'll turn to the supplement request.

Mr. Chairman, for Homeland Security, there are $749.1 million in the FY '03 request. These dollars include $643 million for the machine-readable visa fee-funded border security program, which provides the technology, backbone, personnel and support needed to carry out consular and border security functions. Major initiatives funded within the Fiscal Year '03 Program include expansion of the consular consolidated database, and faster exchange of information on visa applications, strengthening passport and visa document security, and increasing passport and visa processing capability.

We also welcome the opportunity to participate in the Office of Homeland Security's efforts to determine how biometrics can be employed to enhance border security and to make movement easier for legitimate travelers. One hundred and four million dollars is for anti-terrorism and domestic security initiatives and activities funded through diplomatic and consular programs. Domestic initiatives include state-of-the-art access control systems, off-site delivery inspections, emergency public address systems to facilitate warnings and evacuations, a chemical-biological program, and enhanced explosive ordnance disposal protocols. And finally, $2.1 million is for protection of USAID domestic facilities.

Mr. Chairman, let me now turn to the full Fiscal Year 2002 Supplemental Request. But before I do that, let me tell you how grateful we are at the Department for the efforts of this committee and the House Appropriations Committee to get us the almost $1.8 billion in crucial emergency response funding to address the immediate post-September 11th needs that we had. That was just a start, though. We are asking for $1.6 billion in supplemental funding for Fiscal Year 2002. This amount includes $322 million for the Department, and $7.4 million for the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

These dollars will address emergent building and operating requirements that have arisen as a result of the September 11th terrorist attacks, including reopening our mission in Kabul, Afghanistan; reestablishing an official presence in Dushanbe, Tajikistan; increasing security and personnel protection at home and abroad; and augmenting our broadcasting activities in Afghanistan.

This leaves about $1.3 billion for foreign operations. These funds are aimed primarily at frontline states to deter and prevent acts of international terrorism; provide vitally needed military equipment, training and economic assistance; expand respect for human rights and judicial reform; provide a significant and immediate impact on displaced persons; support civilian reintegration of former combatants; and reestablish law enforcement and criminal justice systems; provide economic and democracy assistance, including help with political development, health care, irrigation and water management, media development, community-building and infrastructure improvements, enterprise development, and economic and civil society reform.

The supplemental request I have just outlined includes $47.2 million for programs that related to Homeland Security; 22.2 million is for diplomatic and consular programs to fund mail decontamination and safety requirements, domestic chemical and biological weapons defense requirements, increase domestic guard requirements, and dollars for the capital investment fund to expand State Department's presence on the Defense Department's secure SIPRNET/INTELINK computer network.

The remaining $25 million is for programs which allow us to work with Mexico to help that country make urgent infrastructure upgrades to achieve priority US security objectives. These upgrades include developing information-sharing systems on passengers and goods, establishing a non-intrusive inspection capability, augmenting training and communications equipment for Mexican law enforcement agencies, creating additional sentry lanes in high-volume ports of entry, and conducting a bi-national study on border management systems, processes and procedures.

In addition, as part of our request for supplemental funding for 2002, we have asked for legislative authority in two areas. First, authority that will facilitate the provision of cooperative threat reduction and Title 5 Freedom Support Act assistance. This assistance has been critically important in the dismantlement and nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction material and expertise in the New Independent States.

Secondly, we are requesting expanded authorities to allow support for Colombia's unified campaign against drugs, terrorism and other threats to its national security. These expanded authorities will allow Colombians to use equipment for counter-terrorism operations that was previously provided through counter-drug funding.

In sum, Mr. Chairman, these supplemental dollars for foreign operations in '02 will be directed primarily at draining the swamp in which terrorists thrive and in ensuring the long-term success of Operation Enduring Freedom, as well as enhancing Homeland Security.

Mr. Chairman, I will be pleased to take your questions.


Released on April 30, 2002

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