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 You are in: Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security > Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN) > Releases > Fact Sheets > 2001
Fact Sheet
Bureau of Arms Control
Washington, DC
October 17, 2001

Parties and Signatories of the Biological Weapons Convention (Current as of October 17, 2001)

State (Country)

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 
Argentina
Armenia 
Australia
Austria (1)
Bahamas 
Bahrain (1)
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus 
Belgium 
Belize 
Benin
Bhutan 
Bolivia 
Bosnia Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 
Brunei Darussalam(2)
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Cambodia (Kampuchea)
Canada 
Cape Verde
Chile
China, People's
   
Republic of (3)
Colombia 
Congo
Costa Rica
Croatia 
Cuba
Cyprus 
Czech Republic
Denmark 
Dominica (2)
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia 
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland 
France
Gambia, The
Georgia 
Germany 

Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea-Bissau
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland 
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Korea, Democratic
   
People's Republic of
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia, Former
   
Yugoslav Republic of
Malaysia (1)
Maldives
Malta
Mauritius
Mexico
Monaco
Mongolia
Netherlands (4)
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Vincent and the 
    Grenadines
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands (2)
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Kingdom (6)
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Yugoslavia,
    Federal Republic of 
Zaire
Zimbabwe

Signatory Countries


Burundi
Central African
   
Republic
Cote d'Ivoire
Egypt
Gabon
Guyana

Haiti
Liberia
Madagascar
Malawi
Mali
Morocco
Myanmar (Burma)

Nepal
Somalia
Syria
Tanzania
United Arab
   
Emirates (5)

 _______________________


(1) With reservation
(2) Based on general declarations concerning Treaty obligations applicable prior to independence.
(3) Effective January 1, 1979, the United States recognized the government of the People's Republic of China as the sole government of China. The authorities on Taiwan state they will continue to abide by the provisions of the Convention, and the United States regards them as bound by its obligations.
(4) Applicable to Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
(5) The United Arab Emirates which did not ratify the Convention is listed as one country.
(6) Extended to territories under the territorial sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Also extended to New Hebrides; continued application to Vanuatu not determined.



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