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Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation (ISN)
Counterproliferation Initiatives
UN Security Council Resolution 1540
 - UN 1540 Committee
 - Permanent Council of the Organizations of American States (OAS)
 - The Organization of Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
 - ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF)

UN Security Council Resolution 1540

1540 - General Background:
In April 2004, the UN Security Council adopted
UN Security Council Resolution 1540, establishing for the first time binding obligations on all UN member states under Chapter VII of the UN Charter to take and enforce effective measures against the proliferation of WMD, their means of delivery and related materials. UNSCR 1540, if fully implemented, can help ensure that no State or non-State actor is a source of WMD proliferation. All states have three primary obligations under UNSCR 1540 relating to such items: to prohibit support to non-State actors seeking such items; to adopt and enforce effective laws prohibiting the proliferation of such items to non-State actors, and prohibiting assisting or financing such proliferation; and to take and enforce effective measures to control these items, in order to prevent their proliferation, as well as to control the provision of funds and services that contribute to proliferation. If implemented successfully, each state's actions will significantly strengthen the international standards relating to the export of sensitive items and support for proliferators (including financing) and ensure that non-state actors, including terrorist and black-market networks, do not gain access to chemical, nuclear or biological weapons, their means of delivery or related materials.

Latest Update:
The United States believes that the 1540 Committee’s report shows that the Committee has an important role to play in promoting states’ implementation of the resolution. To that end, the Untied States fully supports the recommendations for the 1540 Committee’s future work contained in the Committee’s report. The 1540 Committee should work with states as an effective clearinghouse (using the information it has collected from states) and then set about the work of building capacity. By working in an open and transparent way, the Committee can assist states in meeting their 1540 obligations and ensure that existing assistance programs have the most widespread availability for states to access. Please see the latest fact sheet and brochure.

1540 Committee Report
The completion of the two reports is an important achievement in our global efforts to prevent WMD proliferation and our work to keep these deadly weapons out of the hands of terrorists. WMD in the hands of a terrorist is the preeminent threat we face. We know that terrorists would have no doubts about using such weapons were they to obtain them. We know that terrorist groups continue to seek these deadly weapons. UNSCR 1540, if fully implemented, will help ensure that no state or non-state actor is a source or beneficiary of WMD proliferation.

For further information, contact the U.S. 1540 Coordinator, Thomas Wuchte, at mailto:USG1540@state.gov.

Overview of United States National Action Plan for Implementation of Resolution 1540 (2004)
The United States completed its National Action Plan on May 31, 2006, and has relied since then on the Plan as a working document. We recognize that each country will tailor its action plan to reflect its own national priorities. Our initial approach focuses on ways to strengthen States' nonproliferation capacities through on-going assistance programs and projects, particularly by working with regional organizations such as the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and the Organization of American States (OAS), consistent with the 1540 Committee's April 2006 report (S/2006/257). The overview was submitted to the UNSCR 1540 Commitee.


U.S. Contribution to 1540 Committee Cooperation Alongside European Union
As a co-sponsor of UNSCR 1810, Washington is planning additional activities that support the 1540 Committee established pursuant to UNSCR 1540. [more]

Progress Has Been Made, But More Needs To Be Done To Implement Resolution 1540 In Full, United Nations Security Council 1540 Committee Concludes, August 18, 2008 [more]

U.S. Statement in Connection with the Submission of the 1540 Committee’s Report to the Security Council, August 18, 2008 [more]

The United States joins other key co-sponsors in supporting unanimous extension of the Committee established pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004). [more]

ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) Statement
The ASEAN Regional Forum adopted a statement at the August 2 Ministerial supporting implementation of UNSCR 1540, to include work by its members on implementation plans as was similarly adopted in the OSCE and OAS. [more]

Press Conference on Work of Security Council 1540 Committee [more]

Support for Implementation at the Hemispheric Level of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)
Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 5, 2007 [more]

Draft Resolution: Support for Implementation at the Hemispheric Level of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)
The Organization of American States adopted a resolution among its Member States on May 22nd with strong language endorsing national action plans and a commitment to work toward implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540. In addition, the statement calls for a regional workshop in early 2008 to examine progress in this effort. [more]

Statement at the Security Council Open Meeting on Implementation of Resolutions 1540 (2004) and 1673 (2006)
Amb. Jackie Sanders, U.S. Alternative Representative to the UN for Special Political Affairs [more]

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