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 You are in: Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security > Bureau of Political-Military Affairs > Bureau of Political-Military Affairs Releases > Bureau of Political-Military Affairs Fact Sheets > 2003
Fact Sheet
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Office of Humanitarian Demining Programs
Washington, DC
July 2, 2003

United States Humanitarian Demining Programs in the Caucasus

The U.S. Governmentís Humanitarian Demining Program (HDP) seeks to relieve human suffering while promoting U.S. interests. The Programís objectives are to reduce civilian casualties; create conditions for the return of refugees and displaced persons to their homes; reinforce an affected countryís stability; and encourage international cooperation and participation. The Program seeks to accomplish these objectives by supporting a wide range of mine action initiatives including mine risk education (MRE); training and equipping indigenous personnel; landmine survey; and mine/unexploded ordnance (UXO) clearance operations in mine-affected nations. Since FY 1993, the United States has committed over $700 million to global mine action initiatives, including research and development.

  • The United States has provided assistance to three of the Caucasus countries that sought U.S. help for humanitarian mine action, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
  • Since FY 1993, the United States has provided more than $21,545,000 in humanitarian demining assistance to the Caucasus region.
Country U.S. Assistance Number of mines Current affected land Cleared land Mines/UXO destroyed
Armenia $8,599,000 80,000-100,000 1,800-2,500 km2 5,500 m2 1*
Azerbaijan $8,620,000 50,000 + 60,000,000 m2 3,891,000 m2 3101
Georgia $4,326,000 20,000-70,000 18,720 m2 Over 50,000 m2 6,400

  • The United States has trained and equipped deminers in all three countries including more than 100 deminers in Azerbaijan, 97 in Armenia, and 45 in Georgia. The United States has also provided training on MRE, information management, area reduction, mine detection dogs (MDDs), emergency medical treatment, communications, and special courses of instruction for survey personnel.
  • MRE programs are being conducted in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. HALO Trust, a nongovernmental organization (NGO), conducted mine risk education briefings to more than 9,000 people in Georgia with funds provided by the United Sates. Armenia recently completed five months of MRE training in the areas of product development, survey, and market analysis. The United States, in conjunction with UNICEF, also provided MRE instruction in Azerbaijan for 800 teachers, 500 medical personnel, and 200 representatives from public organizations.
  • Mine clearance activities emphasize creating the infrastructure necessary to support the return of refugees and internally displaced persons to their homes and reduce casualties among civilians.
  • The United States provided $100,000 to UNICEF in order to reduce the number of deaths and injuries due to mines and UXO in the North Caucasus region. This region consists of Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, North Ossetia, and the Stravropol Krai. UNICEF and UNHCR, in cooperation with the International Committee of the Red Cross and the NGO community, targeted a MRE campaign among these countries while pursuing a preventative, curative, and rehabilitative strategy to deal with the problem of mines/UXO.

* Note: Mine clearance activities began in Armenia during October 2002 after demining training was complete. Due to the cessation of the demining season, activities were forced to close. Demining events will proceed at the end of March when the weather permits.

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